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Soybean Allergens Affecting North American Patients Identified by 2D Gels and Mass Spectrometry

Gagnon, C., Poysa, V., Cober, E.R., Gleddie, S. (2010). Soybean Allergens Affecting North American Patients Identified by 2D Gels and Mass Spectrometry, 3(4), 363-374. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12161-009-9090-3

Abstract

In this study, we compared the immunoglobulin E immunological reactions of 23 soy-allergic, nine soy-sensitive, and four non-allergic human sera to soybean proteins separated by 1D and 2D gel electrophoresis and screened by Western blot. This method led to novel allergen identification in soybean proteins by tandem mass spectrometry analysis of reactive proteins. Soybean is one of the eight most significant foods which provoke allergic reactions among North Americans. Previous studies have identified several putative allergens present in soybean seeds; however, many of these reports did not employ mass spectrometry to conclusively identify the allergenic proteins. Reviews have suggested that soybean seeds may contain between 10 and 20 different proteins responsible for provoking allergic reactions among sensitive patients. We report, in this study of North American patients, a total of 19 potentially allergenic proteins including ten identified by mass spectrometry and five novel allergens. We have also made extensive use of soybean lines lacking various subunits of the major seed storage proteins, glycinin and β-conglycinin. By using these knockout lines in Western blots with patient serum, it was conclusively demonstrated that some patients react predominantly to only a few proteins, while most react to four to six proteins. The findings herein describe the main allergic proteins present in soybean seeds, the relative significance of these allergens among North Americans, and some genetic lines of soybean lacking individual allergens. © 2009 Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada.

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