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Molecular cytogenetic and agronomic characterization of advanced generations of wheat × triticale hybrids resistant to Diuraphis noxia (Mordvilko): Application of GISH and microsatellite markers

Nkongolo, K.K., Haley, S.D., Kim, N.S., Michael, P., Fedak, G., Quick, J.S., Peairs, F.B. (2009). Molecular cytogenetic and agronomic characterization of advanced generations of wheat × triticale hybrids resistant to Diuraphis noxia (Mordvilko): Application of GISH and microsatellite markers, 52(4), 353-360. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/G09-010

Abstract

The PI 386148 triticale from Russia is among the highest resistant line to the Russian wheat aphid (RWA) (Diuraphis noxia (Mordvilko)). This triticale line was used as the male parent in crosses with Lamar wheat (Triticum aesti- vum L.). The F1 plants were backcrossed to Lamar wheat. The progenies were tested for RWA biotype 1 reaction for at least eight backcross and selfing generations. Five lines from these selections were identified for their resistance to the RWA and their seeds were increased for agronomic and other characterizations. Molecular and cytological analyses of these lines were performed using genomic in situ hybridization and rye chromosome-specific microsatellites markers. Three lines were cytologically stable and carried a pair of rye (Secale strictum (C. Presl) C. Presl) chromosomes as diso- mic addition lines of 1R. One line was unstable and showed a moderate level of mixoploidy with monosomic additions of 1R. Duplication of rye chromosome 1R was also identified. No wheat-rye chromosome interchange was detected, suggesting little homology between S. strictum and T. aestivum chromosomes. Specific microsatellite primers were used to identify the rye chromosomes present in each line. One rye chromosome, 1R, from the donor species contains genes for RWA resistance. Grain yield and test weight of three of the lines were similar to some adapted released wheat varieties under stress conditions.

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