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In the dark in a large urban park: DNA barcodes illuminate cryptic and introduced moth species

deWaard, J.R., Landry, J.F., Schmidt, B.C., Derhousoff, J., McLean, J.A., Humble, L.M. (2009). In the dark in a large urban park: DNA barcodes illuminate cryptic and introduced moth species, 18(14), 3825-3839. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10531-009-9682-7

Abstract

To facilitate future assessments of diversity following disturbance events, we conducted a first level inventory of nocturnal Lepidoptera in Stanley Park, Vancouver, Canada. To aid the considerable task, we employed high-throughput DNA barcoding for the rough sorting of all material and for tentative species identifications, where possible. We report the preliminary species list of 190, the detection of four new exotic species (Argyresthia pruniella, Dichelia histrionana, Paraswammerdamia lutarea, and Prays fraxinella), and the potential discovery of two cryptic species. We describe the magnitude of assistance that barcoding presents for faunal inventories, from reducing specialist time to facilitating the detection of native and exotic species at low density. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009.

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