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Genetic variability of seed sugar content in worldwide soybean germplasm collections

Hou, A., Chen, P., Alloatti, J., Li, D., Mozzoni, L., Zhang, B., Shi, A. (2009). Genetic variability of seed sugar content in worldwide soybean germplasm collections, 49(3), 903-912. http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2008.05.0256

Abstract

Soluble sugar is an important quality trait in foodgrade soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]. Desirable sugars such as sucrose, glucose, and fructose can help improve the taste and fl avor of soyfood including tofu, soymilk, and natto; whereas oligosaccharides including raffi nose and stachyose are indigestible by humans and animals and often cause fl atulence or diarrhea. In this study, 241 plant introductions (PIs) of three maturity groups (MGs) from 28 origins were investigated for seed sugar content including glucose, fructose, sucrose, raffi nose, and stachyose. Variation was detected in individual and total sugars in soybean PIs from different origins and MGs. Sucrose and stachyose are the major sugars in soybean seed. The sucrose content ranged from 1.6 to 95.4 mg g-1 with 13 PIs containing greater than 70 mg g-1 and 14 PIs having less than 10 mg g-1. The stachyose content ranged from 0.2 to 69.6 mg g-1 with 14 PIs containing less than 10 mg g -1 stachyose. The high sucrose and low stachyose types are the most valuable for breeding specialty soybeans for soyfood and animal feed. In addition, 30 PIs were identifi ed as having high concentrations of glucose or fructose as major sugars. This new class of high glucose or fructose has not been reported before. While soybean germplasm with unique sugar profi les may be useful for future breeding and genetic research, environmental effects on sugar stability will need to be further investigated. © Crop Science Society of America.

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