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A review of the natural history and laboratory culture methods for the yellow dung fly, Scathophaga stercoraria.

Blanckenhorn, W.U., Pemberton, A.J., Bussière, L.F., Röembke, J., and Floate, K.D. (2010). "A review of the natural history and laboratory culture methods for the yellow dung fly, Scathophaga stercoraria.", Journal of Insect Science, 10:11.

Abstract

The yellow dung fly Scathophaga stercoraria (L.) (Diptera: Scathophagidae) is a widespread and locally abundant fly associated with the dung of large mammals, especially farm animals. This species has recently become a standard test organism for evaluating toxic effects of veterinary pharmaceuticals in livestock dung. In this context, a review of its natural history and a general description of the field and laboratory rearing methods of this species are provided here to benefit the scientific community as well as government regulators and applicants of eco-toxicological studies. For guidance, means and ranges are included for all relevant standard life history traits stemming from previously published data on Swiss populations.

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