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Genotype, serotype, and antibiotic resistance of sorbitol-negative Escherichia coli isolates from feedlot cattle.

Diarra, M.S., Giguère, K., Malouin, F., Lefebvre, B., Bach, S.J., Delaquis, P.J., Aslam, M., Ziebell, K.A., and Roy, G. (2009). "Genotype, serotype, and antibiotic resistance of sorbitol-negative Escherichia coli isolates from feedlot cattle.", Journal of Food Protection, 72(1), pp. 28-36.

Abstract

Rectal fecal samples from 80 steers receiving Rumensin, Revalor-S, and Liquamycin alone or in combination for growth promotion and disease prevention were examined for the presence of non-O157:H7 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli. All isolates were identified with the API 20E test, virulence genes were detected with a PCR assay, and antibiotic susceptibilities were determined with the Sensititre system. Of the 153 E. coli isolates recovered 126 (82.3%) were sorbitol negative. Isolates were classified into 14 biochemical E. coli groups; 51.6% were negative for arginine dihydrolase, ornithine decarboxylase, sorbitol, and saccharose reactions but positive for lysine decarboxylase, indole production, and rhamnose reactions. Twenty-one O:H serotypes were detected in the 153 E. coli isolates. The most frequent serotypes were O2:H42 (49.7% of isolates), O49:NM (13.7%), O?:H25 (9.2%), and O10:NM (7.2%). One isolate of E. coli O172:H25 and one of E. coli O157: H39 were found. The stx1 gene was found in the two E. coli O98:H25 isolates. The eaeA and e-hlyA genes were detected in 21, 14, and 10 isolates of serotypes O49:NM, O?:H25, and O10:NM, respectively, and in each isolate of serotype O156:H25 and O172:H25. Four E. coli O132:H18 isolates were multiresistant to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, kanamycin, streptomycin, and sulfisoxazole. Tetracycline resistance due to the tet(B) gene was observed in 74 of the 76 E. coli O2:H42 isolates. Except for one isolate, all tetracycline-resistant isolates were negative for the virulence genes eaeA and e-hlyA or stx1. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis typing revealed that the tetracycline-resistant serotypes were genetically diverse. Our data illustrate that cattle are a potential source of some atypical antibiotic-resistant E. coli isolates that harbor virulence genes.

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