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2018-2019 Departmental Results Report - Details on transfer payment programs of $5 million or more

AgriAssurance program (Voted)

General information - AgriAssurance program (Voted)
Name of transfer payment program AgriAssurance program (Voted)
Start date April 1, 2018
End date March 31, 2023
Type of transfer payment Contribution
Type of appropriation Voted appropriation annually through Estimates
Fiscal year for terms and conditions 2017–18 (Terms and conditions approved)
Link to department’s Program Inventory Assurance Program
Description The Assurance Program provides support to the Canadian agriculture and agri-food sector in its endeavour to prevent and control risk to the animal and plant resource base, provide safe food and meet new market demands for assurance. The program also provides funding to support the Canadian sector in identifying, developing, verifying, disseminating and utilizing assurance systems, standards and related tools.
Results achieved In 2018–19, the AgriAssurance program approved 23 projects under the National Industry Association Component and seven under the Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Component. In addition, the program had three projects completed under the Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Component.
Findings of audits completed in
2018–19
Nil. No audit was conducted on this program.
Findings of evaluations completed in 2018–19 Nil. An evaluation of Business Risk Management programming, including AgriAssurance, is scheduled for 2021–22.
Engagement of applicants and recipients in 2018–19 In general, applicants and recipients are engaged directly by the responsible program officers. During the development of the program through the Canadian Agricultural Partnership, recipients were engaged as part of the broader national framework development process.
Financial information (dollars) — AgriAssurance program (Voted)
Type of transfer payment 2016–17
Actual
spending
2017–18
Actual
spending
2018–19
Planned
spending
2018–19
Total authorities
available for use
2018–19
Actual spending
(authorities used)
Variance
(2018–19 actual minus
2018–19 planned)
Total grants 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total contributions 0 0 12,280,000 12,280,000 2,468,647 (9,811,353)
Total program 0 0 12,280,000 12,280,000 2,468,647 (9,811,353)
Explanation of variances The timing of project approval resulted in associations not having enough time to undertake activities in the 2018–19 fiscal year. Approved project activities were shifted from year one to subsequent years. Unspent funding from 2018–19 has been requested to be carried forward to the following year.

Agricultural Disaster Relief program / AgriRecovery (Statutory)

General information - Agricultural Disaster Relief program / AgriRecovery (Statutory)
Name of transfer payment program Agricultural Disaster Relief program / AgriRecovery (Statutory)
Start date April 1, 2018
End date March 31, 2023
Type of transfer payment Contribution
Type of appropriation Statutory authority (Farm Income Protection Act)
Fiscal year for terms and conditions 2017–18 (Terms and conditions approved)
Link to department’s Program Inventory AgriRecovery
Description

AgriRecovery is a disaster relief framework that allows governments to work efficiently together to assess the impacts of natural disasters on Canadian producers and respond when needed with targeted, disaster-specific initiatives. Initiatives developed under the program are intended to help producers beyond the support available through existing programming to cover the extraordinary costs necessary to recover from a disaster event and resume business operations as quickly as possible.

Federal AgriRecovery website

Results achieved

The 2017 Canada-Quebec Hail Assistance, which was implemented in 2017–18, was completed in 2018–19. This initiative met and exceeded the required performance criteria by providing timely, targeted assistance to assist producers to recover from hail storms that occurred in Quebec in the summer of 2017.

Also in 2018–19, governments continued the delivery of the 2017 Canada–British Columbia Wildfires Recovery Initiative. This initiative continues to provide assistance to producers affected by wildfires in British Columbia during the 2017 wildfire season.

In 2018–19, governments implemented the 2018 Canada–British Columbia Wildfires Recovery Initiative. Performance data is not yet available for this initiative, which is providing assistance to producers affected by the 2018 wildfires.

Since 2013, the AgriRecovery framework has provided over 1,320 payments, representing over $35.9 million in cost-shared assistance, to producers.

Findings of audits completed in
2018–19
Nil. No audit was conducted on this program.
Findings of evaluations completed in 2018–19 Nil. An evaluation of Business Risk Management programming, including AgriRecovery, is scheduled for 2021–22.
Engagement of applicants and recipients in 2018–19

The process for AgriRecovery begins when one or more provincial/territorial government(s) requests an assessment of a disaster event in writing. Once the request has been made, a joint federal and provincial/territorial task team conducts an AgriRecovery assessment. As needed, the task team consults with affected producers, industry representatives and other department/agency representatives (for example, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency). The assessment looks at the impacts of the event on producers, the ability for them to recover quickly and the costs associated with those recovery activities as well as how existing programs will respond.

Generic information on the AgriRecovery framework is available on Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada's website, while the specifics on the initiatives are usually available on provincial/territorial governments' websites.

Financial information (dollars) — Agricultural Disaster Relief program / AgriRecovery (Statutory)
Type of transfer payment 2016–17
Actual
spending
2017–18
Actual
spending
2018–19
Planned
spending
2018–19
Total authorities
available for use
2018–19
Actual spending
(authorities used)
Variance
(2018–19 actual minus
2018–19 planned)
Total grants 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total contributions 6,923,281 15,135,072 118,513,335 894,000 894,000 (117,619,335)
Total program 6,923,281 15,135,072 118,513,335 894,000 894,000 (117,619,335)
Explanation of variances

AgriRecovery is demand-driven. Spending under the framework varies from year to year depending on the need for disaster response initiatives.

Actual spending was less than planned spending due to a reduced requirement for program support. Only one initiative was implemented in 2018–19, namely the 2018 Canada–British Columbia Wildfires Recovery Initiative.

Agricultural Greenhouse Gases program (Voted)

General information - Agricultural Greenhouse Gases program (Voted)
Name of transfer payment program Agricultural Greenhouse Gases program (Voted)
Start date September 1, 2010
End date Ongoing (Subject to Minister's renewal every five years)
Type of transfer payment Contribution
Type of appropriation Voted appropriation annually through Estimates
Fiscal year for terms and conditions 2015–16 (Terms and conditions amended)
Link to department's Program Inventory Agricultural Greenhouse Gases Program
Description The Agricultural Greenhouse Gases Program helps organizations, academic institutions and other levels of government enhance the understanding and accessibility of agricultural technologies and beneficial management practices that can be adopted by farmers to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions in Canada. Research under this program aims to increase the understanding of the chemical, physical and biological processes that lead to greenhouse gas emissions (into the atmosphere) and nutrient losses (into surface water and groundwater) from agricultural systems.
Results achieved In 2018–19, the program developed and demonstrated to farmers two new beneficial management practices and developed 27 information products such as factsheets and brochures (as of December 2019).
Findings of audits completed in
2018–19
Nil. No audit was conducted on this program.
Findings of evaluations completed in 2018–19 Nil. An evaluation is scheduled for 2019–20.
Engagement of applicants and recipients in 2018–19

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada communication efforts include news conferences or news releases. In addition, field days and workshops are carried out under this initiative by recipients of Agricultural Greenhouse Gases Program funding.

In terms of program delivery and administration, there has been an increase in the number of site visits with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada officials meeting with recipients both in the laboratory of a principal investigator and the sites where the Beneficial Management Practices are tested. The program administration is also working closely with recipient financial centres to ensure that funding efficiently flows to project activities.

Financial information (dollars) — Agricultural Greenhouse Gases program (Voted)
Type of transfer payment 2016–17
Actual
spending
2017–18
Actual
spending
2018–19
Planned
spending
2018–19
Total authorities
available for use
2018–19
Actual spending
(authorities used)
Variance
(2018–19 actual minus
2018–19 planned)
Total grants 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total contributions 1,857,891 5,771,446 5,382,000 7,320,342 7,138,259 1,756,259
Total program 1,857,891 5,771,446 5,382,000 7,320,342 7,138,259 1,756,259
Explanation of variances This program was renewed in 2016–17. It was anticipated that the core project activities would occur in the second, third and fourth years of the program. Funding was reallocated between programs to meet the demand of this program in fiscal year 2018–19.

AgriInnovate program (Voted)

General information - AgriInnovate program (Voted)
Name of transfer payment program AgriInnovate program (Voted)
Start date April 1, 2018
End date March 31, 2023
Type of transfer payment Contribution
Type of appropriation Voted appropriation annually through Estimates
Fiscal year for terms and conditions 2017–18 (Terms and conditions approved)
Link to department's Program Inventory AgriInnovate
Description

The AgriInnovate program accelerates the commercialization and adoption of innovative products and processes in the agricultural sector to increase sector competitiveness and sustainability. The program is intended to address both the financing gap present between moving agricultural, agri-food and agri-based research to commercialization, and to assist industry in mitigating the inherent risk in scaling-up products and processes.

The program provides repayable contributions to recipients.

Results achieved In 2018–19, the AgriInnovate program provided funding to nine participating firms. As this is the first year of the program, additional results will be available as the program continues.
Findings of audits completed in
2018–19
Nil. No audit was conducted on this program.
Findings of evaluations completed in 2018–19 Nil. An evaluation is scheduled for 2022–23.
Engagement of applicants and recipients in 2018–19 AgriInnovate utilized several communication approaches to build awareness and understanding of the program, including:
  • Minister's announcements;
  • Agriculture and Agri-Food website;
  • Stakeholder information sessions (companies, national and regional trade associations, academia and consultants); and
  • Collaboration with regional offices, provincial/territorial governments.

Program administration worked throughout the year to ensure effective program delivery through actions including:

  • Discussions with potential applicants regarding eligibility to the program and explanation of the application process;
  • Site visits;
  • Continued promotion through targeted participation in public and industry events; and
  • Ministerial announcements.
Financial information (dollars) — AgriInnovate program (Voted)
Type of transfer payment 2016–17
Actual
spending
2017–18
Actual
spending
2018–19
Planned
spending
2018–19
Total authorities
available for use
2018–19
Actual spending
(authorities used)
Variance
(2018–19 actual minus
2018–19 planned)
Total grants 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total contributions 0 0 21,700,000 24,800,000 24,800,000 3,100,000
Total program 0 0 21,700,000 24,800,000 24,800,000 3,100,000
Explanation of variances Actual spending was higher than planned spending as uptake under this program has been high. Funding was reallocated between programs to further support projects that were in demand and considered key priorities.

AgriInsurance program (Statutory)

General information - AgriInsurance program (Statutory)
Name of transfer payment program AgriInsurance program (Statutory)
Start date April 1, 2018
End date March 31, 2023 (AgriInsurance is statutory and ongoing; however, the current policy and program authorities expire on this date.)
Type of transfer payment Contribution
Type of appropriation Statutory authority (Farm Income Protection Act)
Fiscal year for terms and conditions 2017–18 (Terms and Conditions approved)
Link to department's Program Inventory AgriInsurance
Description

AgriInsurance provides Canadian producers with insurance coverage to reduce the economic impacts of production losses caused by adverse weather, crop diseases and other specified perils. AgriInsurance is a program that uses premiums to fund liabilities. Premiums are shared between governments and producers to ensure affordable coverage to producers, while administration costs are covered solely by governments. The commodities covered vary by province and continue to expand to cover new agricultural products.

For more information, visit the following websites:

Results achieved

In partnership with the provinces and territories, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada has put in place a set of performance indicators and targets for the suite of Business Risk Management programs. Officials use these performance indicators and targets to closely monitor and report on the performance of the Business Risk Management programs and ensure they are meeting their objectives.

Performance Indicators and Targets:

  • Appropriate self-sustainable production insurance programs: Premiums collected over the long-term match indemnity payments using a 25 year moving average loss ratio. The target is 0.95 to 1.05 and the 2016–17 ratio was 86%.
  • Program Effectiveness: Percentage of producers participating in the program who feel that AgriInsurance is effective in mitigating financial impacts of production losses. The target is 70% and this indicator was met with a result of 79% in 2014. This information is collected once every framework and will be updated under the Canadian Agricultural Partnership framework.
  • Program Eligibility: Value of agricultural products for which insurance coverage is offered as a percentage of the value of all agricultural products (excluding livestock) – target 85%. This indicator was met with an 88% eligibility rate in 2016–17. The 2017–18 results are not finalized.
  • Program Participation: Value of insured production as a percentage of the total value of all agricultural products eligible for insurance (excluding forage, pasture and livestock production) – target 75%. Program participation was estimated at 73.2 % for crops in 2016–17 and the forage participation was under the 20% target at 18% participation in 2016–17.
Findings of audits completed in
2018–19
Nil. No audit was conducted on this program.
Findings of evaluations completed in 2018–19 Nil. An evaluation of Business Risk Management programming, including AgriInsurance, is scheduled for 2021–22.
Engagement of applicants and recipients in 2018–19 AgriInsurance is delivered provincially. Each province is responsible for marketing the program and the day-to-day communications with producer applicants and producer organizations. Generic information on the program is available on Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada's website, which has specific links to each provincial website.
Financial information (dollars) — AgriInsurance program (Statutory)
Type of transfer payment 2016–17
Actual
spending
2017–18
Actual
spending
2018–19
Planned
spending
2018–19
Total authorities
available for use
2018–19
Actual spending
(authorities used)
Variance
(2018–19 actual minus
2018–19 planned)
Total grants 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total contributions 701,496,004 651,704,357 623,000,000 664,580,115 664,580,115 41,580,115
Total program 701,496,004 651,704,357 623,000,000 664,580,115 664,580,115 41,580,115
Explanation of variances The variance between the actual and the planned spending is the result of higher number of acres insured by producers in addition to insuring higher value crops.

AgriInvest program (Statutory)

General information - AgriInvest program (Statutory)
Name of transfer payment program AgriInvest program (Statutory)
Start date April 1, 2018
End date March 31, 2023 (AgriInvest is statutory and ongoing; however, the current policy and program authorities expire on this date.)
Type of transfer payment Grant and Contribution
Type of appropriation Statutory authority (Farm Income Protection Act)
Fiscal year for terms and conditions 2017–18 (Terms and Conditions approved)
Link to department's Program Inventory AgriInvest
Description

AgriInvest encourages Canadian producers to set money aside which they can draw upon for any reason including to recover from income declines or to make investments to reduce on-farm risks. Under the program, governments provide matching contributions to producers who make annual deposits to an AgriInvest savings account.

For more information, visit the following websites:

Results achieved

In partnership with provinces and territories, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada has put in place a set of performance indicators and targets for the suite of Business Risk Management programs. Officials use these performance indicators and targets to closely monitor and report on the performance of the Business Risk Management programs and ensure they are meeting their objectives.

The following results are based on the 2016 program year, the latest year for which application processing is complete and data is available:

  • 78% of producers participated in AgriInvest in 2016, above the target of 75%, and a slight decrease of 2.5% compared to 2015;
  • In 2016, 45% of AgriInvest producers who received AgriStability payments also made withdrawals from their AgriInvest saving accounts, missing the target of 60%.  This result indicates that producers are not using their AgriInvest account balances to address income declines to the extent expected; and
  • 99% of applications received were processed in 45 days or less, surpassing the target of 80%.
Findings of audits completed in
2018–19
Nil. No audit was conducted on this program.
Findings of evaluations completed in 2018–19 Nil. An evaluation of Business Risk Management programming, including AgriInvest, is scheduled for 2021–22.
Engagement of applicants and recipients in 2018–19 The AgriInvest program is delivered by the federal government in all provinces except Quebec. In Quebec, AgriInvest is delivered provincially by La Financière agricole. Each delivery agent is responsible for the marketing of the program in their jurisdiction(s), as well as day-to-day communications with program applicants. Annual enrolment and participation requirements are communicated through various forums including advertisements in major farm newspapers, industry advisories, program websites, and reminder letters and via Twitter.
Financial information (dollars) — AgriInvest program (Statutory)
Type of transfer payment 2016–17
Actual
spending
2017–18
Actual
spending
2018–19
Planned
spending
2018–19
Total authorities
available for use
2018–19
Actual spending
(authorities used)
Variance
(2018–19 actual minus
2018–19 planned)
Total grants 152,279,055 147,578,690 138,148,000 156,427,977 156,427,977 18,279,977
Total contributions 24,986,173 20,036,000 18,602,000 18,706,452 18,706,452 104,452
Total program 177,265,228 167,614,690 156,750,000 175,134,429 175,134,429 18,384,429
Explanation of variances

AgriInvest is demand-driven and the variance from year-to-year in grant and contribution expenditures is directly related to both participation and commodity prices. Producer deposits and government contributions are based on a percentage of income generated from the sale of commodities for a production period (Allowable Net Sales).

Actual spending for the AgriInvest program was more than planned due to greater participation and stronger sector performance than expected. Spending increased 4.5% over the previous year.

AgriMarketing program (Voted)

General information - AgriMarketing program (Voted)
Name of transfer payment program AgriMarketing program (Voted)
Start date April 1, 2018
End date March 31, 2023
Type of transfer payment Contribution
Type of appropriation Voted appropriation annually through Estimates
Fiscal year for terms and conditions 2017–18 (Terms and conditions approved)
Link to department's Program Inventory Trade and Market Expansion
Description The goal of the Trade and Market Expansion service is to increase agriculture and agri-food trade by maintaining, re-opening and expanding market access, advancing agricultural interests internationally, and helping the industry take advantage of market opportunities. As part of Trade and Market Expansion, the AgriMarketing program provides matching non-repayable funding to industry to support industry-led market development activities that help the sector seize domestic and international opportunities, while leveraging Canada's reputation for high quality and safe food.
Results achieved In 2018–19, the AgriMarketing program approved 48 projects under the National Industry Association Component and 129 under the Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises Component. In addition, the value of Canadian agri-food and seafood exports reach a record level of $66.2 billion.
Findings of audits completed in
2018–19
Nil. No audit was conducted on this program.
Findings of evaluations completed in 2018–19 Nil. An Evaluability Assessment is scheduled for 2019–20.
Engagement of applicants and recipients in 2018–19 In general, applicants and recipients are engaged directly by the responsible program officers. During the development of the program through the Canadian Agricultural Partnership, recipients were engaged as part of the broader national framework development process.
Financial information (dollars) — AgriMarketing program (Voted)
Type of transfer payment 2016–17
Actual
spending
2017–18
Actual
spending
2018–19
Planned
spending
2018–19
Total authorities
available for use
2018–19
Actual spending
(authorities used)
Variance
(2018–19 actual minus
2018–19 planned)
Total grants 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total contributions 0 0 20,340,000 24,140,000 22,902,666 2,562,666
Total program 0 0 20,340,000 24,140,000 22,902,666 2,562,666
Explanation of variances Actual spending was higher than planned spending as uptake under this program has been high. Funding was reallocated between programs to further support projects that were in demand and considered key priorities.

AgriRisk Initiatives program (Voted)

General information - AgriRisk Initiatives program (Voted)
Name of transfer payment program AgriRisk Initiatives program (Voted)
Start date April 1, 2018
End date March 31, 2023
Type of transfer payment Grant and Contribution
Type of appropriation Voted appropriation annually through Estimates
Fiscal year for terms and conditions 2017–18 (Terms and Conditions approved)
Link to department's Program Inventory AgriRisk
Description AgriRisk aims to increase the ability of Canadian producers to address risk by supporting research and development as well as the implementation and administration of new risk management tools for use in the agriculture sector. Under the program, governments provide financial assistance to facilitate the development and adoption of risk management tools, including insurance-based products.
Results achieved The 2018–19 spending supported the administration of the Western Livestock Insurance Program, which provides producers with a flexible market-driven approach to insurance.
Findings of audits completed in
2018–19
Nil. No audit was conducted on this program.
Findings of evaluations completed in 2018–19 Nil. An evaluation is scheduled for 2023–24.
Engagement of applicants and recipients in 2018–19 Various means were undertaken to promote the program such as direct contact with industry members and producer organizations and engagement with the Department's regional offices.
Financial information (dollars) – AgriRisk Initiatives program (Voted)
Type of transfer payment 2016–17
Actual
spending
2017–18
Actual
spending
2018–19
Planned
spending
2018–19
Total authorities
available for use
2018–19
Actual spending
(authorities used)
Variance
(2018–19 actual minus
2018–19 planned)
Total grants 100,000 100,000 300,000 600,000 0 (300,000)
Total contributions 8,284,065 14,423,800 10,700,000 1,600,000 873,069 (9,826,931)
Total program 8,384,065 14,523,800 11,000,000 2,200,000 873,069 (10,126,931)
Explanation of variances Actual spending was lower than planned spending as applications received were not aligned with the program objectives. Program communications and priorities were revised and projects which align with program objectives are now being approved.

AgriScience program (Voted)

General information - AgriScience program (Voted)
Name of transfer payment program AgriScience program (Voted)
Start date April 1, 2018
End date March 31, 2023
Type of transfer payment Contribution
Type of appropriation Voted appropriation annually through Estimates
Fiscal year for terms and conditions 2017–18 (Terms and conditions approved)
Link to department's Program Inventory AgriScience
Description

The AgriScience program accelerates the pace of innovation in the sector by supporting industry-led research and development to increase market opportunities in the agriculture, agri-food and agri-based products sector.

The program is delivered through two types of initiatives: the AgriScience – Clusters Component (Clusters) and the AgriScience – Projects Component (Projects).

Clusters are national in scope and bring together scientific expertise from industry, academia and government to collaborate to address multiple industry priorities of a specific commodity (such as wheat, beef, et cetera) or cross-cutting issues (for example, bioproducts, food processing).

Projects may be individually led research projects or a small group of projects that are national, regional or local in scope.

Results achieved In 2018–19, the AgriScience program provided funding to 50 clusters and projects and saw 67% of its cluster and research projects involve collaboration on Research and Development. In addition, seven papers have been published in peer review journals.
Findings of audits completed in
2018–19
Nil. No audit was conducted on this program.
Findings of evaluations completed in 2018–19 Nil. An evaluation of AgriScience is scheduled for 2021–22.
Engagement of applicants and recipients in 2018–19

With the launch of the Canadian Agricultural Partnership in 2018–19, substantial engagement with applicants and recipients took place to promote the program and provide guidance regarding program parameters.

These engagements included a meeting with all the cluster recipients under the program, site visits undertaken by program officials, attendance and presentations at industry meetings and conferences.

Financial information (dollars) — AgriScience program (Voted)
Type of transfer payment 2016–17
Actual
spending
2017–18
Actual
spending
2018–19
Planned
spending
2018–19
Total authorities
available for use
2018–19
Actual spending
(authorities used)
Variance
(2018–19 actual minus
2018–19 planned)
Total grants 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total contributions 0 0 36,755,000 36,755,000 24,353,890 (12,401,110)
Total program 0 0 36,755,000 36,755,000 24,353,890 (12,401,110)
Explanation of variances Actual spending was less that planned spending as this was the first year of the Canadian Agricultural Partnership reflecting a ramping up of the program. Unspent funding from 2018–19 has been requested to be carried forward to the following year.

AgriStability program (Statutory)

General information - AgriStability program (Statutory)
Name of transfer payment program AgriStability program (Statutory)
Start date April 1, 2018
End date March 31, 2023 (AgriStability is statutory and ongoing; however, the current policy and program authorities expire on this date.)
Type of transfer payment Grant and Contribution
Type of appropriation Statutory authority (Farm Income Protection Act)
Fiscal year for terms and conditions 2017–18 (Terms and Conditions approved)
Link to department's Program Inventory AgriStability
Description

AgriStability is intended to help Canadian producers to manage financial risks that threaten the viability of their farm by helping them protect their farm operations against large declines in farm income. Under the program, governments provide assistance when a producer's margin falls below seventy percent of their historical reference margin. All producers who derive income from the primary production of agricultural commodities are eligible to participate in the program.

For more information, visit the following websites:

Results achieved

In partnership with the provinces and territories, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada has put in place a set of performance indicators and targets for the suite of Business Risk Management programs. Officials use these performance indicators and targets to closely monitor and report on the performance of the Business Risk Management programs and ensure they are meeting their objectives.

The following results are based on the 2016 program year, the latest year for which application processing is complete and data is available:

  • Participants in the program are responsible for producing 56% of the total farm market revenues for the industry, below the target of 65%, and down 2% over 2015.
  • 32% of producers participated in the program, falling short of the target of 50%, and down 2% over 2015. These low participation results can be attributed to several factors, such as: a decline in the overall number of farms due to the long-term trend of farm consolidation; favorable market conditions experienced by many producers over several years; and individual business decisions made by producers. However, responding to producer concerns with the program, governments have introduced changes to AgriStability under the Canadian Agricultural Partnership that will be effective in the 2018 Program Year. These changes aim to lower the administrative burden on producers enrolling in the program for the first time, and will provide improved coverage levels. In addition, Federal, Provincial and Territorial governments are working on addressing the recommendations for the AgriStability program put forward by the Expert Panel on the Business Risk Management review.
  • In 2016, 65% of applications were processed to issue the calculation of program benefits in 75 days or less, missing the target of 75%. This result confirms that there continue to be challenges with the administrative complexity of many AgriStability applications.
Findings of audits completed in
2018–19
Nil. No audit was conducted on this program.
Findings of evaluations completed in 2018–19 Nil. An evaluation of Business Risk Management programming, including AgriStability, is scheduled for 2021–22.
Engagement of applicants and recipients in 2018–19 AgriStability is delivered by the federal government in Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador and Yukon while it is delivered provincially in British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Alberta, Ontario, Quebec, and Prince Edward Island. Each delivery agent is responsible for marketing of the program in their jurisdiction(s), as well as day-to-day communications with program applicants. Annual enrolment and participation requirements are communicated through various forums including advertisements in major farm newspapers, industry advisories, program websites, and reminder letters and via Twitter.
Financial information (dollars) — AgriStability program (Statutory)
Type of transfer payment 2016–17
Actual
spending
2017–18
Actual
spending
2018–19
Planned
spending
2018–19
Total authorities
available for use
2018–19
Actual spending
(authorities used)
Variance
(2018–19 actual minus
2018–19 planned)
Total grants 35,373,415 26,827,747 39,320,000 34,465,156 34,465,156 (4,854,844)
Total contributions 311,527,441 34,791,605 384,830,000 180,779,188 180,779,188 (204,050,812)
Total program 346,900,856 61,619,352 424,150,000 215,244,344 215,244,344 (208,905,656)
Explanation of variances

AgriStability is demand-driven, rather than being funded from a set allocation for each fiscal year. Although the administrative costs of the program remain relatively constant, the variance of year-to-year grant and contribution payments is directly related to participation and industry conditions.

Actual spending for the AgriStability program was lower than planned due to a decrease in demand and participation in the program; however spending did increase 12.5% over the previous 5 year’s spending average.

Canadian Agricultural Adaptation program (Voted)

General information - Canadian Agricultural Adaptation program (Voted)
Name of transfer payment program Canadian Agricultural Adaptation program (Voted)
Start date May 28, 2009
End date Ongoing (Subject to Minister’s renewal every five years)
Type of transfer payment Contribution
Type of appropriation Voted appropriation annually through Estimates
Fiscal year for terms and conditions 2018–19 (Terms and conditions amended)
Link to department’s Program Inventory Canadian Agricultural Adaptation Program
Description The Canadian Agricultural Adaptation Program supports the agricultural sector to adapt to new and emerging issues, opportunities and challenges in order to remain competitive. The program funds national or sector-wide projects to develop a new idea, product, niche, or market opportunity or respond to new and emerging issues.
Results achieved In 2018–19, the program has helped the sector develop 25 tools and strategies to help it respond to changing circumstances and/or opportunities. As of this reporting, four of the tools and strategies have been implemented by the sector.
Findings of audits completed in
2018–19
Nil. No audit was conducted on this program.
Findings of evaluations completed in 2018–19 An evaluation of the Canadian Agricultural Adaptation program was completed in 2018–19. Key findings were that there is a continued need for the Canadian Agricultural Adaptation program and that it enables the agricultural sector to remain competitive in an evolving global marketplace. The Canadian Agricultural Adaptation program experienced low uptake due to a variety of factors related to overly broad objectives; changes to the program scope, eligibility, funding ratio, and delivery model; and limited promotion. Despite limited uptake, funded projects generated some positive results. Management has agreed to refine program priorities; assess alternative design and delivery options; develop a communication strategy targeted to relevant industry stakeholders; review performance outcomes; and explore appropriate methodology to assess the impacts of adaptation programming. All actions will be completed by December 2022.
Engagement of applicants and recipients in 2018–19

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada communication efforts generally include mail outs, news conferences and/or news releases. Program clients are also engaged through email, site visits, web presence, videoconferences, teleconferences or other outreach and project assessment and monitoring.

Program administration has been working with various department branches to help with communications in order to reach potential eligible applicants that may not be aware of the program and the type of support that it can provide.

Financial information (dollars) — Canadian Agricultural Adaptation program (Voted)
Type of transfer payment 2016–17
Actual
spending
2017–18
Actual
spending
2018–19
Planned
spending
2018–19
Total authorities
available for use
2018–19
Actual spending
(authorities used)
Variance
(2018–19 actual minus
2018–19 planned)
Total grants 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total contributions 2,182,027 2,632,964 10,061,000 4,072,658 3,314,594 (6,746,406)
Total program 2,182,027  2,632,964 10,061,000 4,072,658 3,314,594 (6,746,406)
Explanation of variances

Actual spending was lower than planned spending as uptake under this program has been low. Funding was reallocated between programs to further support projects that were in demand and considered key priorities.

The Department undertook a program realignment exercise and relaunched the Canadian Agricultural Adaptation Program as the Canadian Agricultural Strategic Priorities Program, which has new priorities and allows more flexibility to fill programming gaps under the Canadian Agricultural Partnership.

Contributions to support Investments in the Dairy Sector (Voted)

General information - Contributions to support Investments in the Dairy Sector (Voted)
Name of transfer payment program Contributions to support Investments in the Dairy Sector (Voted)
Start date April 1, 2017
End date March 31, 2022
Type of transfer payment Contribution
Type of appropriation Voted appropriation annually through Estimates
Fiscal year for terms and conditions 2017–18 (Terms and conditions approved)
Link to department's Program Inventory Dairy Programs
Description

The Dairy Programs consist of the Dairy Farm Investment Program and the Dairy Processing Investment Fund, which are designed to encourage investment by dairy farmers and dairy processors to improve productivity and competitiveness.

The Dairy Farm Investment Program (2017–18 to 2021–22) supports dairy farmers to modernize their operations and improve their productivity through activities such as the adoption of robotic milkers, automated feeding systems, herd management tools, or other equipment upgrades.

The Dairy Processing Investment Fund (2017–18 to 2020–21) supports dairy processors as they modernize their facilities and conduct near-market activities to introduce new and improved products that will compete with expected imports. The program supports access to technical expertise and the purchase of new equipment in order to expand processing capacity and diversify product lines to capture new market opportunities.

Results achieved

Dairy Farm Investment Program:

The performance indicators and results for Phase 1:

  • Number of approved projects: 1,904; and
  • Number of small/large scale investments: 119 large scale investments and 1,110 small scale investments.

Dairy Processing Investment Fund:

Program results will be measured through such items as production cost savings (for example, labour and improved efficiency), the adoption of technology, and the increase in volume of industrial or fluid milk and milk components used in production (when applicable).

Participating processors are required to report on the increase in production as well as the percentage increase in the volume of industrial or fluid milk and milk components used in production with the goal of increasing the volumes of these inputs where possible, which provides support indirectly to the broader agricultural sector.

Results reporting on progress has yet to fully take effect. The second year of the Dairy Processing Investment Fund approved 40 firms for funding.

Findings of audits completed in
2018–19
Nil. No audit was conducted on this program.
Findings of evaluations completed in 2018–19 Nil. Evaluations of the Dairy Farm Investment Program and the Dairy Processing Investment Fund are scheduled for 2023–24.
Engagement of applicants and recipients in 2018–19

These programs were developed based on feedback from a range of dairy stakeholders and Canadians across Canada and complement the sector's ongoing investment efforts.

The program undertook several communication approaches to build awareness and understanding of the program, including:

  • Minister's announcements;
  • Agriculture and Agri-Food Website;
  • Stakeholder information sessions (companies, national and regional associations); and
  • Collaboration with regional offices, provincial/territorial governments.

Program administration worked throughout the year to ensure effective program delivery through actions including:

  • Discussions with potential applicants regarding eligibility to the program and explanation of the application process;
  • Site visits;
  • Continued promotion through targeted participation in public and industry events; and
  • Ministerial announcements.
Financial information (dollars) — Contributions to support Investments in the Dairy Sector (Voted)
Type of transfer payment 2016–17
Actual
spending
2017–18
Actual
spending
2018–19
Planned
spending
2018–19
Total authorities
available for use
2018–19
Actual spending
(authorities used)
Variance
(2018–19 actual minus
2018–19 planned)
Total grants 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total contributions 0 30,817,846 88,600,000 94,550,000 94,390,172 5,790,172
Total program 0 30,817,846 88,600,000 94,550,000 94,390,172 5,790,172
Explanation of variances For 2018–19, the program committed full funding to industry for eligible projects to continue supporting the productivity of the industry. Funding was reallocated between programs to meet the demand of this program in 2018–19.

Loan guarantees under the Canadian Agricultural Loans Act (Statutory)

General information - Loan guarantees under the Canadian Agricultural Loans Act (Statutory)
Name of transfer payment program Loan guarantees under the Canadian Agricultural Loans Act (Statutory)
Start date June 18, 2009
End date Ongoing
Type of transfer payment Contribution
Type of appropriation Statutory authority (Canadian Agricultural Loans Act)
Fiscal year for terms and conditions Not applicable
Link to department's Program Inventory Loan Guarantee Programs
Description Under the Loan Guarantee Programs, the federal government provides financial guarantees to producers, marketing agencies and agricultural co-operatives. The Canadian Agricultural Loans Act program guarantees the repayment of loans made to producers and agricultural cooperatives by financial institutions. Producers use these loans to establish, improve, and develop their farms, while agricultural co-operatives use loans to process, distribute, or market the agricultural products.
Results achieved

In 2018–19, the Department, in partnership with lending institutions, continued to support the establishment, improvement and development of farms across Canada through the provision of Canadian Agricultural Loans Act loans.

The performance indicators and results:

  • Dollar value of registered loans awarded by lending institutions during the fiscal year: $91 million (target: $98.5 million);
  • Number of loans made to beginning farmers: 263 (target: 251);
  • Defaulted loans as a percentage of the value of total loans at the end of the year: .01% (target: less than 1%); and
  • Percentage of loans received from lenders within 15 business days is registered: 100% (target: 80%).
Findings of audits completed in
2018–19
Nil. No audit was conducted on this program.
Findings of evaluations completed in 2018–19 The evaluation found that the Canadian Agricultural Loans Act Program provides access to affordable credit, notably for new and niche farmers, but the current loan terms limit farmers’ ability to meet their capital investment needs. The Program aligns with federal and departmental priorities, and fills the provincial and sector gaps in credit accessibility by complementing and supplementing existing programs. The Canadian Agricultural Loans Act Program’s design and delivery model offers benefits such as lender expertise, speed of business, and loan guarantees. However, the Program’s criteria, such as loan limits, fees, and eligibility affect overall effectiveness.
Engagement of applicants and recipients in 2018–19

Canadian Agricultural Loans Act loans are issued on behalf of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada by financial institutions, such as banks, credit unions, and caisses populaires. The program is designed to enable financial institutions to incorporate it into their normal lending practices, while providing the government guarantee on eligible loans to farmers and agricultural co-operatives. They register Canadian Agricultural Loans Act loans and submit the associated registration fee using the Canadian Agricultural Loans Act Online Loan Registration System or, where it is necessary, through a paper-based application process.

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada engaged potential and existing users and financial institutions to increase their knowledge of the Canadian Agricultural Loans Act program and have successfully completed a communications strategy which included paid and organic social media (Facebook, twitter, LinkedIn), direct mail to producers, print advertising, young farmers outreach, email and trade shows. Engagement of farmers and lenders will be incorporated in the evaluations plans.

Financial information (dollars) - Loan guarantees under the Canadian Agricultural Loans Act (Statutory)
Type of transfer payment 2016–17
Actual
spending
2017–18
Actual
spending
2018–19
Planned
spending
2018–19
Total authorities
available for use
2018–19
Actual spending
(authorities used)
Variance
(2018–19 actual minus
2018–19 planned)
Total grants 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total contributions 611,840 385,500 13,111,013 (51,408) (51,408) (13,162,421)
Total program 611,840 385,500 13,111,013 (51,408) (51,408) (13,162,421)
Explanation of variances The value of loans issued under Canadian Agricultural Loans Act in 2018–19 was down only slightly from loans issued in 2017–18 ($91.6 million) and under the target of $98.5 million, the five year average (2013–2017). Program spending on loan losses was in the negative in 2018–19 as a result of registration fees collected, low default loan payments and defaulted loan amounts recovered from previous years. Program participation can be affected by factors such as interest rates, how financial institutions utilize the program, and the state of the industry. The Department continues to work to increase knowledge of the Canadian Agricultural Loans Act program, including among both new and existing farmers and financial institutions, with the aim of increasing participation in future years.

Payments in connection with the Agricultural Marketing Programs Act - Advance Payments program (Statutory)

General information - Payments in connection with the Agricultural Marketing Programs Act - Advance Payments program (Statutory)
Name of transfer payment program Payments in connection with the Agricultural Marketing Programs Act - Advance Payments program (Statutory)
Start date April 25, 1997
End date Ongoing
Type of transfer payment Contribution
Type of appropriation Statutory authority (Agricultural Marketing Programs Act)
Fiscal year for terms and conditions Not applicable
Link to department's Program Inventory Loan Guarantee Programs
Description

Under the Loan Guarantee Programs, the federal government provides financial guarantees to producers, marketing agencies and agricultural co-operatives. The Advance Payments Program is a loan guarantee program which provides producers with access to credit through cash advances based on the value of their agricultural products. This enables producers to meet financial obligations and allows them to make the decision to sell agricultural products based on market conditions rather than the need for cash flow.

The Price Pooling Program provides cooperative marketing agencies with a price guarantee on eligible products as a form of security against unanticipated declines in the market price for their products. This helps them to secure financing to issue initial payments to their producer members as they deliver product to the cooperative marketing pools.

Results achieved

Advance Payments Program

In 2018–19, the Department, through the Advance Payments Program and in partnership with 36 third-party administrators, continued to provide eligible agricultural producers with access to timely, low cost loans to help them with their cash-flow needs over their production periods and provide them with additional flexibility to find the best markets for their agricultural products.

  • The performance indicators and results: Number of producers receiving Advance Payments Program advances per production period: 21,214 (target: 21,820);
  • Dollar value of Advance Payments Program advances issued per production period: $2.31 billion (target: $2.22 billion);
  • Advance Payments Program defaults as a percentage of total Advance Payments Program advances taken per production period: 3.87% (target: 4.23%)*; and
  • Percentage of Advance Guarantee Agreements sent to producer organizations within 8 weeks following receipt of a fully documented application: 87.5% (target: 80%).

Price Pooling Program

For 2018–19, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada entered into Price Pooling Program agreements with marketing agencies for total guarantees value at $43.3 million. Participating marketing agencies did not make any claims to Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada against the price guarantee during the program year.

Performance indicator and Target: Guarantee price provided through the Price Pooling Program as a percentage of average market price: 64.46% (target: less than or equal to 65%).

Findings of audits completed in
2018–19
Nil. No audit was conducted on this program.
Findings of evaluations completed in 2018–19 Nil. An evaluation is scheduled for 2019-20.
Engagement of applicants and recipients in 2018–19 The Advance Payments Program is delivered by approximately 36 producer organizations across Canada. These organizations work closely with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada to ensure all their members and potential participants in their area are aware of the program benefits and objectives. In addition, the Advance Payments Program and Price Pooling Program are promoted at different agriculture trade shows across the country and at industry meetings. Through these activities, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada stays connected with producers and ensures the program remains aligned with the sector’s needs.
Financial information (dollars) - Payments in connection with the Agricultural Marketing Programs Act - Advance Payments program (Statutory)
Type of transfer payment 2016–17
Actual
spending
2017–18
Actual
spending
2018–19
Planned
spending
2018–19
Total authorities
available for use
2018–19
Actual spending
(authorities used)
Variance
(2018–19 actual minus
2018–19 planned)
Total grants 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total contributions 25,670,879  29,030,974 65,900,000 36,234,391 36,234,391 (29,665,609)
Total program 25,670,879 29,030,974 65,900,000 36,234,391 36,234,391 (29,665,609)
Explanation of variances

Participation in the Advance Payments Program fluctuates from year-to-year based on factors such as commodity/sector performance, interest rates and the financial needs of producers. For 2018–19, 21,214 producers received Advance Payments Program advances, which is consistent with uptake of approximately 21,000 per program year since 2014. It should be noted that the target of $2.2 billion in advances issued per production period was surpassed in 2018–19.

Total spending under the Advance Payments Program and Price Pooling Program was approximately $36.2 million, which was largely due to Advance Payments Program interest costs paid by the Department and Advance Payments Program default amounts paid under the Guarantee. These costs are up from previous years, but are significantly lower than the planned spending of $65.9 million. Actual spending was lower than planned spending due to factors such as current below average interest rates, defaults and lower participation. The actual spending amount listed is net of amounts recovered from past defaulted advances under the Advance Payments Program.

*Note: Producers have until the end of their Advance Payments Program Production Periods to fully repay their advances. Due to the length of these Production Periods, it is not yet possible to report on defaults for the 2018 Program Year. The default results reported above are for advances during the 2017 Program Year.

Provincial/Territorial delivered cost-shared programs under the Canadian Agricultural Partnership (Voted)

General information - Provincial/Territorial delivered cost-shared programs under the Canadian Agricultural Partnership (Voted)
Name of transfer payment program Provincial/Territorial delivered cost-shared programs under the Canadian Agricultural Partnership (Voted)
Start date April 1, 2018
End date March 31, 2023
Type of transfer payment Contribution
Type of appropriation Voted appropriation annually through Estimates
Fiscal year for terms and conditions 2017–18 (Terms and conditions approved)
Link to department's Program Inventory Federal, Provincial and Territorial Cost-shared Markets and Trade
Federal, Provincial and Territorial Cost-shared Science, Research, Innovation and Environment
Federal, Provincial and Territorial Cost-shared Assurance
Description

Under Federal, Provincial and Territorial Cost-shared Markets and Trade, transfer payments are provided to the provinces and territories for programming to assist the Canadian agricultural sector in creating market-based opportunities for individual farms and firms, and providing industry with the knowledge and tools to compete at home and abroad. Specific provincial and/or territorial programs support the sector in identifying new domestic and global opportunities that enhance competitiveness and prosperity.

Under Federal, Provincial and Territorial Cost-shared Science, Research, Innovation and Environment, transfer payments are provided to the provinces and territories for programming to accelerate the pace of innovation in the Canadian agriculture and agri-food sector. A key focus of such innovation is the research, development and commercialization of products, practices, processes and systems that enhance the productivity, competitiveness, economic growth and adaptability to environment and climate change in the sector.

Under Federal, Provincial and Territorial Cost-shared Assurance, transfer payments are provided to the provinces and territories for agricultural assurance programming to develop tools and support proactive mitigation activities. Specific provincial or territorial programs support the sector in its endeavors to prevent and control risks to the animal and plant resource base, provide safe food, and meet new market demands for assurance.

Results achieved

In partnership with provinces and territories, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada has put in place a set of performance indicators and targets for Federal, Provincial and Territorial Cost-shared programming under three priority areas:

Federal, Provincial and Territorial Cost-shared Markets and Trade:

  • Number of clients reporting that market information and intelligence meets needs for awareness and knowledge of market opportunities: the results for 2018–19 are not available at this time. Two client impact surveys are to be conducted at the mid-term and end of the Canadian Agricultural Partnership.

Federal, Provincial and Territorial Cost-shared Science, Research, Innovation and Environment:

  • In 2018–19, 97 new technologies have attained Intellectual Property protection for products, practices, processes and systems surpassing the annual target of 15.

Federal, Provincial and Territorial Cost-shared Assurance:

  • 1,083 risk management/assurance projects were completed on farm by activity type, slightly below the annual target of 1,097.
  • In addition, 70 risk management/assurance projects were completed on processing facilities by activity type, missing the annual target of 167.
Findings of audits completed in
2018–19
Nil. No audit was conducted on this program.
Findings of evaluations completed in 2018–19 Nil. An Evaluability Assessment is scheduled for 2019–20.
Engagement of applicants and recipients in 2018–19 Provinces and territories design and deliver cost-shared programming and thus identify the most appropriate tools to engage applicants and recipients. Methods include websites, advertising, brochures, et cetera.
Financial information (dollars) - Provincial/Territorial delivered cost-shared programs under the Canadian Agricultural Partnership (Voted)
Type of transfer payment 2016–17
Actual
spending
2017–18
Actual
spending
2018–19
Planned
spending
2018–19
Total authorities
available for use
2018–19
Actual spending
(authorities used)
Variance
(2018–19 actual minus
2018–19 planned)
Total grants 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total contributions 0 0 206,480,000 206,480,000 172,897,589 (33,582,411)
Total program 0 0 206,480,000 206,480,000 172,897,589 (33,582,411)
Explanation of variances

As part of the Canadian Agricultural Partnership (the Partnership) five-year Framework, Federal-Provincial-Territorial Cost-shared programming is designed and delivered by the provinces and territories. Provinces and territories report on and manage variances in spending on their individual programming. They are able to roll over unspent funding of up to 25% of planned spending into subsequent years, except for the last year of the Framework. Five-year spending totals must equal 60:40 federal-provincial/territorial funding shares. Unspent funding from 2018–19 has been requested to be carried forward to the following year.

While provincial and territorial spending in the first year of the Partnership was lower than the planned spending, the majority of programs have been rolled out and continue to come online. Program uptake has varied across programs resulting in underspending in some areas and overspending in others. However, the federal-provincial-territorial funding allocations were respected.

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