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Elimination Guidelines 2020 - Type of Drug Glossary

Type of Drug Glossary

A

Androgenic Anabolic Steroid
A drug that possesses anabolic (musculature, size) and androgenic activity (masculinization, behavioural effects).
Analgesic
A drug that relieves pain.
Anthelmintic
An antiparasitic or worming agent.
Antibacterial
A drug that destroys or prevents the growth of bacteria.
Anticholinergic
A drug that antagonizes bronchospasm, (anti-muscarinic) reduces respiratory secretions and gastro-intestinal hypermotility.
Anti-congestive
A drug that relieves nasal congestion.
Anticonvulsant
A drug that prevents or relieves involuntary contraction of muscles.
Antidepressant
A drug that relieves depression and has the ability to alter behaviour.
Antifibrinolytic
A drug that inhibits the breakdown of fibrin which is important in the blood clotting mechanism.
Antihistamine
A drug that relieves the symptoms of allergy. Many antihistaminic drugs have sedative side effects.
Antihypertensive
A drug that acts against abnormally high blood pressure and emotional tension.
Anti-inflammatory
A drug that relieves local swelling, redness and pain caused by an injury or infection.
Antipyretic
A drug that reduces a fever.
Antitussive
A cough remedy.

B

Bronchodilator
A drug that expands the diameter of the bronchial tubes, permitting easier breathing.

C

Counterirritant
An agent producing mild surface irritation of skin with the object of relieving deep-seated inflammation.

D

Diuretic
A drug causing increased production and excretion of urine.

E

Expectorant
A drug that promotes the clearing of phlegm from chest or lungs.

G

Gastric Acid Secretion Inhibitor
A drug that inhibits gastric acid secretion and aids in ulcer therapy.
General Anesthetic
A drug producing a lack of sensation and a level of sedation required for major surgery.

H

Hemostatic
A drug that aids in the prevention of hemorrhage.
Histamine H2 Receptor Antagonist
A drug that inhibits gastric acid secretion, aids in peptic ulcer therapy.

K

Keratolytic
An agent producing sloughing of the surface layers of skin.

L

Local Anesthetic
A drug producing reduced sensations (e.g. touch, pain) in a restricted area of the body.

M

Mucolytic
A drug that breaks down or liquefies mucus.

N

NSAID
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug.

O

Oxytocic
A drug that acts to produce rhythmic contractions of the uterus.

P

Penetrant Carrier
A substance that enhances the absorption of other drugs.

R

Respiratory Anti-allergic
A drug that aids in control of allergic respiratory disease and cough, and reduces pulmonary hyperactivity.

S

Sedative
A drug that produces a calming effect and reduces nervous excitement.
Skeletal Muscle Relaxant
A drug that relaxes the muscles involved in locomotion.
Sympathomimetic
A drug that mimics the actions of the sympathetic nervous system.
Synthetic Corticosteroid
A drug producing an action similar to that of a steroid hormone of the adrenal cortex, but which is chemically distinguishable from natural hormones.

T

Tranquilizer
A drug that relieves anxiety and other stress-related symptoms.

V

Vasodilator
A drug that causes dilation of blood vessels.
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