... at a glance
In 2009, Canada produced poultry products worth $3.02 billion, contributing 6.8% of cash receipts to farming operations.
In 2009, there were 2,768 regulated chicken producers and 546 registered turkey producers, 261 broiler hatching egg producers and 1,015 egg producers in Canada. In addition to the almost 5,000 commercial poultry and egg producers in Canada, there are a large number of businesses associated with these production activities.
In 2009, Canada's total commercial chicken and turkey meat production totalled 1,18 billion kilograms, eviscerated equivalent.
In 2009, Canada produced 1.01 billion kilograms of chicken, 60% of which was produced in Quebec and Ontario. Domestic consumption of chicken and turkey in 2009 was 36.9 kilograms, eviscerated basis, per person with the majority of consumption being chicken at 31.3 kilograms per person.
Supplying egg and poultry producers are 84 hatcheries, 135 feed manufacturers, 235 feed supplement suppliers and 103 drug suppliers - 557 suppliers in total who depend on the poultry industries for their business.
In 2009, Canada exported over 11 million chicks and poults (young turkeys), worth $32.7 million to 37 countries. The United States was by far the largest market (91.5%). Other countries included Japan, Columbia, Netherlands, Philippines and Algeria.
That same year, over 204.3 million kilograms of poultry meat and edible bi-products (fresh, chilled, frozen), worth more than $436 million were exported to 139 countries with largest importers being United States, Philippines and Hong Kong . Other importing countries included the South Africa, Taiwan and Japan.
Poultry production and processing are among the most highly mechanized sectors in agriculture. One person can operate a unit of 50,000 broiler chickens which, with seven lots per year, will provide 640 tonnes of meat annually. Poultry processing plants in Canada are so mechanized that they are slaughtering and preparing 25,000 broiler chickens per hour for market.
... in details
production of ratites - birds that have a flat breastbone and small or
rudimentary wings such as ostrich, emu and rhea - has been increasing
globally, and Canada is no exception. These birds are usually raised for
their red-coloured meat, and their hide and feathers. Oils from ratites
are used in the cosmetics industry.
birds such as pheasant, partridge, guinea fowl, quail and squab are grown
commercially in Canada. This sector is well established and growing. Export
of these birds is small but consistent.
the bird from the producer to the grocery store requires coordination
and cooperation among producers, provincial and federal governments, inspectors,
processors and distributors. Three poultry producers’ organizations
- the Chicken Farmers of Canada, the Turkey Farmers of Canada,
and the Canadian Hatching Egg Producers - enable producers
to receive their cost of production plus a reasonable rate of return on
their investment while ensuring that consumers have a constant supply
at stable prices. This system is called supply management.
production and processing are among the most highly mechanized sectors
in agriculture. One person can operate a unit of 50,000 broiler chickens
which, with seven lots per year, will provide 640 tonnes of meat annually.
Poultry processing plants in Canada are so mechanized that they are slaughtering
and preparing 25,000 broiler chickens per hour for market.
- often referred to as "friendly bacteria" - may provide the
solution to the problem of salmonella contamination of poultry products.
Salmonella is a species of bacterium often found in the intestines of
poultry around the world. These bacteria can be transmitted to humans
through consumption of animal and other products that have not been properly
stored (refrigerated) or cooked causing food poisoning with acute gastroenteritis.
HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point) Programs are in place from
‘farm to plate’ to ensure safe food production.
- Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) inspectors across Canada monitor operations and take random food samples for laboratory analysis at poultry processing plants and cold storage facilities to verify compliance with food safety regulations and grade standards. Processors, retailers and packagers must conform to very specific regulations about labels they put on their products.
For more detailed information contact:
Animal Industry Division
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
1341 Baseline Road
Tower 5, 2nd Floor, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Web site: http://www.agr.gc.ca/poultry-volaille/index_eng.htm