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Small, Ernest, Ph.D.

Research Scientist

Contact Information:

960 Carling Ave
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0C6
Telephone: 613-759-1370
Fax: 613-759-1599
Email: ernie.small@agr.gc.ca

Areas of Expertise:

  • culinary herbs
  • alfalfa
  • hemp
  • systematics of crop plants and allied germplasm
  • medicinal plants
  • forage and diversification crops

Current Projects:

  • Accurate identification, information and related training for scientific research and biodiversity protection.
  • Build and maintain reference collections and databases of plants and fungi: AAFC National Collection of Vascular Plants (DAO) and National Mycological Herbarium (DAOM). Support for Canadian Collection of Fungal Cultures (CCFC).
  • Plants: Develop new information on taxonomy, phylogeny, distribution and biology of plants including systematic research related to new and existing crop/bioproduct development, alien invasive species and impacts of genetically modified plants.
  • Seed of Medicinal Cannabis Sativa L.

Research publications

2016

2015

  • Small, E. (2015). 47. Teff & Fonio – Africa’s sustainable cereals, 16(1), 27-41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14888386.2014.997290
  • Small, E. (2015). 48. Canary Grass – a special crop for birds and biodiversity, 16(2-3), 177-188. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14888386.2015.1038304
  • Small, E. (2015). 49. Milkweeds – a sustainable resource for humans and butterflies, 16(4), 289-303. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14888386.2015.1104262
  • Small, E. (2015). Evolution and Classification of Cannabis sativa (Marijuana, Hemp) in Relation to Human Utilization, 81(3), 189-294. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12229-015-9157-3

2014

  • Small, E. (2014). "A rejoinder to Didier Bazile’s letter to the editor contesting Blossoming Treasures of Biodiversity article 42.", Biodiversity, 15(1), pp. 5.
  • Small, E. (2014). "Hemp fiber and composites for the 21st century.", in Thakur, V.K.T. and Njuguna, J. (eds.) - Natural fibers and composites, Studium Press LLC, Houston, USA, pp. 29–64.
  • Small, E. (2014). 45. Tepary Bean - an ideal arid zone crop, 15(2-3), 220-228. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14888386.2014.903203
  • Small, E. (2014). 46. Golden Rice – a food fight to enhance the unsustainable monarch of mega-crops, 15(4), 269-289. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14888386.2014.963145
  • Small, E. (2014). BLOSSOMING TREASURES OF BIODIVERSITY 44. Saguaro - threatened monarch of the desert, 15(1), 39-53. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14888386.2014.896224

2013

  • Small, E. (2013). "Préface.", in Coulot, P. and Rabaute, P. (eds.) - Monographie des Leguminosase de France: Tome 3: Tribu des Trifolieae, pp. 13-14.
  • Small, E. (2013). 41. Camelina - will this emerging biodiesel benefit biodiversity?, 14(2), 112-122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14888386.2013.774868
  • Small, E. (2013). 42. Quinoa - is the United Nations' featured crop of 2013 bad for biodiversity?, 14(3), 169-179. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14888386.2013.835551
  • Small, E. (2013). 43. Cotton - redeeming the world's most vilified plant threat to biodiversity, 14(4), 207-222. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14888386.2013.848172

2012

2011

  • Small, E. (2011). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 34. Chia - not just a pet.", Biodiversity, 12(1), pp. 49-56.
  • Small, E. (2011). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 36. Castor Bean - taming the world's most poisonous plant.", Biodiversity, 12(3), pp. 186-195.
  • Small, E. (2011). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 37. Spirulina - food for the universe.", Biodiversity, 12(4), pp. 255-265.
  • Small, E. (2011). "Medicinal crops.", in Marsh, J.H. (ed.) - The Canadian Encyclopedia/L'Encyclopédie canadienne. (E-publication), Historica-Dominion Institute, Toronto, ON, Canada.
  • Small, E. (2011). Alfalfa and Relatives: Evolution and classification of Medicago., NRC Research Press and CABI Publishing. (Book)
  • Small, E. (2011). Top 100 exotic food plants., CRC Press Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, FL, USA. (Book)
  • Small, E. (2011). The new Noah's Ark: Beautiful and useful species only. Part 1. Biodiversity conservation issues and priorities, 12(4), 232-247. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14888386.2011.642663
  • Small, E. and Darbyshire, S.J. (2011). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 35. Mosquito Ferns (Azolla species) - tiny 'super plants'.", Biodiversity, 12(2), pp. 119-128.

2010

  • Small, E. (2010). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 31. Vetiver Grass-poverty alleviation by habitat restoration.", Biodiversity, 11, pp. 99-106.
  • Small, E. (2010). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 32. Dwarf Saltwort - Reducing the environmental salt threat.", Biodiversity, 11(3-4), pp. 65-72.
  • Small, E. (2010). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 33. Non-narcotic drug poppies - Benefits for people and biodiversity.", Biodiversity, 11(3-4), pp. 73-80.

2009

  • Riefner, R.E. and Small, E. (2009). "Medicago rigidula and M. truncatula (fabaceae): New to the California flora.", Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas (BRIT), 3(1), pp. 323-329.
  • Small, E. (2009). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 30. Miracle fruit - Making life sweeter.", Biodiversity, 10(4), pp. 30-35.
  • Small, E. (2009). Top 100 food plants. The world's most important culinary crops., NRC Research Press. (Book)
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2009). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 27. Cannabis-dr. Jekyll and mr. Hyde.", Biodiversity, 10(1), pp. 31-38.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2009). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 29. Rooibos tea - A new beverage for the world.", Biodiversity, 10(2-3), pp. 113-119.
  • Small, E. and Marcus, D. (2009). "Hemp - a new crop with new uses for North America.", in Davis, R.M. (ed.) - Hemp for victory: the trillion dollar crop, Hemp Museum Publishing, West Hollywood, CA, USA, pp. 56-144.
  • Small, E. and Warwick, S.I. (2009). "Genetic engineering and biodiversity.", in Woodland, D.W. (ed.) - Contemporary plant systematics. 4th Edition, Andrews University Press, Berrien Springs, MI, USA, pp. 531-537.
  • Small, E., Catling, P.M., Cayouette, J., and Brookes, B. (2009). Audubon: Beyond birds. Plant Portraits and Conservation Heritage of John James Audubon., NRC Research Press. (Book)

Other science related publications

2014

  • Small, E. (2014). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. 7. Geraniums.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 47(1), pp. 16-24.
  • Small, E. (2014). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. 8. Petunia.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 47(2), pp. 49-55.
  • Small, E. (2014). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. 9. Lilac.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 47(3), pp. 93-101.

2013

  • Boutain, J.R., Visi, D.K., Allen, M.S., Xu, J., Small, E., Hummer, K.E., and McClatchey, W.C. (2013). "New approach to DNA barcoding fresh plant and herbarium specimens with semiconductor sequencing: a phyloplastome model with hops (Humulus, Cannabaceae).", 5th International Barcode of Life Conference, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Kunming Institute of Botany, Kunming, China. (Abstract)
  • Catling, P.M., Mitrow, G., Small, E., Macklin, J.A., and Cayouette, J. (2013). "Examples of the value of The AAFC National Collection of Vascular Plants.", Bulletin technique soumis à la Direction du CRECO, 2013(Avril), pp. 9p.
  • Small, E. (2013). "Cannabis (hemp, marijuana) for the 21st century.", Diamond Jubilee Seminar Series, AAFC Central Experimental Farm, Neatby Building / AAC Ferme expérimentale centrale, Édifice Neatby, Ottawa, ON, Canada, May 10, 2013. (Presentation)
  • Small, E. (2013). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. 4. Tulips.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 46(1), pp. 19-28.
  • Small, E. (2013). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. 5. Lilies.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 46(2), pp. 61-70.
  • Small, E. (2013). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. 6. Chrysanthemums.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 46(3), pp. 83-90.

2012

  • Small, E. (2012). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. Overview. Part 3.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 45(1), pp. 33-44.
  • Small, E. (2012). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. Part 2. Roses.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 45(2), pp. 78-87.
  • Small, E. (2012). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. Part 3. Poinsettia.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 45(3), pp. 118-124.

2011

  • Han, Y., Zhang, Y., Motes, C.M., Jiang, G., Sledge, M., Greene, S., Coyne, C., Kisha, T., Small, E., and Monteros, M.J. (2011). "Maximizing genetic diversity of the model legume Medicago truncatula using nested core collections.", Model Legume Congress, Sainte-Maxime, France, May 15-19, 2011. (Abstract)
  • Small, E. (2011). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. Overview. Part 1.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 44(2), pp. 62-68.
  • Small, E. (2011). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. Overview. Part 2.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 44(3), pp. 100-112.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2011). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 15. Maples.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 44(1), pp. 17-32.

2010

  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2010). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 12. Yukon.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 43(1), pp. 8-20.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2010). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 13. The Northwest Territories.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 43(2), pp. 38-47.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2010). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 14. Nunavut.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 43(3), pp. 65-71.

2009

  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2009). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 10. Alberta.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 42(2), pp. 51-70.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2009). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 11. British Columbia.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 42(3), pp. 88-100.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2009). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 9. Saskatchewan.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 42(1), pp. 14-28.
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