Glossary - Q-R

Q

Quincy
An inflammation of the throat or adjacent region, especially of the fauces or tonsils, with considerable swelling, painful and impeded ability to swallow, inflammatory fever, and sometimes a danger of suffocation. (Synonyms: squinancy, squinzey.)

R

Rectitis
Proctitis.
Rectocele
A bulging of the rectum into the vagina.
Refrigerant
A medicine that cools the body, allays fever.
Relaxant
An agent that lessens tension.
Repellent
A remedy to repel from a tumefied part the fluids which render it tumid (swollen, inflated).
Repercussive
Reduces swelling or tumor.
Resolvent
Disperses inflammatory or other tumors, or dead or dying tissues.
Restorative
Restores normal function.
Rheumatic
Relating to rheumatism, any of several diseases characterized by inflammation and pain in muscles or joints.
Rheumatic fever
A disease involving inflammation of joints and damage to heart valves that follows infection by Streptococcus.
Rheumatoid arthritis
A chronic inflammatory disease marked by destruction of joints.
Rickets
A childhood bone formation disease resulting from inadequate calcium and phosphorus due to insufficient sunlight or vitamin D.
Rinderpest
An acute infectious viral disease of cattle marked by diphtheritic inflammation of mucous membranes.
Ringworm
A fungal skin infection, typically a scaly, ring-shaped reddening on the skin, and commonly seen in children. May be treated with an antifungal cream such as clotrimazole or miconazole (also see Tinea).
Roborant
A strengthening medicine or tonic.
Rubefacient
An external stimulant which when applied to the skin produces mild irritation accompanied by reddening. This may be desired to counter irritation (see Counterirritant).