Talbot, Guylaine, Ph.D.

Research Scientist


Contact Information:

2000, College Street
Sherbrooke, Quebec J1M 0C8
Telephone: 819-780-7129
Fax: 819-564-5507
Email: guylaine.talbot@agr.gc.ca

Areas of Expertise:

  • Molecular analysis of metabolic activity and of the relative abundance and diversity of microbial communities involved in anaerobic degradation of swine slurry, cattle manure and in low-temperature anaerobic digestion
  • Microbial ecology of the digestive system of swine and dairy cattle to maintain animal health and reduce the environmental impact of animal production systems

Current Projects:

  • Assessment and management of water and air quality risks associated with the use of organic fertilizers. Examination of the link between microbial communities, pathogen survival, physico-chemical properties and greenhouse gas emissions and odours from swine slurry and cattle manure storage pits
  • Characterization of microbial communities during low-temperature anaerobic digestion of swine slurry and cattle manure to reduce odours and pathogens and to produce renewable energy (biogas) and value added agronomic by-products
  • Manure nutrient concentration by reverse osmosis membranes: the study of foulant formation on membrane surfaces and foulant removal using economical and environmental cleaning procedures. Evaluation of microbial contamination
  • Development of novel feeding strategies aiming to improve gut development, defence functions, health and performance of piglets. Study of the effect of dietary strategies on microbial communities in the digestive system of piglets
  • Development of dietary strategies and technology to improve intestinal health and mitigate use of antibiotics in monogastric animal productions. Effects of essential oil supplements on intestinal microbiota of piglets
  • Study of the combination of probiotics on microbial communities in the rumen to prevent chronic subacute rumen acidosis in dairy cattle

Affiliations:

  • Associate Professor, University of Sherbrooke, Department of Biology
  • Associate Professor, Université Laval, Department of food sciences and nutrition
  • Member of the Canadian Society of Microbiologists and of the Canadian Society of Animal Science

Research Publications:

The links below lead to abstracts with access to full text.

2016

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

Other Science Related Publications:

2016

  • Lo Verso, L., Matte, J.J., Talbot, G., Bissonnette, N., Lapointe, J., Gagnon, N., Ouattara, B., Guay, F., and Lessard, M. (2016). "Effects of different sources and routes of administration of copper and vitamins A and D on gut volatile fatty acids and gene expression involved in regulation of innate and acquired immunity in piglets.", Journal of Animal Science, 94(Supp. 2). (Abstract)
  • Talbot, G., Lessard, M., Yergeau, E., Gagnon, N., Lo Verso, L., Lapointe, J., Bissonnette, N., Bueno Dalto, D., Ouattara, B., Guay, F., and Matte, J.J. (2016). "Effects of different sources and routes of administration of copper and vitamins A and D on piglets gut microbiota.", Journal of Animal Science, 94(Supp. 2). (Abstract)
  • Talbot, G., Lessard, M., Yergeau, E., Gagnon, N., Lo Verso, L., Lapointe, J., Bissonnette, N., Bueno Dalto, D., Ouattara, B., Guay, F., and Matte, J.J. (2016). "Microbiota of the small intestine of piglets affected by perinatal administration of copper and vitamins A and D.", 18th International Conference on Microbiota Buenos Engineering, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 27-28 October, 2016.

2015

  • Bissonnette, N., Jiang, X-R., Matte, J.J., Talbot, G., Guay, F., Gong, J., Wang, Q., Bontempo, V., and Lessard, M. (2015). "Effect of a post-weanling diet supplemented with gut health-enhancing feed additives on ileum transcriptome activity and serum cytokines in piglets challenged with lipopolysaccharides (LPS)", ADSA-ASAS JAM (Joint Annual Meeting) 2015, Orlando, Florida, USA, July 12-16, 2015, 2-15, Poster Session.
  • Chakravarty, B., Yin, X., Lepp, D., Gagnon, N., Auffret, M., Talbot, G., and Diarra, M.S. (2015). "Antibiotic-susceptibility and genome analysis of Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from dairy cattle manures.", Guelph Food Safety Seminar Series - Food Safety: Compliance to Commitment (GFSS 11th Annual Symposium), Guelph, Ontario, Canada, October 21, 2015. (Poster)
  • Fernando, E., Khan, I.U.H., Loewen, P., Lapen, D.R., Talbot, G., Topp, E., and Kumar, A. (2015). "Expressions and characterization of Acinetobacter spp. From Canadian Agricultural niches.", 65th Annual Canadian Society of Microbiologists Annual Conference, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, June 15-18, 2015, AE46PC. (Poster)
  • Fomenky, B., Beaudoin, F., Chiquette, J., Talbot, G., Bissonnette, N., Chouinard, P.Y., Lessard, M., and Ibeagha-Awemu, E.M. (2015). "Amélioration du développement immunitaire chez les veaux laitiers par les probiotiques.", Symposium sur les bovins laitiers 2015, Drummondville, QC, Canada, Octobre 29, 2015.
  • Gil, M., Faucitano, L., Talbot, G., Devillers, N., Guay, F., and Saucier, L. (2015). "Pre-slaughter strategies to improve pork carcass microbial quality.", Meat Science, 99, pp. 153. doi : 10.1016/j.meatsci.2014.07.006 (Abstract)
  • Gil, M., Faucitano, L., Talbot, G., Devillers, N., and Saucier, L. (2015). "Influence of preslaughter feed withdrawal time applied at the abattoir on carcass microbial quality.", Meat Science, 99, pp. 143. doi : 10.1016/j.meatsci.2014.07.016 (Abstract)
  • Ibeagha-Awemu, E.M., Beaudoin, F., Chiquette, J., Talbot, G., Bissonnette, N., and Lessard, M. (2015). "Probiotics administration enhances calves’ lymphoproliferation responses to vaccination during the early weeks of growth.", 2015 Conference of the Canadian Society of Animal Science and the Canadian Meat Council, Ottawa, Canada, May 6-8, 2015.
  • Ibeagha-Awemu, E.M., Dudemaine, P.-L., Chiquette, J., Talbot, G., and Bissonnette, N. (2015). "Involvement of microRNAs in calves’ intestinal growth and development and probable modulatory role of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.", Symposium on Gut Health in Production of Food Animals, Kansas City, Missouri, USA, November 9-11, 2015. (Poster)
  • Khan, I.U.H., Cloutier, M., Lapen, D.R., Topp, E., Wilkes, G.A., Jones, T., Brassard, J., Edge, T.A., and Talbot, G. (2015). "Quantitative detection and assessment of occurrence of human and animal viruses in agricultural aquatic environment.", 65th Annual Canadian Society of Microbiologists Annual Conference, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, June 15-18, 2015, S4-06. (Poster)
  • Khan, I.U.H., Cloutier, M., Lapen, D.R., Topp, E., Wilkes, G.A., Jones, T.H., Brassard, J., Edge, T.A., and Talbot, G. (2015). "Quantitative detection and assessment of occurrence of human and animal viruses in agricultural aquatic environment.", 65th Annual Canadian Society of Microbiologists Annual Conference, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, June 15-18, 2015. (Poster)
  • Khan, I.U.H., Topp, E., Chen, W., Lapen, D.R., Lévesque, C.A., Pintar, K.D.M., Tambong, J.T., Talbot, G., and Wilkes, G.A. (2015). "Assessment of Zoonotic Pathogens in Agroecosystem.", Biodiversity, Bioresources and Collection Science Day, Ottawa Research and Development Center, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada, December 1-2, 2015. (Presentation)
  • Talbot, G., Auffret, M., Gagnon, N., Masse, L., Barret, M., and Topp, E. (2015). "Relationship between methanogenesis and transcriptional activity of Methanoculleus spp. In stored dairy cow and swine manures.", 65th Annual Canadian Society of Microbiologists Annual Conference, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, June 15-18, 2015, Invited speaker – short talk SAE-04 in the Applied and Environmental Microbiology Section.
  • Talbot, G., Yin, X., Service, C., Ziebell, K.A., Gagnon, N., Auffret, M., Topp, E., and Diarra, M.S. (2015). "Characterization of ceftiofur-resistant Escherichia coli isolated from dairy cattle manures.", 65th Annual Canadian Society of Microbiologists Annual Conference, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, June 15-18, 2015, AE37. (Poster)

2014

  • Barret, M., Auffret, M., Gagnon, N., Topp, E., Masse, L., Massé, D.I., and Talbot, G. (2014). "Influence of seasonal temperature variation on methanogen communities and methanogenesis in manure storage tanks.", XVIth International Congress of Virology - International Union of Microbiological Societies (IUMS 2014), July 27 - August 1, 2014, Montréal, Québec, Canada. (Poster)
  • Gil, M., Faucitano, L., Talbot, G., Devillers, N., Guay, F., Gosselin, A., Desjardins, Y., and Saucier, L. (2014). "Pre-slaughter strategies to improve the microbial quality of pork carcasses.", International Union of Microbiological Societies Congress (IUMS 2014), Montréal, QC, Canada, July 27-August 1, 2014.
  • Gil, M., Faucitano, L., Talbot, G., Devillers, N., and Saucier, L. (2014). "Influence of preslaughter feed withdrawal applied either at the farm or at the abattoir on carcass microbial quality.", Canadian Meat Council's 94th Annual Conference, Toronto, ON, Canada, May 7-9, 2014.
  • Khan, I.U.H., Cloutier, M., Topp, E., Lapen, D.R., Lévesque, C.A., Edge, T.A., Tambong, J.T., Talbot, G., and Wilkes, G.A. (2014). "Quantitative Detection and Identification of Arcobacter, Campylobacter and Helicobacter Species in a Canadian Agricultural Watershed.", XVIth International Congress of Virology - International Union of Microbiological Societies (IUMS 2014), July 27 - August 1, 2014, Montréal, Québec, Canada, July 27-August 1, 2014.
  • Ko, K., Ying, X., Ng, A., Rempel, H., McCormick, L., Gagnon, N., Auffret, M., Talbot, G., and Diarra, M.S. (2014). "Antibiotic resistance and pathogenic bacteria from dairy cow manure.", Guelph Food Safety Seminar Series - Food Safety: Compliance to Commitment (GFSS 11th Annual Symposium), Guelph, Ontario, Canada, October 22, 2014, Award winner. (Poster)
  • Lessard, M.-H., Bergeron, N., Deschêne, K., Matte, J.J., Guay, F., Bissonnette, N., Talbot, G., Quessy, S., and Letellier, A. (2014). "Influence of Salmonella infection and diets supplemented with gut health-enhancing feed additives on expression of intestinal genes involved in immune response of pigs.", 7ième Symposium du CRIPA, Hyacinthe, Québec, Canada, 3-4 juin 2014. (Abstract)
  • Lo Verso, L., Lessard, M.-H., Talbot, G., Subirade, M., and Fliss, I. (2014). "Isolation and selection of strains from pig gastrointestinal tract for probiotic use.", 7e Symposium Swine and Poultry Infectious Disease Research Center of the Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire de l’Université de Montréal, Saint-Hyacinthe, QC, Canada, June 3-4, 2014. (Poster)
  • Morisette, B., Lessard, M., Yergeau, E., Lapointe, J., Guay, F., Bissonnette, N., Matte, J.J., Letellier, A., Quessy, S., Bergeron, N., Beaulieu, C., and Talbot, G. (2014). "Influence of Feed Additives as an Alternative to Antibiotics on Gut Microbiota of Weaned Piglets Infected with Salmonella Typhimurium.", 114th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, May 17-20, 2014.
  • Morisette, B., Lessard, M.-H., Yergeau, E., Lapointe, J., Guay, F., Bissonnette, N., Matte, J.J., Letellier, A., Quessy, S., Bergeron, N., Beaulieu, C., and Talbot, G. (2014). "Influence of Feed Additives as an Alternative to Antibiotics on Gut Microbiota of Weaned Piglets Infected with Salmonella Typhimurium.", 114th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, May 17-20, 2014. (Abstract)
  • Saucier, L., Faucitano, L., Devillers, N., Talbot, G., and Guay, F. (2014). Des stratégies pour l’amélioration de la qualité de la viande de porc. Final report submitted to MAPAQ, 16 p. (Report)

2013

  • Abdelbasset, A., Lo Verso, L., Fliss, I., Lessard, M., Talbot, G., and Subirade, M. (2013). "Protection of probiotic bacteria in a symbiotic matrix.", 6th Symposium of Swine and Poultry Infectious Diseases Research Center. Congrès de l’ACFAS Colloque 227 – Le microbiote animal : une question d’équilibre., Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada, May 8-9, 2013. (Poster)
  • Chiquette, J., Lagrost, J., Girard, C.L., Talbot, G., Li, S., and Plaizier, K. (2013). "Combination of Bacterial and Yeast Probiotics for Lactating Cows Submitted To a Sub-Acute Rumen Acidosis Challenge.", WCDS Advances in Dairy Technology, Canada, Volume 25, page 381. (Abstract)
  • Léveillée, K., Laprade, N., Léveillée, W.J., Topp, E., Lapen, D.R., Tambong, J.T., Talbot, G., Wilkes, G.A., and Khan, I.U.H. (2013). "Antimicrobial resistance profiling of Arcobacter butzleri isolates from faecal sources and an agricultural watershed.", 63rd Annual Conference of the Canadian Society of Microbiologists, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada, June 17-20, 2013, Abstract AE87.
  • Léveillée, W.J., Kaneza, C.A., Léveillée, K., Talbot, G., Topp, E., Lapen, D.R., Tambong, J.T., Lévesque, C.A., and Khan, I.U.H. (2013). "Optimization of a genus-specific PCR assay and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis for rapid detection.", 63rd Annual Conference of the Canadian Society of Microbiologists, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada, June 17-20, 2013, Abstract AE88.
  • Léveillée, W.J., Kaneza, C.A., Léveillée, K., Talbot, G., Topp, E., Lapen, D.R., Tambong, J.T., Lévesque, C.A., and Khan, I.U.H. (2013). "Optimization of multiplex PCR assays for the detection of virulence genes in Arcobacter species isolated from fecal samples.", 63rd Annual Conference of the Canadian Society of Microbiologists, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada, June 17-20, 2013, Abstract AE86.
  • Lo Verso, L., Lessard, M., Talbot, G., Subirade, M., and Fliss, I. (2013). "Isolation and antibacterial activity of potential probiotic bacteria from pig gastrointestinal tract.", 6th Symposium of Swine and Poultry Infectious Diseases Research Center. Congrès de l’ACFAS Colloque 227 – Le microbiote animal : une question d’équilibre., Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada, May 8-9, 2013, pp. 45. (Poster)
  • Morissette, B., Lessard, M., Guay, F., Matte, J.J., Gong, J., Wang, Q., Beaulieu, C., and Talbot, G. (2013). "Prebiotics, probiotic, nutraceuticals and functional food as feed additives that modulate the gut microbiota of weanling piglets challenged with E. coli lipopolysaccharides.", 63rd Annual Conference of the Canadian Society of Microbiologists, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada, June 17-20, 2013, Abstract AE56. (Abstract)
  • Talbot, G. and Lessard, M. (2013). "Influence of growth rate, probiotics, nutraceuticals and functional food on intestinal microbiota of suckling and weanling piglets.", 6th Symposium of Swine and Poultry Infectious Diseases Research Center. Congrès de l’ACFAS Colloque 227 – Le microbiote animal : une question d’équilibre., Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada, May 8-9, 2013.
  • Topp, E., Lanthier, M., Diarra, M.S., Delaquis, P.J., Bach, S.J., McAllister, T.A., Sharma, R., Inglis, G.D., Masse, D., Bezanson, G.S., Bittman, S., Talbot, G., Masse, L., Brassard, J., Houde, A., Jones, T.H., Lapen, D.R., van Bochove, É., Gannon, V.P.J., Pintar, K.D.M., Masson, L., Neumann, N.F., and Koning, W. (2013). Assessment and management of on-farm fate of microbial and chemical contaminants carried in human and animal wastes used as organic fertilizers. Final Report SAGES #1462. (Report)

2012

  • Chiquette, J., Lagrost, J., Girard, C.L., Li, S., Plaizier, J.C., and Talbot, G. (2012). "Combination of bacterial and yeast probiotics: a step forward to unravel their mode of action.", ADSA-AMPA-ASAS-CSAS-WSASAS 2012 Joint Annual Meeting, Hyatt Regency, Phoenix, AZ, USA, July 15-19, 2012, Published in: J. Anim. Sci. 90, Suppl. 3; J. Dairy Sci. 95, Suppl. 2, pp. 73, M323. (Abstract)
  • Morissette, B., Lessard, M., and Talbot, G. (2012). "Is there a link between piglet’s weight gain and its intestinal bacteria?", 2ème symposium du Centre de Recherche et de Développement sur le Bovin Laitier et le Porc / 2nd Annual DSRDC/ CRDBLP Symposium on Animal Production, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada, November 28, 2012.
  • Talbot, G., Barret, M., Gagnon, N., Kalmokoff, M.L., Topp, E., and Neufeld, J.D. (2012). "Methanoculleus spp. Are major contributors to methane emissions in swine and dairy manure storage tanks.", Canadian Society of Microbiologists (CSM) 62nd Annual Conference / Conférence annuelle de la Société Canadienne des Microbiologistes (SCM), Vancouver, BC, Canada, June 20-23, 2012, Abstract AE076.
  • Talbot, G., Morissette, B., and Lessard, M. (2012). "The impact of piglet weight gain on the intestinal microbiota during lactation.", Canadian Society of Microbiologists (CSM) 62nd Annual Conference / Conférence annuelle de la Société Canadienne des Microbiologistes (SCM), Vancouver, BC, Canada, June 20-23, 2012, Abstract II057. (Poster)

2011

  • Barret, M., Gagnon, N., Morissette, B., Topp, E., Massé, D.I., Masse, L., and Talbot, G. (2011). "Methanogenesis in Swine Manure Storage Tanks: Towards the Identification of the Active Microorganisms.", 111th General Meeting of American Society for Microbiology (ASM2011), New Orleans, LA, USA, May 21-24, 2011.
  • Barret, M., Neufeld, J.D., Gagnon, N., Kalmokoff, M.L., Topp, E., Verastegui, Y., and Talbot, G. (2011). "Active methanogens in swine manure storage tanks revealed by stable isotope probing.", Canadian Society of Microbiologists (CSM) 61st Annual Conference / Conférence annuelle de la Société Canadienne des Microbiologistes (SCM), Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, Canada, June 20-23, 2011, Abstract AE74. (Abstract)
  • Barret, M., Neufeld, J.D., Gagnon, N., Kalmokoff, M.L., Topp, E., Verastegui, Y., and Talbot, G. (2011). "Identification of the active methanogens in swine manure storage tanks by DNA Stable Isotope Probing.", 1er Symposium du Centre de recherche et de développement sur le bovin laitier et le porc: Parlons science au CRDBLP! / 1st Symposium of the Dairy and Swine Research and Development Centre: Let’s Talk Science at the DSRDC!, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada, June 7, 2011.
  • Brousseau, J.P., Beaudoin, F., Lauzon, K., Talbot, G., Roy, D., and Lessard, M. (2011). "Effets de Pediococcus acidilactici et Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii sur le microbiote de l’iléon et du côlon chez le porcelet sevré.", 4e Symposium Annuel du Centre de Recherche en Infectiologie Porcine (CRIP), Université de Montréal, Saint-Hyacinthe, QC, Canada, May 30-31, 2011. (Abstract)
  • Talbot, G., Barret, M., Massé, D.I., Masse, L., Kalmokoff, M.L., and Topp, E. (2011). "Methanogenesis in dairy and swine production.", 1er Symposium du Centre de recherche et de développement sur le bovin laitier et le porc: Parlons science au CRDBLP! / 1st Symposium of the Dairy and Swine Research and Development Centre: Let’s Talk Science at the DSRDC!, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada, June 7, 2011.

2010

  • Gagnon, N., Topp, E., Kalmokoff, M.L., Masse, L., Massé, D.I., and Talbot, G. (2010). "Novel fingerprint technology to assess the diversity of methanogens.", 13th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology (ISME13), Seattle, WA, USA, August 22-27, 2010. (Abstract)
  • Massé, D.I., Talbot, G., and Gilbert, Y. (2010). "Is on-farm biogas production the solution for reducing GHG emissions and for developing more sustainable livestock operations?", 4th International Greenhouse Gases and Animal Agriculture Conference (GGAA), Banff Park Lodge, Banff, AB, Canada, October 3-8, 2010. (Abstract)
  • Talbot, G., Topp, E., Kalmokoff, M.L., Roy, C.S., Brooks, S.P.J., Beaulieu, C., and Massé, D.I. (2010). "Archaeal community analysis along a plug-flow bioreactor treating swine manure.", Canadian Society of Microbiologists (CSM) 60th Annual Conference / Conférence annuelle de la Société Canadienne des Microbiologistes (SCM), Hamilton, ON, Canada, June 14-17, 2010.

2009

  • Talbot, G., Roy, C.S., Topp, E., Beaulieu, C., Palin, M.-F., and Massé, D.I. (2009). "Anaerobic bacterial population dynamics during glucose and volatile fatty acid degradation.", 5th ASPD Specialised Conference: Microbial Population Dynamics in Biological Wastewater Treatment, Aalborg, Denmark, May 24-27, 2009, Abstract No. 11024.
  • Talbot, G., Roy, C.S., Topp, E., Kalmokoff, M.L., Brooks, S.P.J., Beaulieu, C., Palin, M.-F., and Massé, D.I. (2009). "Multivariate analysis of microbial population quantitative data during start-up of a compartmentalized anaerobic bioreactor treating swine manure.", 5th ASPD Specialised Conference: Microbial Population Dynamics in Biological Wastewater Treatment, Aalborg, Denmark, May 24-27, 2009.
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