Devillers, Nicolas, Ph.D.

Research Scientist, Swine Behaviour and Welfare


Contact Information:

2000 College Street
Sherbrooke, Quebec J1M 0C8
Telephone: 819-780-7223
Fax: 819-564-5507
Email: nicolas.devillers@agr.gc.ca

Areas of Expertise:

  • Impact of housing and livestock management on the maternal behaviour of sows and social behaviour of piglets
  • Behavioural development of piglets
  • Impacts of the human-animal relationship on sow and piglets behaviour and welfare
  • Methods for assessing the welfare of breeding sows, especially lameness
  • Impact of preslaughter management on animal welfare
  • Ethology

Current Projects:

  • Effects of a piglet and/or sow communal area in lactation on maternal and nursing behaviour of the sow and on social behaviour and performances of piglets after weaning
  • Influence of human intervention during farrowing on sow behaviour and piglet vitality
  • Compensatory effect of housing enrichment in maternity on the consequences of a prenatal stress on piglet behaviour
  • Sow Housing: risk factors and assessment techniques for lameness, productivity and longevity in group and individually housed gestating sows
  • Impact of early experience with humans on human-animal relationship in piglets

Affiliations:

  • Member of the International Society of Animal Science
  • Member of the Canadian Society of Animal Science
  • Member of the Société Québécoise pour l’Étude Biologique du Comportement

Research Publications:

The links below lead to abstracts with access to full text.

2016

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

Other Science Related Publications:

2016

  • Brajon, S., Ringgenberg, N., Torrey, S., Bergeron, R., and Devillers, N. (2016). "Effects of prenatal stress and postnatal enrichment on exploration and social behaviour of suckling piglets.", 50th congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology, Edinburgh, UK, 12-16 July, 2016, pp. 196. (Abstract)
  • Devillers, N., Delijani, F., Janvier, E., Méthot, S., Dick, K., Zhang, Q., and Connor, L. (2016). "Impact of slat and gap widths of concrete slatted floor on sow gait using kinematics.", Banff Pork Seminar 2016, Banff, AB, Canada, January 12-14, 2016.

2015

  • Brajon, S., LaForest, J.-P., Schmitt, O., and Devillers, N. (2015). "Positive contact with humans can improve learning performance and emotional states of animals: a study in piglets.", International Society for Anthrozoology (ISAZ) 2015 conference, Saratoga Springs, New York, USA, July 7- 9, 2015.
  • Dalla Costa, F.A., Devillers, N., Paranhos da Costa, M.J.R., and Faucitano, L. (2015). "Influence of preslaughter feed withdrawal time applied at the farm or at abattoir on behaviour and meat quality in pigs.", 61st International Congress of Meat Science and Technology, Clermont-Ferrand, France, August 23-28, 2015.
  • Gil, M., Faucitano, L., Talbot, G., Devillers, N., Guay, F., and Saucier, L. (2015). "Pre-slaughter strategies to improve pork carcass microbial quality.", Meat Science, 99, pp. 153. doi : 10.1016/j.meatsci.2014.07.006 (Abstract)
  • Gil, M., Faucitano, L., Talbot, G., Devillers, N., and Saucier, L. (2015). "Influence of preslaughter feed withdrawal time applied at the abattoir on carcass microbial quality.", Meat Science, 99, pp. 143. doi : 10.1016/j.meatsci.2014.07.016 (Abstract)

2014

  • Brajon, S., LaForest, J.-P., and Devillers, N. (2014). "Generalization processes of a previous experience to human in weaned piglets.", 12th ISAE North American Regional Meeting, East Lansing, Michigan, USA, May 30-31, 2014, pp. 25. (Abstract)
  • Brajon, S., Schmitt, O., LaForest, J.-P., and Devillers, N. (2014). "Chronic positive experience with humans induces optimistic judgement bias in weaned piglets.", 48th Congress of the ISAE, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain, July 29-August 2, 2014, pp. 199. (Abstract)
  • Devillers, N., Giraud, D., and Farmer, C. (2014). "Neonatal piglets can differentiate more productive from less productive teats.", 12th ISAE North American Regional Meeting, East Lansing, Michigan, USA, May 30-31, 2014, pp. 44. (Abstract)
  • Gil, M., Faucitano, L., Talbot, G., Devillers, N., Guay, F., Gosselin, A., Desjardins, Y., and Saucier, L. (2014). "Pre-slaughter strategies to improve the microbial quality of pork carcasses.", International Union of Microbiological Societies Congress (IUMS 2014), Montréal, QC, Canada, July 27-August 1, 2014.
  • Gil, M., Faucitano, L., Talbot, G., Devillers, N., and Saucier, L. (2014). "Influence of preslaughter feed withdrawal applied either at the farm or at the abattoir on carcass microbial quality.", Canadian Meat Council's 94th Annual Conference, Toronto, ON, Canada, May 7-9, 2014.
  • Saucier, L., Faucitano, L., Devillers, N., Talbot, G., and Guay, F. (2014). Des stratégies pour l’amélioration de la qualité de la viande de porc. Final report submitted to MAPAQ, 16 p. (Report)

2013

  • Conte, S., Bergeron, R., Gonyou, H.W., Brown, J.A., Devillers, N., and Connor, L. (2013). "Development of a force plates scale to measure weight distribution and lameness in gestating sows.", 64th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science (EAAP), Nantes, France, August 26-30, 2013.
  • Devillers, N. (2013). "Évaluer le bien-être. Avec quels outils?", Porc Québec, 24(1), pp. 38-39.
  • Devillers, N. (2013). "How does Canada deal with the issues of animal welfare and sow group housing?", 64th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science (EAAP), Nantes, France, August 26-30, 2013.
  • Farmer, C. and Devillers, N. (2013). "Teat use or non-use in first lactation affects its milk yield in the next lactation.", Western Hog Journal (WHJ), 34(3), pp. 34-36.
  • Nalon, E., Conte, S., Maes, D., Tuyttens, F.A.M., and Devillers, N. (2013). "Assessment of lameness and claw lesions in sows.", 9th International Veterinary Behaviour Meeting (IVBM), Lisbon, Portugal, September 26-29, 2013.
  • Seddon, Y.M., Brown, J.A., Rioja-Lang, F.C., Devillers, N., Connor, L., and Gonyou, H.W. (2013). "Temperament traits of sows in two group housing systems.", 47th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology, Florianopolis, Brazil, June 2-6, 2013, pp. 57.

2012

  • Amezcua, R., Friendship, R.M., Devillers, N., Connor, L., and Gonyou, H.W. (2012). "Novel techniques to assess lameness and to evaluate the effect of analgesia.", 31st Annual Centralia Swine Research Update, Kirkton-Woodham Community Centre, Kirkton, ON, Canada, January 25, 2012, pp. I19-I21.
  • Araújo, A.P., Dalla Costa, O.A., Roça, R.O., Ludtke, C.B., Faucitano, L., Devillers, N., and Guidoni, A.L. (2012). "Comportamento dos suínos submetidos a diferentes períodos de aspersão e descanso (Behaviour of pigs submitted to different water spray and rest periods).", EventoBA 2012 Congreso Internacional sobre Bienestar Animal / International Conference on Animal Welfare, Montevideo, Uruguay, July 10-11, 2012.
  • Araújo, A.P., Dalla Costa, O.A., Roça, R.O., Ludtke, C.B., Faucitano, L., Devillers, N., and Guidoni, A.L. (2012). "Meat quality of pigs submitted to different water spray periods.", EventoBA 2012 Congreso Internacional sobre Bienestar Animal / International Conference on Animal Welfare, Montevideo, Uruguay, July 10-11, 2012.
  • Araújo, A.P., Dalla Costa, O.A., Roça, R.O., Ludtke, C.B., Faucitano, L., Devillers, N., and Guidoni, A.L. (2012). "Stress levels of pigs submitted to three water spray periods.", EventoBA 2012 Congreso Internacional sobre Bienestar Animal / International Conference on Animal Welfare, Montevideo, Uruguay, July 10-11, 2012.
  • Brajon, S., LaForest, J.-P., and Devillers, N. (2012). "Persistance de la réactivité aux humains chez les porcelets après un contact préalable avec ceux-ci.", 2ème symposium du Centre de Recherche et de Développement sur le Bovin Laitier et le Porc / 2nd Annual DSRDC/ CRDBLP Symposium on Animal Production, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada, November 28, 2012, pp. 17.
  • Conte, S., Grégoire, J., Bergeron, R., D'Allaire, S., Meunier-Salaün, M.-C., and Devillers, N. (2012). "Evaluation of on-farm methods assessing locomotor disorders of individual or group housed sows.", ADSA-AMPA-ASAS-CSAS-WSASAS 2012 Joint Annual Meeting, Hyatt Regency, Phoenix, AZ, USA, July 15-19, 2012.
  • Devillers, N. (2012). "Impact des manipulations des porcs par l’homme sur leur bien-être.", Soirée Techni-Porc 2012, Drummondville, QC, Canada, February 14, 2012.
  • Devillers, N. (2012). "L’influence des relations homme-animal sur le stress des animaux et leurs performances.", 2ème journée porcine de l’Estrie, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada, February 2, 2012.
  • Devillers, N. and Conte, S. (2012). "Measuring lameness in sows.", 12th London Swine Conference, London, ON, Canada, March 28-29, 2012, pp. 21-25.
  • Devillers, N., Conte, S., and Grégoire, J. (2012). "Assessing lameness of sows.", FeetFirst® Lameness Symposium III, Minneapolis, MN, USA, September 5-7, 2012, pp. 37-44.
  • Devillers, N., Menant, O., Hötzel, M.J., Tallet, C., and Bergeron, R. (2012). "Persistence of piglets’ reactivity to humans after conditioning to negative or positive stimuli associated to humans.", 11th International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE) North-American Regional Meeting, Banff, AB, Canada, May 11-12, 2012, pp. 40.
  • Lang, L., Devillers, N., Connor, C., Brown, J.A., Gonyou, H.W., Beaulieu, A.D., Friendship, R.M., Luimes, P.H., Bergeron, R., Kontulainen, S., and Johnson, G. (2012). Assessment of lameness, productivity and longevity in group and individually housed gestating sows. Prairie Swine Centre 2011 Annual Report., Prairie Swine Centre, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada. (Report)
  • Lemieux, M., Gonyou, H.W., Brown, J.A., Devillers, N., and Connor, M.L. (2012). "Assessing the active-passive and confident-fearful temperament traits in group-housed gestating sows.", 11th International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE) North-American Regional Meeting, Banff, AB, Canada, May 11-12, 2012, pp. 35.
  • Ringgenberg, N., Torrey, S., Bergeron, R., and Devillers, N. (2012). "Impacts of prenatal stress and environmental enrichment during lactation on the behaviour and performances of piglets after weaning.", 46th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology, Vienna, Austria, July 31-August 4, 2012, pp. 11.
  • Rocha, L.M., Bridi, A.M., Devillers, N., Daigneault, J., Weschenfelder, A.V., Bertoloni, W., and Faucitano, L. (2012). "Effects of ractopamine adminsitration and castration method on the behavioral and physiological response to preslaughter stress in pigs of two Pietrain genotypes.", 11th International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE) North-American Regional Meeting, Banff, AB, Canada, May 11-12, 2012, pp. 45. (Abstract)
  • Rocha, L.M., Bridi, A.M., Devillers, N., Daigneault, M.J., Weschenfelder, A.V., Bertoloni, W., and Faucitano, L. (2012). "Effects of ractopamine administration and castration method on the behavioral and physiological response to pre-slaughter stress in pigs of two Pietrain genotypes.", 11th International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE) North-American Regional Meeting, Banff, AB, Canada, May 11-12, 2012, pp. 45. (Abstract)
  • Rocha, L.M., Bridi, A.M., Faucitano, L., Weschenfelder, A.V., Bertoloni, W., and Devillers, N. (2012). "Effects of ractopamine administration and castration method on the response to pre-slaughter stress in pigs of two pietrain genotypes.", 11th International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE) North-American Regional Meeting, Banff, AB, Canada, May 11-12, 2012, pp. 45.

2011

  • Devillers, N. (2011). "Le porc, un modèle pour l'étude du bien-être animal.", 36ème congrès annuel de la Société Québécoise pour l’étude Biologique du Comportement (SQEBC), Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada, November 4-6, 2011.
  • Ringgenberg, N., Bergeron, R., and Devillers, N. (2011). "Stress in gestation, lactation housing and maternal behaviour in the pig, Sus scrofa .", 48th Annual Meeting of the Animal Behavior Society, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA, July 25-30, 2011, pp. 215.
  • Ringgenberg, N., Devillers, N., and Bergeron, R. (2011). "Counteracting the effects of stress on gestating sows.", Ontario Farmers, 44(50), pp. B10-B11.
  • Rocha, L.M., Faucitano, L., Devillers, N., Bertoloni, W., Weschenfelder, A.V., and Bridi, A.M. (2011). "Effects of immunocastration, Pietrain genetics and dietary ractopamine administration on carcass and meat quality traits in pigs.", 62nd Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (EAAP), Stavanger, Norway, August 29-September 2, 2011, pp. 258.
  • de Araujo, A.P., Dalla Costa, O.A., Ludtke, C.B., Faucitano, L., Devillers, N., Guidoni, A.L., Roça, R.O., and Athaide, N.B. (2011). "Effects of different water spraying times in lairage on pork meat quality.", 38e Conbravet Congresso Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária, Florianopolis, Brazil, November 1-4, 2011.
  • de Araujo, A.P., Dalla Costa, O.A., Ludtke, C.B., Faucitano, L., Devillers, N., Guidoni, A.L., Roça, R.O., and Athaide, N.B. (2011). "Use of water-sprays in lairage: implications on animal welfare in pigs.", 38e Conbravet Congresso Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária, Florianopolis, Brazil, November 1-4, 2011.

2010

  • Bovey, K., Devillers, N., Lessard, M., Farmer, C., Dewey, C., Widowski, T.M., and Torrey, S. (2010). "The effect of birth weight and age on the behavioural and physiological responses of piglets to tail docking and ear notching.", 44th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology, University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden, August 4-7, 2010, pp. 34.
  • Devillers, N. (2010). "Le cochon qui se mord la queue.", Porc Québec, 21(5), pp. 48-49.
  • Devillers, N. and Turgeon, M.-J. (2010). "Le bien-être animal : comprendre de quoi on parle.", Porc Québec, 21(2), pp. 66.
  • Devillers, N., Kerivel, A., Gète, M., Bergeron, R., and Meunier-Salaün, M.-C. (2010). "Using stimulus-induced behavioural tests to assess stereotypies and abnormal behaviours in sows.", 44th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology, University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden, August 4-7, 2010, Poster #123, pp. 225.
  • Faucitano, L., Devillers, N., Torrey, S., and Bastien, D. (2010). "Animal welfare: A matter of ethics, economy and taste.", AgriCulture, 2010(Spring), pp. 10-11.
  • Grégoire, J., Bergeron, R., D'Allaire, S., Meunier-Salaün, M.-C., and Devillers, N. (2010). "Comparison between visual scoring system and five other methods to evaluate sow gait and lameness.", 44th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology, University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden, August 4-7, 2010, Poster #98, pp. 200.
  • Ringgenberg, N., Bergeron, R., and Devillers, N. (2010). "Validation of accelerometers to automatically record sow postures and stepping behaviour.", in Lidfors, L., Blokhuis, H. and Keeling, L. (eds.) - Proceedings of the 44th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE), Wageningen Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, pp. 99.
  • Turgeon, M.-J. and Devillers, N. (2010). "Un quai d’embarquement bien conçu, c’est payant.", Porc Québec, 21(3), pp. 55-56.
  • Weschenfelder, A.V., Torrey, S., Devillers, N., Saucier, L., and Faucitano, L. (2010). "Effects of vehicle design on blood stress indicators and meat quality in pigs of three genotypes for two different travel distances.", ADSA-PSA-AMPA-CSAS-ASAS 2010 Joint Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, USA, July 11-15, 2010.

2009

  • Clouard, C., Meunier-Salaün, M.-C., Devillers, N., D'Allaire, S., and Bergeron, R. (2009). "Validation of tests for on-farm assessment of gestating sows’ reactivity to humans - inter- and intra-observer reliability.", 9th International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE) North-American Regional Meeting, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada, July 17-18, 2009, pp. 44.
  • Correa, J.A., Gonyou, H.W., Torrey, S., Devillers, N., LaForest, J.-P., and Faucitano, L. (2009). "Effect of different moving devices at loading on heart rate and blood lactate in pigs.", 60th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (EAAP), Fira de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain, August 24-27, 2009, Book of abstracts N°15, pp. 254.
  • Devillers, N. and Torrey, S. (2009). "Effect of co-mingling piglets during lactation on aggressive behaviour after weaning.", 31st International Ethological Conference, Rennes, France, August 19-24, 2009.
  • Devillers, N., Déom, J., Corriveau, C., Grégoire, J., and Bergeron, R. (2009). "Automated recording of sow posture and locomotion using accelerometers.", Journal of Animal Science, 87(E-Suppl. 2), pp. 5 (#M5). (Abstract)
  • Grégoire, J., Bergeron, R., D'Allaire, S., Meunier-Salaün, M.-C., and Devillers, N. (2009). "Validation of footprint analysis to describe sow gait.", Journal of Animal Science, 87(E-Suppl. 2), pp. 4 (#M1). (Abstract)
  • Grégoire, J., Bergeron, R., D'Allaire, S., Meunier-Salaün, M.-C., and Devillers, N. (2009). "Validation of scoring scales to assess standing up behaviour and foot lesions in gestating sows.", 9th International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE) North-American Regional Meeting, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada, July 17-18, 2009, pp. 42.
  • Lachance, M.-P., Devillers, N., LaForest, J.-P., Farmer, C., Laperrière, A. (2009). "Impact of an extended photoperiod in farrowing houses on sow and litter behaviour.", 9th International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE) North-American Regional Meeting, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada, July 17-18, 2009, pp. 33.
  • Lachance, M.-P., LaForest, J.-P., Devillers, N., Farmer, C., and Laperrière, A. (2009). "Impact of an extended photoperiod in farrowing houses on sow and litter performances.", Journal of Animal Science, 87(Suppl. 2), pp. 38-39 (M116). (Abstract)
  • Ringgenberg, N., Bergeron, R., Torrey, S., Meunier-Salaün, M.-C., and Devillers, N. (2009). "Compensatory effect of housing enrichment in maternity on the consequences of a prenatal stress on piglet behaviours.", 9th International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE) North-American Regional Meeting, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada, July 17-18, 2009, pp. 45.
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