Rochette, Philippe, Ph.D.

Scientist in Soil-Plant-Atmosphere Interactions


Contact Information:

2560 Hochelaga Blvd
Quebec, Quebec G1V 2J3
Telephone: 418-210-5042
Fax: 418-648-2402
Email: philippe.rochette@agr.gc.ca

Areas of Expertise:

  • climate change
  • organic matter
  • atmospheric quality indicator
  • trace gases
  • microclimate
  • macroclimate
  • quantity of soil water
  • nitrogen fertilizers
  • atmospheric contamination
  • soil tillage
  • local atmosphere
  • cultivated soils
  • greenhouse gases
  • amendments
  • ammonia volatilization

Current Projects:

  • Methodology for quantifying GHG emissions/removals
  • Regional and national estimates of GHG emissions/removals
  • Estimating net GHG emissions from whole farms
  • Understanding processes of GHG emission/removal - N2O, soil CH4
  • Nitrogen use efficiency and N2O emission reduction in corn receiving mineral fertilizer
  • Quantifying and predicting the amount and fate of volatilized NH3 from farming systems, and reducing the magnitude of these emissions

Affiliations:

  • Adjunct Professor, Laval University, Dept. Of Soil Science

Research Publications:

The links below lead to abstracts with access to full text.

2016

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

Other Science Related Publications:

2015

  • Chantigny, M.H., Angers, D.A., Rochette, P., Larney, F.J., Bittman, S., Hunt, D.E., and Lapen, D.R. (2015). "Overwinter transformation and fate of fall-applied manure nitrogen. (https://www.eiseverywhere.com/ehome/wastetoworth/182071/)", Waste to Worth: Spreading Science and Solutions, Seattle, WA, USA, March 31-April 3, 2015, Keynote speaker.
  • Chantigny, M.H., Angers, D.A., Rochette, P., and Goyer, C. (2015). "Nitrification occurs in frozen agricultural soils – consequences on fate and management of fall-applied and soil residual N under cold climate.", Canadian Soil Science Society (IUSS-CSSS-AQSSS) Conference, Montreal, QC, Canada, July 5-10, 2015.
  • Chantigny, M.H., Rochette, P., Angers, D.A., and Goyer, C. (2015). "Nitrous Oxide Emissions in Snow-covered Agricultural Soils – manure-induced fluxes. (https://www.eiseverywhere.com/ehome/wastetoworth/182071/)", Waste to Worth: Spreading Science and Solutions, Seattle, WA, USA, March 31-April 3, 2015, Keynote speaker.
  • Chantigny, M.H., Rochette, P., Royer, I., Massé, D.I., and Benchaar, C. (2015). "Gaz à effet de serre, stratégies alimentation et entreposage des déjections.", Le Producteur de Lait Québécois, Avril 2015, pp. 13-18.
  • Chantigny, M.H., Royer, I., Rochette, P., Angers, D.A., Massé, D.I., Benchaar, C., and others (2015). "Influence des stratégies alimentaires et d’entreposage des effluents d’élevage sur la disponibilité de l’azote et les émissions de protoxyde d’azote des sols de fermes laitières.", Journée d’information scientifique – Bovins laitiers et plantes fourragère, Centre de référence en agriculture et agroalimentaire du Québec, Drummondville, QC, Canada, 25 février 2015.
  • Congreves, K.A., Grant, B.B., Worth, D.E., Dutta, B., Smith, W.N., Chantigny, M.H., Rochette, P., and Desjardins, R.L. (2015). "Predicting ammonia volatilization from swine slurry application using DNDC: Model development.", Canadian Soil Science Society (IUSS-CSSS-AQSSS) Conference, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada, July 5-10, 2015. (Poster)
  • Congreves, K.A., Worth, D.E., Grant, B.B., Dutta, B., Smith, W.N., VanderZaag, A.C., Chantigny, M.H., and Rochette, P. (2015). "Modelling NH3 emissions from soil and livestock facilities using the DNDC model.", Canada – Europe Ammonia Workshop, Ottawa, Canada, May 14-15, 2015.
  • Jégo, G., Chantigny, M.H., Pattey, E., Bélanger, G., Rochette, P., Vanasse, A., and Goyer, C. (2015). "Improved snow-cover model for multi-annual simulations with the STICS crop model under northern climates.", STICS workshop 2015, Rennes, France, March 24-26, 2015, pp. 2 pages.
  • Watt, D., Rochette, P., Strachan, I.B., Bertrand, N., and VanderZaag, A.C. (2015). "The impact of the oasis effect on wind tunnel measurements of ammonia volatilization from urea-fertilized agricultural land.", Joint Assembly AGU-GAC-MAC-CGU, Montreal, QC, Canada, May 5-6, 2015. (Poster)

2014

  • Cambouris, A.N., Perron, I., Zebarth, B.J., and Rochette, P. (2014). "Denitrification rate under potato production effect of three nitrogen fertiulizer sources in eastern Canada.", 18th Nitrogen Workshop. The nitrogen challenge: Building blueprint for nitrogen use efficiency and food security, Lisbon, Portugal, June 30-July 3, 2014. (Poster)
  • Chantigny, M.H., Larney, F.J., Bittman, S., Lapen, D.R., Angers, D.A., Rochette, P., and Hunt, D.W.A. (2014). "Transformation and fate of fall-applied nitrogen as a function of winter conditions – a mujlti-site experiment.", 18th Nitrogen Workshop. The nitrogen challenge: Building blueprint for nitrogen use efficiency and food security, Lisbon, Portugal, June 30-July 3, 2014. (Poster)
  • Chantigny, M.H., Rochette, P., Angers, D.A., Vanasse, A., and Goyer, C. (2014). "Significance and temporal dynamics of N2O emissions in snow-covered agricultural soils.", Canadian Soil Science Society – Canadian Geophysical Union Joint Annual Meetings – Advances in Geophysical and Soil Sciences, Banff, Alberta, Canada, May 4-8, 2014, Oral presentation.
  • Durocher, S. et al. (2014). "Assessing the greenhouse gas emission budget : Using landfilled paper mill sludge in the afforestation of a non-acidic mine tailing site.", 7th Canadian Biosolids and Residual Conference - BC Water and Waste Association, Vancouver, BC, Canada, June 4-7, 2014.
  • Faubert, P., Bertrand, N., Bouchard, S., Chantigny, M.H., Côté, R., Dessureault, P.L., Durocher, S., Lemay-Bélisle, C., Paré, M., Rochette, P., Tremblay, P., Ziadi, N., and Villeneuve, C. (2014). "Management of paper mill sludge: what is the best scenario to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions? Oral presentation.", 7th Canadian Biosolids and Residual Conference - BC Water and Waste Association, Vancouver, BC, Canada, June 4-7, 2014.
  • Rochette, P. (2014). "Measurement issues and solutions to adequately characterize the effect of different management systems.", ASA, CSSA and SSSA International Annual Meeting 2014, Long Beach, CA, USA, November 2-5, 2014, Présentation invitee au meeting “Measuring Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Soil”.
  • Rochette, P. (2014). "Soil N2O emission factors; The Canadian database.", Presentation invitee au IPCC-FAO workshop, Rome, Italy, November 15, 2014. (Presentation)
  • Rochette, P., Chantigny, M.H., Ziadi, N., Angers, D.A., Bélanger, G., Charbonneau, É., Pellerin, D., Liang, C., and Bertrand, N. (2014). "Nitrous oxide emission factors for dairy cow excreta in eastern Canada.", 18th Nitrogen Workshop. The nitrogen challenge: Building blueprint for nitrogen use efficiency and food security, Lisbon, Portugal, June 30-July 3, 2014.
  • Royer, I., Chantigny, M.H., Angers, D.A., Rochette, P., Massé, D.I., Bittman, S., and Benchaar, C. (2014). "La stratégie d’alimentation et de stockage du fumier de bovin laitier influence-t-elle le contenu en éléments traces métalliques des sols ?", Congrès annuel de l’AQSSS à Victoriaville, Québec, Canada, du 26 au 29 mai 2014.
  • Royer, I., Chantigny, M.H., Angers, D.A., Rochette, P., Massé, D.I., Bittman, S., and Benchaar, C. (2014). "Trace metals content of soils and plants from different dairy manure types based on feeding and manure storage strategies", Annual meeting of the Canadian Soil Science Society, Banff, Alberta, Canada, May 4-7, 2014.

2013

  • Bolduc, M., Dorais, M., Antoun, H., and Rochette, P. (2013). Does biochar improve wetland efficiency to treat organic and conventional greenhouse effluents?.
  • Bolduc, M., Dorais, M., Gravel, V., Rochette, P., and Antoun, H. (2013). "Using artificial wetlands enriched with biochar to treat greenhouse effluent and reduce N2O emission.", Greensys 2013 - New Technologies for Environment Control, Energy-saving and Crop Production in Greenhouse and Plant Factory, Jeju, South Korea, September 22-27, 2013. (Presentation)
  • Chantigny, M.H., Larney, F.J., Angers, D.A., Bittman, S., Lapen, D.R., and Rochette, P. (2013). "Overwinter transformation and fate of fall-applied nitrogen in various Canadian ecozones.", Canadian Society of Soil Science-Manitoba Soil Science Soc.-Can. Soc. Agric. Forest Meteorology Joint Ann. Meeting, Winnipeg, MB, Canada, July 22-25, 2013, pp. 46. (Abstract)
  • Perron, I., Cambouris, A.N., Rochette, P., Zebarth, B.J., and Drury, C.F. (2013). "Effect of three N Fertilizers on Denitrification Rate under Potato Crop.", ASA/CSSA/SSSA International annual meeting: Water, Food, Energy and Innovation for a Sustainable World, Tampa, Florida, USA, November 3-6, 2013. (Poster)
  • Royer, I., Angers, D.A., Chantigny, M.H., and Rochette, P. (2013). "Contenu en éléments traces métalliques suite au travail du sol d’une vieille prairie fertilisée avec du lisier de porc.", Congrès annuel de l’AQSSS à Chicoutimi, Québec, Canada, du 28 au 30 mai 2013.
  • Royer, I., Angers, D.A., Chantigny, M.H., and Rochette, P. (2013). "Influence of Liquid Swine Manure Application on the Trace Metal Contents and links with dissolved organic carbon.", International conference on the biogeochemistry of trace elements (ICOBTE) meeting, Athens, Georgia, USA, June 16-20, 2013.

2012

  • Bolduc, M., Dorais, M., Antoun, H., and Rochette, P. (2012). "Optimisation des marais filtrants artificiels à traiter les eaux usées d’une production serricole par l’ajout de biochar.", Journée annuel du Centre e recherche en Horticulture 2012, Université Laval, Sainte-Foy, QC, Canada, June 12, 2012.
  • Bolduc, M., Dorais, M., Antoun, H., and Rochette, P. (2012). "Optimisation des marais filtrants artificiels à traiter les eaux usées d’une production serricole par l’ajout de biochar.", Journée du 100e anniversaire de la FSAA, Université Laval, Québec City, QC, Canada, November 28, 2012.
  • Bolduc, M., Dorais, M., Gravel, V., Rochette, P., and Antoun, H. (2012). "Enrichment of Artificial Wetlands with Biochar to Improve their Efficiency and Reduce N2O Emission.", Canadian Organic Science Conference and Organic Science Cluster Strategic Meetings, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada, February 21-23, 2012.
  • Chantigny, M.H., Pelster, D.E., Rochette, P., Angers, D.A., Royer, I., and Vanasse, A. (2012). "Significance of n losses through gaseous emissions and leaching in the non-growing season in snow-covered agricultural soils.", Congrès conjoint SCSS-AQSSS à Lac Beauport, Québec, Canada, du 3 au 8 juin 2012.
  • Chantigny, M.H., Royer, I., Rochette, P., Angers, D.A., Massé, D.I., and Benchaar, C. (2012). "Manure storage strategies altered nutrient availability and greenhouse gas emissions following application to soils.", 3rd AQSSS-CSSS Joint Meeting/Congrès conjoint AQSSS-SCSS: Soils in a changing climate: Friend of foe?, Manoir St-Castin, Québec City, QC, Canada, June 3-8, 2012.
  • Dorais, M., Pepin, S., Rochette, P., and Ménard, C. (2012). "Effect of biochar amendment to six types of organic soil on soil activity and plant productivity.", 2nd ISHS Symposium on Organic Greenhouse Horticulture, Avignon, France, October 28-31, 2013.
  • Royer, I., MacDonald, J.D., Angers, D.A., Chantigny, M.H., Rochette, P., and Gasser, M.-O. (2012). "Influence of Liquid Swine Manure Application on the Trace Metal Contents of an Old Grassland Soil.", Annual meeting of the Soils Science Society of America, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, October 21-24, 2012.

2011

  • Bruulsema, T.W., Bergeron, O., Rochette, P., and Zebarth, B.J. (2011). "Nitrous oxide emissions from crop nitrogen applications in eastern Canada.", Plant Canada 2011, Saint Mary’s University, Halifax, NS, Canada, July 17-21, 2011.
  • Dorais, M., Jean-Paul, C., Gravel, V., Rochette, P., Antoun, H., and Ménard, C. (2011). "Oxygen enrichment for organic greenhouse crops.", 17th IFOAM Organic is Life, pp. 1:410-413.
  • Musset, G., Chantigny, M.H., Royer, I., Angers, D.A., Vanasse, A., Menasseri-Aubrya, S., Morvan, T., Rochette, P., and MacDonald, J.D. (2011). "Étude lysimétrique de la lixiviation du phosphore selon le type de sol et de fertilisant.", Congrès annuel de l’AQSSS, Wendake, Québec, Canada, du 25 au 27 mai 2011.

2010

  • Chantigny, M.H., Angers, D.A., Nyiraneza, J., and Rochette, P. (2010). "Émissions de N2O produits par différents engrais minéraux appliquées en post-levée dans le maïs-grain.", 24e Congrès annuel de l’Association Québécoise des Spécialistes en Science du Sol (AQSSS): Vers des systèmes sol-plante sains et durables, Abbaye d’Oka, Oka, QC, Canada, June 1-3, 2010. (Presentation)
  • Royer, I., MacDonald, J.D., Angers, D.A., Chantigny, M.H., Rochette, P., and Gasser, M.-O. (2010). "Phosphorus Dynamics Under Different Management Practices in eastern Canada.", Annual meeting of the Soils Science Society of America, Long Beach, CA, USA, October 31-November 4, 2010.
  • Royer, I., MacDonald, J.D., Angers, D.A., Chantigny, M.H., Rochette, P., and Gasser, M.-O. (2010). "Soil phosphorus dynamics after ploughing an old grassland.", Annual meeting of the Canadian Soil Science Society, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, June 20-24, 2010.
  • Royer, I., MacDonald, J.D., Angers, D.A., Chantigny, M.H., Rochette, P., and Gasser, M.-O. (2010). "Trace Metal Content Following the Tillage of An Old Grassland Soil Fertilized with Pig Manure.", Annual meeting of the Soils Science Society of America, Long Beach, CA, USA, October 31-November 4, 2010.

2009

  • MacDonald, J.D., Angers, D.A., Rochette, P., Chantigny, M.H., Royer, I., and Gasser, M.-O. (2009). "Dynamique du carbone à la suite du labour d'un sol sous prairie.", Congrès annuel de L’AQSSS, Saint-Paulin, Québec, Canada, 19-22 mai 2009.
  • MacDonald, J.D., Angers, D.A., Rochette, P., Chantigny, M.H., Royer, I., and Gasser, M.-O. (2009). "Le mode de renouvellement des prairies influence les émissions de N2O.", Congrès annuel de L’AQSSS, Saint-Paulin, Québec, Canada, 19-22 mai 2009.
  • MacDonald, J.D., Angers, D.A., Rochette, P., Chantigny, M.H., Royer, I., and Gasser, M.-O. (2009). "Ploughing reduces N2O Emissions from Forage Fields Compared to Chemical Fallow.", 16th Nitrogen Workshop: Connecting different scales of nitrogen use in agriculture, Torino, Italy, June 28-July 1, 2009.
  • Rochette, P. and Nolin, M.C. (2009). "Régis Simard Symposium (Preface).", Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 89(2), pp. 111.
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