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C. A Fascinating Fauna (Continued)

8I. Sub-Saharan Africa

Map showing biogeographic regions. Origins, faunal exchanges and ancient dispersal routes across oceans are presented. Description of this image follows.

The African fauna of 400 cicadas is almost wholly endemic (native), and has spread mostly to southern Asia, and little into other adjacent areas. Two African genera seem to belong to tribes that are otherwise entirely in the New World (Carinetini, Platypediini), but the taxonomic affinities of these genera need confirmation. Africa and South America are the only regions of the world where Cicadetta is not found.

Cicada species occurring in more than one region of the world are marked with an asterisk (*).

Family Cicadidae - Subfamily Cicadinae
Tribe *Cicadini (world-wide)
*Cicada: 3 species (mostly Asian)
*Cicadatra: 1 species (mostly Asian)

Tribe *Gaeanini (mostly Asian)
Tugelana: 1 species

Tribe Orapini
Orapa: 4 species

Tribe *Platypleurini (Old World tropical)
*Afzeliada: 21 species (also Asian)
Albanycada: 1 species
Attenuella: 1 species
Azanicada: 1 species
Brevisiana: 3 species
Canualna: 1 species
Capcicada: 1 species
Esada: 1 species
Ioba: 6 species
Karscheliana: 1 species
Koma: 6 species
*Kongota: 1 species (also Madagascar)
Muansa: 1 species
*Munza: 11 species (also Asian)
Oxypleura: 9 species
*Platypleura: 42 species (Old World tropical) =Systophlochius
*Pycna: 20 species (also Asian)
Sadaka: 6 species
Severiana: 3 species
Soudaniella: 8 species
Strumosella: 3 species
Strumoseura 1 species
Ugada: 15 species
Umjaba: 2 species
Yanga: 13 species

Tribe *Psithyristriini (mostly Asian)
Maroboduus: 1 species

Tribe *Tibicenini (mostly northern hemisphere)
Henicopsaltria: 1 species

Subfamily Cicadettinae
Tribe *Carinetini (mostly South American)
Paranistria: 3 species

Tribe *Chlorocystini (southern hemisphere) = *Gymnotympanini
Akamba: 1 species
Bavea: 1 species
Decebalus: 1 species
*Fractuosella: 28 species (also Madagascar)
Musoda: 4 species
Nablistes: 2 species
Stagira: 39 species

Tribe *Cicadettini (world-wide)
Buyisa: 1 species
Pinheya: 1 species
Stellenboschia: 1 species

Tribe *Parnisini (pan-tropical)
Abagazara: 2 species
*Bijaurana: 1 species (also Asian)
Calopsaltria: 4 species
Koranna: 1 species
Luangwana: 1 species
*Lycurgus: 2 species (also Asian)
Mapondera: 2 species
Masupha: 3 species
Neomuda: 3 species
Nyara: 1 species
Oudeboschia: 1 species
Psilotympana: 4 species
*Quintilia: 21 species (also Asian)
*Taipinga: 10 species (also Asian)
*Zouga: 5 species (also Mediterranean)

Tribe *Prasiini (Old World tropical)
Iruana: 4 species
Lacetas: 3 species

Tribe *Taphurini (southern hemisphere)
Hylora: 4 species
Monomatapa: 2 species
Musimoia: 1 species
*Panka: 8 species (also Asian)
*Trismarcha: 15 species (also Madagascar)

Tribe Tettigomyiini
Gazuma: 3 species
Paectira: 16 species
Spoerryana: 1 species
Tettigomyia: 1 species
Xosopsaltria: 5 species

Subfamily Tibicininae
Tribe Lamotialnini
Lamotialna: 2 species

Tribe *Platypediini (mostly North American) =Ydiellini
Maroboduus: 3 species =Ydiella

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