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C. A Fascinating Fauna (Continued)

8F. Australia and Tasmania

Map showing biogeographic regions. Origins, faunal exchanges and ancient dispersal routes across oceans are presented. Description of this image follows.

The Australian fauna is almost entirely endemic (native), with the only living species of Tettigarctidae and just a few of the cicadaspecies originating in southeast Asian or New Guinea entering Queensland. One African genus has spread through southern Asia as far as Australia, and one Australian genus is also represented on Madagascar.

Cicada species occurring in more than one region of the world are marked with an asterisk (*).

Family Tettigarctidae
Tettigarcta: 2 species

Family Cicadidae -
Subfamily Cicadinae

Tribe Cyclochilini
Cyclochila: 2 species

Tribe *Dundubiini (mostly Asian)
*Diceropyga: 1 species (mostly Pacific islands)

Tribe *Platypleurini (Old World tropical)
*Platypleura: 1 species (Old World tropical)

Tribe Tamasini
Parnkalla: 2 species
Tamasa: 3 species

Tribe Thophini
Arunta: 2 species
Thopha: 4 species

Tribe *Tibicenini (mostly northern hemisphere) = Cryptotympanini 
Anapsaltoda: 1 species
Arenopsaltria: 4 species
Burbunga: 7 species
Henicopsaltria: 4 species
Illyria: 4 species
*Macrotristria: 24 species (also Madagascar)
Neopsaltoda: 1 species
Psaltoda: 16 species

Subfamily Cicadettinae
Tribe *Chlorocystini (southern hemisphere) = Gymnotympanini
Baeturia: 2 species (mostly Pacific islands)
Chlorocysta: 4 species
Cystopsaltria: 1 species
Cystosoma: 2 species
Glaucopsaltria: 1 species
Guineopsaltria: 1 species (mostly Pacific islands)
Gymnotympana: 2 species (mostly Pacific islands)
Owra: 1 species
*Thaumastopsaltria: 1 species (mostly Pacific islands)
Venustria: 1 species

Tribe *Cicadettini (world-wide)
Birrima: 2 species
*Cicadetta: 46 species (almost world-wide)
Diemeniana: 6 species
Froggattoides: 2 species
Gudanga: 6 species
Kobonga: 6 species
Marteena: 1 species
*Pauropsalta: 42 species (also Asia, Pacific islands)
Urabunana: 8 species

Tribe *Parnisini (pan-tropical)
Jassopsaltria: 1 species
*Quintilia: 1 species (mostly African)

Tribe *Prasiini (Old World tropical)
*Lembeja: 2 species (mostly Asian)

Tribe *Taphurini (southern hemisphere)
*Abricta: 3 species (southern hemisphere)
Aleeta: 1 species
Chrysocicada: 1 species
Marteena: 1 species
Tryella: 14 species

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