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C. A Fascinating Fauna (Continued)

8E. Pacific Ocean Islands

Map showing biogeographic regions. Origins, faunal exchanges and ancient dispersal routes across oceans are presented. Description of this image follows.

The fauna of the New Guinea is particularly rich in mostly endemic (native) species, and its inhabitants appear to have produced other endemic genera throughout adjacent islands (including Australia and Indonesia) as far south as New Zealand, resulting in 300 species in a surprisingly small land mass.

Cicada species occurring in more than one region of the world are marked with an asterisk (*).

Family Cicadidae
Subfamily Cicadinae

Tribe *Dundubiini (mostly Asian)
Aceropyga: 13 species
*Cosmopsaltria: 15 species (also Asian)
*Diceropyga: 24 species (also Asian, Australian)
Fatima: 2 species
Inflatopyga: 6 species
Moana: 4 species
*Rhadinopyga: 2 species (also Asian)
Sawda: 5 species

Tribe *Platypleurini (Old World tropical)
*Platypleura: 1 species (Old World tropical)

Tribe *Tibicenini (mostly northern hemisphere)
Heteropsaltria: 1 species

Nggeliana: 2 species
Raiateana: 3 species

Subfamily *Cicadettinae
Tribe *Chlorocystini (southern hemisphere) = *Gymnotympanini
*Aedeastria: 8 species (also Asian)
*Baeturia: 61 species (also Asian and Australian)
*Guineopsaltria: 6 species (also Australian)
*Gymnotympana: 16 species (also Asian and Australian)
Mirabilopsaltria: 6 species
Papuapsaltria: 20 species
Scottotympana: 3 species
*Thaumastopsaltria: 7 species (also Australia)

Tribe *Cicadettini (world-wide)
Amphipsalta: 3 species

*Cicadetta: 1 species (almost world-wide
Fijipsalta: 1 species
Kikihia: 12 species
Maoricicada: 19 species
Myersalna: 3 species
Nigripsaltria: 4 species
Notopsalta: 2 species
*Pauropsalta: 2 species (mostly Australian)
Poviliana: 2 species
Rhodopsalta: 2 species
Rouxalna: 1 species
*Toxopeusella: 2 species (also Asian)

Tribe *Parnisini (pan-tropical)
Arcystasia: 1 species

Tribe *Prasiini (Old World tropical)
Arfaka: 2 species
*Lembeja: 3 species (mostly Asian)

Tribe *Taphurini (southern hemisphere)
*Abricta: 2 species (mostly Australian)
Auta: 5 species
Kanakia: 3 species
Ueana: 22 species

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