Small, Ernest, Ph.D.

Research Scientist


Contact Information:

960 Carling Ave
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0C6
Telephone: 613-759-1370
Fax: 613-759-1599
Email: ernie.small@agr.gc.ca

Areas of Expertise:

  • culinary herbs
  • alfalfa
  • hemp
  • systematics of crop plants and allied germplasm
  • medicinal plants
  • forage and diversification crops

Current Projects:

  • Accurate identification, information and related training for scientific research and biodiversity protection.
  • Build and maintain reference collections and databases of plants and fungi: AAFC National Collection of Vascular Plants (DAO) and National Mycological Herbarium (DAOM). Support for Canadian Collection of Fungal Cultures (CCFC).
  • Plants: Develop new information on taxonomy, phylogeny, distribution and biology of plants including systematic research related to new and existing crop/bioproduct development, alien invasive species and impacts of genetically modified plants.
  • Seed of Medicinal Cannabis Sativa L.

Research Publications:

The links below lead to abstracts with access to full text.

2015

2014

  • Small, E. (2014). "A rejoinder to Didier Bazile’s letter to the editor contesting Blossoming Treasures of Biodiversity article 42.", Biodiversity, 15(1), pp. 5.
  • Small, E. (2014). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity – 44. Saguaro – threatened monarch of the desert.", Biodiversity, 15(1), pp. 39-53. doi : 10.1080/14888386.2014.896224
  • Small, E. (2014). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity – 45. Tepary Bean - an ideal arid zone crop.", Biodiversity, 15(2-3), pp. 220-228. doi : 10.1080/14888386.2014.903203
  • Small, E. (2014). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity – 46. Golden Rice – a food fight to enhance the unsustainable monarch of mega-crops.", Biodiversity, 15(4), pp. 269-289. doi : 10.1080/14888386.2014.963145
  • Small, E. (2014). "Hemp fiber and composites for the 21st century.", in Thakur, V.K.T. and Njuguna, J. (eds.) - Natural fibers and composites, Studium Press LLC, Houston, USA, pp. 29–64.

2013

2012

  • Small, E. (2012). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 38. Lupins – Benefit and harm potentials.", Biodiversity, 13(1), pp. 54-64. doi : 10.1080/14888386.2012.658327
  • Small, E. (2012). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 39. Catnip – Safer pesticide potential.", Biodiversity, 13(2), pp. 118-126.
  • Small, E. (2012). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 40. Kales & collards – Crops for a warming polar climate.", Biodiversity, 13(3&4), pp. 265-276.
  • Small, E. (2012). "The new Noah’s Ark: beautiful and useful species only. Part 2: The chosen species.", Biodiversity, 13(1), pp. 37-53. doi : 10.1080/14888386.2012.659443
  • Small, E. and Brookes, B. (2012). "Temperature and Moisture Content for Storage Maintenance of Germination Capacity of Seeds of Industrial Hemp, Marijuana, and Ditchweed Forms of Cannabis sativa.", Journal of Natural Fibers, 9(4), pp. 240-255. doi : 10.1080/15440478.2012.737179
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2012). Canadian medicinal crops., NRC Research Press. (Book)
  • Small, E., Catling, P.M., and Brookes, B. (2012). Official Plant Emblems of Canada: A Biodiversity Treasure., Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC) / Travaux publics et Services gouvernementaux Canada (TPSGC). (Book)

2011

  • Small, E. (2011). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 34. Chia - not just a pet.", Biodiversity, 12(1), pp. 49-56.
  • Small, E. (2011). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 36. Castor Bean - taming the world's most poisonous plant.", Biodiversity, 12(3), pp. 186-195.
  • Small, E. (2011). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 37. Spirulina - food for the universe.", Biodiversity, 12(4), pp. 255-265.
  • Small, E. (2011). "Medicinal crops.", in Marsh, J.H. (ed.) - The Canadian Encyclopedia/L'Encyclopédie canadienne. (E-publication), Historica-Dominion Institute, Toronto, ON, Canada.
  • Small, E. (2011). "The new Noah’s Ark: beautiful and useful species only. Part 1. Biodiversity conservation issues and priorities.", Biodiversity, 12(4), pp. 232-247. doi : 10.1080/14888386.2011.642663
  • Small, E. (2011). Alfalfa and Relatives: Evolution and classification of Medicago., NRC Research Press and CABI Publishing. (Book)
  • Small, E. (2011). Top 100 exotic food plants., CRC Press Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, FL, USA. (Book)
  • Small, E. and Darbyshire, S.J. (2011). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 35. Mosquito Ferns (Azolla species) - tiny 'super plants'.", Biodiversity, 12(2), pp. 119-128.

2010

  • Small, E. (2010). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 31. Vetiver Grass-poverty alleviation by habitat restoration.", Biodiversity, 11, pp. 99-106.
  • Small, E. (2010). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 32. Dwarf Saltwort - Reducing the environmental salt threat.", Biodiversity, 11(3-4), pp. 65-72.
  • Small, E. (2010). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 33. Non-narcotic drug poppies - Benefits for people and biodiversity.", Biodiversity, 11(3-4), pp. 73-80.

2009

  • Riefner, R.E. and Small, E. (2009). "Medicago rigidula and M. truncatula (fabaceae): New to the California flora.", Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas (BRIT), 3(1), pp. 323-329.
  • Small, E. (2009). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 30. Miracle fruit - Making life sweeter.", Biodiversity, 10(4), pp. 30-35.
  • Small, E. (2009). Top 100 food plants. The world's most important culinary crops., NRC Research Press. (Book)
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2009). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 27. Cannabis-dr. Jekyll and mr. Hyde.", Biodiversity, 10(1), pp. 31-38.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2009). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 29. Rooibos tea - A new beverage for the world.", Biodiversity, 10(2-3), pp. 113-119.
  • Small, E. and Marcus, D. (2009). "Hemp - a new crop with new uses for North America.", in Davis, R.M. (ed.) - Hemp for victory: the trillion dollar crop, Hemp Museum Publishing, West Hollywood, CA, USA, pp. 56-144.
  • Small, E. and Warwick, S.I. (2009). "Genetic engineering and biodiversity.", in Woodland, D.W. (ed.) - Contemporary plant systematics. 4th Edition, Andrews University Press, Berrien Springs, MI, USA, pp. 531-537.
  • Small, E., Catling, P.M., Cayouette, J., and Brookes, B. (2009). Audubon: Beyond birds. Plant Portraits and Conservation Heritage of John James Audubon., NRC Research Press. (Book)

Other Science Related Publications:

2014

  • Small, E. (2014). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. 7. Geraniums.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 47(1), pp. 16-24.
  • Small, E. (2014). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. 8. Petunia.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 47(2), pp. 49-55.
  • Small, E. (2014). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. 9. Lilac.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 47(3), pp. 93-101.

2013

  • Boutain, J.R., Visi, D.K., Allen, M.S., Xu, J., Small, E., Hummer, K.E., and McClatchey, W.C. (2013). "New approach to DNA barcoding fresh plant and herbarium specimens with semiconductor sequencing: a phyloplastome model with hops (Humulus, Cannabaceae).", 5th International Barcode of Life Conference, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Kunming Institute of Botany, Kunming, China. (Abstract)
  • Catling, P.M., Mitrow, G., Small, E., Macklin, J.A., and Cayouette, J. (2013). "Examples of the value of The AAFC National Collection of Vascular Plants.", Bulletin technique soumis à la Direction du CRECO, 2013(Avril), pp. 9p.
  • Small, E. (2013). "Cannabis (hemp, marijuana) for the 21st century.", Diamond Jubilee Seminar Series, AAFC Central Experimental Farm, Neatby Building / AAC Ferme expérimentale centrale, Édifice Neatby, Ottawa, ON, Canada, May 10, 2013. (Presentation)
  • Small, E. (2013). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. 4. Tulips.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 46(1), pp. 19-28.
  • Small, E. (2013). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. 5. Lilies.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 46(2), pp. 61-70.
  • Small, E. (2013). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. 6. Chrysanthemums.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 46(3), pp. 83-90.

2012

  • Small, E. (2012). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. Overview. Part 3.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 45(1), pp. 33-44.
  • Small, E. (2012). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. Part 2. Roses.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 45(2), pp. 78-87.
  • Small, E. (2012). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. Part 3. Poinsettia.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 45(3), pp. 118-124.

2011

  • Han, Y., Zhang, Y., Motes, C.M., Jiang, G., Sledge, M., Greene, S., Coyne, C., Kisha, T., Small, E., and Monteros, M.J. (2011). "Maximizing genetic diversity of the model legume Medicago truncatula using nested core collections.", Model Legume Congress, Sainte-Maxime, France, May 15-19, 2011. (Abstract)
  • Small, E. (2011). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. Overview. Part 1.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 44(2), pp. 62-68.
  • Small, E. (2011). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. Overview. Part 2.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 44(3), pp. 100-112.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2011). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 15. Maples.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 44(1), pp. 17-32.

2010

  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2010). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 12. Yukon.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 43(1), pp. 8-20.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2010). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 13. The Northwest Territories.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 43(2), pp. 38-47.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2010). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 14. Nunavut.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 43(3), pp. 65-71.

2009

  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2009). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 10. Alberta.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 42(2), pp. 51-70.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2009). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 11. British Columbia.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 42(3), pp. 88-100.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2009). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 9. Saskatchewan.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 42(1), pp. 14-28.
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