Small, Ernest, Ph.D.

Research Scientist


Contact Information:

960 Carling Ave
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0C6
Telephone: 613-759-1370
Fax: 613-759-1599
Email: ernie.small@agr.gc.ca

Areas of Expertise:

  • culinary herbs
  • alfalfa
  • hemp
  • systematics of crop plants and allied germplasm
  • medicinal plants
  • forage and diversification crops

Current Projects:

  • Accurate identification, information and related training for scientific research and biodiversity protection.
  • Build and maintain reference collections and databases of plants and fungi: AAFC National Collection of Vascular Plants (DAO) and National Mycological Herbarium (DAOM). Support for Canadian Collection of Fungal Cultures (CCFC).
  • Plants: Develop new information on taxonomy, phylogeny, distribution and biology of plants including systematic research related to new and existing crop/bioproduct development, alien invasive species and impacts of genetically modified plants.
  • Seed of Medicinal Cannabis Sativa L.

Research Publications:

The links below lead to abstracts with access to full text.

2012

2011

  • Small, E. (2011). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 34. Chia - not just a pet.", Biodiversity, 12(1), pp. 49-56.
  • Small, E. (2011). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 36. Castor Bean - taming the world's most poisonous plant.", Biodiversity, 12(3), pp. 186-195.
  • Small, E. (2011). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 37. Spirulina - food for the universe.", Biodiversity, 12(4), pp. 255-265.
  • Small, E. (2011). "The new Noah’s Ark: beautiful and useful species only. Part 1. Biodiversity conservation issues and priorities.", Biodiversity, 12(4), pp. 232-247. doi : 10.1080/14888386.2011.642663
  • Small, E. and Darbyshire, S.J. (2011). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 35. Mosquito Ferns (Azolla species) - tiny 'super plants'.", Biodiversity, 12(2), pp. 119-128.

2010

  • Small, E. (2010). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 31. Vetiver Grass-poverty alleviation by habitat restoration.", Biodiversity, 11, pp. 99-106.
  • Small, E. (2010). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 32. Dwarf Saltwort - Reducing the environmental salt threat.", Biodiversity, 11(3-4), pp. 65-72.
  • Small, E. (2010). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 33. Non-narcotic drug poppies - Benefits for people and biodiversity.", Biodiversity, 11(3-4), pp. 73-80.

2009

  • Riefner, R.E. and Small, E. (2009). "Medicago rigidula and M. truncatula (fabaceae): New to the California flora.", Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas (BRIT), 3(1), pp. 323-329.
  • Small, E. (2009). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 30. Miracle fruit - Making life sweeter.", Biodiversity, 10(4), pp. 30-35.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2009). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 27. Cannabis-dr. Jekyll and mr. Hyde.", Biodiversity, 10(1), pp. 31-38.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2009). "Blossoming treasures of biodiversity: 29. Rooibos tea - A new beverage for the world.", Biodiversity, 10(2-3), pp. 113-119.

Other Science Related Publications:

2013

  • Small, E. (2013). "Cannabis (hemp, marijuana) for the 21st century.", Diamond Jubilee Seminar Series, AAFC Central Experimental Farm, Neatby Building / AAC Ferme expérimentale centrale, Édifice Neatby, Ottawa, ON, Canada, May 10, 2013. (Presentation)

2012

  • Small, E. (2012). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. Overview. Part 3.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 45(1), pp. 33-44.
  • Small, E. (2012). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. Part 2. Roses.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 45(2), pp. 78-87.
  • Small, E. (2012). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. Part 3. Poinsettia.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 45(3), pp. 118-124.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2012). Canadian medicinal crops., NRC Research Press. (Book)
  • Small, E., Catling, P.M., and Brookes, B. (2012). Official Plant Emblems of Canada: A Biodiversity Treasure., Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC) / Travaux publics et Services gouvernementaux Canada (TPSGC). (Book)

2011

  • Han, Y., Zhang, Y., Motes, C.M., Jiang, G., Sledge, M., Greene, S., Coyne, C., Kisha, T., Small, E., and Monteros, M.J. (2011). "Maximizing genetic diversity of the model legume Medicago truncatula using nested core collections.", Model Legume Congress, Sainte-Maxime, France, May 15-19, 2011. (Abstract)
  • Small, E. (2011). "Medicinal crops.", in Marsh, J.H. (ed.) - The Canadian Encyclopedia/L'Encyclopédie canadienne. (E-publication), Historica-Dominion Institute, Toronto, ON, Canada.
  • Small, E. (2011). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. Overview. Part 1.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 44(2), pp. 62-68.
  • Small, E. (2011). "Top Canadian ornamental plants. Overview. Part 2.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 44(3), pp. 100-112.
  • Small, E. (2011). Alfalfa and Relatives: Evolution and classification of Medicago., NRC Research Press and CABI Publishing. (Book)
  • Small, E. (2011). Top 100 exotic food plants., CRC Press Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, FL, USA. (Book)
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2011). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 15. Maples.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 44(1), pp. 17-32.

2010

  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2010). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 12. Yukon.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 43(1), pp. 8-20.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2010). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 13. The Northwest Territories.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 43(2), pp. 38-47.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2010). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 14. Nunavut.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 43(3), pp. 65-71.

2009

  • Small, E. (2009). Top 100 food plants. The world's most important culinary crops., NRC Research Press. (Book)
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2009). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 10. Alberta.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 42(2), pp. 51-70.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2009). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 11. British Columbia.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 42(3), pp. 88-100.
  • Small, E. and Catling, P.M. (2009). "Native plant emblems of Canada - 9. Saskatchewan.", Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin, 42(1), pp. 14-28.
  • Small, E. and Marcus, D. (2009). "Hemp - a new crop with new uses for North America.", in Davis, R.M. (ed.) - Hemp for victory: the trillion dollar crop, Hemp Museum Publishing, West Hollywood, CA, USA, pp. 56-144.
  • Small, E. and Warwick, S.I. (2009). "Genetic engineering and biodiversity.", in Woodland, D.W. (ed.) - Contemporary plant systematics. 4th Edition, Andrews University Press, Berrien Springs, MI, USA, pp. 531-537.
  • Small, E., Catling, P.M., Cayouette, J., and Brookes, B. (2009). Audubon: Beyond birds. Plant Portraits and Conservation Heritage of John James Audubon., NRC Research Press. (Book)