Pernal, Stephen, Ph.D.

Research Scientist, Apiculture, Officer-in-Charge, Beaverlodge Research Farm

Contact Information:

PO Box 29
Beaverlodge, Alberta T0H 0C0
Telephone: 780-354-5135
Fax: 780-354-8171
Email: steve.pernal@agr.gc.ca

Areas of Expertise:

  • Management and detection of honey bee diseases;
  • Detection and reduction of antibiotic residues in honey;
  • Control of parasitic mites of honey bees;
  • Improvement of honey bee nutrition;
  • Pollination of crops by honey bees;

Current Projects:

  • Safe and efficacious use of antibiotics for the control of honey bee brood diseases that minimize residue deposition in honey.
  • Improvement of disease management in honey bees.
  • Management of honey bee diseases using lysozyme.

Affiliations:

  • President, Canadian Association of Professional Apiculturists
  • Member, OIE Working Group in Honey Bee Pathology
  • National Steering Committee Member, PMRA Pesticide Risk Reduction Program for the Canadian Honey Bee Industry
  • Regional Branch Chair, Professional Institute of the Public Service of Canada

Research publications

2018

  • Guarna MM, Higo H, Foster LJ, McAfee A, Vinson B, Pettis JS, Pernal SF, Ibrahim A (2018) Blueberry pollination and honey bee health in Canada. 2018 Entomological Society of America, Entomological Society of Canada and Entomological Society of British Columbia Joint Annual Meeting, 11-14 Nov 2018, Vancouver, BC https://esa.confex.com/esa/2018/meetingapp.cgi/Paper/131608

2016

2015

2014

  • Pernal, S.F. (2014). "National regulations for beekeeping in North America (Canada and the United States of America)", in Ritter, W. (ed.) - Bee Health and Veterinarians, OIE World Organization for Animal Health, Paris, pp. 275-280.
  • van den Heever, J.P., Thompson, T.S., Curtis, J.M., Ibrahim, A.A., and Pernal, S.F. (2014). "Fumagillin: An overview of recent scientific advances and their significance for apiculture.", Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 62(13), pp. 2728-2737. doi : 10.1021/jf4055374

2013

2012

2010

2009

Other science related publications

2017

  • Borba R, Baylis K, Bixby M, Currie RW, Derome N, Fournier V, Giovenazzo, P, Guarna MM, Hoover SE, Pernal SF, Zayed A, Foster LJ (2017) Sustaining and securing Canada’s honey bees using ‘omics approaches. American Bee Research Conference, 12-13 Jan 2017, Galveston, TX. Bee World, 93(4): 105.
  • Castillo C, Wolf Veiga P, Martin JL, Curran C, Pernal SF (2017) Canadian national honey bee health survey. Proceedings of the 2017 American Bee Research Conference, 12-13 Jan 2017, Galveston, TX. Bee World 93(4): 106.
  • Colwell MJ, Currie RW, Pernal SF (2016) Novel transmission routes of European honey bee viruses (Apis mellifera) in vitro. Proceedings of the 72nd Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Manitoba, p. 13, 28-29 Oct 2016, Winnipeg, MB. (Abstract)
  • Colwell MJ, Currie RW, Pernal SF (2017) Honey bee viruses in lesser wax moth infestations. Manitoba Beekeepers’ Association 110th Annual Convention, 24-25 Feb 2017, Winnipeg, MB.
  • Colwell MJ, Currie RW, Pernal SF (2017) Viruses in unexpected places: new transmission routes of European honey bee (Apis mellifera) viruses. American Bee Research Conference, 12-13 Jan 2017, Galveston, TX, Bee World 93(4): 106-107.
  • Colwell MJ, Shutler DS, Currie RW, Pernal SF (2017). A brief history in honey bee research. 2017 North American Beekeeping Conference and Tradeshow, 10-14 Jan 2017, Galveston, TX.
  • Derome N, Pernal SF, Giovenazzo P (2017) BeeProbio: sustaining honeybee health with probiotics. American Bee Research Conference, 12-13 Jan 2017, Galveston, TX. Bee World 93(4): 108.
  • Ferland, J, Nasr M, Wilson G, Jordan C, Kempers M, Kozak P, Lafreniere R, Maund C, Pernal S, Sproule J, van Westendorp P (2017) CAPA statement on honey bee wintering losses in Canada (2017). Hivelights 30(4): 15-19.
  • Guarna MM, Borba R, Pettis JS, Pernal SF (2017) Update on bee research projects at Agriculture and Agri-food Canada. Richmond Beekeepers Association, 14 Feb 2017, Richmond, BC.
  • Guarna MM, Joselow K, Pettis JS, Pernal SF (2017) Exposing queens to high temperature affects their performance. American Bee Research Conference, 12-13 Jan 2017, Galveston, TX. Published in Bee World, 93 (4), pp110.
  • Guarna MM, Pernal SF, Joselow K, Pettis JS (2017) Effects of temperature extremes on queens and impacts on colony performance. North American Beekeeping Conference and Tradeshow 2017, 10-14 Jan 2017, Galveston, TX. (Invited)
  • Guarna MM, Pernal SF, Joselow K, Pettis JS (2017) Queen performance and colony productivity decreases after queens are exposed to temperature extremes. Proceedings of the 45th Apimondia International Apicultural Congress, p. 119, 29 Sep – 4 Oct 2017, Istanbul, Turkey.
  • MacInnis CI, Keddie BA, Pernal SF (2017) How long do Nosema ceranae spores survive? Grande Prairie Beekeepers’ Club, 20 Jan 2017, Grande Prairie, AB.
  • MacInnis CI, Keddie BA, Pernal SF (2017) Nosema ceranae: A sweet surprise? American Beekeeping Federation News, March/April 75(2):11.
  • MacInnis CI, Keddie BA, Pernal SF (2017) Nosema ceranae: A sweet surprise? Investigating the viability and infectivity of N. ceranae spores. American Bee Research Conference, 12-13 Jan 2017, Galveston, TX. Bee World 93(4): 114.
  • MacInnis, CI, Keddie, BA, Pernal SF (2017) "Nosema ceranae: A sweet surprise?" 2017 North American Beekeeping Conference and Tradeshow, 10-14 Jan 2017, Galveston Texas. (Poster)
  • Pernal SF (2017) Canadian honey bee health survey: update on 2016 progress. Bee Health National Roundtable Meeting, 25 Jan 2017, Ottawa, ON. (Invited-Representing STB)
  • Pernal SF, Browning Z, Hiatt C, Wilbanks R, Pettis JS (2017) Hive viability issues panel. 2017 North American Beekeeping Conference and Tradeshow, 10-14 Jan 2017, Galveston, TX.
  • Pernal SF, Hoover SE, Currie RW, Guarna MM, Bixby M, Zayed A, Foster LJ (2017) Progress in marker-assisted selection for honey bee breeding. American Bee Research Conference, 12-13 Jan 2017, Galveston, TX. Bee World 93(4): 117.
  • Pernal SF, Hoover SE, Currie RW, Guarna MM, Zayed A, Foster LJ (2017) Progress in marker-assisted selection for honey bee breeding. Proceedings of the 45th Apimondia International Apicultural Congress, p. 43, 29 Sep – 4 Oct 2017, Istanbul, Turkey.
  • Pernal, SF (2017) 64th annual Beaverlodge beekeepers’ field day – June 23, 2017. Agri Digest Online, August 2017, pp 14-15.
  • Pernal, SF (2017) 64th annual Beaverlodge beekeepers’ field day. Lacombe Research & Development Centre and Beaverlodge Research Farm Newsletter, August 2017, pp 7-10.
  • Pernal, SF (2017) Beaverlodge Research Farm Centennial Open House – July 14, 2017. Lacombe Research and Development Centre & Beaverlodge Research Farm Newsletter, August 2017, pp 11-15.

2016

  • Borba R, Guarna MM, Pernal SF (2016) A sneak-peek at our new research project: BEEomics. Alberta Beekeepers Commission 83rd Annual General Meeting and Convention, 7-9 Nov 2016, Edmonton, AB.
  • Borba R, Guarna MM, Pernal SF (2016) Sustaining and securing Canada’s honey bees using ‘omics approaches. Edmonton District Beekeepers’ Association, 8 Nov 2016, Edmonton, AB.
  • Cardinal S, Javorek S, Guarna MM, Pernal SF (2016) Health of bee pollinators in Canadian agricultural landscapes. Science Day – Biodiversity and Bioresources Ottawa Research and Development Centre, 1-2 Dec 2016, Ottawa, ON.
  • Colwell MJ, Currie RW, Pernal SF (2016) Possible transmission of honey bee viruses by wax comb and Braula coeca. 109th Manitoba Beekeepers’ Association Annual Convention, 26-27 Feb 2016, Winnipeg, MB.
  • Derome N, Pernal SF, Giovenazzo P (2016) BeeProbio: Improving honey bee health with probiotics. 63rd Annual Beaverlodge Beekeepers’ Field Day, 17 June 2016, Beaverlodge, AB.
  • Guarna MM, Joselow K, Pettis JS, Pernal SF (2016) Can temperature affect queen performance? Edmonton District Beekeepers' Association, 8 Nov 2016, Edmonton, AB.
  • Guarna MM, Pettis JS, Pernal SF (2016) Queen quality evaluation report. Hivelights, 29 (4), pp15-16.
  • Guarna MM, Pettis JS, Pernal SF (2016). Do queens suffer from temperature stress? British Columbia Honey Producers Association (BCHPA) Annual General Meeting and Education Day, 14-16 Oct 2016, Richmond, BC.
  • Guarna MM, Pettis JS, Wolf Veiga P, Pernal SF (2016) Are queens losing viable sperm in transit? 63rd Annual Beaverlodge Beekeepers' Field Day, 17 June 2016, Beaverlodge, AB.
  • Leboeuf A, Nasr M, Ferland J, Wilson G, Jordan C, Kempers M, Kozak P, Lafreniere R, Maund C, Pernal S, Sproule J, van Westendorp P (2016) CAPA statement on honey bee wintering losses in Canada (2016). http://www.capabees.com/shared/2015/07/2016-CAPA-Statement-on-Colony-Losses-July-19.pdf
  • Pernal SF (2016) An introduction to honey bee diseases and pests. Molecular Diagnostics of Honey Bee Pathogens: Third Annual Invitational Workshop, 25-29 Apr 2016, Beaverlodge, AB.
  • Pernal SF (2016) Update from the Beaverlodge bee lab. Alberta Beekeepers Commission 83rd Annual General Meeting and Convention, 7-9 Nov 2016, Edmonton, AB.
  • Pernal SF (2016) What’s new in the bee lab? 63rd Annual Beaverlodge Beekeepers’ Field Day, 17 June 2016, Beaverlodge, AB.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2016). "AFB Detection and prediction…and interpreting your national survey results.", Beekeeping for the Future: Integrated Beekeeping Systems and Integrated Pest Management 2016, Edmonton, AB, Canada, February 9-10, 2016.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2016). "Assessing risk factors associated with honey bee survival in Canada.", American Bee Federation Conference and Tradeshow 2016, Ponte Vedra Beach, FL, USA, January 5-9, 2016, Oral Presentations.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2016). "Canadian Honey Bee Health Survey: Update on 2015 Progress.", Bee Health National Roundtable Meeting, Ottawa, ON, Canada, January 21, 2016. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F. (2016). "Management and control of American foulbrood disease.", Bee Masters 2016 Short Course, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada, February 15-19, 2016.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2016). "Residues in hive and honey products.", Bee Masters 2016 Short Course, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada, February 15-19, 2016, Oral Presentations.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2016). "The biology and control of Nosema.", Bee Masters 2016 Short Course, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada, February 15-19, 2016.
  • Pernal, S.F., Hoover, S.E.R., and Guarna, M.M. (2016). "Effects of fumagillin treatment and supplemental feeding on colony productivity and survival.", American Bee Research Conference 2016, Ponte Vedra Beach, FL, USA, January 8-9, 2016, Presentation.
  • Pernal, SF (2016) 63rd annual Beaverlodge beekeepers’ field day. Agri Digest Online, July 2016, pp 9-10.
  • Pernal, SF (2016) 63rd annual Beaverlodge beekeepers’ field day. Lacombe RDC Newsletter, July 2016, pp 8-9.
  • Robinson S, Cartar RV, Pernal SF, Hoover SE (2016) The spatial distribution of central place foraging pollinators in a landscape of mass-flowering crops. British Ecological Society Annual Meeting 2016, 11-14 Dec 2016, Liverpool, UK.
  • Robinson S, Cartar RV, Pernal SF, Hoover, SE (2016) The spatial distribution of central place foraging pollinators in mass-flowering crops. Proceedings of the 64th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Alberta, p. XX-XX, 27-19 Oct 2016 Calgary, AB. (Abstract) (In Press).

2015

  • Colwell, M.J., Currie, R.W., and Pernal, S.F. (2015). "First detection of European honey bee (Apis mellifera) viruses in the bee louse (Braula coeca), and comparison to viruses in Varroa destructor mites.", Canadian Association of Professional Apiculturist Research Symposium and SBA Annual Convention, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, December 2-4, 2015, Presentation. (Poster)
  • Colwell, M.J., Currie, R.W., and Pernal, S.F. (2015). "First detection of European honey bee (Apis mellifera) viruses in the bee louse (Braula coeca), and comparison to viruses in Varroa destructor mites.", Entomology 2015, 63rd Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, Minneapolis, MN, USA, November 15-18, 2015, Presentation. (Poster)
  • Colwell, M.J., Currie, R.W., and Pernal, S.F. (2015). "First detection of European honey bee (Apis mellifera) viruses on wax comb.", Canadian Association of Professional Apiculturist Research Symposium and SBA Annual Convention, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, December 2-4, 2015. (Poster)
  • Colwell, M.J., Currie, R.W., and Pernal, S.F. (2015). "First detection of European honey bee (Apis mellifera) viruses on wax comb.", Entomology 2015, 63rd Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, Minneapolis, MN, USA, November 15-18, 2015. (Poster)
  • Colwell, M.J., Currie, R.W., and Pernal, S.F. (2015). "Wax and wingless flies: Honey bee viruses in unexpected places.", 71st Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada, October 23-24, 2015. (Abstract)
  • Currie, R.M., Pernal, S.F., Ibrahim, A.A., Hoover, S.E.R., Foster, L.J., Guarna, M.M., Huxter, E., and Higo, H.A. (2015). "Marker Assisted Selection for breeding resistance to honey bee parasites and pathogens.", 71st Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada, October 23-24, 2015, Presentation.
  • Desai, S., Bonderoff, J., Jan, E., Pernal, S.F., Guarna, M.M., Foster, L.J., and Currie, R.M. (2015). "Prevention of Israeli acute paralysis virus (IAPV) infection in honey bees using dsRNA.", 71st Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada, October 23-24, 2015, Presentation.
  • Giovenazzo, P., Derome, N., and Pernal, S.F. (2015). "BeeProbio: Improving Honey Bee Health with Probiotics.", Canadian Association of Professional Apiculturist Research Symposium and SBA Annual Convention, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, December 2-4, 2015.
  • Guarna, M.M., Hoover, S.E.R., and Pernal, S.F. (2015). "The bee health project: Update and year 2 plans.", 62nd Annual Beaverlodge Beekeepers’ Field Day, Beaverlodge, AB, Canada, June 19, 2015.
  • Guarna, M.M., Iovinella, I., Bundala, M., Moon, K.-M., Huxter, E., Parker, R., Melathopoulos, A.P., Stoynov, N., Chan, Q.W.T., White, R.P., Pelosi, P., Pernal, S.F., and Foster, L.J. (2015). "Protein Biomarkers Link Olfactory Signal Transduction to Social Immunity.", Human Proteome Organization World Congress 2015, Vancouver, BC, Canada, September 27-30, 2015, P17.14, pp. 239. (Abstract)
  • Guarna, M.M., Pettis, J.S., and Pernal, S.F. (2015). "Are Queens Losing Viable Sperm in Transit?", Alberta Beekeepers Commission 82nd Annual General Meeting and Convention, Edmonton, AB, Canada, November 2-4, 2015, Presentation.
  • Guarna, M.M., Pettis, J.S., and Pernal, S.F. (2015). "Are Queens Losing Viable Sperm in Transit?", Canadian Association of Professional Apiculturist Research Symposium and SBA Annual Convention, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, December 2-4, 2015, Presentation.
  • Guarna, M.M., Pettis, J.S., and Pernal, S.F. (2015). "Are queens losing viable sperm in transit?", Canadian Association of Professional Apiculturist Research Symposium and SBA Annual Convention, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, December 2-4, 2015, Presentation.
  • Harpur, B.A., Guarna, M.M., Hoover, S.E.R., Huxter, E., Higo, H.A., Moon, K.-M., Currie, R.M., Pernal, S.F., Foster, L.J., and Zayed, A. (2015). "Integrating Genomics and Proteomics to Reveal Loci Underpinning Social Immunity in Honey Bees.", Human Proteome Organization World Congress 2015, Vancouver, BC, Canada, September 27-30, 2015, P28.05, pp. 275. (Abstract)
  • Hoover, S.E.R., Guarna, M.M., Currie, R.M., Pernal, S.F., and Foster, L.J. (2015). "Expression biomarkers can be used to select for complex traits in honey bee breeding: results of three generations of selection for hygienic behaviour.", 44th Apimondia International Apicultural Congress, Daejeon, South Korea, September 15-19, 2015, BBO-025, pp. 156. (Abstract)
  • Leboeuf, A., Nasr, M., Jordan, C., Kempers, M., Kozak, P., Lafrenière, R., Maund, C., Morris, J., Pernal, S.F., Sproule, J., Van Westendorp, P., and Wilson, G. (2015). "CAPA statement on honey bee wintering losses in Canada (2015). (http://capabees.org/shared/2015/07/2015-CAPA-Statement-on-Colony-Losses-July-16-Final-16-30.pdf)", HiveLights, 28(4), pp. 17-21.
  • MacInnis, C., Keddie, A.B., and Pernal, S.F. (2015). "Bee research in Western Canada.", BeeScene Winter, 31(4), pp. 28.
  • MacInnis, C., Keddie, A.B., and Pernal, S.F. (2015). "How Long do Nosema ceranae Spores Survive?", Alberta Beekeepers Commission 82nd Annual General Meeting and Convention, Edmonton, AB, Canada, November 2-4, 2015, Oral Presentations.
  • MacInnis, C., Keddie, A.B., and Pernal, S.F. (2015). "How long do Nosema ceranae Spores Survive?", Canadian Association of Professional Apiculturist Research Symposium and SBA Annual Convention, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, December 2-4, 2015, Presentation.
  • MacInnis, C., Keddie, A.B., and Pernal, S.F. (2015). "Temporal patterns of spore viability and infectivity for the honey bee parasite Nosema ceranae.", Southern Alberta Beekeepers General Meeting, Granum, AB, Canada, March 27, 2015, Oral Presentations.
  • MacInnis, C., Keddie, A.B., and Pernal, S.F. (2015). "Temporal patterns of spore viability and infectivity for the honey bee parasite, Nosema ceranae.", 2015 Joint Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Canada and Entomological Society of Québec, Montréal, QC, Canada, November 8-11, 2015, Presentation.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2015). "American foulbrood: Diagnosis and management.", Eastern Apicultural Society Short Course, Guelph, ON, Canada, August 10-11, 2015.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2015). "An introduction to honey bee diseases and pests.", Molecular Diagnostics of Honey Bee Pathogens: Second Annual Invitational Workshop, Beaverlodge, AB, Canada, March 23-27, 2015.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2015). "Breeding for disease resistance using proteomic markers.", 2015 Eastern Apicultural Society General Conference, Guelph, ON, Canada, August 12-14, 2015.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2015). "Canadian honey bee health survey: Interim report: Year 1.", Bee Health National Round Table Meeting, Ottawa, ON, Canada, March 5, 2015.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2015). "Pollinator health.", St. Joseph’s Church Development and Peace Lenten Speaker Series, Grande Prairie, AB, Canada, March 20, 2015. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F. (2015). "Residues in hive and honey products.", Eastern Apicultural Society Short Course, Guelph, ON, Canada, August 10-11, 2015.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2015). "The honey bee health project: What have we learned so far?", 2015 Eastern Apicultural Society General Conference, Guelph, ON, Canada, August 12-14, 2015.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2015). "The honey bee health survey in Canada: Project start and future plans.", Bee Informed Partnership - Fourth Annual Conference, Anaheim, CA, USA, January 5-6, 2015. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F. (2015). "What’s New in the Bee Lab?", 62nd Annual Beaverlodge Beekeepers’ Field Day, Beaverlodge, AB, Canada, June 19, 2015.
  • Pernal, S.F. and Thompson, T.S. (2015). "Introduction to the bee health project and preliminary report on neonicotinoid residues in Alberta.", Canadian Honey Council / Canadian Association of Professional Apiculturists National Research Symposium, Moncton, NB, Canada, January 29-30, 2015. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F., Guarna, M.M., and Hoover, S.E.R. (2015). "Assessing Risk Factors Associated with Honey Bee Colony Survival in Canada.", 44th Apimondia International Apicultural Congress, Daejeon, South Korea, September 15-19, 2015, BHO-047, pp. 202. (Abstract)
  • Pernal, S.F., Guarna, M.M., and Hoover, S.E.R. (2015). "Effects of Fumagillin Treatment and Supplemental Feeding on Colony Survival.", Canadian Association of Professional Apiculturist Research Symposium and SBA Annual Convention, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, December 2-4, 2015, Presentation.
  • Pernal, S.F., Hoover, S.E.R., and Guarna, M.M. (2015). "Assessing risk factors associated with honey bee colony survival in Canada.", British Columbia Honey Producers Association Annual General Meeting, Courtenay, BC, Canada, October15-18, 2015.
  • Pernal, S.F., Hoover, S.E.R., and Guarna, M.M. (2015). "Does treating with fumagillin and feeding pollen benefit your bees?", Edmonton District Beekeepers’ Association, Edmonton, AB, Canada, November 3, 2015. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F., Hoover, S.E.R., and Guarna, M.M. (2015). "Effects of fumagillin treatment and supplemental feeding on colony survival.", Alberta Beekeepers Commission 82nd Annual General Meeting and Convention, Edmonton, AB, Canada, November 2-4, 2015, Oral Presentations.
  • Pernal, S.F., Keddie, A.B., and MacInnis, C. (2015). "How Long do Nosema Spores Survive?", 62nd Annual Beaverlodge Beekeepers’ Field Day, Beaverlodge, AB, Canada, June 19, 2015, Oral Presentations.
  • Pernal, S.F., MacInnis, C., Wolf Veiga, P., and Castillo, C. (2015). "Short course for GPRC beekeeping technician trainees on molecular testing of bee diseases, queen spermatheca dissection, Nosema spore viability testing, VSH determinations, AFB detection and control.", AAFC Beaverlodge Research Farm, June 29-30, 2015. (Presentation)
  • Robinson, S.J., Cartar, R.V., Hoover, S.E.R., and Pernal, S.F. (2015). "Pollination, insect visitation, and nectar availability in commercial canola (Brassica napus L.)", 63rd Entomological Society of Alberta Annual General Meeting, Jasper, AB, Canada, October 1-3, 2015, Presentation.
  • Thompson, T.S., van den Heever, J.P., and Pernal, S.F. (2015). "Neonicotinoids in honey bee-collected pollen.", Beekeeping for the Future – Integrated Beekeeping Systems and Integrated Pest Management 2015 Workshop, Edmonton, AB, Canada, February 10-11, 2015, Oral Presentations.
  • van den Heever, J.P., Thompson, T.S., Curtis, J.M., and Pernal, S.F. (2015). "Fumagillin and scientific advances for Nosema control.", Beekeeping for the Future – Integrated Beekeeping Systems and Integrated Pest Management 2015 Workshop, Edmonton, AB, Canada, February 10-11, 2015.

2014

  • Chen, Y.-Y., Cornman, S., Pettis, J.S., Zhao, Y., Liu, T., Tallon, L.J., Sadzewicz, L.D., Li, R., Zheng, H., Huang, S., Zhang, X.D., Hamilton, M.C., Pernal, S.F., Melathopoulos, A.P., Yan, X., and Evans, J.D. (2014). "Genomic characteristics and comparative genomics analysis of microsporidian parasites Nosema ceranae and N. apis reveal novel insights into host-parasite interactions in honey bees, Apis mellifera.", 62nd Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, Portland, OR, USA, November 16-19, 2014. (Poster)
  • Foster, L.J., Guarna, M.M., and Pernal, S.F. (2014). "From the UBC research lab: The BeeIPM project.", Bee Scene, 30(2), pp. 20-21.
  • Foster, L.J., Hoover, S.E.R., Guarna, M.M., Currie, R.W., and Pernal, S.F. (2014). "Marker Assisted Selection Program Update.", Bee Scene, 30(4), pp. 10-11.
  • Foster, L.J., Hoover, S.E.R., and Pernal, S.F. (2014). "Modern molecular tools for guiding selective breeding in bees – current progress and future prospects for industrial-scale breeding of queens in Canada.", Alberta Beekeepers Commission Annual General Meeting, Edmonton, AB, Canada, November 3-5, 2014. (Presentation)
  • Guarna, M.M., Iovinella, I., Moon, K.-M., Huxter, E., Michaud, S., Parker, R., Melathopoulos, A.P., Pernal, S.F., and Foster, L.J. (2014). "A model on the role of odorant binding proteins in social immunity.", Entomology 2014: 62nd Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, Portland, OR, USA, November 16-19, 2014, Presentation.
  • Hoover, S.E.R. and Pernal, S.F. (2014). "Update on the BeeIPM project.", 61st Beaverlodge Beekeepers’ Field Day, Beaverlodge, AB, Canada, June 20, 2014. (Presentation)
  • Hoover, S.E.R., Pernal, S.F., Ibrahim, A.A., Foster, L.J., Guarna, M.M., Currie, R.W., Higo, H.A., and Huxter, E. (2014). "Results from the BeeIPM Project.", British Columbia Honey Producers Association Annual General Meeting, Richmond, BC, Canada, September 25-27, 2014. (Presentation)
  • Kozak, P., Pernal, S.F., Kempers, M., Lafrenière, R., Leboeuf, A., Nasr, M., Wilson, G., Morris, J., Van Westendorp, P., Maund, C., Jordan, C., Tattrie, S., and Ostermann, D. (2014). "CAPA statement on honey bee wintering losses in Canada.", HiveLights, 27(4), pp. 7-8.
  • MacInnis, C., Keddie, A.B., and Pernal, S.F. (2014). "Temporal patterns of spore viability for the honey bee parasite Nosema ceranae.", 62nd Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Alberta, Lethbridge, AB, Canada, October 16-18, 2014, Presentation.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2014). "AAFC research on honey bee health.", Presentation to the Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s, Policy and Programs Management Committee Meeting, Ottawa, ON, Canada, February 4, 2014. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F. (2014). "Honey bee health surveillance in Canada: Project description.", National Honey Bee Health Round Table Meeting, Ottawa, ON, Canada, October 3, 2014. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F. (2014). "Pollinator Health.", Federal/Provincial/Territorial Committee on Pest Management & Pesticides Annual Meeting, Kelowna, BC, Canada, October 21-23, 2014. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F. (2014). "The bee health project: An overview.", 61st Beaverlodge Beekeepers’ Field Day, Beaverlodge, AB, Canada, June 20, 2014. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F. (2014). "The status of Canada’s bees...and research we have been working on.", Presentation to Swan City Rotary Club, Grande Prairie, AB, Canada, August 27, 2014. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F. and Thompson, T.S. (2014). "Survey of chemical residues in Alberta hive products.", Alberta Beekeepers Commission Annual General Meeting, Edmonton, AB, Canada, November 3-5, 2014. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2014). "BeeIPM: Next generation Integrated Pest Management Tools for Beekeeping – Aim 3 Update.", Presentation to the Scientific Advisory Board of Genome Canada Project, Vancouver, BC, Canada, April 11, 2014. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F., Ibrahim, A.A., Hoover, S.E.R., Currie, R.W., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2014). "Next generation IPM tools for beekeeping: progress after three generations.", American Bee Research Conference 2014, San Antonio, TX, USA, January 10-11, 2014, American Bee Journal 154(4): 457-458.
  • Pernal, S.F., Ibrahim, A.A., Hoover, S.E.R., Currie, R.W., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2014). "Progress in proteomic marker-assisted selection for honey bees (Apis mellifera).", 62nd Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, Portland, OR, USA, November 16-19, 2014.
  • Pernal, S.F., Ibrahim, A.A., Peirson, M., Masson, A., and Wolf Veiga, P. (2014). "Short course for GPRC beekeeping technician trainees on molecular testing of bee diseases, acaricide resistance testing, VSH determinations, AFB detection and control.", AAFC Beaverlodge Research Farm, June 25-26, 2014. (Presentation)
  • Robinson, S.J., Cartar, R.V., Hoover, S.E.R., and Pernal, S.F. (2014). "Determinants of pollination, insect visitation, and nectar availability in commercial canola (Brassica napus L.)", 62nd Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Alberta, Lethbridge, AB, Canada, October 16-18, 2014, Presentation.
  • Thompson, T.S. and Pernal, S.F. (2014). "Neonicotinoid residues in Alberta hives.", 61st Beaverlodge Beekeepers’ Field Day, Beaverlodge, AB, Canada, June 20, 2014. (Presentation)
  • Thompson, T.S., van den Heever, J.P., and Pernal, S.F. (2014). "Development and application of an analytical method for the determination of neonicotinoid insecticide residues in trapped pollen by LC-MS/MS.", 51st North American Chemical Residue Workshop, St. Pete Beach, FL, USA, July 20-23, 2014. (Poster)

2013

  • Boucher, C., Eccles, L., Head, K., Jordan, C., Kozak, P., Lafrenière, R., Maund, C., Moran, J., Nasr, M., Ostermann, D., Pernal, S.F., Van Westendorp, P., and Wilson, G. (2013). "CAPA Statement on Honey Bee Wintering Losses in Canada (2013).", HiveLights, 26(4), pp. 7-8.
  • Currie, R.M., Pernal, S.F., Hoover, S.E.R., Desai, S., Huxter, E., Higo, H.A., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2013). "If the old approach is not working use plan BEE. New techniques for old problems in the study bee diseases.", Joint Annual Meeting of the Entomological Societies of Ontario and Canada, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, October 20-23, 2013.
  • Foster, L.J., Guarna, M.M., Bixby, M., Hoover, S.E.R., and Pernal, S.F. (2013). "From the UBC research lab: Marker-assisted selective breeding of hygienic behaviour.", Bee Scene, 29(4), pp. 11.
  • Foster, L.J., Guarna, M.M., and Pernal, S.F. (2013). "Update on the Bee IPM Project.", British Columbia Honey Producers Association Annual General Meeting, Educational Conference and Trade Show, Kelowna, BC, Canada, October 25-27, 2013.
  • Foster, L.J., Guarna, M.M., and Pernal, S.F. (2013). Genome Canada Interim Review Report of 2010 Large-Scale Applied Research Project: Proteomic marker-assisted selection in honey bees: Interim Report to Genome Canada, 5 April 2013, 47 pp. plus Appendices. (Report)
  • Guarna, M.M., Bundala, M., Moon, K.-M., White, R., Parker, R., Huxter, E., Melathopoulos, A.P., Pernal, S.F., and Foster, L.J. (2013). "Integration of proteomics and phenotypic data to elucidate mechanisms of social immunity.", HUPO 2013 XII Annual World Congress, Yokohama, Japan, September 14-18, 2013.
  • Guarna, M.M., Domanski, D., Jackson, A., Moon, K.-M., Yang, J., Hoover, S.E.R., White, R., Pernal, S.F., Borchers, C.H., and Foster, L.J. (2013). "Biomarker discovery and validation using quantitative proteomics.", HUPO 2012 XI World Congress, Boston, MA, USA, September 9-13, 2012.
  • Guarna, M.M., Moon, K.-M., White, R., Smith, D.C., Huxter, E., Higo, H.A., Hoover, S.E.R., Ibrahim, A.A., Currie, R.M., Pernal, S.F., Borchers, C.H., and Foster, L.J. (2013). "MRM-based biomarkers of social immunity in honey bees. Their successful application in a marker-assisted selective breeding program.", 5th Annual Canadian National Proteomics Network Symposium, Vancouver, BC, Canada, April 22-24, 2013.
  • Hoover, S.E.R., Ibrahim, A.A., Higo, H.A., Huxter, E., Guarna, M.M., Foster, L.J., and Pernal, S.F. (2013). "Proteomic marker-assisted selection to breed for resistance of American foulbrood.", 43rd Apimondia International Apicultural Congress, Kiev, Ukraine, September 29-October 4, 2013. (Poster)
  • Hoover, S.E.R., Pernal, S.F., Ibrahim, A.A., and Currie, R.M. (2013). "Parasite and pathogen loads of honey bee colonies in western Canada: impacts on honey production and colony loss.", Alberta Beekeepers Commission Annual General Meeting 2013, Edmonton, AB, Canada, November 4-6, 2013.
  • Ibrahim, A.A., Hoover, S.E.R., and Pernal, S.F. (2013). "Update on the BeeIPM project: F1 results and summer plans.", 60th Beaverlodge Beekeepers’ Field Day, Beaverlodge, AB, Canada, June 21, 2013. (Presentation)
  • Ibrahim, A.A., Pernal, S.F., and Melathopoulos, A.P. (2013). "The biology, disinfection and chemotherapy of Nosema ceranae.", 71st Annual Canadian Honey Council Meeting, Fort Garry Hotel, Winnipeg, MB, Canada, January 26-28, 2012, Published in: Hivelights, 25.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2013). "Advances in American foulbrood diagnosis and control.", Lecture to First Course in Honey Bee Molecular Diagnostics, hosted by the National Bee Diagnostic Centre and AAFC, Beaverlodge, AB, Canada, August 29, 2013. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F. (2013). "American foulbrood diagnosis and management in Canada.", Swedish Professional Beekeepers’ Conference on Bee Health, Swedish Agricultural University, Uppsala, Sweden, December 7-8, 2013.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2013). "BeeIPM: Next generation Integrated Pest Management Tools for Beekeeping – Review of Aim 3 Progress for Summer 2013", Aim 3 Working Group, Kelowna, BC, Canada, October 26, 2013. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F. (2013). "Beekeeping in Canada and Nosema management.", Swedish Professional Beekeepers’ Conference on Bee Health, Swedish Agricultural University, Uppsala, Sweden, December 7-8, 2013.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2013). "Current AAFC honey bee research.", First Anniversary Celebration of the National Bee Diagnostic Centre, Beaverlodge, AB, Canada, September 5, 2013. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F. (2013). "Honey bee health.", Presentation to Director Generals’Policy and Planning Committee of AAFC, Science and Technology Branch, Ottawa, ON, Canada, December 13, 2013. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F. (2013). "Importance of bees and bee health in the production of honey, food and seed in Canada to the Senate.", Presentation representing AAFC, Ottawa, ON, Canada, December 12, 2013, published in Proceedings of the Standing Senate Committee on Agriculture and Forestry Issue 2 - Evidence. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F. (2013). "Sixty years of field days in Beaverlodge.", 60th Beaverlodge Beekeepers’ Field Day, Beaverlodge, AB, Canada, June 21, 2013. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F. (2013). "The BeeIPM project: disease and mite resistance using marker-assisted selection.", Swedish Professional Beekeepers’ Conference on Bee Health, Swedish Agricultural University, Uppsala, Sweden, December 7-8, 2013.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2013). "The national bee diagnostic centre: inaugural year activities.", Saskatchewan Beekeepers' Association Annual General Meeting, Waskesiu, SK, Canada, November 27-29, 2013.
  • Pernal, S.F. and Foster, L.J. (2013). "Research Report: Next-Generation Integrated Pest Management for Beekeeping.", Canadian Association of Professional Apiculturists 2013, Quebec City, Canada, November 15, 2013, pp. 104-105. (Abstract)
  • Pernal, S.F. and others (2013). Honey Bee Biosecurity Checklist., Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). (Manual)
  • Pernal, S.F. and others (2013). Honey Bee Producer Guide to the National Bee Farm-Level Biosecurity Standard., Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). (Manual)
  • Pernal, S.F. and others (2013). National Bee Farm-Level Biosecurity Standard., Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). (Manual)
  • Pernal, S.F., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2013). "BeeIPM: Next generation Integrated Pest Management Tools for Beekeeping.", Genome Canada Large Scale Applied Research Project Review Committee, Vancouver, BC, Canada, May 23, 2013. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2013). "BeeIPM: Next generation Integrated Pest Management Tools for Beekeeping.", Scientific Advisory Board of Genome Canada Project, Vancouver, BC, Canada, February 27, 2013. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2013). "BeeIPM: Next generation Integrated Pest Management Tools for Beekeeping.", Scientific Advisory Board of Genome Canada Project, Vancouver, BC, Canada, September 23, 2013. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F., Hoover, S.E.R., Ibrahim, A.A., and Currie, R.M. (2013). "Update on the Bee IPM Project.", Alberta Beekeepers Commission Annual General Meeting 2013, Edmonton, AB, Canada, November 4-6, 2013.
  • Pernal, S.F., Ibrahim, A.A., Hoover, S.E.R., Currie, R.W., Higo, H.A., Huxter, E., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2013). "Developing new tools for selecting disease and mite resistant bees: An update on the Bee IPM project.", 2013 North American Beekeeping Conference, Hershey, PA, USA, January 9-12, 2013.
  • Pernal, S.F., Ibrahim, A.A., Hoover, S.E.R., Currie, R.W., Higo, H.A., Huxter, E., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2013). "Evaluation of proteomic marker-assisted selection in honey bees.", 43rd Apimondia International Apicultural Congress, Kiev, Ukraine, September 29-October 4, 2013, pp. 190-191.
  • Pernal, S.F., Ibrahim, A.A., Hoover, S.E.R., Currie, R.W., Higo, H.A., Huxter, E., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2013). "Proteomic marker-assisted selection in honey bees: Year 2 update from the BeeIPM project.", American Bee Research Conference 2013, Hershey, PA, USA, January 11, 2013, In: American Bee Journal 153(3): 308-309.
  • Pernal, S.F., Ibrahim, A.A., Hoover, S.E.R., Currie, R.W., Higo, H.A., Huxter, E., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2013). "The BeeIPM project: advances in disease and mite resistance using marker-assisted selection.", Saskatchewan Beekeepers' Association Annual General Meeting, Waskesiu, SK, Canada, November 27-29, 2013.
  • Pernal, S.F., Ibrahim, A.A., Hoover, S.E.R., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2013). "Proteomic marker-assisted selection for resistance to American foulbrood.", 9th COLOSS Conference, Kiev, Ukraine, September 27-29, 2013.
  • Pernal, S.F., Ibrahim, A.A., Peirson, M., Masson, A., and Wolf-Viega, P. (2013). "Short Course for GPRC beekeeping technician trainees on molecular testing of bee diseases, acaricide resistance testing, VSH determinations, AFB detection and control.", AAFC Beaverlodge Research Farm, June 26-27, 2013. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F., Pettis, J.S., Melathopoulos, A.P., and Thompson, T.S. (2013). "Research Report: Integrated management of Nosema and detection of antibiotic residues.", Canadian Association of Professional Apiculturists 2013, Quebec City, Canada, November 15, 2013, pp. 100-101. (Abstract)
  • Pernal, S.F., Thompson, T.S., Appleyard, G., and Best, N. (2013). "Research Report: Detection of chemical residues in hive products.", Canadian Association of Professional Apiculturists 2013, Quebec City, Canada, November 15, 2013, pp. 102-103. (Abstract)
  • Pernal, S.F., van den Heever, J.P., Ibrahim, A.A., and Melathopoulos, A.P. (2013). "The honey bee parasite, Nosema ceranae: biology, management and future directions.", Symposium: The Canadian Pollination Initiative: five years of integrative research addressing pollination decline in Canada. Joint Annual Meeting of the Entomological Societies of Ontario and Canada, Guelph, ON, Canada, October 20-23, 2013.

2012

  • Guarna, M.M., Hoover, S.E.R., Melathopoulos, A.P., Pernal, S.F., and Foster, L.J. (2012). "Using quantitative proteomics to develop IPM tools for managing bee pathogens.", 2012 American Bee Research Conference, APHIS Headquarters, Greenbelt, MD, USA, February 7-8, 2012. (Abstract)
  • Guarna, M.M., Parker, R., Melathopoulos, A.P., Hoover, S.E.R., Moon, K.-M., Huxter, E., White, R., Pernal, S.F., and Foster, L.J. (2012). "Protein profiling reveals molecular mechanisms of social immunity.", Apimondia Symposium 2012, Quebec City, QC, Canada, November 16-18, 2012, pp. 62-63.
  • Higo, H.A., Huxter, E., Currie, R.W., Pernal, S.F., and Hoover, S.E.R. (2012). "Next Generation Integrated Pest Management for Beekeeping.", Langley Beekeepers Club Symposium, Langley, BC, Canada, September 29, 2012, invited talk.
  • Hoover, S.E.R. and Pernal, S.F. (2012). "AAFC Beaverlodge Research Farm Station – Running Afoul of Foulbrood?", Alberta Bee News, 2012(February).
  • Hoover, S.E.R. and Pernal, S.F. (2012). "Honey bee pathogens in western Canada 2011-2012 - BEE IPM Survey.", Langley Beekeepers Club Symposium, Langley, BC, Canada, September 29, 2012, invited talk.
  • Hoover, S.E.R. and Pernal, S.F. (2012). "Update on the Bee IPM Project: Pathogen status in western Canada.", 59th Beaverlodge Beekeepers’ Field Day, Beaverlodge, AB, Canada, June 22, 2012. (Presentation)
  • Hoover, S.E.R., Ibrahim, A.A., and Pernal, S.F. (2012). "AFB resistance of selected stocks - Results from the first generation of the Bee-IPM breeding program.", Alberta Beekeepers Commission Annual General Meeting, Edmonton, AB, Canada, November 5-7, 2012.
  • Hoover, S.E.R., Masson, A., Melathopoulos, A.P., Ibrahim, A.A., Currie, R.W., Higo, H.A., Huxter, E., Guarna, M.M., Foster, L.J., and Pernal, S.F. (2012). "Status of honey bee pathogens across Western Canada.", Apimondia Symposium 2012, Quebec City, QC, Canada, November 16-18, 2012, Poster.
  • Hoover, S.E.R., Masson, A., and Pernal, S.F. (2012). "Honey Bee IPM project update. Part I- Results from our 2011 Western Canadian pathogen survey.", Bee Scene Summer, 28(2), pp. 12-13.
  • Hoover, S.E.R., Pernal, S.F., Melathopoulos, A.P., Foster, L.J., Guarna, M.M., Huxter, E., and Higo, H.A. (2012). "Next-generation Integrated Pest Management tools for Beekeeping.", 2012 Canadian Beekeeping Conference, Winnipeg, MB, Canada, January 26-28, 2012.
  • Melathopoulos, A.P., Pernal, S.F., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2012). "Next-generation Integrated Pest Management tools for Beekeeping.", 2012 Alberta Beekeepers Commission Annual General Meeting, Edmonton, AB, Canada, November 16-18, 2012. (Presentation)
  • Parker, R., Guarna, M.M., Melathopoulos, A.P., Moon, K.-M., White, R., Huxter, E., Pernal, S.F., and Foster, L.J. (2012). "Proteomic analysis provides insight on the mechanism of social immunity in honey bees.", 60th American Society for Mass Spectrometry Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, Vancouver, BC, Canada, May 20-24, 2012.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2012). "Beekeeping Research in Canada.", Central New Jersey State Beekeepers Association, Rutgers, New Jersey, USA, October 26, 2012, invited talk.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2012). "CAPA Statement on Honey Bee Losses in Canada (2011).", HiveLights, 25(1), pp. 20.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2012). "Management and Control of American Foulbrood Disease.", Bee Masters 2012 Advanced Beekeeping Course, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada, February 20-24, 2012.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2012). "Residues in Honey and Hive Products.", Bee Masters 2012 Advanced Beekeeping Course, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada, February 20-24, 2012.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2012). "The APIS project: New tools for bee breeding - relationships between resistance traits.", BCHPA Educational Conference, Richmond, BC, Canada, October 20-23, 2011. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F. (2012). "The biology and control of Nosema.", Bee Masters 2012 Advanced Beekeeping Course, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada, February 20-24, 2012.
  • Pernal, S.F. and Foster, L.J. (2012). "Research Report: Next-Generation Integrated Pest Management for Beekeeping.", 2012, Winnipeg, MB, Canada, January 26, 2012, pp. 50. (Abstract)
  • Pernal, S.F., Cardinal, S., and Javorek, S.K. (2012). "The Importance, Diversity and Status of Canada’s Pollinator Resources: A Synthesis of Current AAFC Research.", Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) Research Branch Speaker Series, National Headquarters Complex for the Agriculture Portfolio (NHCAP), Ottawa, ON, Canada, June 26, 2012. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F., Hoover, S.E.R., Higo, H.A., Huxter, E., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2012). "Proteomic marker-assisted selection in honey bees.", Entomological Society of America (ESA) 60th Annual Meeting, Knoxville Convention Centre, Knoxville, TN, USA, November 11-14, 2012, #1287.
  • Pernal, S.F., Hoover, S.E.R., Masson, A., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2012). "Next-generation Integrated Pest Management Tools for Beekeeping: Project Plans and Colony Surveys.", 2012 American Bee Research Conference, APHIS Headquarters, Greenbelt, MD, USA, February 7-8, 2012. (Abstract)
  • Pernal, S.F., Hoover, S.E.R., Melathopoulos, A.P., Higo, H.A., Huxter, E., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2012). "Marker-assisted selection in honey bees using proteins.", Apimondia Symposium 2012, Quebec City, QC, Canada, November 16-18, 2012, Invited talk, pp. 60-61.
  • Pernal, S.F., Ibrahim, A.A., Hoover, S.E.R., Currie, R.M., Higo, H.A., Huxter, E., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2012). "Integrated pest management tools for beekeeping: Year 2 update on breeding progress.", Innovation in Apiculture: British Columbia Honey Producers Association Annual General Meeting, Educational Conference and Trade Show, Kamloops, BC, Canada, November 8-10, 2012.
  • van den Heever, J.P., Curtis, J., Thompson, T.S., Ibrahim, A.A., and Pernal, S.F. (2012). "Current and novel chemotherapies against Nosema disease.", North American Beekeeping Conference and Tradeshow 2012, Las Vegas, NV, USA, January 10-14, 2012. (Poster)

2011

  • Foster, L.J., Parker, R., Guarna, M.M., Melathopoulos, A.P., White, R., Huxter, E., and Pernal, S.F. (2011). "Proteomic profiling to discover markers of hygienic behaviour and Varroa-sensitive hygiene.", 2nd Honey Bee Genomics & Biology Workshop, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York, USA, May 8-10, 2011, Oral presentation.
  • Guarna, M.M. and Pernal, S.F. (2011). "Next Generation IPM tools to Reduce Colony Losses.", XLII Apimondia International Apicultural Congress, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 21-25, 2011.
  • Guarna, M.M., Melathopoulos, A.P., Pernal, S.F., and Foster, L.J. (2011). "An IPM approach to improve bee health using tools discovered by quantitative proteomics.", XLII Apimondia International Apicultural Congress, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 21-27, 2011. (Presentation)
  • Ibrahim, A.A. and Pernal, S.F. (2011). "Beaverlodge Nosema Research.", 58th Annual Beaverlodge Beekeepers’ Field Day, Beaverlodge, AB, Canada, June 24, 2011.
  • Ibrahim, A.A., Melathopoulos, A.P., and Pernal, S.F. (2011). "Evaluating methods of disinfecting Nosema ceranae-contaminated comb.", 44th Annual Meeting of the Society for Invertebrate Pathology, Halifax, NS, Canada, August 7-11, 2011.
  • Melathopoulos, A.P. and Pernal, S.F. (2011). "Research Activities at Beaverlodge Research Farm.", Lethbridge Hybrid Canola Pollination Tour, Lethbridge, AB, Canada, July 12, 2011.
  • Melathopoulos, A.P. and Pernal, S.F. (2011). "Update on AAFC-UBC BeeIPM Project.", 58th Annual Beaverlodge Beekeepers’ Field Day, Beaverlodge, AB, June 24, 2011. (Presentation)
  • Melathopoulos, A.P., Pernal, S.F., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2011). "Variability and correlations among traits associated with varroa mite resistance in a Canadian breeding population.", Joint Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of Canada and Acadian Entomological Society, Halifax, NS, Canada, November 6-9, 2011. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F. (2011). "Evaluating Varroa Sensitve Hygiene in Honey Bee Colonies.", Measuring Varroa Resistant Traits Workshop, Duncan, BC, Canada, July 2011. (Workshop)
  • Pernal, S.F. (2011). "Next generation IPM tools for beekeeping: An update of current and future project plans.", Alberta Beekeepers Commission Annual General Meeting, Edmonton, AB, Canada, November 7-9, 2011. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F. (2011). "Next-generation Integrated Pest Management tools for beekeeping (BeeIPM).", Measuring Varroa-Resistant Traits Workshop, Duncan, BC, Canada, July 2011. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F. (2011). "What’s new in research in Beaverlodge?", Bee a Survivor: British Columbia Honey Producers Association Educational Conference and Annual General Meeting, Richmond, BC, Canada, October 20-23, 2011, pp. 60-62.
  • Pernal, S.F. (2011). CAPA Statement on Honey Bees Losses in Canada (2011)., Canadian Association of Professional Apiculturists (CAPA), Aylesford, NS, Canada. (Report)
  • Pernal, S.F., Foster, L.J., and Baylis, K. (2011). "Research Report: Apis mellifera Proteomics of Innate reSistance (APIS).", Canadian Association of Professional Apiculturists, Markham, ON, Canada, November 27, 2011. (Abstract)
  • Pernal, S.F., Ibrahim, A.A., and Melathopoulos, A.P. (2011). "Disinfection and chemotherapy for Nosema ceranae.", 2011 Alberta Beekeepers Commission Annual General Meeting, Edmonton, AB, Canada, November 7-9, 2011.
  • Pernal, S.F., Ibrahim, A.A., and Melathopoulos, A.P. (2011). "Disinfection and chemotherapy for Nosema ceranae.", OIE Symposium on Diagnosis and Control of Honey Bee Diseases, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 19-20, 2011.
  • Pernal, S.F., Melathopoulos, A.P., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2011). "Potential for Selection Using Protein Biomarkers for Disease and Varroa Resistance.", XLII Apimondia International Apicultural Congress, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 21-27, 2011. (Presentation)
  • Pernal, S.F., Melathopoulos, A.P., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2011). "Potential for using antennal proteins to select for disease and varroa resistance in honey bees.", American Bee Research Conference 2011, Galveston, TX, USA, January 6-7, 2011, In: American Bee Journal 151: 513.
  • Pernal, S.F., Melathopoulos, A.P., Guarna, M.M., and Foster, L.J. (2011). "The APIS project: New tools for bee breeding.", Manitoba Beekeepers’ Association 105th Annual Convention, Winnipeg, MB, Canada, March 4-5, 2011.
  • van den Heever, J.P. and Pernal, S.F. (2011). "Fumagillin: Alternatives Compounds for Nosema control.", 58th Annual Beaverlodge Beekeepers’ Field Day, Beaverlodge, AB, Canada, June 24, 2011.
  • vanEngelsdorp, D., Brodschneider, R., Brostaux, Y., van der Zee, R., Pisa, L., Underwood, R., Lengerich, E.J., Spleen, A., Neumann, P., Wilkins, S., Budge, G.E., Pietravalle, S., Allier, F., Vallon Vallon, J., Human, H., Muz, M., Le Conte, Y., Caron, D., Baylis, K., Haubridge, E., Pernal, S.F., Melathopoulos, A.P., Saegerman, C., Pettis, J.S., and Nguyen, B.K. (2011). "Calculating and reporting managed honey bee colony losses.", in Sammataro, D. and Yoder, J.A. (eds.) - Honey Bee Colony Health: Challenges and Sustainable Solutions, CRC Press Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, FL, USA, pp. 229-236.
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