Baron, Vern, Ph.D.

Research Scientist

Contact Information:

6000 C and E Trail
Lacombe, Alberta T4L 1W1
Telephone: 403-782-8109
Fax: 403-782-6120
Email: vern.baron@agr.gc.ca

Areas of Expertise:

  • pasture management
  • perennial forages
  • cool-season grasses
  • triticale
  • cereals for forage
  • forage beef and physiology
  • crop production systems - 220
  • grazing

Current Projects:

  • Determine the impact of managed intensive grazing and crop type on pasture production and environmental sustainability through studies on: 1) nutrient supplies under summer and stockpiled pasture; 2) impact of managed intensive grazing and N-amendments
  • Extending the grazing season through studies on: 1) weathering effects on yield and quality of dormant grasses; 2) winter weathering effects on corn grown for grazing; and 3) swath grazing dynamics of beef cows during winter
  • Reduce the business risk for the feedlot industry found in backgrounding beef cattle by optimizing pasture beef production systems

Research publications

2016

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

Other science related publications

2017

  • Christie, B. C., Baron, V. S., Young, D., Ohama, A. J., Schellenberg, M., Bertrand, A., and Claessens, A. Genetic relationships between winter-hardy alfalfa varieties. Poster presentation. Cow-Forage Gentec Tour. August 22, 2017. Lacombe Research and Development Centre. Lacombe, AB.
  • Christie, B. C., Baron, V. S., Young, D., Ohama, A. J., Schellenberg, M., Bertrand, A., and Claessens, A. Relationship between late season plant height and winter hardiness in alfalfa. Poster presentation. Cow-Forage Gentec Tour. August 22, 2017. Lacombe Research and Development Centre. Lacombe, AB.
  • Christie, B. C., Baron, V. S., Young, D., Ohama, A. J., Schellenberg, M., Bertrand, A., and Claessens, A. Selection for summer growth and late fall dormancy in different alfalfa varieties. Poster presentation. Cow-Forage Gentec Tour. August 22, 2017. Lacombe Research and Development Centre. Lacombe, AB.
  • Claessens, A. Baron, V., Bertrand, A., Lajeunesse, J. Schellenberg, M. 2017.Prolongation de la productivité des pâturages en fin de saison. Tournée plantes fourragères du CRAAQ. Saint Augustin, 31 mai 2017.

2015

  • Alemu, A.W., Little, S.M., Hao, X., Iwaasa, A.D., Baron, V.S., Chai, L.L., Janzen, H.H., Beauchemin, K.A., Thompson, D., and Kröbel, R. (2015). "Application of life cycle assessment approach to beef production systems in the Canadian prairies with regard to environmental impact and energy use efficiency.", LCA Conference XV - A bright green future, Vancouver, Canada, October 6-8, 2015, Presentation.
  • Baron, V.S., Lemke, R.L., Young, D.G., Harker, K.N., O'Donovan, J.T., and Flesch, T.K. (2015). "Ecosystem carbon balance of field-scale canola and barley in central Alberta.", 14th International Rapeseed Congress, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, July 5-9, 2015, Theme D. (Poster)
  • Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., McKeown, L.E., Juárez, M., Larsen, I.L., Akanno, E.C., Stothard, P., Plastow, G., and Aalhus, J.L. (2015). "Relationships between feed efficiency, carcass quality and meat quality in longissimus steaks from slaughter heifers and steers.", 2nd Symposium of Animal Evaluation and Meat Quality in Pirassununga/SP/Brazil, September 21, 2015.
  • Lemke, R.L., Baron, V.S., Lui, J.L., Farrell, R.E., and Knight, J.D. (2015). "Does canola influence soil-emitted nitrous oxide emissions from crop rotations on the Canadian prairies?", 14th International Rapeseed Congress, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, July 5-9, 2015. (Abstract)

2014

  • Baron, V.S. (2014). "Forage-Beef Research, AAFC Cow-Calf-Forage Centre, Alberta Forage-Beef Centre, Lacombe Research Centre, AAFC.", Invited talk at Samuel Noble Research Foundation, Ardmore, OK, USA, October 7, 2014. (Presentation)
  • Baron, V.S. (2014). "Forage-beef research.", Lacombe Research Centre, October 29, 2014. (Presentation)
  • Baron, V.S. (2014). "Swath Grazing. Nov. 20, 2014."
  • Baron, V.S. (2014). "Swath grazing a winter feeding option for beef cattle. Youtube video. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. http://www.youtube.com/watchTV=RLKGhGy."
  • Baron, V.S., Doce, R.R., Basarab, J.A., Juskiw, P.E., and Kuipers, A. (2014). Innovative swath grazing/increasing forage research capacity. Applied Research partnerships. P. 19-20 in Annual Report 2013-14 Grey Wooded Forage Assoc., Rocky Mountain House, AB. (Report)
  • Harker, K.N., O'Donovan, J.T., Turkington, T.K., Baron, V.S., Blackshaw, R.E., Hall, L.M., Johnson, E.N., Willenborg, C.J., Shirtliffe, S.J., Gulden, R.H., Kobler, J.F., and Pageau, D. (2014). "Delaying herbicide resistance with integrated wild oat (Avena fatua) management.", 2014 Weed Science Society of America (WSSA) and the Canadian Weed Science Society (CWSS) Annual Meeting, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, February 3-6, 2014. (Abstract)
  • Iwaasa, A.D., Baron, V.S., Lemke, R.L., Wang, H., Kröbel, R., Schellenberg, M.P., and McConkey, B.G. (2014). "AGGP Cropping System-Grassland Research and Extension: Semiarid Ecoregion.", AGGP cropping system – grassland research and extension: Semiarid Ecoregion, AAFC-Saskatoon, Saskatoon, Canada, March 20, 2014.
  • Mapiye, C., Aalhus, J.L., Vahmani, P., Rolland, D.C., Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., McAllister, T.A., Block, H.C., Uttaro, B., Procor, S.D., and Dugan, M.E.R (2014). "Subcutaneous biohydrogenation product profiles of steers fed forage-based diets with sunflower-seed and wheat dried distillers' grains with soubles.", ICoMST, Uruguay, August, 2015. (Abstract)
  • Sehn, C., Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., and Aalhus, J.L. (2014). "Exploring new frontiers. The Lacombe Research centre.", in Kostiuk, B. (ed.) - Todays Angus Advantage, pp. 55-56.

2013

  • Baron, V.S. (2013). "Reduce winter feeding costs through swath grazing and use of new varieties.", Lacombe AAFC-ARD Field day, June 25, 2013. (Presentation)
  • Baron, V.S. (2013). "Where are we at with swath grazing. Youtube video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GeQcMjTRoko."
  • Baron, V.S. (2013). Extended grazing research at Lacombe research Centre. August 21, 2013. (Report)
  • Baron, V.S., Doce, R.R., Swift, M.-L., Aljarrah, M., Juskiw, P.E., and Basarab, J.A. (2013). "Use of triticale as an annual forage source.", Saskatchewan Beef Industry ConferenceSaskatoon, SK, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, January 23, 2013. (Presentation)
  • Doce, R.R., Baron, V.S., Basarab, J.A., Juskiw, P.E., and Swift, M.-L. (2013). "The validity of field-scale estimated carrying capacity from plot-scale data for swath grazing systems.", CFGA Annual meeting, Olds, AB, Canada, December 8-11, 2013. (Poster)
  • Furber, D. and Baron, V.S. (2013). "Tighten up with triticale.", Canadian Cattlemen, 2013(April), pp. 22-25.
  • Jégo, G., Bélanger, G., Tremblay, G.F., Jing, Q., and Baron, V.S. (2013). "Performance du modèle STICS pour simuler la croissance et la valeur nutritive de la fléole des prés.", Demi-journée d’information scientifique sur les fourrages 2013, Victoriaville, QC, Canada, February 14, 2013, pp. 27-31.
  • Juskiw, P.E., Swift, M.-L., Baron, V.S., Doce, R.R., and Nyachiro, J.M. (2013). "New tools for breeding forage barley.", ASA/CSSA/SSSA International annual meeting, Tampa, Florida, USA, November 3-6, 2013, Canadian Soc. Agron: 177-178. (Poster)
  • Kielen, A. and Baron, V.S. (2013). "Researchers eye new varieties to boost the savings from swath grazing.", Alberta Farmer Express, 10(17), pp. 11.
  • Mapiye, C., Turner, T.D., Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., Aalhus, J.L., and Dugan, M.E.R (2013). "Subcutaenous fatty acid composition of calf- and yearling-fed steers with and without growht promotants.", World Conference on Animal Production (11th WCAP), Beijing, China, October 15-20, 2013. (Abstract)
  • Mapiye, C., Turner, T.D., Rolland, D.C., Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., McAllister, T.A., Block, H.C., Uttaro, B., Aalhus, J.L., and Dugan, M.E.R (2013). "Beef production and quality of yearling steers fed high-forage diets with flaxseed or sunflower-seed.", CSAS-CMSA Joint Annual Meeting, Banff Park Lodge Resort Hotel and Conference Centre, Banff, AB, Canada, June 18-20, 2013, P29, pp. 37. (Poster)
  • Mapiye, C., Turner, T.D., Rolland, D.C., Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., McAllister, T.A., Block, H.C., Uttaro, B., Aalhus, J.L., and Dugan, M.E.R (2013). "Composition of biohydrogenation intermediates in intramuscular fat of yearling steers fed forage-based diets with supplemental flaxseed or sunflower-seed.", CSAS-CMSA Joint Annual Meeting, Banff Park Lodge Resort Hotel and Conference Centre, Banff, AB, Canada, June 18-20, 2013, P28, pp. 36. (Poster)
  • Mapiye, C., Turner, T.D., Rolland, D.C., Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., McAllister, T.A., Block, H.C., Uttaro, B., Aalhus, J.L., and Dugan, M.E.R (2013). "Effects of feeding flaxseed and sunflower seed diets in high forage diets on biohydrogenation intermediates in adipose tissues of yearling steers.", ADSA-ASAS Joint Annual Meeting, Indianapololis, USA, July 2013. (Abstract)
  • Mapiye, C., Turner, T.D., Rolland, D.C., Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., McAllister, T.A., Block, H.C., Uttaro, B., Aalhus, J.L., and Dugan, M.E.R (2013). "Effects of feeding flaxseed or sunflower-seed in high forage diets on biohydrogenation intermediates in adipose tissues of yearling steers.", ADSA-ASAS Joint Annual Meeting, Indianapololis, USA, July 2013. (Abstract)
  • Thompson, S., Schaefer, A.L., Crow, G.H., Basarab, J.A., Colyn, J.J., Wittenberg, K.M., Baron, V.S., Fitzsimmons, C.J., and Ominski, K.H. (2013). "Predicting residual feed intake in beef bulls by measuring radiated heat loss through infrared thermography.", CSAS-CMSA Joint Annual Meeting, Banff Park Lodge Resort Hotel and Conference Centre, Banff, AB, Canada, June 18-20, 2013, O20-GS, pp. 11.
  • Thompson, S., Ullenboom, T.R., Crow, G.H., Basarab, J.A., Wittenberg, K.M., Baron, V.S., Fitzsimmons, C.J., and Ominski, K.H. (2013). "Repeated measures of residual feed intake in growing beef bulls fed forage and grainbased diets.", CSAS-CMSA Joint Annual Meeting, Banff Park Lodge Resort Hotel and Conference Centre, Banff, AB, Canada, June 18-20, 2013, P13, pp. 29. (Poster)
  • Turner, T.D., Aalhus, J.L., Mapiye, C., Rolland, D.C., Larsen, I.L., Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., McAllister, T.A., Block, H.C., Uttaro, B., and Dugan, M.E.R (2013). "Enriching hamburger with PUFA biohydrogenation products by supplementing steers fed high forage diets with either flaxseed or sunflower seed: Effects of adipose tissue source on palatability and fatty acid composition.", CSAS-CMSA Joint Annual Meeting, Banff Park Lodge Resort Hotel and Conference Centre, Banff, AB, Canada, June 18-20, 2013, P20, pp. 32. (Poster)
  • Turner, T.D., Mapiye, C., Rolland, D.C., Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., McAllister, T.A., Block, H.C., Uttaro, B., Lopez-Campos, O., López-Campos, Ó., Aalhus, J.L., and Dugan, F.M. (2013). "Inclusion of perirenal fat to enhance the bioactive fatty acid content of hamburger.", 2013, Banff, Alberta, Canada, June 18-20, 2013.
  • Ullenboom, T.R., Crow, G.H., Basarab, J.A., Wittenberg, K.M., Baron, V.S., and Ominski, K.H. (2013). "Residual feed intake, enteric methane and carbon dioxide emissions in growing beef bulls.", CSAS-CMSA Joint Annual Meeting, Banff Park Lodge Resort Hotel and Conference Centre, Banff, AB, Canada, June 18-20, 2013, O21-GS, pp. 11.

2012

  • Baron, V.S. (2012). "Review of Environmental Issues facing the beef industry in Alberta.", Lacombe, AB, Canada, May 17, 2012. (Presentation)
  • López-Campos, Ó., Juárez, M., Baron, V.S., Aalhus, J.L., Okine, E.K., Haugen-Kozyra, K., and Basarab, J.A. (2012). "Reducing age at harvest: toward maximizing efficiency in beef production.", 58th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology (ICoMST), Hilton Montréal Bonaventure, Montréal, QC, Canada, August 12-17, 2012, Paper 326.
  • Mapiye, C., Dugan, M.E.R, Juárez, M., Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., Turner, T.D., Yang, X.Q., Aldai, N., and Aalhus, J.L. (2012). "Effect of vitamin E inclusion on trans-18:1 isomers in subcutaneous fat of steers fed a high-barley grain diet.", ADSA-AMPA-ASAS-CSAS-WSASAS 2012 Joint Annual Meeting, Hyatt Regency, Phoenix, AZ, USA, July 15-19, 2012.
  • Mapiye, C., Dugan, M.E.R, Turner, T.D., Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., McAllister, T.A., Block, H.C., and Aalhus, J.L. (2012). "Relationships of trans-18:1 isomers between red blood cells and beef tissues in steers fed red clover silage with/without flaxseed.", 58th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology, Montreal, Canada, August 12-17, 2012.

2011

  • Baron, V.S. (2011). "What about yield?", Alberta Forage Industry Network (AFIN) Annual General Meeting, Lacombe, AB, Canada, March 15, 2011. (Presentation)
  • Baron, V.S., Basarab, J.A., and Aalhus, J.L. (2011). Forage-Beef Research and Extension Vision. Document requested by John Knapp, Deputy Minister, AARD, Alberta, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)/Agriculture et Agroalimentaire Canada (AAC).
  • Baron, V.S., Basarab, J.A., and Kuipers, A. (2011 Internal). Swath grazing corn and triticale in central Alberta. Interim report for Pioneer Hybrid. 5 pp. January 2012. (Report)
  • Baron, V.S., Lemke, R.L., Basarab, J.A., and Iwaasa, A.D. (2011). "Root, residue and removal-C and –N pools compared to above ground production for forage-based management practices.", 2011 ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meeting: Fundamental for life: soil, crop and environmental sciences, San Antonio, TX, USA, October 16-19, 2011, Abstract 67442. (Abstract)
  • Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., López-Campos, Ó., Aalhus, J.L., Haugen-Kozyra, K., and Okine, E.K. (2011). Greenhouse gas emissions from calf- and yearling-fed beef production systems, with and without the use of growth promotants. Full Report for Alberta Livestock and Meat Agency (ALMA) Ltd., Edmonton, AB. (Report)
  • Juárez, M., Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., López-Campos, Ó., Valera, M., and Aalhus, J.L. (2011). "Ante- and post-mortem factors affecting Canadian beef: Relative contribution ot carcass and meat quality.", Livestock Gentec's 2nd Annual Conference: Addressing the Gap Between Discovery and Profitable Adoption, Edmonton, AB, Canada, October 19-20, 2011.
  • Juárez, M., Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., López-Campos, Ó., Valera, M., and Aalhus, J.L. (2011). "Relative contribution of ante- and post-mortem factors to Canadian beef carcass and meat quality.", 57th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology (ICoMST), Ghent, Belgium, August 7-12, 2011, P 318.
  • López-Campos, Ó., Robertson, W.M., Aalhus, J.L., Larsen, I.L., Baron, V.S., Juárez, M., Uttaro, B., Okine, E.K., and Basarab, J.A. (2011). "Effect of production system and implant strategies on steer performance and carcass traits.", Canadian Meat Science Association Annual Meeting, Halifax, NS, Canada, May 4-6, 2011, published in 2011 Annual Meeting Poster Session Abstracts, pp. 17. (Poster)
  • Lemke, R.L., Baron, V.S., Iwaasa, A.D., Farrell, R.E., and Schoenau, J.J. (2011 Internal). Quantifying nitrous oxide emissions resulting from animal manure on pasture, range and paddock by grazing cattle in Canada. Interim report prepared for Greenhouse Gas Division, Science and Technology Branch, Environment Canada., Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)/Agriculture et Agroalimentaire Canada (AAC). (Report)
  • Lemke, R.L., Iwaasa, A.D., Baron, V.S., Farrell, R.E., and Schoenau, J.J. (2011). "Quantifying nitrous oxide emissions resulting from beef cattle urine and dung on semiarid pasture.", 2011 ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meeting: Fundamental for life: soil, crop and environmental sciences, San Antonio, TX, USA, October 16-19, 2011.
  • Nassu, R.T., Dugan, M.E.R, Juárez, M., Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., and Aalhus, J.L. (2011). "Beef quality of animals fed different levels of vitamin E.", 57th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology (ICoMST), Ghent, Belgium, August 7-12, 2011.

2010

  • Baron, V.S. (2010). "Growing triticale, barley and corn for swath grazing.", Tour and talk given to Directors of the Grey Wooded Forage Association, Lacombe Research Station, Lacombe, AB, Canada, August 31, 2010. (Presentation)
  • Baron, V.S. (2010). "Swath grazing triticale and corn.", Tour and talk given to Directors of the Grey Wooded Forage Association, Lacombe Research Station, Lacombe, AB, Canada, February 26, 2010. (Presentation)
  • Baron, V.S. and Basarab, J.A. (2010). "Sustainability of swath-grazing beef cows in winter.", 2010 ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meeting, Long Beach Convention Center, Long Beach, CA, USA, October 31-November 4, 2010, 370-2.
  • Baron, V.S., Young, D.G., Salmon, D.F., Basarab, J.A., and Oba, M. (2010). "Increasing the yield of swath-grazed small-grain cereals.", 2010 ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meeting, Long Beach Convention Center, Long Beach, CA, USA, October 31-November 4, 2010, 79-4, [CD-ROM].
  • Iwaasa, A.D., Buckley, K.E., Baron, V.S., Wang, H., McConkey, B.G., and others (2010 Internal). Grassland/beef management impacts on greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions in prairie ecosystems. Annual Research Project Progress Report., Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)/Agriculture et Agroalimentaire Canada (AAC). (Report)
  • Juárez, M., Dugan, M.E.R, Aalhus, J.L., Aldai, N., Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., and McAllister, T.A. (2010). "Effects of dietary flax and Vitamin E on beef intramuscular fat concentration of biohydrogenation products.", 56th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology (ICoMST), Jeju, South Korea, August 15-20, 2010.
  • Juárez, M., Dugan, M.E.R, Aalhus, J.L., Aldai, N., Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., and McAllister, T.A. (2010). "Effects of dietary flax and vitamin E on beef quality in feedlot cattle.", 90th Annual Conference of the Canadian Meat Council, Fairmont Empress Victoria Conference Centre, Victoria, BC, Canada, May 5-7, 2010. (Abstract)

2009

  • Baron, V.S. (2009). "Grassland agricultural systems vary as sinks and sources depending on management.", Renewable Resources Seminar Series, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada, November 19, 2009. (Presentation)
  • Baron, V.S. (2009). "Swath grazing with triticale.", Seminar made to producers and seed industry, Barrhead, AB, Canada, December 8, 2009. (Presentation)
  • Baron, V.S., Basarab, J.A., Aasen, A., Salmon, D.F., and Kuipers, A. (2009). "Reducing the cost of swath grazing.", Growing Canadian Agri-Innovations Program: Growing Forward Programs launch, Lacombe, AB, Canada, May 29, 2009. (Presentation)
  • Baron, V.S., Lemke, R.L., Young, D.G., Basarab, J.A., Naeth, M.A., and Iwaasa, A.D. (2009). "Pasture type and site effects on annual nitrous oxide emission rate.", 62nd Society for Range Management Annual Meeting, Albuquerque Convention Center, Albuquerque, NM, USA, February 8-12, 2009, Paper No. 100-4. (Abstract)
  • Baron, V.S., Lemke, R.L., Young, D.G., Basarab, J.A., and Iwaasa, A.D. (2009). "Nitrous oxide emission from old and new pastures.", 2009 ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, November 1-5, 2009. (Abstract)
  • Baron, V.S., Salmon, D.F., and Basarab, J.A. (2009). "Development of Triticale as a Forage and Pasture in Alberta, Canada.", 7th International Triticale Symposium, 2009 CIMMYT, Ciudad Obregón, Sonora, México, March 23-26, 2009, pp. 6.
  • Baron, V.S., Young, D.G., and Basarab, J.A. (2009). "Comparing risk for default, improved-perennial and annual pastures in beef backgrounding systems.", 2009 ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, November 1-5, 2009. (Abstract)
  • Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., Aalhus, J.L., Robertson, W.M., Sehn, C., Johnston, S., Young, S., Ohama, A.J., Okine, E.K., and Untershultz, J. (2009). "Reduced days to slaughter.", Growing Canadian Agri-Innovations Program: Growing Forward Programs launch, Lacombe, AB, Canada, May 29, 2009. (Presentation)
  • Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., Aalhus, J.L., Robertson, W.M., and Okine, E.K. (2009). "Reduced age at harvest in youthful beef cattle.", 4th Biennial Conference Capturing Feed Grain and Forage Opportunities, Red Deer, AB, Canada, December 9-10, 2009.
  • Basarab, J.A., Baron, V.S., and Okine, E.K. (2009). "Discovering nutrition related opportunities in the carbon credit system for beef cattle.", 30th Western Nutrition Conference, Fort Garry Hotel, Winnipeg, MB, Canada, September 23-24, 2009, pp. 241-260.
  • Dick, A.C. and Baron, V.S. (2009). "Nutrient Management on Intensively Managed Pastures.", published in AgriFacts, Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, Edmonton, AB, Canada, pp. 11. (Factsheet)
  • Lemke, R.L., Baron, V.S., Iwaasa, A.D., Farrell, R.E., and Schoneau, J.J. (2009 Internal). Quantifying nitrous oxide emissions resulting from animal manure on pasture, range and paddock by grazing cattle in Canada. Interim report for Environment Canada. (Report)
  • Scott, S.L. and Baron, V.S. (2009 Internal). Complementary annual pastures to fill perennial pasture production gaps and enhance feasibility of forage-finished beef. Interim report for Greencover Canada Technical Assistance Program. (Report)
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