Canadian Drought Monitor

The Canadian Drought Monitor (CDM) is Canada's official source for the monitoring and reporting of drought in Canada. From this page you can access a variety of products and information about current drought conditions across the country.

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Map of Canada showing drought conditions at the end of October, 2017. Drought levels, in increasing order of severity, are as follows: Abnormally Dry, Moderate Drought, Severe Drought, Extreme Drought, and Exceptional Drought. The more severe types of drought are always surrounded by less severe types of drought (for example, wherever there is Moderate Drought, it is surrounded by Abnormally Dry conditions).

Drought conditions are present in:

  • British Columbia:
    • Abnormally Dry conditions in:
      • a pocket north and east of Fort Nelson, along the northeast border of Alberta and south border of North West Territories;
      • a large pocket in the north spanning Dease Lake to Fort St. John;
      • a pocket covering the southern half of the province below Bella Coola and Prince George, down to Vancouver; and
      • an area covering all of Vancouver Island.
    • Moderate Drought in:
      • a large pocket in the southwestern portion half of the province stretching from the Quesnel to the Alberta border encompassing Williams Lake, Revelstoke and Grand Forks.
    • Severe Drought in:
      • a pocket surrounding Kamloops, extending from Nelson to Williams Lake
    • Extreme Drought in:
      • a pocket encompassing Ashcroft to Gang Ranch; and
      • a small pocket surrounding Salmon Arm, extending down to Kelowna.
  • Alberta:
    • Abnormally Dry conditions in:
      • a thin pocket running from the south central British Columbia border to the south central Saskatchewan border surrounding Edmonton and south to Red Deer;
      • a large area encompassing Grande Prairie, Peerless Lake and Rainbow Lake; and
      • a tiny pocket northeast of Hay Camp along the border with the Northwest Territories and Saskatchewan.
    • Moderate Drought in:
      • an area in the north spanning Manning to Fort Vermilion; and
      • a large pocket across the southern part of the province encompassing Banff, Hanna and Medicine Hat.
    • Severe Drought in:
      • a pocket extending from southwestern Saskatchewan to surround Lethbridge and Calgary.
    • Extreme Drought in:
      • a pocket encompassing High River, Claresholm and Brooks
  • Saskatchewan:
    • Abnormally Dry conditions in:
      • a tiny pocket north of Lake Athabasca;
      • a pocket north and west of Reindeer Lake, including Wollaston Lake; and
      • a thin pocket stretching from the central Alberta border to north of Prince Albert.
    • Moderate Drought in:
      • a thin pocket in the south encompassing spanning east to west of the province from Yorkton to Kindersley, surrounding Prince Albert
    • Severe Drought in:
      • A small pocket encompassing Prince Albert and Melfort; and
      • a pocket surround the south central region spanning Maple Creek, Outlook and Indian Head.
    • Extreme Drought in:
      • a pocket in the southcentral region covering Swift Current, Regina and Weyburn.
    • Exceptional Drought in:
      • a small area encompassing Coronach, Horse Creek and Assiniboia.
  • Manitoba:
    • Abnormally Dry conditions in:
      • a large pocket in the southern half of the province;
      • a pocket north and east of Reindeer Lake, encompassing Lac Brochet; and
      • a pocket in the east encompassing Shamattawa, Oxford House, and Garden Hill.
    • Moderate Drought in:
      • a small pocket along the southeastern Saskatchewan border, including Swan River and Melita;
      • a small pocket south of Winnipeg; and
      • a small pocket in the east along the Ontario border, surrounding Red Sucker Lake.
  • Ontario:
    • Abnormally Dry conditions in:
      • a large pocket in the north stretching from the Manitoba border extending to the west coast of the James Bay, surrounding Ear Falls, Fort Albany, and Fort Severn;
      • a pocket in the south encompassing Chatham-Kent, Norfolk County and the Greater Toronto Area.
    • Moderate Drought in:
      • a small pocket encompassing Cat Lake
      • a small pocket northeast of Big Trout Lake; and
      • a thin pocket along the western coast of James Bay including Attawapiskat
  • Quebec:
    • Abnormally Dry conditions in:
      • a pocket surrounding Amos;
      • a pocket surrounding Granby;
      • a pocket along the St. Lawrence in eastern Quebec towards New Brunswick border; and
      • an area covering the eastern half of Anticosti Island.
    • Moderate Drought in:
      • a pocket surrounding Ste-Anne-des-Monts.
  • New Brunswick:
    • Abnormally Dry conditions in:
      • a pocket surrounding the southern half of the province
    • Moderate Drought in:
      • a pocket extending from Minto to Sussex.
  • Nova Scotia:
    • Abnormally Dry conditions in:
      • a pocket along the Northumberland Strait surrounding Antigonish, Amherst, and New Yarmouth;
      • a pocket on the northern stretch of the Annapolis Valley from Lewistown eastward to Truro; and
      • a pocket covering most of Cape Breton Island, north of Sydney and Port Hawkesbury.
    • Moderate Drought in:
      • a small pocket encompassing Upper Linden and New Glasglow on the Northumberland Strait.
      • a thin pocket on northern Cape Breton Island.
  • Prince Edward Island:
    • Abnormally Dry conditions in:
      • a pocket encompassing the southern half of the island
  • Newfoundland and Labrador:
    • Abnormally Dry conditions in:
      • a large pocket encompassing most of Newfoundland island, with the exception of regions surround St. John’s and Corner Brook.
    • Moderate Drought in:
      • a small pocket encompassing Cape Ray to Grand Bank in south Newfoundland.
  • Yukon:
    • Abnormally Dry conditions in:
      • a pocket in the south surrounding Whitehorse
  • North West Territories:
    • Abnormally Dry conditions in:
      • a pocket south of Fort Simpson; and
      • a thin pocket along the northern border with Nunavut.

Drought has not been analyzed for Nunavut and the Arctic Archipelago.

Regions in northern Canada may not be as accurate as other regions due to limited information.

The Drought Monitor focuses on broad-scale conditions.

Copyright © 2017 Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

The map may not be accurate for all regions due to data availability and data errors.

Current drought conditions
View an interactive story map of current drought conditions across the country. Explore maps and narratives describing the drought conditions in each region of Canada.

Canadian Drought Monitor Application
Use the interactive application to cycle through a timeline of drought conditions or add your own data to the map.

Historical drought maps and data (Open Data)
Browse through historic drought data and downloadable monthly maps showing the extent and intensity of drought across Canada.

About the Canadian Drought Monitor
Learn about the CDM and how it classifies drought. Explore links to Canada's partners in continental drought monitoring.

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