Agriculture: then and now - Soil preservation (video)

Do the words “mouldboard plough” mean anything to you? Farming practices have changed significantly in the last 150 years. See how much we’ve grown. Celebrate with us and check out the full Then and Now video series..

Video transcript

[Upbeat music.]

[White background]

Text on screen: agriculture: then and now

Text on screen: soil preservation

[Fade to a black and white picture of a young boy using a mouldboard plough being pulled by two horses.]

Text on screen: then

Female narrator:
Then: Farmers used a mouldboard plough to turn the soil over, making it loose…

Text on screen: loose

…and airy…

Text on screen: airy

…for good root growth. It was a popular farming practice, but made soil less fertile over time.

Text on screen: less fertile over time

Top soil could be washed away by rain or blown away…

Text on screen: soil blown away

…by the wind, creating the perfect conditions for disasters such as the prairie dust bowl of the 1930s.

[A cloud of dust blows across the screen, picture fades to a modern black and white one of a man tending his field.]

Text on screen: now

[Picture gradually turns to colour.]

Now: Thanks to research in farming practices, much fewer farmers till the soil, leaving stalks…

Text on screen: stalks

…and roots…

Text on screen: roots

…from last year’s crop on the soil surface. This keeps water,

Text on screen: water

…organic matter, and nutrients…

Text on screen: nutrients

...in the soil and reduces erosion.

Text on screen: reduces erosion

It’s better for crops and the environment.

[Fade to white.]

We’ve come a long way.

Text on screen: We’ve come a long way.

[Upbeat music fades out.]

Text on screen: Canada 150 logo

Text on screen: See how much we’ve grown.

Text on screen: agr.gc.ca/agriculture150

[Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada wordmark]

[Canada wordmark]

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