Science strategies in agriculture
Includes: food, beverage and food ingredients, processing, packaging, distribution, and consumption. AAFC provides expertise, infrastructure, and leadership in food innovation (food and health, food processing and food attributes) and food safety.
- Agro-ecosystem productivity and health
Addresses threats and opportunities related to the environment, the maintenance and enhancement of natural productive capacity, and the reduction of agriculture's environmental footprint.
- Biodiversity and bioresources
Covers the department's scientific activities related to the preservation of organisms and genetic material of interest to agriculture, as well as the protection of Canada's biodiversity and agricultural value chain from pests and invasive species.
Related to agri-based feedstocks for non-food and non-feed industrial bioproducts. This includes multi-purpose commodities whose end use is industrial (for example flax for fibre); purpose-grown crops; animal and food waste; woody species (agroforestry); and biopesticides.
- Cereals and pulses
Considers the needs and research capacity of the cereal and pulse sectors from a crop production perspective with a primary focus on: wheat, corn, peas, lentils, barley, oats, and dry beans; as well as other grains such as canary seed, chickpeas, rye, triticale and buckwheat.
- Dairy, pork, poultry and other livestock
Concentrates on the needs and research capacity from production through product quality assessment (milk, meat), and includes on-farm revenue-generating activities such as the production of bio-energy from manure. This strategy also encompasses other livestock systems such as: turkey, laying hens, eggs, goats, etc.
- Forages and beef
Considers the needs and research capacity of the sector from beef production through to meat quality; as well as the production of native and tame forages (plants eaten by grazing livestock) for export and domestic use.
Includes: potatoes, greenhouse and field vegetables, small fruits, tree fruit, honey, herbs and spices, etc. Covers the needs and research capacity of this sector from a crop production perspective including: production, post-harvest treatment, storage, and distribution of fresh and minimally processed produce.
Relates to crop production, particularly for food and feed end uses, up to and including storage of harvested material. The crop types considered within this strategy include: canola, rapeseed, mustard, soybeans (oilseed and food‐grade), flax, sunflower, hemp, and safflower.
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