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Custom Hog Feeding (Video)

The feed requirements of growing piglets varies from animal to animal. Dr. Candido Pomar of the Sherbrooke Dairy and Swine Research and Development Centre has designed a machine that permits custom feeding.

Video Transcript

[An image and a maple leaf appear on screen. This is the title graphic for the video.]

[Light, electronic music fades in.]

Text on screen: Custom Feeding for Pigs

[The video opens with a series of shots of enclosures containing pigs.]

Narrator: Feeding costs account for a major portion of the costs of a pig farm.

[The shot changes to show the exterior of the Dairy and Swine Research and Development Centre in Sherbrooke, Quebec.]

[Light, electronic music continues.]

Dr. Candido Pomar, of the Dairy and Swine Research and Development Centre in Sherbrooke,...

[The shot changes to show the signage outside of the research centre.]

...noticed that pigs are just like humans, in that every pig has a unique appetite and unique nutrient requirements.

[Light, electronic music continues.]

[The shot changes to show several pigs in an indoor pen. They are excited and trying to get at the camera.]

So he developed a feeding strategy that meets...

[The shot changes to show a high-angle view of the pig feeding machines.]

...each pig's nutritional needs based on both its growth and its appetite.

[The shot changes to show a medium shot of Dr. Candido Pomar.]

Text on screen: Dr. Candido Pomar, Research Scientist, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

[Light, electronic music continues.]

Dr. Pomar: One day, I was with my brother, who is an engineer and a big fan of automation. I said to him, why don't we make a machine that can feed every pig individually?

[The shot changes to show a close-up of a pig chewing his food.]

And so we two brothers began with that dream.

[The shot changes to show one of the feeding areas at the research centre.]

[Light, electronic music continues.]

My brother made the machine...

[The shot changes back to a medium shot of Dr. Pomar.]

...and I developed the feeding concepts.

[The shot changes to show a pig sitting in a pen looking at the camera.]

[Light, electronic music continues.]

And bit by bit we did it.

[The shot changes back to a medium shot of Dr. Pomar.]

Every pig changes every day, and every pig is different. But my big problem was the fact that I had only one feed to provide to pigs that were very different from each other.

[The shot changes to show one of the feeding areas at the research centre. There are numerous pigs moving around the pen.]

[Light, electronic music continues.]

[The shot changes to show a pig farmer putting a young pig back with its mother to feed. We see several close-up shots of the young pigs feeding.]

What farmers do is provide nutrient-dense feed to support the growth of the pigs with the highest demands.

[The shot changes to show a pen containing older pigs playing with a ball suspended from the ceiling.]

[Light, electronic music continues.]

If a farmer provides feed based on the needs of the pigs with the lowest demands, many pigs will not be able to reach their growth potential.

[The shot changes back to show a medium shot of Dr. Pomar.]

Basically, I don't have a specific feed for each individual pig. There are just two feeds.

[The shot changes to show a large orange container filled with pig feed. A graphic appears on screen pointing at the pellets of food. Text also appears on screen.]

Text on screen: Nutrient-dense feed

One feed that is very nutrient-dense...

[The shot changes to show a large white container filled with pig feed. A graphic appears on screen pointing at the pellets of food. Text also appears on screen.]

[Light, electronic music continues.]

Text on screen: Nutrient-poor feed

...and another feed that is nutrient-poor.

[The shot changes back to a medium shot of Dr. Pomar.]

Then, I can mix the feeds to meet the needs of all the pigs.

[The shot changes to show a control panel on the outside of one of the automatic pig feeders. As the shot continues we can see information changing on the screen, indicating that a pig has triggered the system.]

[Light, electronic music continues.]

I create a recipe for each pig each day. But the recipe is mathematically calculated. It's automatic.

[The shot changes to show the automatic pig feeders in the feeding room with the pigs. There are several pigs eating from the machines.]

Each time a pig pushes against the feeder, the machine gives the pig...

[The shot changes to a close-up of one of the pigs eating from the machine. He retracts his head from the machine and looks at the camera.]

[Light, electronic music continues.]

...the feed mix that we think it needs to get.

[The shot changes to show Dr. Pomar and one of his assistants working in an office. They are looking at a piece of paper.]

Narrator: Dr. Pomar and his team have shown that the concept works very well.

[The shot changes back to a medium shot of Dr. Pomar.]

Dr. Pomar: Now, with 25% fewer nutrients, I can enable all pigs to reach their full growth potential.

[The shot changes to show a worker bringing more pig food into the feeding area. We can then see him loading the food pellets into the automatic feeding machines.]

[Light, electronic music continues.]

Narrator: The research team has developed several feeder prototypes and is now at the business validation stage. It is essential to ensure that farmers have machines that are reliable and affordable.

[The shot changes to show us what the automatic pig feeders look like.]

[The shot changes to show numerous pigs in a pen excitedly trying to get at the camera.]

[The shot changes back to a medium shot of Dr. Pomar.]

[Light, electronic music continues.]

Dr. Pomar: As a nutritionist, I never would have imagined that it would be possible to feed each pig individually.

[The shot changes to show one of Dr. Pomar's assistants holding a young pig. She's looking to camera and smiling. The shot ends with a close-up of the pig in her hands.]

This completely changes how things are done. We've shown that the concepts work.

[Fade to black.]

[Fade up from black.]

Text on screen: 100th anniversary. Dairy and Swine Research and Development Centre, Sherbrooke, Quebec, 1914-2014

[Cross dissolve.]

Text on screen: Modern. Innovative. Growing. Discover other agricultural innovations at www.agr.gc.ca.

[Light, electronic music fades out.]

Text on screen: Canada, Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food (2014).

[Fade to black.]

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