Sector Trend Analysis - Crustaceans Trends in Spain

June 2017

Sector Trend Analysis - Crustaceans Trends in Spain (PDF Version, 775KB) | Help with downloadable formats

Contents

Executive summary

According to the Strategic market assessment of the European Union report, crustaceans in Spain have been identified as one of the most promising market opportunities in the European Union. Through a rigorous analysis of the market size, growth, and tariff reductions of the European Union (EU) imports, Spain represented an ideal opportunity for Canadian crustacean exporters.

In 2016, Spain was ranked the largest importer of crustaceans in the EU, making up 18% of the region's market share with imports worth US$1.5 billion, followed by France with 16% and the United Kingdom with 12% market share. Canada was ranked the sixteenth-largest supplier of crustaceans to Spain with imports worth US$24.1 million in 2016; whereas, Argentina, Ecuador, and the United Kingdom lead in exporting crustaceans and accounted for 46% of Spain's imports in 2016.

Spain's top imports from the world were shrimp and prawns worth US$1.2 billion, followed by lobster (worth US$192 million), and crab (worth US$58.7 million). The top imported products from Canada were lobster products worth US$24 million in 2016. Of all the crustacean subcategories, frozen crustacean products lead in imports.

From 2012 to 2016, Spain's imports of crustacean products saw a compound annual growth rate of 2.7%. Alternatively, total volume of domestic sales saw an annual 3.1% drop in the same review period. However, this trend is expected to change due to improved economic conditions combined with the strong healthy image of seafood and their embedded position in Spanish cuisine.

Trade overview

Spain is the largest crustacean importer in the European Union (EU) and the fourth-largest in the world after the United States, Japan, and China. In 2016, Spain's crustacean imports amounted to US$1.5 billion, with 46.2% of its imports coming from Argentina (with a 24.3% market share), Ecuador (with a 15.8% market share), and the United Kingdom (with a 6.1% market share). Overall, Spain made up 5% of the world's imports and witnessed a compound annual growth rate of 4.1% from 2012 to 2016.

Spain continues to be a net importer of crustaceans with imports amounting to US$1.5 billion and exports of US$429.3 million in 2016. Most of Spain's export occurred within the European Union. 80% of Spain's export within the EU were to three Member States as follows: Italy (37%), Portugal (27%), and France (16%). Shrimp and prawns accounted for 85% of Spain's exports, followed by lobster (with 9% market share), other crustaceans (with 4% share), and crabs (with 2% share). Throughout the five-year review period, only shrimp/prawns and crabs saw a positive period growth rate with a compound annual growth rate of 9% and 16%.

World imports of crustaceans saw moderate growth with a compound annual growth rate of 2.7% from 2012 to 2016, worth US$28 billion in 2016. This was relevant for most of the top crustacean importers, where both the United States and China saw a compound annual growth rate of 5.5% and 16.9%. Whereas, Japan saw -5.6% compound annual growth rate.

Top ten crustacean markets in the world from 2012 to 2016, in US$ millions
Rank Country 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 CAGR 2012-16 Market share
N/A World total 25,230.1 27,191.0 30,947.1 27,042.0 28,020.4 2.7% N/A
1 United States 7,252.5 8,200.8 9,974.8 8,753.8 8,986.1 5.5% 32%
2 Japan 4,177.8 3,834.6 3,678.6 3,087.0 3,320.5 −5.6% 12%
3 China 1,134.0 1,437.5 1,671.4 1,861.4 2,117.9 16.9% 8%
4 Spain 1,251.1 1,341.5 1,524.8 1,409.4 1,467.5 4.1% 5%
5 France 1,258.7 1,341.8 1,440.7 1,230.0 1,301.8 0.8% 5%
6 United Kingdom 879.4 945.1 1,123.6 1,043.0 997.7 3.2% 4%
7 South Korea 672.4 683.2 914.1 927.1 982.5 9.9% 4%
8 Canada 848.1 898.2 1,097.6 943.5 956.4 3.0% 3%
9 Italy 744.7 808.0 940.2 803.6 875.2 4.1% 3%
10 Hong Kong 879.1 858.6 795.6 686.0 721.6 −4.8% 3%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2017
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
Note: Data is based on crustacean imports retrieved on March 17, 2017.

Canada's performance

Canada is the third-largest supplier of crustaceans in the world with export sales amounting to US$2.8 billion in 2016 and a compound annual growth of 6% (from 2012 to 2016). Canada continues to be a net exporter of crustacean products with a surplus of US$2 billion in crustacean trade.

Canada's top export market are the United States with export sales worth US$1.8 billion, China worth US$419 million, and Japan worth US$116.0 million. The top crustacean products exported to the world were frozen crabs worth US$719 million, frozen lobster worth US$658 million, and live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted lobster worth US$631, altogether making up 71% of Canada's exports.

Canada is the sixteenth-largest supplier of crustacean products to Spain, with Spanish imports from Canada amounting to US$24.1 million in 2016. From 2012 to 2016, Spain's crustacean imports from Canada grew at a compound annual growth rate of 26.7% and gained a 0.9% increase in market share (from 0.7% to %1.6%).

Spain's imports from its top ten suppliers in 2012 to 2016, in US$ millions
Rank Country 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 CAGR 2012-15 Market share
N/A Total imports 1,251.10 1,341.50 1,524.77 1,409.44 1,467.53 4.07% N/A
1 Argentina 270.61 315.54 339.02 342.63 356.97 7.17% 24.3%
2 Ecuador 168.27 179.19 234.64 209.83 232.09 8.37% 15.8%
3 United Kingdom 93.42 84.03 97.67 79.85 89.06 −1.19% 6.1%
4 China 101.37 93.50 88.13 105.13 81.72 −5.24% 5.6%
5 Morocco 47.55 56.83 73.92 68.71 74.58 11.91% 5.1%
6 Tunisia 29.42 46.52 45.03 48.11 50.83 14.65% 3.5%
7 Nicaragua 49.43 60.33 83.30 53.62 49.83 0.20% 3.4%
8 Portugal 28.81 29.50 33.86 31.05 48.49 13.90% 3.3%
9 Netherlands 45.69 44.02 50.71 38.25 44.68 −0.56% 3.0%
10 United States 40.03 39.61 40.51 36.13 36.61 −2.21% 2.5%
16 Canada 9.35 9.63 14.54 18.21 24.08 26.67% 1.6%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2017
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
Note: Canada's crustacean exports retrieved on March 17, 2017.
Canada's top ten crustacean products exported to the world in 2016, US$ millions
HS Code Description 2016 Market share
N/A Crustacean products 2,844.08 N/A
030614 Frozen crabs 719.01 25.3%
030612 Frozen lobsters 658.01 23.1%
030622 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted lobsters 631.11 22.2%
160530 Prepared/preserved lobster 334.80 11.8%
030616 Frozen cold-water shrimps and prawns 282.06 9.9%
030624 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted crabs 107.07 3.8%
160521 Prepared/preserved shrimp and prawns 52.27 1.8%
160510 Prepared/preserved crabs 31.61 1.1%
030617 Frozen shrimp and prawns 14.50 0.5%
160529 Prepared/preserved prawns ( in airtight containers) 5.21 0.2%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2017
Harmonized System (HS)
Not applicable (N/A)
Note: Canada's crustacean exports retrieved on March 17, 2017.

Consumer trends

Crustaceans are traditional food items in the Spanish diet. It is one of the most popular seafood products consumed during the Christmas holidays, such as lobster, shrimp, and prawns. However, in the past few years, Spain experienced a decline in the consumption of fresh fish and seafood due to the economic crisis, high prices of seafood's and changing demand for more innovative, processed, and convenient fish and seafood products.

In addition to these factors, the consumption of fish and seafood items such as crustaceans is heavily dependent on the sociodemographic of a Spanish household. According to the public authority who regulates Spanish fisheries and fish distribution, the per capita consumption of fish and seafood in households with members over 65 years old was more than double than in households with no members over 50 years old. It was also observed that consumers with more resources are more likely to purchase crustaceans. For example, adult couples without kids were the ones consuming more seafood as well as adults living alone and retired. Furthermore, elderly consumers are advised by their doctors to eat fish and seafood at the expense of red meat (Euromonitor, 2016).

Total volume of crustacean consumption in Spain, from 2012 to 2016
Value Type 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
kilograms per capita 3.90 3.80 3.60 3.60 3.50
kilograms per household 10.00 9.50 9.10 8.90 8.50
Source: Euromonitor, 2017.

Domestic sales

Total volume sales of fish and seafood witnessed a 2% decrease from 2015, decreasing to 1.2 million tonnes, a sixth consecutive year decline (Euromonitor, 2016). This was a consistent experience for the crustacean category, which witnessed a compound annual growth rate of - 3.1% from 2012 to 2016.

According to Euromonitor, the perception of economic recovery has encouraged Spanish consumers to choose value-added fish and seafood products. This trend towards innovative and convenient processed fish and seafood products is reducing the consumption of fresh fish and seafood products (Euromonitor, 2016).

In the forecast period, crustaceans are expected to see a moderate negative growth rate of −1%, a better performance than the historical period. According to Euromonitor, this is believed to be due to factors such as improving economic conditions, a strong healthy image of fish and seafood products, and their embedded position in Spanish cuisine. However, competition from packaged and prepared fish and seafood is likely to intensify, which will increasingly exert downward pressure on volume sales over the forecast period (Euromonitor, 2016).

Historic total volume sales in tonnes (‘000) of fresh fish and seafoods in Spain from 2012 to 2016
Category 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 CAGR 2012-15 Market share
Fish and seafood 1,299.80 1,261.90 1,215.70 1,195.90 1,171.40 −2.57% N/A
Crustaceans 183.00 175.70 169.20 166.70 161.30 −3.11% 13.8%
Fish 824.30 802.90 770.00 760.00 747.70 −2.41% 63.8%
Molluscs 292.50 283.40 276.50 269.20 262.30 −2.69% 22.4%
Source: Euromonitor, 2017.
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
Forecast total volume sales in tonnes (‘000) of fresh fish and seafoods in Spain from 2017 to 2021
Category 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 CAGR 2012-21 Market share
Fish and seafood 1,155.40 1,155.00 1,158.90 1,169.00 1,155.50 0.00% N/A
Crustaceans 158.20 156.60 153.40 153.30 152.40 −0.93% 13.2%
Fish 739.20 745.50 755.40 766.40 754.40 0.51% 65.3%
Molluscs 258.00 252.90 250.10 249.20 248.80 −0.90% 21.5%
Source: Euromonitor, 2017.
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)

Trade analysis by category

Spain's imports of crustacean products from the world from 2012 to 2016, in US$ millions
Category 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 CAGR 2012-16 Market share
Total 1,251.1 1,341.5 1,524.8 1,409.4 1,467.5 4.07% N/A
Shrimp and prawns 979.6 1,092.9 1,247.5 1,156.8 1,188.27 4.94% 81.0%
Lobster 183.4 164.2 181.1 171.6 191.95 1.14% 13.1%
Crabs 56.3 53.8 66.7 57.0 58.69 1.05% 4.0%
Other crustaceans 31.7 30.6 29.4 24.0 28.61 −2.56% 1.9%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2017
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
Spain's imports of crustacean products from Canada from 2012 to 2016, in US$ millions
Category 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 CAGR 2012-15 Market share
Total 9.35 9.63 14.54 18.21 24.08 26.7% N/A
Lobster 9.35 9.55 14.05 17.63 23.69 26.2% 98.4%
Shrimp and prawns 0.00 0.01 0.35 0.38 0.38 N/C 1.6%
Crabs 0.00 0.00 0.15 0.20 0.00 N/C 0.0%
Other crustaceans N/D N/D N/D N/D N/D N/C 0.0%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2017
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
No data (N/D)
Not calculable (N/C)
Note: Spain's import data retrieved on March 1, 2017.

Shrimp and prawns

Spain's imports of shrimp and prawns products from the world from 2012 to 2016, in US$ millions
HS Category 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 CAGR 2012-16 Market share
N/A Total shrimp and prawns 979.6 1,092.9 1,247.5 1,156.8 1,188.3 4.94% N/A
030617 Frozen shrimp and prawns 934.4 1,049.5 1,191.2 1,109.1 1,139.5 5.08% 95.9%
030616 Frozen cold-water shrimp and prawns 20.0 15.6 21.7 22.0 22.8 3.35% 1.9%
160521 Prepared or preserved shrimp and prawns 12.4 13.9 19.6 14.4 15.1 4.99% 1.3%
160529 Prepared or preserved shrimp and prawns ( in airtight containers) 5.1 4.9 5.8 5.4 4.3 −4.34% 0.4%
030626 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted cold-water shrimp and prawns 5.1 5.9 4.6 3.4 3.5 −8.88% 0.3%
030627 Live, Fresh, chilled, dried, salted shrimp and prawns 2.5 3.0 4.6 2.5 3.1 4.92% 0.3%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2017
Harmonized System (HS)
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
Spain's imports of shrimp and prawns products from Canada from 2013 to 2016, in US$ thousands
HS Category 2013 2014 2015 2016 CAGR 2012-15 Market share
N/A Total shrimp and prawns 7.8 349.3 380.4 384.4 266% N/A
030616 Frozen cold-water shrimp and prawns 7.8 320.7 361.3 384.4 266% 100%
030617 Frozen shrimp and prawns N/D N/D 9.0 N/D N/C N/C
160521 Prepared or preserved shrimp and prawns N/D N/D N/D N/D N/C N/C
160529 Prepared or preserved shrimp and prawns (in airtight containers) N/D 28.7 10.1 N/D N/C N/C
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2017
Harmonized System (HS)
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
No data (N/D)
Not calculable (N/C)
Note: There is little data for shrimp and prawn imports from Canada in 2012 and as such was not evaluated in this table.
Spain's import data retrieved on March 1, 2017.

Lobster

Spain's imports of lobster products from the world from 2012 to 2016, in US$ millions
HS Category 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 CAGR 2012-16 Market share
N/A Total lobster 183.4 164.2 181.1 171.6 191.9 1.14% N/A
030615 Frozen Norway lobster 57.4 52.7 64.9 47.5 57.6 0.07% 30.0%
030622 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted lobster 60.7 59.3 59.7 54.2 56.4 −1.78% 29.4%
030612 Frozen lobster 11.4 10.6 16.5 20.7 25.7 22.49% 13.4%
030611 Frozen rock lobster and other sea crawfish 35.6 25.7 21.9 21.4 23.9 −9.50% 12.4%
030621 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted rock lobster and other sea crawfish 4.5 4.5 7.3 15.2 15.1 35.19% 7.9%
030625 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted Norway lobster 13.5 11.4 10.4 12.5 13.0 −1.11% 6.7%
160530 Prepared or preserved lobster 0.3 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.70% 0.2%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2017
Harmonized System (HS)
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
Note: Spain's import data retrieved on March 1, 2017.
Spain's imports of lobster products from Canada from 2012 to 2016, in US$ thousands
HS Category 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 CAGR 2012-16 Market share
N/A Total lobster 9,351.6 9,547.3 14,048.4 17,626.9 23,694.6 26.2% N/A
030612 Frozen lobster 5,603.8 5,109.8 10,957.4 15,546.7 20,343.4 38.0% 85.9%
030622 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted lobster 3,660.3 4,437.5 3,030.1 2,055.2 3,348.6 −2.2% 16.5%
160530 Prepared or preserved lobster 87.6 0.0 60.9 25.0 2.6 −58.6% 0.0%
030615 Frozen Norway lobster 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 N/C 0.0%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2017
Harmonized System (HS)
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
Not calculable (N/C)
Note: Spain's import data retrieved on March 1, 2017.

Crab

Spain's imports of crab products from the world from 2012 to 2016, in US$ millions
HS Category 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 CAGR 2012-16 Market share
N/A Total crabs 56.3 53.8 66.7 57.0 58.7 1.05% N/A
030614 Frozen crab 27.3 26.9 36.6 31.8 32.5 4.48% 55.4%
030624 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted crab 26.8 25.8 28.0 23.6 24.9 −1.83% 42.5%
160510 Prepared or preserved crab 2.2 1.1 2.2 1.5 1.3 −12.69% 2.1%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2017
Harmonized System (HS)
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
Spain's imports of crab products from Canada from 2012 to 2016, in US$ thousands
HS Category 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 CAGR 2016-12 Market share
N/A Total crabs 0.2 N/D 146.9 198.7 N/D N/C N/A
30614 Frozen crab 0.2 N/D 146.9 198.7 N/D N/C N/C
30624 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted crab N/D N/D N/D N/D N/D N/C N/C
160510 Prepared or preserved crab N/D N/D N/D N/D N/D N/C N/C
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2017
Harmonized System (HS)
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
No data (N/D)
Not calculable (N/C)
Note: Spain's import data retrieved on March 1, 2017.

Other crustaceans

Spain's imports of other crustaceans from the world from 2012 to 2016, in US$ millions
HS Category 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 CAGR 2012-16 Market share
N/A Total other crustaceans 31.7 30.6 29.4 24.0 28.6 −2.56% N/A
030629 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted crustaceans (other) 10.1 10.0 11.4 10.2 12.2 4.75% 42.5%
030619 Frozen crustaceans (other) 14.3 13.7 9.5 10.7 11.7 −4.85% 41.0%
160540 Prepared or preserved crustaceans (other) 7.3 6.9 8.5 3.1 4.7 −10.41% 16.5%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2017
Harmonized System (HS)
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
Note: Spain's import data retrieved on March 1, 2017.

Value-added crustacean products

The production of value-added crustacean products has been intensifying in Spain due to the growing demand for innovative and convenient fish and seafood products (Euromonitor, 2017). This is apparent based on a ten-year review of seafood product (i.e. lobster, shrimp, prawns, crabs, etc.) launches in Spain from 2006 to 2016. Within the last ten years of the review period, there were 582 product launches containing crustacean ingredients, 450 of which was launched in the last few years of the review period.

Over 77% of the products launched in Spain occurred in the meal and meal centers, processed fish, meat and eggs products, and snacks categories. The top crustacean ingredients used in the product launches were shrimp, prawns, and crab. Combined together shrimp and prawns were identified as an ingredient for 510 product introduction within the 10 year review period. Followed by crab which was used in 362 products, other crustaceans in 94, and lobster in 45 products.

Product introduction containing crustaceans products from 2006 to 2016
Year Number of products launched
2006 12
2007 17
2008 9
2009 24
2010 28
2011 42
2012 60
2013 104
2014 100
2015 85
2016 101
Source: Mintel, 2017.
Top ten launch categories of products containing crustaceans, from 2006 to 2016.
Category Number of launches % of total launches
Meals & meal centers 217 37.3%
Processed fish, meat & egg products 177 30.4%
Snacks 54 9.3%
Soup 50 8.6%
Sauces & seasonings 33 5.7%
Savoury spreads 25 4.3%
Pet food 19 3.3%
Side dishes 6 1.0%
Dairy 1 0.2%
Total 582 100.0%
Source: Mintel, 2017.
Top ten crustacean ingredients used in product launches in Spain and their top five categories, from 2006 to 2016.
Crustacean Ingredient Meals & Meal Centers Processed Fish, Meat and Egg Products Snacks Soup Sauces & Seasonings
Surimi (shrimp) 67 73 8 0 0
Shrimp 63 32 7 20 8
Crab 62 29 10 13 8
Prawn 60 32 15 8 7
Crab flavour 44 37 5 1 0
Crab extract 30 46 4 0 0
Squid 57 13 2 2 1
Whiteleg shrimp 11 7 10 1 0
Lobster 3 6 1 14 1
Shrimp powder 10 2 3 0 1
Source: Mintel, 2017.

For more information

International Trade Commissioners can provide Canadian industry with on-the-ground expertise regarding market potential, current conditions and local business contacts, and are an excellent point of contact for export advice.

For additional intelligence on this and other markets, the complete library of Global Analysis reports can be found under Statistics and Market Information at the following link, arranged by sector and region of interest: Agri-Food Trade Services for Exporters

For additional information on Seafood Expo Global (SEG) 2017, please contact:

Ben Berry, Deputy Director
Trade Show Strategy and Delivery
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
ben.berry@canada.ca

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Sector Trend Analysis - Crustacean trends in Spain
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