Competitive Trade Analysis – Agri-food and seafood trends in the Middle East and North Africa

March 2019

Report content summary

A competitive trade analysis (CTA) is intended to examine major competitors and determine where a company or country compares within an industry or sector.

This CTA highlights agri-food and seafood trade in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and identifies the opportunities and potential growth areas for Canadian exporters.

Included are the top ten agri-food and seafood imports into MENA from external suppliers, and those from Canada. Throughout the report, a series of supply gap analysis demonstrate the areas for potential growth in Canadian exports to MENA.

Middle East and North Africa market summary

The Middle East and North Africa imported 775.1 billion Canadian dollars (Can$) in agri-food and seafood between 2013 and 2017. MENA is Canada's 4th largest agri-food and seafood market behind Japan.

In 2017, the top five agri-food and seafood suppliers to MENA brought in Can$54.7 billion or 34.9% of the total market share.

Canada exported Can$2.5 billion to MENA that year and placed 21st among global exporters.

The top five imports to MENA from 2013 to 2017 were wheat, corn, soy beans, frozen boneless beef and barley, with a total value of Can$ 145.2 billion.

The top exports from Canada – within the top ten MENA global imports – were soya beans, wheat and barley, with cane or beet sugar increasing significantly over the 5 year period of 2013 to 2017.

The top five Canadian exports to MENA in 2017 were durum wheat (pasta wheat), dried lentils, canola seeds, wheat and soya beans with a total value of Can$ 1.9 billion or 79.2% of the total Canadian Exports to the region.

Trade overview

MENA is a net importer bring in Can$777.1 billion of agri-food and seafood between 2013 to 2017. The region consists of 19 countries with a population of approximately 430.0 million people (see table below for country list).

MENA imports of Agri-food and Seafood - by country, Can$ million
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
MENA 139,776.2 155,988.6 162,422.2 160,484.0 158,341.2 3.2%
Saudi Arabia 19,600.6 20,679.7 25,489.3 22,772.1 21,287.2 2.1%
United Arab Emirates 17,515.7 19,869.9 22,112.3 22,449.0 22,489.6 6.4%
Turkey 13,628.9 15,852.3 16,199.6 16,268.2 18,749.3 8.3%
Egypt 13,850.8 16,550.0 16,633.7 16,055.9 15,335.5 2.6%
Iran 12,968.3 12,797.3 11,283.7 11,899.3 11,057.2 −3.9%
Iraq 11,111.8 11,691.6 11,865.6 12,085.1 12,203.7 2.4%
Algeria 9,828.8 11,668.0 10,516.9 10,445.4 10,520.9 1.7%
Israel 5,824.1 6,121.6 6,594.1 7,250.6 7,226.0 5.5%
Morocco 4,967.2 5,871.0 5,118.1 6,220.1 6,163.7 5.5%
Kuwait 3,921.4 4,499.6 5,384.2 5,115.7 5,087.9 6.7%
Jordan 4,032.5 4,376.0 4,330.7 4,304.2 4,274.9 1.5%
Libya 4,375.2 4,406.9 4,477.7 3,980.8 3,414.0 −6.0%
Lebanon 3,308.8 3,668.8 3,912.4 4,171.8 4,174.1 6.0%
Yemen 3,720.0 4,156.9 3,585.8 3,443.0 3,438.9 −1.9%
Oman 2,203.2 3,801.5 4,571.8 4,245.2 3,081.3 8.7%
Qatar 2,206.7 2,925.3 3,178.5 3,185.9 3,492.3 12.2%
Tunisia 2,573.8 2,661.5 2,784.3 2,617.2 2,607.5 0.3%
Syria 2,750.0 2,719.5 2,384.5 2,076.1 1,984.4 −7.8%
Bahrain 1,388.4 1,671.1 1,999.0 1,898.3 1,752.9 6.0%

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

The top three suppliers of agri-food and seafood to MENA were Brazil, India and the United States (US), and accounted for Can$38.5 of the Can$157.3 billion in 2017. Canada recorded Can$2.5 billion in agri-food and seafood exports to MENA that year.

Wheat, corn and soya beans were the top three imports to MENA with a combined total of Can$22.0 billion in 2017. Canada placed 6th for soya bean exports and 12th for wheat exports to MENA among global trade partners, and supplied the region with Can$92.8 million worth of these two commodities.

Canadian exports of agri-food and seafood to MENA accounted for Can$12.0 billion, in the same 5 year period, with a  compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.9%, ranking Canada 21st globally as an external trading partner in this region.

Other Canadian agri-food and seafood exports to MENA included barley, frozen boneless beef and fowls, beet sugar, milk and cream, food preparation and oilcake derived from soya bean oil extraction.

MENA's top ten suppliers

MENA's top ten suppliers[1] of agri-food and seafood, Can$ million
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
World 139,625.9 155,919.0 161,742.9 160,483.8 157,315.7 3.0
Brazil 12,771.4 12,481.7 13,917.6 14,918.5 17,111.2 7.6
India 11,335.4 12,007.4 10,994.7 10,319.9 11,023.2 −0.7
United States 9,752.9 10,686.8 9,751.5 10,080.2 10,315.3 1.4
Russia 4,523.5 6,961.6 6,452.0 6,408.1 8,255.4 16.2
Argentina 7,485.1 7,350.6 6,494.7 8,014.4 7,993.6 1.7
Turkey 6,649.4 7,281.4 7,552.8 8,020.9 7,831.3 4.2
Ukraine 5,328.9 5,843.1 5,716.3 6,299.9 6,524.6 5.2
France 6,833.6 7,004.4 6,587.4 6,276.8 5,665.3 −4.6
Netherlands 4,132.3 4,666.8 4,759.9 4,991.3 5,087.0 5.3
Germany 4,708.9 5,535.9 6,114.1 5,593.9 4,519.7 −1.0
Canada (21st) 1,840.0 2,469.1 2,704.4 2,521.9 2,492.1 7.9

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

1: Excludes intra-MENA trade

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

The top five agri-food and seafood suppliers to MENA accounted for 34.9% of the total market share in 2017. Only one or two of these countries however show up in the top ten suppliers list for any single commodity, giving ample room for Canada and exporting countries to leverage their competitive advantages.

Canada held a steady position as a supplier of agri-food and seafood to the Middle East and North Africa over the past several years. Canadian exports to MENA increased by 0.3% to 1.6% of the market share,  between 2013 and  2017.

In 2017, Canada's import supply gap to MENA was Can$154.8 billion. Canadian agri-food and seafood exports to the region however, increased by Can$652.1 million from 2013 to 2017, a compound annual growth rate of 7.9%, while global imports only increased by a CAGR of 3.0%.

MENA's top ten suppliers of agri-food and seafood, % share
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 PP* change 2013-2017
Brazil 9.2 8.0 8.6 9.3 10.9 1.7
India 8.1 7.7 6.8 6.4 7.0 −1.1
United States 7.0 6.9 6.0 6.3 6.6 −0.4
Russia 3.2 4.5 4.0 4.0 5.3 2.0
Argentina 5.4 4.7 4.0 5.0 5.1 −0.3
Turkey 4.8 4.7 4.7 5.0 5.0 0.2
Ukraine 3.8 3.8 3.5 3.9 4.2 0.3
France 4.9 4.5 4.1 3.9 3.6 −1.3
Netherlands 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.2 0.3
Germany 3.4 3.6 3.8 3.5 2.9 −0.5
Canada (21st) 1.3 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 0.3

Source: Global Trade Tracker

*PP: Percent Point (difference between 2017 and 2013 percent values)

Canada's agri-food and seafood supply gap, Can$ million
Category 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
Imports from the World 139,626 155,919 161,743 160,484 157,316 3.0
Imports from Canada 1,840 2,469 2,704 2,522 2,492 7.9
Supply gap 137,786 153,450 159,039 157,962 154,824 3.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten agri-food and seafood imports[1] from the world, Can$ million
Harmonized system (HS) code Commodity 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
Total processed food imports 139,625.9 155,919.0 161,742.9 160,483.8 157,315.7 3.0
100199 Wheat (excluding seed for sowing, and durum wheat) 10,966.8 14,458.5 11,157.7 10,329.1 10,619.3 −0.8
100590 Corn (excluding seed for sowing) 6,397.4 6,955.0 6,730.6 7,308.2 7,454.3 3.9
120190 Soya beans (excluding seed for sowing) 2,306.5 3,284.9 3,584.5 3,636.7 3,943.8 14.4
020230 Frozen, boneless beef 3,040.0 3,381.3 3,959.4 3,656.0 3,763.3 5.5
100390 Barley (excluding seed for sowing) 3,890.6 3,556.7 3,747.0 3,482.2 3,567.4 −2.1
230400 Soy meal (resulting from the extraction of soya-bean oil) 4,652.1 4,291.1 3,656.4 3,944.8 3,345.8 −7.9
210690 Food preparations, not elsewhere specified 2,366.1 2,931.5 3,349.2 3,603.9 3,025.9 6.3
020712 Frozen poultry (not cut in pieces) 3,243.6 2,886.1 3,366.0 3,116.5 2,873.5 −3.0
170199 Cane or beet sugar (excluding sugar containing added flavour or colour and raw sugar) 3,123.5 2,931.7 2,605.4 2,782.4 2,646.5 −4.1
040221 Milk and cream in solid forms (fat content weight of > 1,5%, unsweetened) 2,425.6 3,458.4 2,911.7 2,494.5 2,555.1 1.3

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

*: Top ten Agri-food and Seafood Imports within Canada's Production Capacity

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten imports from the world

1. Wheat and meslin (HS 100199)

MENA's top ten suppliers of wheat, Can$ million
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
World 10,966.8 14,458.5 11,157.7 10,329.1 10,619.3 −0.8
Russia 2,047.8 3,682.5 2,923.7 2,961.2 3,854.1 17.1
Ukraine 0.0 1,446.3 1,041.3 1,047.2 1,314.8 −3.1
France 2,329.7 2,450.1 1,990.4 1,609.2 1,047.0 −18.1
Romania 878.8 938.5 610.9 873.4 817.6 −1.8
Australia 1,661.5 1,279.5 879.8 541.4 640.6 −21.2
United States 928.3 306.0 335.3 478.3 602.5 −10.2
Argentina 1.1 0.0 21.2 136.0 566.8 N/C
Germany 936.8 1,597.5 1,261.9 963.3 548.4 −12.5
Lithuania 458.7 511.2 362.5 338.6 351.3 −6.5
Latvia 205.9 169.7 235.2 185.1 221.7 1.9
Canada (12th) 320.7 549.8 384.0 177.5 148.3 −17.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

N/C: Not Calculated

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of wheat, % share
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 PP* change 2013-17
Russia 18.7 25.5 26.2 28.7 36.3 17.6
Ukraine 0.0 10.0 9.3 10.1 12.4 12.4
France 21.2 17.0 17.8 15.6 9.9 −11.4
Romania 8.0 6.5 5.5 8.5 7.7 −0.3
Australia 15.2 8.9 7.9 5.2 6.0 −9.1
United States 8.5 2.1 3.0 4.6 5.7 −2.8
Argentina 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.3 5.3 5.2[a]
Germany 8.5 11.1 11.3 9.3 5.2 −3.4
Lithuania 4.2 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.3 −0.9
Latvia 1.9 1.2 2.1 1.8 2.1 0.2
Canada (12th) 2.9 3.8 3.4 1.7 1.4 −1.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

*PP: Percent Point (difference between 2017 and 2013 percent values)

a: PP Calculated for 2017 and 2015

N/C: Not Calculated

Canada's wheat supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
Imports from the World 10,967 14,458 11,158 10,329 10,619 −0.8
Imports from Canada 321 550 384 178 148 −17.5
Supply gap 10,646 13,909 10,774 10,152 10,471 −0.4

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

2. Corn (HS 100590)

MENA's top ten suppliers of corn, Can$ million
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
World 6,397.4 6,955.0 6,730.6 7,308.2 7,454.3 3.9
Argentina 1,825.9 1,980.1 1,629.0 2,107.2 2,282.9 5.7
Brazil 1,810.9 1,846.9 2,092.7 1,772.4 2,133.3 4.2
Ukraine 1,608.6 1,208.3 1,239.9 1,302.8 1,414.5 −3.2
United States 126.8 1,121.3 680.8 1,176.2 642.4 50.0
Russia 370.7 379.4 369.4 470.2 577.7 11.7
Romania 330.3 216.4 432.6 272.1 226.0 −9.0
Paraguay 12.5 22.2 67.0 9.4 59.3 47.5
Bulgaria 145.4 38.7 19.5 70.2 28.4 −33.5
Turkey 18.7 9.6 15.1 5.7 18.5 −0.3
Moldova 1.0 9.0 5.8 10.4 17.1 N/C
Canada (29th) 12.07 5.2 0.00 0.00 0.02 N/C

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

N/C: Not Calculated

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of corn, % share
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 PP* change 2013-17
Argentina 28.5 28.5 24.2 28.8 30.6 2.1
Brazil 28.3 26.6 31.1 24.3 28.6 0.3
Ukraine 25.1 17.4 18.4 17.8 19.0 −6.2
United States 2.0 16.1 10.1 16.1 8.6 6.6
Russia 5.8 5.5 5.5 6.4 7.8 2.0
Romania 5.2 3.1 6.4 3.7 3.0 −2.1
Paraguay 0.2 0.3 1.0 0.1 0.8 0.6
Bulgaria 2.3 0.6 0.3 1.0 0.4 −1.9
Turkey 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.0
Moldova 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Canada 0.2 0.1 0.00 0.00 0.00 N/C

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

N/C: Not Calculated

*PP: Percent Point (difference between 2017 and 2013 percent values)

Canada's corn supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
Imports from the World 6,397 6,955 6,731 7,308 7,454 3.9
Imports from Canada 12 5 0.004 0.019 −80.1
Supply gap 6,385 6,950 6,731 7,308 7,454 3.9

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

3. Soya bean (HS 120190)

MENA's top ten suppliers of soya beans, Can$ million
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
World 2,306.5 3,284.9 3,584.5 3,636.7 3,943.8 14.4
Brazil 396.1 754.7 957.0 998.2 1,034.1 27.1
United States 841.4 1,092.1 732.6 683.9 978.3 3.8
Ukraine 0.0 448.8 844.2 1,060.8 891.9 N/C
Paraguay 392.8 516.4 300.6 411.3 582.0 10.3
Argentina 414.2 264.5 484.0 318.2 263.8 −10.7
Canada 86.0 69.9 164.0 100.2 91.4 1.5
Uruguay 172.1 136.0 54.6 28.2 76.4 −18.4
Russia 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.1 17.9 N/C
Romania 0.0 0.0 16.5 18.6 2.5 N/C
Turkey 0.2 0.2 0.9 1.5 1.9 72.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

N/C: Not Calculated

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of soya beans, % share
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 PP* change 2013-17
Brazil 17.2 23.0 26.7 27.5 26.2 9.1
United States 36.5 33.3 20.4 18.8 24.8 −11.7
Ukraine 0.0 13.7 23.6 29.2 22.6 N/C
Paraguay 17.0 15.7 8.4 11.3 14.8 −2.3
Argentina 18.0 8.1 13.5 8.8 6.7 −11.3
Canada 3.7 2.1 4.6 2.8 2.3 −1.4
Uruguay 7.5 4.1 1.5 0.8 1.9 −5.5
Russia 0.00 0.00 0.0 0.1 0.5 N/C
Romania 0.00 0.00 0.5 0.5 0.1 N/C
Turkey 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.04 0.1 0.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

N/C: Not Calculated

*PP: Percent Point (difference between 2017 and 2013 percent values)

Canada's soya bean supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
Imports from the World 2,307 3,285 3,585 3,637 3,944 14.4
Imports from Canada 86 70 164 100 91 1.5
Supply gap 2,220 3,215 3,420 3,536 3,852 14.8

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

4. Frozen boneless beef (HS 020230)

MENA's top ten suppliers of boneless beef, Can$ million
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
World 3,040.0 3,381.3 3,959.4 3,656.0 3,763.3 5.5
Brazil 1,020.8 1,159.2 1,534.5 1,503.7 1,800.7 15.2
India 1,269.1 1,455.2 1,425.9 1,276.9 1,048.9 −4.7
Paraguay 104.4 114.9 208.5 183.4 211.2 19.3
Uruguay 136.7 143.9 159.1 160.5 159.0 3.9
Argentina 120.4 113.4 131.7 153.8 156.3 6.7
United States 114.3 83.8 107.2 105.5 111.0 −0.7
Australia 173.8 181.1 196.5 107.5 103.9 −12.1
Poland 14.7 18.1 19.3 34.1 44.1 31.7
New Zealand 30.0 33.0 43.5 28.8 30.5 0.4
Spain 6.9 8.9 10.7 12.5 17.6 26.6
Canada (14th) 13.2 6.1 19.0 18.7 5.2 −20.7

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

N/C: Not Calculated

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of boneless beef, % share
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 PP* change 2013-17
Brazil 33.6 34.3 38.8 41.1 47.9 14.3
India 41.8 43.0 36.0 34.9 27.9 −13.9
Paraguay 3.4 3.4 5.3 5.0 5.6 2.2
Uruguay 4.5 4.3 4.0 4.4 4.2 −0.3
Argentina 4.0 3.4 3.3 4.2 4.2 0.2
United States 3.8 2.5 2.7 2.9 3.0 −0.8
Australia 5.7 5.4 5.0 2.9 2.8 −3.0
Poland 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.9 1.2 0.7
New Zealand 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.8 0.8 −0.2
Spain 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.2
Canada (14th) 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.1 −0.3

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

N/C: Not Calculated

*PP: Percent Point (difference between 2017 and 2013 percent values)

Canada's frozen boneless beef supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
Imports from the World 3,040 3,381 3,959 3,656 3,763 5.5
Imports from Canada 13 6 19 19 5 −20.7
Supply gap 3,027 3,375 3,940 3,637 3,758 5.6

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

5. Barley (HS 100390)

MENA's top ten suppliers of barley, Can$ million
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
World 3,890.6 3,556.7 3,747.0 3,482.2 3,567.4 −2.1
Russia 541.4 792.4 1,163.4 519.8 906.4 13.8
Ukraine 0.00% 865.9 735.3 747.5 655.6 N/C
France 558.2 168.4 104.0 479.6 484.6 −3.5
Germany 532.2 63.0 418.6 380.3 307.7 −12.8
Argentina 693.7 445.3 162.2 410.8 307.5 −18.4
Australia 613.3 227.0 198.8 263.4 285.0 −17.4
Romania 292.5 292.7 379.8 238.2 247.2 −4.1
Kazakhstan 44.7 132.2 126.8 127.2 163.2 38.2
Estonia 33.3 34.3 61.2 53.3 67.5 19.3
Canada 45.8 15.6 0.0 13.9 44.1 −1.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

N/C: Not Calculated

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of barley, % share
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 PP* change 2013-17
Russia 13.9 22.3 31.1 14.9 25.4 11.5
Ukraine 0.0 24.4 19.6 21.5 18.4 N/C
France 14.4 4.7 2.8 13.8 13.6 −0.8
Germany 13.7 1.8 11.2 10.9 8.6 −5.1
Argentina 17.8 12.5 4.3 11.8 8.6 −9.2
Australia 15.8 6.4 5.3 7.6 8.0 −7.8
Romania 7.5 8.2 10.1 6.8 6.9 −0.6
Kazakhstan 1.2 3.7 3.4 3.7 4.6 3.4
Estonia 0.9 1.0 1.6 1.5 1.9 1.0
Canada 1.2 0.4 0.0 0.4 1.2 0.1

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

*PP: Percent Point (difference between 2017 and 2013 percent values)

N/C: Not Calculated

Canada's barley supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
Imports from the World 3,891 3,557 3,747 3,482 3,567 −2.1
Imports from Canada 46 16 14 44 −0.9
Supply gap 3,845 3,541 3,747 3,468 3,523 −2.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

6. Soy meal (HS 230400)

MENA's top ten suppliers of soy meal, Can$ million
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
World 4,652.1 4,291.1 3,656.4 3,944.8 3,345.8 −7.9
Argentina 2,423.4 3,200.9 2,592.4 2,991.7 2,581.1 1.6
United States 604.2 343.4 336.7 273.5 330.3 −14.0
Brazil 418.5 257.6 448.6 468.5 256.0 −11.6
Paraguay 160.0 65.7 46.5 52.4 69.5 −18.8
India 921.6 340.4 112.0 16.7 53.3 −51.0
Spain 60.8 4.8 20.9 24.8 18.3 −26.0
Ukraine 0.0 10.4 37.4 41.8 16.9 N/C
Netherlands 0.2 0.0 2.2 2.8 5.5 N/C
Nigeria 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.7 N/C
Uruguay 0.0 0.0 0.9 1.4 2.2 N/C
Canada (39th) 4.0 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 N/C

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

N/C: Not Calculated

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of soy meal, % share
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 PP* change 2013-17
Argentina 52.1 74.6 70.9 75.8 77.1 25.1
United States 13.0 8.0 9.2 6.9 9.9 −3.1
Brazil 9.0 6.0 12.3 11.9 7.7 −1.4
Paraguay 3.4 1.5 1.3 1.3 2.1 −1.4
India 19.8 7.9 3.1 0.4 1.6 −18.2
Spain 1.3 0.1 0.6 0.6 0.6 −0.8
Ukraine 0.0 0.2 1.0 1.1 0.5 0.3
Netherlands 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Nigeria 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 N/C
Uruguay 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 N/C
Canada (39th) 0.1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 N/C

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

N/C: Not Calculated

*PP: Percent Point (difference between 2017 and 2013 percent values)

Canada's soy meal supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
Imports from the World 4,652 4,291 3,656 3,945 3,346 −7.9
Imports from Canada 4 0.007 N/C
Supply gap 4,648 4,291 3,656 3,945 3,346 −7.9

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

N/C: Not Calculated

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

7. Food preparation not elsewhere specified (HS 210690)

MENA's top ten suppliers of food preparation not elsewhere specified, Can$ million
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
World 2,366.1 2,931.5 3,349.1 3,603.9 3,026.2 6.3
Germany 266.5 295.8 315.2 377.1 344.0 6.6
United States 182.6 257.7 337.5 330.0 292.9 12.5
Netherlands 203.2 231.4 294.4 314.0 279.0 8.3
France 159.4 189.7 186.9 211.3 248.7 11.8
Italy 94.8 128.9 147.2 162.0 181.1 17.6
Bahrain 0.0 169.3 78.5 116.7 178.7 1.8[a]
United Kingdom 101.9 121.5 150.7 166.3 172.0 14.0
Spain 128.0 147.8 147.3 161.4 163.6 6.3
Denmark 348.1 311.6 155.6 166.7 144.7 −19.7
Turkey 69.5 83.5 110.8 119.2 94.6 8.0
Canada (24th) 29.5 28.2 36.5 19.2 23.4 −5.6

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

a: CAGR calculated for 4 years

MENA's top ten suppliers of food preparation not elsewhere specified, % share
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 PP* change 2013-17
Germany 11.3 10.1 9.4 10.5 11.4 0.1
United States 7.7 8.8 10.1 9.2 9.7 2.0
Netherlands 8.6 7.9 8.8 8.7 9.2 0.6
France 6.7 6.5 5.6 5.9 8.2 1.5
Italy 4.0 4.4 4.4 4.5 6.0 2.0
Bahrain[a] 0.0 5.8 2.3 3.2 5.9 0.1
United Kingdom 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.6 5.7 1.4
Spain 5.4 5.0 4.4 4.5 5.4 0.0
Denmark 14.7 10.6 4.7 4.6 4.8 −9.9
Turkey 2.9 2.9 3.3 3.3 3.1 0.2
Canada (24th) 1.3 1.0 1.1 0.5 0.8 −0.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

*PP: Percent Point (difference between 2017 and 2013 percent values)

a: PP change calculated for 2017 and 2014 values

Canada's food preparation not elsewhere specified supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
Imports from the World 2,366 2,931 3,349 3,604 3,026 6.3
Imports from Canada 29 28 36 19.221 23 −5.6
Supply gap 2,337 2,903 3,313 3,585 3,003 6.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

8. Frozen poultry (HS 020712)

MENA's top ten suppliers of frozen poultry, Can$ million
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
World 3,243.6 2,886.1 3,366.0 3,116.5 2,873.5 −3.0
Brazil 2,224.4 1,938.0 2,288.1 2,213.9 2,047.0 −2.1
Turkey 379.9 372.2 300.7 259.3 340.7 −2.7
France 448.3 359.6 420.7 293.4 244.5 −14.1
Ukraine 38.9 51.4 79.6 124.9 136.2 36.8
Argentina 28.3 35.9 90.3 44.9 39.2 8.5
Saudi Arabia 18.7 16.2 14.3 20.6 18.3 4.0
Oman 23.6 20.2 42.5 34.0 12.6 −14.5
Iran 21.2 68.8 96.7 90.1 10.8 −15.4
Russia 0.1 0.0 0.3 7.3 6.7 N/C
Poland 0.4 0.0 1.9 0.4 5.9 N/C
Canada (24th) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.001 0.016 N/C

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

N/C: Not Calculated

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of frozen poultry, % share
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 PP* change 2013-17
Brazil 68.6 67.2 68.0 71.0 71.2 2.7
Turkey 11.7 12.9 8.9 8.3 11.9 0.1
France 13.8 12.5 12.5 9.4 8.5 −5.3
Ukraine 1.2 1.8 2.4 4.0 4.7 3.5
Argentina 0.9 1.3 2.7 1.4 1.4 0.5
Saudi Arabia 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.1
Oman 0.7 0.7 1.3 1.1 0.4 −0.3
Iran 0.7 2.4 2.9 2.9 0.4 −0.3
Russian Federation 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 N/C
Poland 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 N/C
Canada (24th) 0.1 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 N/C

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

N/C: Not Calculated

*PP: Percent Point (difference between 2017 and 2013 percent values)

Canada's frozen poultry supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
Imports from the World 3,244 2,886 3,366 3,117 2,873 −3.0
Imports from Canada 0.001 0.016 N/C
Supply gap 3,244 2,886 3,366 3,117 2,873 −3.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

N/C: Not Calculated

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

9. Cane or beet sugar and chemically pure sucrose, in solid form (HS 170199)

MENA's top ten suppliers of cane or beet sugar, Can$ million
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
World 3,124 2,932 2,605 2,782 2,647 −4.1
New Zealand 1,096 995 774 999 1,033 −1.5
Netherlands 266 261 259 197 240 −2.5
Oman 2 2 76 152 175 N/C
Uruguay 112 115 113 81 143 6.4
Denmark 110 75 88 64 139 6.0
Argentina 125 164 112 155 138 2.5
Belgium 57 73 53 111 102 15.6
Sweden 48 38 45 52 87 15.8
France 2 0 3 70 80 N/C
Germany 42 64 27 92 78 16.4
Canada (35th)[a] 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.83 0.92 52.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

N/C: Not Calculated

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

a: Canada only produces beet sugar

MENA's top ten suppliers of cane or beet sugar, % share
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 PP* change 2013-17
New Zealand 35.1 34.0 29.7 35.9 39.0 4.0
Netherlands 8.5 8.9 10.0 7.1 9.1 0.6
Oman 0.1 0.1 2.9 5.5 6.6 6.5
Uruguay 3.6 3.9 4.4 2.9 5.4 1.8
Denmark 3.5 2.6 3.4 2.3 5.2 1.7
Argentina 4.0 5.6 4.3 5.6 5.2 1.2
Belgium 1.8 2.5 2.0 4.0 3.9 2.0
Sweden 1.5 1.3 1.7 1.9 3.3 1.7
France 0.1 0.0 0.1 2.5 3.0 3.0
Germany 1.4 2.2 1.0 3.3 2.9 1.6
Canada (35th)[a] 0.01 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.02

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

*PP: Percent Point (difference between 2017 and 2013 percent values)

a: Canada only produces beet sugar

Canada's beet sugar, supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
Imports from the World 3,124 2,932 2,605 2,782 2,647 −4.1
Imports from Canada 0.17 0.81 0.75 0.83 0.92 52.2
Supply Gap 3,123 2,931 2,605 2,782 2,646 −4.1

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

10. Milk and cream (HS 040221)

MENA's top ten suppliers of milk in solid form, Can$ million
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
World 2,426 3,458 2,912 2,495 2,555 1.3
New Zealand 752 1,424 1,141 1,159 1,053 8.8
Netherlands 292 295 216 223 348 4.5
Oman 193 254 268 168 222 3.6
Uruguay 32 51 92 54 161 49.3
Denmark 163 174 154 125 133 −5.1
Argentina 257 231 103 90 100 −21.1
Belgium 94 147 48 39 92 −0.5
Sweden 122 145 109 68 80 −10.0
France 67 120 84 63 74 2.6
Germany 17 32 54 40 55 34.4
Canada (30th) 1 3 0.23 1 0.23 −36.3

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of milk in solid form, % share
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 PP* change 2013-17
New Zealand 31.0 41.2 39.2 46.5 41.2 10.2
Netherlands 12.0 8.5 7.4 9.0 13.6 1.6
Oman 7.9 7.4 9.2 6.7 8.7 0.7
Uruguay 1.3 1.5 3.2 2.2 6.3 5.0
Denmark 6.7 5.0 5.3 5.0 5.2 −1.6
Argentina 10.6 6.7 3.5 3.6 3.9 −6.7
Belgium 3.9 4.3 1.7 1.6 3.6 −0.3
Sweden 5.0 4.2 3.7 2.7 3.1 −1.9
France 2.8 3.5 2.9 2.5 2.9 0.2
Germany 0.7 0.9 1.9 1.6 2.2 1.5
Canada (30th) 0.1 0.1 0.01 0.1 0.01 −0.1

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

*PP: Percent Point (difference between 2017 and 2013 percent values)

Canada's milk and cream in solid form supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
Imports from the World 2,426 3,458 2,912 2,495 2,555 1.3
Imports from Canada 1 3 0 1 0.231 −36.3
Supply gap 2,424 3,455 2,911 2,493 2,555 1.3

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Conclusion

Despite the large import supply gap between Canada and MENA's global partners, Canadian agri-food and seafood imports remain steady. Canadian exporters have a foothold in this market and can therefore take advantage of existing relationship to increase trade in this region.

Canada is well positioned to become a top exporter to MENA for soya beans and wheat. Although wheat has seen a decline in recent years due to increased Russian exports to MENA, Canada could maintain its position and leverage barley imports given the increased demand in recent years.

Imports of the lesser known commodities, such as cane or beet sugar and barley continue to rise, while food preparation goods, milk and cream remain steady, with slight fluctuations from one year to the next. 

Between 2014 and 2017, Canadian barley exports to MENA have risen by Can$28.6 million and beet sugar exports have increased by 52.2%.

Corn is yet another high quality commodity produced in Canada, and based on historic export data to the MENA region, could be leveraged and help narrow the export supply gap.

Canada should continue to maintain and leverage its position regarding the five main exports to MENA which include durum wheat, dried lentils, canola oil, wheat and soya beans.

For more information

International Trade Commissioners can provide Canadian industry with on-the-ground expertise regarding market potential, current conditions and local business contacts, and are an excellent point of contact for export advice.

For additional intelligence on this and other markets, the complete library of Global Analysis reports can be found on the International agri-food market intelligence page, arranged by region.

For information on Gulfood 2019, being held at the Dubai World Trade Centre on from February 17th to 21st, visit the Gulfood website.

For additional information on Middle East and North Africa trade shows, please contact:

Ben Berry, Deputy Director
Trade Show Strategy and Delivery
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
ben.berry@canada.ca

Resources

Competitive Trade Analysis – Agri-food and seafood trends in the Middle East and North Africa
Global Analysis Report

Prepared by: André Ajaltouny, Market Analyst

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food (2019).

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