Statistical Overview of the Canadian Maple Industry - 2014

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Overview

The Canadian maple syrup industry produces 80% of the world's pure maple syrup and is the leading global producer of maple syrup and maple products. Maple syrup was discovered and used as both a sweetener and medicine by First Nations people in eastern Canada long before the arrival of European settlers. Although Canada is home to five species of maple trees, namely the sugar maple, black maple, red maple, silver maple and Manitoba maple, only sugar and black maple trees are ideal for syrup production owing to their higher sugar concentrations of 2% to 3%Footnote 1. Freezing overnight temperatures and mild daytime temperatures are required to maximize the amount of sap that can be extracted from maple trees.

While maple syrup production dropped in 2014 compared with 2013, primarily due to weather-related factors in some regions, it nonetheless represented the second best production recorded in the last 20 years. Canada produced over 9 million gallons of maple syrup in 2014, down 5.6% from 2013; the value of maple products declined 6.9% to $379.9 million. The province of Quebec alone accounted for 90.5% of the country's maple syrup production.

Canada is the world's largest exporter of maple products, with exports valued at $310 million in 2014, representing almost 82% of production. Quebec accounted for 95.3% of Canadian maple product exports and New Brunswick for 3.9%, with the remaining maple-producing provinces (as listed in Table 2.1.1.) accounting for only 0.8% of total exports. In 2014, 63.2% of Canadian exports went to the United States, 9.6% to Japan and 8.4% to Germany, with the other export destinations (as listed in Table 2.1.4.) accounting for 18.9% of total exports.

1. Production

1.1. Number of maple farms by province

2006 2011
Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 004-0009)
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 1
Prince Edward Island 9 11
Nova Scotia 113 152
New Brunswick 189 191
Quebec 7,054 7,639
Ontario 2,240 2,673
Manitoba 63 67
Saskatchewan 28 24
Alberta 3 7
British Columbia 32 82
Canada 9,731 10,847

1.2. Number of maple taps by province

2006 2011
Note:
X: Suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.
Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 004-0009)
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 X
Prince Edward Island 11,619 9,693
Nova Scotia 346,114 372,452
New Brunswick 1,702,530 1,896,773
Quebec 34,675,949 40,632,512
Ontario 1,311,599 1,508,651
Manitoba 11,408 8,251
Saskatchewan 14,373 5,917
Alberta 120 X
British Columbia 2,241 3,609
Canada 38,075,953 44,440,024

1.3. Maple syrup production1 by province (thousands of gallons)

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Note:
1. Maple products such as taffy, sugar and maple butter have been converted to syrup equivalent.
Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0008)
Nova Scotia 28 31 25 37 29
New Brunswick 309 341 348 484 502
Quebec 6,649 7,690 7,257 9,083 8,584
Ontario 288 488 225 449 368
Canada 7,274 8,551 7,855 10,053 9,486

1.4. Maple syrup production by province - percent share, 2014

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Maple syrup production by province - percent share

  • Quebec: 90.52%
  • New Brunswick: 5.29%
  • Ontario: 3.88%
  • Nova Scotia: 0.31%

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Tableau 001-0008)

1.5. Gross value1 of maple products by province (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Note:
1. The gross value of maple products includes maple sugar, maple butter and maple syrup.
Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0008)
Nova Scotia 1,534 1,667 1,400 2,225 1,779
New Brunswick 18,620 21,728 20,399 28,892 30,580
Quebec 251,682 283,000 268,200 346,100 321,700
Ontario 19,225 32,559 14,544 30,845 25,863
Canada 291,061 338,954 304,543 408,061 379,922

1.6. Gross value of maple products by province - percent share, 2014

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Gross value of maple products by province - percent share

  • Quebec: 84.68%
  • New Brunswick: 8.05%
  • Ontario: 6.81%
  • Nova Scotia: 0.47%

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0008)

2. Trade

2.1. Exports

2.1.1. Maple products1 exports by province - value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Note:
1. Maple Products include both maple sugar and maple syrup.
Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, June 2015)
Prince Edward Island 217 110 306 101 219
Nova Scotia 385 495 243 341 239
New Brunswick 7,645 10,005 12,082 9,471 12,002
Quebec 221,797 230,748 234,543 266,173 295,013
Ontario 441 448 1,816 1,344 1,909
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 19 95 0 0
Alberta 0 3 0 0 1
British Columbia 501 290 298 512 239
Canada 231,298 242,121 249,384 277,942 309,794

2.1.2. Maple products exports by province - percent share, 2014

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Maple products exports by province - percent share

  • Quebec: 95.28%
  • New Brunswick: 3.88%
  • Others: 0.84%

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, June 2015)

2.1.3. Maple products1 exports by province - volume (kilograms)

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Note:
1. Maple Products include both maple sugar and maple syrup.
Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, June 2015)
Prince Edward Island 37,865 20,038 57,721 18,745 40,582
Nova Scotia 59,230 71,330 36,408 51,105 27,459
New Brunswick 1,113,592 1,591,490 1,950,155 1,377,674 1,526,978
Quebec 31,219,671 31,783,099 32,141,806 34,689,106 36,407,717
Ontario 66,352 75,984 322,643 230,113 323,894
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 2,000 9,000 0 0
Alberta 0 193 1 2 53
British Columbia 49,516 30,498 27,094 53,745 22,633
Canada 32,577,174 33,574,904 34,544,896 36,420,551 38,374,556

2.1.4. Top 10 maple products export destinations - value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, June 2015)
United States 142,993 150,953 157,746 178,419 195,680
Japan 28,093 26,532 24,791 24,711 29,624
Germany 16,225 17,685 19,305 21,751 25,890
United Kingdom 9,593 10,620 10,621 11,868 12,267
Australia 6,883 6,773 6,905 8,573 10,025
France 7,580 8,239 7,270 9,690 9,974
Denmark 4,130 4,046 4,044 4,470 4,983
South Korea 2,941 5,658 5,249 3,841 3,434
Netherlands 2,244 1,911 2,100 2,306 2,905
Belgium 877 549 880 1,329 2,034
Others 9,738 9,156 10,473 10,983 12,978
Total 231,298 242,121 249,384 277,942 309,794

2.1.5. Top 10 maple products export destinations - percent share, 2014

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Top 10 maple products export destinations - percent share

  • United States: 63.16%
  • Japan: 9.56%
  • Germany: 8.36%
  • United Kingdom: 3.96%
  • Australia: 3.24%
  • France: 3.22%
  • Others: 8.50%

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, June 2015)

2.1.6. Top 10 maple products export destinations - volume (kilograms)

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, June 2015)
United States 21,406,981 22,001,286 22,581,041 24,045,809 24,518,587
Japan 3,263,964 2,985,330 2,868,446 2,718,810 3,256,293
Germany 2,057,215 2,099,408 2,256,829 2,599,750 3,177,017
United Kingdom 1,358,561 1,525,351 1,601,755 1,599,696 1,680,317
Australia 974,370 1,076,735 1,082,249 1,388,029 1,462,429
France 937,647 1,073,818 958,600 1,270,064 1,262,005
Denmark 593,838 590,119 634,185 728,345 710,424
South Korea 315,249 665,592 590,945 436,331 400,586
Netherlands 252,805 243,184 243,305 281,799 323,322
Belgium 91,262 45,559 78,552 129,781 208,253
Others 1,325,282 1,268,522 1,648,989 1,222,137 1,375,323
Total 32,577,174 33,574,904 34,544,896 36,420,551 38,374,556

3. Availability for consumption

3.1. Maple products available for consumption (kilograms per person)

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Notes:
Does not adjust for losses, such as waste and/or spoilage in stores, households, private institutions or restaurants, or losses during preparation.
Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 002-0011)
Maple sugar 0.20 0.18 0.31 0.26 0.28
Maple sugar, sugar content 0.17 0.16 0.27 0.22 0.24

4. World data

4.1. Top 10 importers of maple sugar and maple syrup (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Note:
1. 100% of Canadian imports of maple products are sourced from the United States.
Source: Global Trade Atlas (June 2015)
United States 142,299 150,199 156,952 177,078 194,363
Japan 34,302 31,281 31,052 31,936 34,568
Germany 18,112 19,432 17,948 21,141 22,881
United Kingdom 12,119 12,459 13,389 16,855 17,923
Australia 5,855 9,592 8,760 10,696 13,372
Canada1 8,653 11,317 8,508 12,053 12,494
France 9,169 9,133 9,005 11,697 12,237
Netherlands 2,933 3,260 3,318 3,053 6,995
Denmark 5,014 4,021 4,856 5,300 5,694
Italy 1,758 2,093 3,889 2,461 5,089
Others 26,195 27,212 30,457 32,215 39,623
Total 266,411 280,000 288,134 324,485 365,239

5. Key Resources

  • Global Trade Atlas
  • Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0008)
  • Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 002-0011)
  • Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 004-0009)
  • Statistics Canada CATSNET
  • Import and export data is based on the following Harmonized System Codes (H.S. Codes):
    • Maple for import: 1702200010, 1702200020
    • Maple for export: 17022010, 17022020

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