Canadian Exports of Agri-Food and Seafood Products to Mexico

Annual Report 2014

Alejandro Ruiz
Embassy of Canada in Mexico

The information provided in the following report is based on official Mexican import statistics reported by Mexico's National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Informatics (INEGI), which were obtained from the Global Trade Atlas database.

During 2014, total Mexican agri-food imports from the world reported an increase of 4% as compared to 2013 in terms of value, reaching an historic record of over US$28 billion.

In the case of Canada, according to Mexican official import stats, Canadian agri-food exports to Mexico during 2014 reached US$1.89 billion, which were quite similar (only 1.2% lower) than the exports reported in 2013.

A decline in Canadian exports of bulk commodities to Mexico (only in terms of value because in terms of volume an increase was reported) during 2014, was counteracted by relevant increases in Canadian exports of intermediate products and consumer-ready food products to Mexico.

It is important to note that the Canadian dollar maintained a high value vs. the Mexican peso during 2014, which was not precisely favourable for the expansion of exports.

Canadian Agriculture and Agri-Food Exports to Mexico (Million US$)

Exports to Mexico: Description of this image follows.
Description

Year: Million US$

  • 2002: 702.8
  • 2003: 745.8
  • 2004: 1174.8
  • 2005: 956.9
  • 2006: 1154.0
  • 2007: 1387.3
  • 2008: 1760.3
  • 2009: 1309.3
  • 2010: 1587.6
  • 2011: 2067.6
  • 2012: 1956.3
  • 2013: 1915.8
  • 2014: 1893.1

Source: Based on official import statistics reported by INEGI

During 2014, Canada maintained its position as the second largest supplier of agri-food products to Mexico with a share of 6.7% on the total Mexican agri-food imports, only behind the United States (U.S.), which is the largest supplier with a share of 72.0%. Other significant foreign suppliers of agri-food products to Mexico during 2014 were: Ireland with a share of 3.9%, Chile (1.8%), Spain (1.2%) and Guatemala (1.0%).

Main Foreign Suppliers of Agri-Food Products to Mexico 2014

Foreign Suppliers: Description of this image follows.
Description
  • Ireland 3.9%
  • Guatemala 1.0%
  • Spain 1.2%
  • Others 13.4%
  • Canada 6.7%
  • United States 72.0%
  • Chile 1.8%

Source: INEGI

Bulk Commodities

Despite the fact that in terms of value ($), Canadian exports of bulk commodities to Mexico during 2014 (US$1.1 billion), were 12% lower as compared to the exports from 2013; in terms of volume (metric tonnes), Canadian exports reported a 7% increase. This appears to indicate that Canadian grains were able to be purchased at lower prices in Mexico during 2014. Canadian exports of bulk commodities represented 58% of the total Canadian agriculture and agri-food exports to Mexico in 2014.

Canadian Exports of Bulk Commodities to Mexico (Million US$)

Exports of Bulk Commodities: Description of this image follows.
Description
Canadian Exports of Bulk Commodities to Mexico (Million US$)
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Source: INEGI
Million $US $258.5 $371.6 $525.9 $448.5 $626.8 $814.8 $1198.3 $772.5 $929.0 $1381.5 $1329.3 $1235.7 $1088.8
Metric Tonnes 1,226 1,519 1,973 1,944 2,520 2,076 1,983 2,041 2,330 2,636 2,411 2,352 2,527

Value figures for 2014 report a 15% decline in Canadian canola exports to Mexico and a 5% decline in Canadian wheat exports; nevertheless in terms of volume, Canadian exports of canola and wheat to Mexico reported increases of 10% and 6% respectively, as compared to 2013. Higher amounts of these products reached Mexico but at lower import prices. Exports of Canadian soybeans reported a relevant increase from “0” in 2013 to US$4.3 million in 2014. Canada was the second largest supplier of bulk commodities to Mexico during 2014 with a share of 13.0% in Mexican imports. The largest supplier was the U.S. with 74.4%. Other suppliers were: Paraguay with a share of 1.8%, Russia (1.5%), Brazil (1.2%) and Uruguay (1.0%).

Main Foreign Suppliers of Bulk Commodities to Mexico 2014

Foreign Suppliers of Bulk Commodities: Description of this image follows.
Description
  • Canada 13.9%
  • United States 13.9%
  • Paraguay 13.9%
  • Brazil 13.9%
  • Russia 13.9%
  • Uruguay 13.9%
  • Others 13.9%

Source: INEGI

Canadian Exports of Selected Bulk Commodities to Mexcio (Million US$)
Product 2013 2014 Change
Source: INEGI
Canola 799.8 682.0 -14.7%
Wheat 341.6 324.2 -5.1%
Tobacco 36.9 37.1 0.5%
Canary seed 31.2 27.2 -12.9%
Flaxseed 4.9 4.6 -6.1%
Soybeans 0 4.3 n.a.
Oats 4.5 3.0 -31.8%
Mustard seed 1.7 1.6 -7.4%
Sunflower seed 1.8 1.5 -13.8%
Barley 0.8 0.8 -1.9%

Intermediate Products

Canadian exports of intermediate products to Mexico reached US$217.6 million during 2014, which were 13.7% higher than the exports reported during 2013, mainly due to higher exports of refined canola oil, lentils and malt. Intermediate products represented 11% of the total Canadian agriculture and agri-food products exported to Mexico in 2014.

Canadian Exports of Intermediate Products to Mexico (Million US$)

Exports of Intermediate Products: Description of this image follows.
Description

Million US$ (Year)

  • $128.7 (2002)
  • $109.6 (2003)
  • $136.9 (2004)
  • $127.9 (2005)
  • $118.3 (2006)
  • $122.4 (2007)
  • $153.4 (2008)
  • $150.4 (2009)
  • $142.1 (2010)
  • $220.3 (2011)
  • $202.4 (2012)
  • $191.6 (2013)
  • $217.6 (2014)

Source: INEGI

In addition to the products described above, other Canadian intermediate products that reported higher exports to Mexico as compared to last year were: animal fats, semi-processed oats, dried peas and live cattle, among others. During 2014, Canada was the third largest supplier of intermediate products to Mexico with a share of 2.8%, only behind the U.S. which is the main supplier with a share of 62.9% and Ireland (12.3%). Other foreign suppliers of intermediate products to Mexico during 2014 were: Costa Rica (2.0%), Guatemala (1.9%), and China (1.5%).

Main Foreign Supplies of Intermediate Products to Mexico (2014)

Intermediate Products: Description of this image follows.
Description
  • United States 62.9%
  • Ireland 12.3%
  • Guatemala 1.9%
  • Costa Rica 2.0%
  • China 1.5%
  • Others 16.6%
  • Canada 2.8%

Source: INEGI

"Mixtures of odoriferous substances" used in the food or drink industries (HS Code: 3302.10), which are included in the World Trade Organization (WTO) definition of agri-food products, represented 95% of Ireland exports of intermediate products to Mexico during 2014.

Canadian Exports of Selected Intermediate Products to Mexico (Million US$)
Product 2013 2014 Change
Source: INEGI
Refined canola oil 7.3 31.9 335.3%
Lentils 24.0 30.7 27.8%
Malt 16.7 29.4 76.4%
Semi-processed oats 13.5 16.2 20.1%
Animal fats 3.2 10.4 230.1%
Skim milk powder 13.3 9.3 -30.1%
Raw canola oil 24.7 7.7 -68.8%
Animal feed preparations 10.8 6.1 -43.4%
Dried peas 4.1 5.3 30.3%
Live cattle 1.2 5.0 327.9%
Beans 15.3 4.8 -69.0%
Bovine tallow 0 4.5 n.a.
Bovine semen 4.2 4.3 2.1%
Canola meal 6.7 3.9 -41.9%

Consumer-Ready Food Products

Canadian exports of consumer-ready food products to Mexico during 2014 reached US$586.7 million, 20.1% higher than the exports reported in 2013.

Canadian Exports of Consumer Products to Mexico (Million US$)

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Description

Million US$ (year)

  • $315.6 (2002)
  • $264.7 (2003)
  • $512.0 (2004)
  • $380.4 (2005)
  • $409.0 (2006)
  • $450.1 (2007)
  • $408.5 (2008)
  • $386.3 (2009)
  • $516.6 (2010)
  • $465.8 (2011)
  • $433.6 (2012)
  • $488.6 (2013)
  • $586.7 (2014)

Source: INEGI

The increase in Canadian exports of consumer-ready food products to Mexico is mainly explained by higher exports of beef (+52.8%), non-alcoholic beverages (+37.3%) and pork (+36.9%). Consumer-ready food products represented approximately 31% of the total Canadian agriculture and agri-food products exported to Mexico in 2014.

In 2014, Canada was the second largest foreign supplier of consumer-ready food products to Mexico with a share of 4.9%, only behind the U.S. which is the main supplier with a share of 76.2%. Other foreign suppliers of consumer-ready food products to Mexico during 2014 were: Chile (3.9%), Spain (2.0%), the United Kingdom (1.6%) and New Zealand (1.5%).

Main Foreign Suppliers of Consumer-Ready Food Products to Mexico (2014)

Consumer-Ready: Description of this image follows.
Description
  • United States 76.2%
  • Chile 3.9%
  • New Zealand 1.5%
  • Spain 2.0%
  • United Kingdom 2.6%
  • Others 9.9%
  • Canada 4.9%

Source: INEGI

Canadian Exports of Selected Consumer-Ready Food Products to Mexico (Million US$)
Product 2013 2014 Change

*Beef= Boneless beef and edible offal, fresh, chilled or frozen (tariff lines: 0201.10, 0201.20, 0201.30, 0202.10, 0202.20, 0202.30, 0206.10, 0206.21, 0206.22, 0206.29, 0210.20 and 1602.50).

**Pork= Carcasses and half carcasses of swine; boneless meat; bone-in meat; edible offals: fresh, chilled or frozen; pig fat; swine meat: dried, salted or in-brine; and swine meat: prepared or preserved (tariff lines: 020311, 020312, 020319, 020321, 020322, 020329, 020630, 020641, 020649, 020900, 020910, 020990, 021011, 021012, 021019, 021099, 160241, 160242 and 160249).

***Chocolate= Cocoa powder; chocolate preparations in blocks over 2 kilograms (kg); chocolates (filled); chocolates (unfilled); and other cocoa preparations not in bulk (tariff lines: 180610, 180620, 180631, 180632 and 180690).

Source: INEGI

Pork** 194.1 265.6 36.9%
Beef* 92.5 141.4 52.8%
Frozen French fries 49.1 43.4 -11.6%
Waffles 28.5 30.7 7.7%
Chocolate*** 49.8 27.2 -45.4%
Pet food 16.0 16.0 -0.2%
Non-alcoholic beverages 7.9 10.9 37.3%
Confectionary products 3.3 3.3 -0.7%
Prepared cereals 2.3 3.1 31.2%
Sweet biscuits 2.6 2.7 5.3%
Bread, pastry, cakes 1.6 2.0 21.7%
Prepared chicken meat 2.2 1.9 -14.1%
Sausages 2.1 1.8 -12.9%
Whiskies 1.6 1.7 4.5%

Fish and Seafood

During 2014 Canadian exports of fish and seafood to Mexico reached US$9.0 million, which were 63.3% higher than the exports reported in 2013.

Canadian Exports of Fish and Seafood Products to Mexico (Million US$)

Fish and Seafood: Description of this image follows.
Description

Million US$ (year)

  • $8.2 (2002)
  • $10.6 (2003)
  • $11.6 (2004)
  • $9.7 (2005)
  • $14.3 (2006)
  • $11.2 (2007)
  • $8.2 (2008)
  • $4.8 (2009)
  • $3.7 (2010)
  • $6.3 (2011)
  • $9.5 (2012)
  • $5.5 (2013)
  • $9.0 (2014)

Source: INEGI

Among the Canadian fish and seafood products that reported relevant increases in their exports to Mexico during 2014 were: fish fats and oils (173.6% increase), frozen lobsters (168.7% increase), cod (109.8% increase) and frozen herrings (66.9% increase), among others.

Canada's share in the total Mexican imports of fish and seafood products during 2014 was 1.0%. The main foreign suppliers of fish and seafood products to Mexico in 2014 were: China with a share of 28.7%, followed by Vietnam (12.9%), Chile (11.8%), Honduras (8.6%) and the U.S. (8.5%).

Main Foreign Suppliers of Fish and Seafood Products to Mexico (2014)

Fish and Seafood: Description of this image follows.
Description
  • United States 8.5%
  • Vietnam 12.9%
  • Chile 11.8%
  • Honduras 8.6%
  • Others 28.5%
  • Canada 1.0%

Source: INEGI

Canadian Exports of Selected Fish and Seafood Products to Mexico (Million US$)
Product 2013 2014 Change
Source: INEGI
Fish fats and oils 1.12 3.06 173.6%
Boneless frozen fish 1.44 1.73 20.3%
Live lobsters 0.69 0.85 23.1%
Frozen lobsters 0.29 0.79 168.7%
Prepared sardines 0.47 0.53 14.1%
Cooked crustaceans 0.42 0.38 -8.1%
Frozen herrings 0.18 0.30 66.9%
Prepared herrings 0.28 0.29 3.4%
Cod 0.11 0.22 109.8%
Caviar substitutes 0.14 0.15 4.7%
Fresh salmon fillets 0 0.12 n.a.
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