Canadian Exports of Agri-Food and Seafood Products to Mexico
Annual Report 2014
Embassy of Canada in Mexico
The information provided in the following report is based on official Mexican import statistics reported by Mexico's National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Informatics (INEGI), which were obtained from the Global Trade Atlas database.
During 2014, total Mexican agri-food imports from the world reported an increase of 4% as compared to 2013 in terms of value, reaching an historic record of over US$28 billion.
In the case of Canada, according to Mexican official import stats, Canadian agri-food exports to Mexico during 2014 reached US$1.89 billion, which were quite similar (only 1.2% lower) than the exports reported in 2013.
A decline in Canadian exports of bulk commodities to Mexico (only in terms of value because in terms of volume an increase was reported) during 2014, was counteracted by relevant increases in Canadian exports of intermediate products and consumer-ready food products to Mexico.
It is important to note that the Canadian dollar maintained a high value vs. the Mexican peso during 2014, which was not precisely favourable for the expansion of exports.
During 2014, Canada maintained its position as the second largest supplier of agri-food products to Mexico with a share of 6.7% on the total Mexican agri-food imports, only behind the United States (U.S.), which is the largest supplier with a share of 72.0%. Other significant foreign suppliers of agri-food products to Mexico during 2014 were: Ireland with a share of 3.9%, Chile (1.8%), Spain (1.2%) and Guatemala (1.0%).
Despite the fact that in terms of value ($), Canadian exports of bulk commodities to Mexico during 2014 (US$1.1 billion), were 12% lower as compared to the exports from 2013; in terms of volume (metric tonnes), Canadian exports reported a 7% increase. This appears to indicate that Canadian grains were able to be purchased at lower prices in Mexico during 2014. Canadian exports of bulk commodities represented 58% of the total Canadian agriculture and agri-food exports to Mexico in 2014.
Canadian Exports of Bulk Commodities to Mexico (Million US$)
Value figures for 2014 report a 15% decline in Canadian canola exports to Mexico and a 5% decline in Canadian wheat exports; nevertheless in terms of volume, Canadian exports of canola and wheat to Mexico reported increases of 10% and 6% respectively, as compared to 2013. Higher amounts of these products reached Mexico but at lower import prices. Exports of Canadian soybeans reported a relevant increase from “0” in 2013 to US$4.3 million in 2014. Canada was the second largest supplier of bulk commodities to Mexico during 2014 with a share of 13.0% in Mexican imports. The largest supplier was the U.S. with 74.4%. Other suppliers were: Paraguay with a share of 1.8%, Russia (1.5%), Brazil (1.2%) and Uruguay (1.0%).
Canadian exports of intermediate products to Mexico reached US$217.6 million during 2014, which were 13.7% higher than the exports reported during 2013, mainly due to higher exports of refined canola oil, lentils and malt. Intermediate products represented 11% of the total Canadian agriculture and agri-food products exported to Mexico in 2014.
In addition to the products described above, other Canadian intermediate products that reported higher exports to Mexico as compared to last year were: animal fats, semi-processed oats, dried peas and live cattle, among others. During 2014, Canada was the third largest supplier of intermediate products to Mexico with a share of 2.8%, only behind the U.S. which is the main supplier with a share of 62.9% and Ireland (12.3%). Other foreign suppliers of intermediate products to Mexico during 2014 were: Costa Rica (2.0%), Guatemala (1.9%), and China (1.5%).
|Refined canola oil||7.3||31.9||335.3%|
|Skim milk powder||13.3||9.3||-30.1%|
|Raw canola oil||24.7||7.7||-68.8%|
|Animal feed preparations||10.8||6.1||-43.4%|
Consumer-Ready Food Products
Canadian exports of consumer-ready food products to Mexico during 2014 reached US$586.7 million, 20.1% higher than the exports reported in 2013.
The increase in Canadian exports of consumer-ready food products to Mexico is mainly explained by higher exports of beef (+52.8%), non-alcoholic beverages (+37.3%) and pork (+36.9%). Consumer-ready food products represented approximately 31% of the total Canadian agriculture and agri-food products exported to Mexico in 2014.
In 2014, Canada was the second largest foreign supplier of consumer-ready food products to Mexico with a share of 4.9%, only behind the U.S. which is the main supplier with a share of 76.2%. Other foreign suppliers of consumer-ready food products to Mexico during 2014 were: Chile (3.9%), Spain (2.0%), the United Kingdom (1.6%) and New Zealand (1.5%).
*Beef= Boneless beef and edible offal, fresh, chilled or frozen (tariff lines: 0201.10, 0201.20, 0201.30, 0202.10, 0202.20, 0202.30, 0206.10, 0206.21, 0206.22, 0206.29, 0210.20 and 1602.50).
**Pork= Carcasses and half carcasses of swine; boneless meat; bone-in meat; edible offals: fresh, chilled or frozen; pig fat; swine meat: dried, salted or in-brine; and swine meat: prepared or preserved (tariff lines: 020311, 020312, 020319, 020321, 020322, 020329, 020630, 020641, 020649, 020900, 020910, 020990, 021011, 021012, 021019, 021099, 160241, 160242 and 160249).
***Chocolate= Cocoa powder; chocolate preparations in blocks over 2 kilograms (kg); chocolates (filled); chocolates (unfilled); and other cocoa preparations not in bulk (tariff lines: 180610, 180620, 180631, 180632 and 180690).
|Frozen French fries||49.1||43.4||-11.6%|
|Bread, pastry, cakes||1.6||2.0||21.7%|
|Prepared chicken meat||2.2||1.9||-14.1%|
Fish and Seafood
During 2014 Canadian exports of fish and seafood to Mexico reached US$9.0 million, which were 63.3% higher than the exports reported in 2013.
Among the Canadian fish and seafood products that reported relevant increases in their exports to Mexico during 2014 were: fish fats and oils (173.6% increase), frozen lobsters (168.7% increase), cod (109.8% increase) and frozen herrings (66.9% increase), among others.
Canada's share in the total Mexican imports of fish and seafood products during 2014 was 1.0%. The main foreign suppliers of fish and seafood products to Mexico in 2014 were: China with a share of 28.7%, followed by Vietnam (12.9%), Chile (11.8%), Honduras (8.6%) and the U.S. (8.5%).
|Fish fats and oils||1.12||3.06||173.6%|
|Boneless frozen fish||1.44||1.73||20.3%|
|Fresh salmon fillets||0||0.12||n.a.|
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