Canada's Meat Product Manufacturing Industry

Canada's meat product manufacturing industry, North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 3116, consists of establishments that are primarily engaged in manufacturing meat products.

Significance

Canada's meat processing companies manufacture a wide variety of meat products ranging from fresh and frozen meat to processed, smoked, canned and cooked meats, as well as sausage and deli meats. About 70% of processed meats in Canada, such as sausages or cold cuts, are made with pork. Meat product manufacturing is by far the largest subsector of food and beverage manufacturing, accounting for 25% of the total revenue from goods manufactured. It is also the largest food and beverage subsector in terms of employment and value-added.

Structure

In 2012, 1002 establishments were operating in Canada with the majority in Ontario (330), Quebec (247), Alberta (143) and British Columbia (110). The industry generated revenues of $22.5 billion and employed over 64,500 people in the same year. Canada is a net exporter of meat products, exporting $6.9 billion in 2014 while importing $3.8 billion. The United States accounts for 48% of exports and the majority of imports come from the United States (80%), followed by Australia, New Zealand, and Uruguay.

Canadian meat product manufacturing industry imports, exports and sales of goods manufactured (2012)
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The following figures are in millions of Canadian dollars.

Canadian meat product manufacturing industry imports, exports and sales of goods manufactured (2012)
Imports 3,315.30
Exports 5,464.00
Domestic shipments 16,992.50
Canadian market (imports and domestic shipments) 20,307.80
Sales of goods manufactured (exports and domestic shipments) 22,456.50

Source: Statistics Canada

Performance

Between 2004 and 2012, sales of goods manufactured by the Canadian meat products industry increased 11.5% from $20.1 billion to $22.5 billion. Imports of meat products grew at an average annual growth rate of 10.6% over the same period while exports grew at an average annual growth rate of 0.2%. Imports as a percentage of the domestic market steadily increased from 9.1% in 2004 to 16.3% in 2012. Between 2004 and 2012, direct employment declined from 67,501 to 64,570 employees.

Canadian meat product manufacturing industry sales of goods manufactured and employment (2004 -2012)
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Canadian meat product manufacturing industry sales of goods manufactured and employment (2004 -2012)
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Sales of goods manufactured (in millions of Canadian dollars) 20,140.77 20,576.30 20,920.31 21,634.76 21,377.01 21,922.78 22,493.70 22,389.56 22,456.50
Employment (number of people) 67,501 67,838 68,923 67,990 68,400 69,194 69,518 65,391 64,570

Source: Statistics Canada

Note: The manufacturing statistics cited in this profile are taken from Statistics Canada's Annual Survey of Manufactures and Logging, which lags behind the current date by at least 2 years.

Meat product manufacturing, 2004-2013

Table showing principal statistics in the canadian meat product manufacturing industry for 2004-2012
Principal statistics [a] 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2012/11 AAG [b]
2007-12
Employment total (number of employees) 67,501 67,838 68,923 67,990 68,400 69,194 69,518 65,391 64,570 −1.3%
Employment – production (number of employees) 58,534 57,107 57,280 56,850 56,865 57,713 57,443 55,035 54,137 −1.6%
Employment - administration (number of employees) 8,967 10,731 11,013 11,140 11,535 11,481 12,075 10,356 10,433 0.7%
Total revenue (millions $) 21,431 21,788 22,083 22,856 22,577 23,076 23,702 23,615 23,635 0.1% 0.7%
Revenue from goods manufactured (millions $) 20,141 20,576 20,920 21,635 21,377 21,923 22,494 22,390 22,456 0.3% 0.7%
Value-added, goods manufactured (millions $) 5,653 5,887 6,098 6,394 6,020 6,376 5,920 5,998 5,826 −2.9%
Value-added/worker, goods manufactured (millions $) 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.10 0.11 0.11
Value-added as % of revenue from goods manufactured 28.1% 28.6% 29.1% 29.6% 28.2% 29.1% 26.3% 26.8% 25.9%
Domestic market (millions $) 16,225 16,627 18,015 19,177 18,531 19,568 19,741 19,680 20,308 3.2% 1.2%
Domestic penetration 90.9% 90.2% 90.0% 89.0% 87.8% 88.0% 87.8% 85.6% 83.7%

Note :

  • [a] Statistics Canada, Annual survey of manufactures and logging (ASML) (note there is at least a 2 year lag in ASML figures)
  • [b] Average annual growth rate
Table showing global trade statistics in the canadian meat product manufacturing industry for 2004-2013
Global trade statistics [a] 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2013/12 AAG [b]
2008-13
Exports (millions $) 5,391.7 5,574.9 4,708.4 4,569.2 5,098.9 4,698.8 5,158.8 5,544.6 5,464.0 5,649.0 3.4% 2.1%
Exports as % of revenue from goods manufactured 26.8% 27.1% 22.5% 21.1% 23.9% 21.4% 22.9% 24.8% 24.3%
Imports (millions $) 1,475.7 1,625.4 1,802.9 2,111.0 2,252.7 2,344.5 2,405.9 2,835.3 3,315.3 3,445.9 3.9% 8.9%
Imports as % of domestic market 9.1% 9.8% 10.0% 11.0% 12.2% 12.0% 12.2% 14.4% 16.3%
Balance of trade (millions $) 3,916.1 3,949.5 2,905.5 2,458.2 2,846.3 2,354.3 2,752.9 2,709.4 2,148.7 2,203.1

Note :

  • [a] Industry Canada trade data online (Statistics Canada data)
  • [b] Average annual growth rate
Table showing trade statistics with the United States in the canadian meat product manufacturing industry for 2004-2013
Trade statistics with the United States [a] 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2013/12 AAG [b]
2008-13
Exports (millions $) 3,264.5 3,076.0 2,440.0 2,245.6 2,240.2 2,130.4 2,337.7 2,321.6 2,273.2 2,497.2 9.9% 2.2%
Imports (millions $) 1,040.5 1,164.0 1,408.8 1,650.5 1,859.3 1,876.9 1,979.9 2,355.7 2,787.3 2,903.3 4.2% 9.3%
Balance of trade (millions $) 2,224.0 1,912.0 1,031.2 595.1 380.9 253.4 357.8 −34.1 −514.1 −406.1

Note :

  • [a] Industry Canada trade data online (Statistics Canada data)
  • [b] Average annual growth rate

Contact us

For more information about Canada's food industry, read Significance of the Food and Beverage Processing Industry in Canada or contact the Sector Development and Analysis Directorate at sdad-ddas@agr.gc.ca.

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