Canada's Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food Industry
The Canadian fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty food industry, North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 3114, comprises establishments that are primarily engaged in manufacturing frozen fruit and vegetables, frozen entrées and side dishes including several ingredients (except seafood), and fruits and vegetables preserved by pickling, canning, dehydrating and similar processes.
Consumer interest in healthier food products is contributing to increased consumption of some categories of fresh and processed fruits and vegetables. Technology and innovation have benefited this industry, with dramatic improvements in food quality and value-added product formats that allow consumers to enjoy the full flavour and nutritional value of fruits or vegetables throughout the year. Technological changes have also facilitated the proliferation of high quality, innovative food products with fruits and vegetables forming major component, such as frozen dinners and entrées, pizzas, breakfast products, juices and soups.
Frozen potato products, mainly French fries, are Canada's leading fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty food export, accounting for 38% of exports in 2014. Frozen blueberries were the sector's second leading export, representing 12% of exports.
In 2012, 491 establishments were operating in Canada with the majority in Ontario (211), Quebec (118), and British Columbia (71). The industry generated revenues of $6.2 billion and employed over 20,100 people in the same year. Canada is a net importer of fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty food products, importing $3.9 billion in 2014 while exporting $2.6 billion. The United States accounts for 82% of exports and the majority of imports come from the United States (66%), followed by China, Brazil, and Mexico.
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The following figures are in millions of Canadian dollars.
|Canadian market (imports and domestic shipments)||7,118.70|
|Sales of goods manufactured (exports and domestic shipments)||6,156.60|
Source: Statistics Canada
Between 2004 and 2012, sales of goods manufactured by the Canadian fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty food industry increased 5.6% from $5.8 billion to $6.2 billion. Over the same period, exports of fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty food products grew at an average annual rate of 2.4% and imports experienced an average annual growth rate of 7.0%. Imports as a percentage of the domestic market climbed steadily from 33.6% in 2004 to 47.1% in 2012, while direct employment declined from 24,126 employees to 20,107 employees.
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|Sales of goods manufactured (in millions of Canadian dollars)||5,830.37||5,445.50||5,815.66||5,885.21||5,796.60||6,037.46||6,022.57||6,067.06||6,156.56|
|Employment (number of people)||24,126||21,308||21,182||19,599||20,263||21,105||22,111||20,166||20,107|
Source: Statistics Canada
Note: The manufacturing statistics cited in this profile are taken from Statistics Canada's Annual Survey of Manufactures and Logging, which lags behind the current date by at least 2 years.
Fruit & vegetable preserving & specialty food manufacturing, 2004-2013
|Principal statistics [a]||2004||2005||2006||2007||2008||2009||2010||2011||2012||2012/11||AAG [b]
|Employment total (number of employees)||24,126||21,308||21,182||19,599||20,263||21,105||22,111||20,166||20,107||−0.3%||0.5%|
|Employment – production (number of employees)||19,256||16,187||16,013||14,846||15,203||15,991||16,663||14,858||14,592|
|Employment - administration (number of employees)||4,870||5,121||5,169||4,753||5,060||5,114||5,448||5,308||5,515||3.9%||3.0%|
|Total revenue (millions $)||6,651||6,427||6,401||6,670||6,608||6,935||6,986||6,645||6,754||1.6%||0.3%|
|Revenue from goods manufactured (millions $)||5,830||5,446||5,816||5,885||5,797||6,037||6,023||6,067||6,157||1.5%||0.9%|
|Value-added, goods manufactured (millions $)||2,445||2,207||2,410||2,651||2,615||2,596||2,519||2,561||2,667||4.1%||0.1%|
|Value-added/worker, goods manufactured (millions $)||0.13||0.14||0.15||0.18||0.17||0.16||0.15||0.17||0.18||6.0%||0.5%|
|Value-added as % of revenue from goods manufactured||41.9%||40.5%||41.4%||45.0%||45.1%||43.0%||41.8%||42.2%||43.3%|
|Domestic market (millions $)||5,794||5,550||6,045||6,072||6,185||6,609||6,692||6,787||7,119||4.9%||3.2%|
|Global trade statistics [a]||2004||2005||2006||2007||2008||2009||2010||2011||2012||2013||2013/12||AAG [b]
|Exports (millions $)||1,985.2||1,944.8||2,035.4||2,268.5||2,347.7||2,275.0||2,076.1||2,272.2||2,392.9||2,479.0||3.6%||1.1%|
|Exports as % of revenue from goods manufactured||34.0%||35.7%||35.0%||38.5%||40.5%||37.7%||34.5%||37.5%||38.9%|
|Imports (millions $)||1,949.3||2,049.3||2,265.0||2,455.4||2,736.3||2,846.8||2,745.8||2,991.8||3,355.0||3,543.6||5.6%||5.3%|
|Imports as % of domestic market||33.6%||36.9%||37.5%||40.4%||44.2%||43.1%||41.0%||44.1%||47.1%|
|Balance of trade (millions $)||36.0||−104.5||−229.6||−186.9||−388.6||−571.8||−669.7||−719.5||−962.1||−1,064.6||10.7%||22.3%|
|Trade statistics with the United States [a]||2004||2005||2006||2007||2008||2009||2010||2011||2012||2013||2013/12||AAG [b]
|Exports (millions $)||1,626.8||1,556.1||1,617.6||1,784.7||1,896.1||1,835.6||1,661.7||1,780.9||1,914.7||2,049.9||7.1%||1.6%|
|Imports (millions $)||1,256.0||1,311.1||1,427.7||1,569.8||1,722.0||1,833.4||1,749.4||1,866.6||2,156.4||2,321.3||7.6%||6.2%|
|Balance of trade (millions $)||370.7||245.0||189.9||214.9||174.1||2.1||−87.7||−85.7||−241.6||−271.4|
For more information about Canada's food industry, read Significance of the Food and Beverage Processing Industry in Canada or contact the Sector Development and Analysis Directorate at email@example.com.
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