Statistical Overview of the Canadian Vegetable Industry - 2016

Alternative Formats

Overview

This report provides a statistical overview of the vegetable industry including the number of farms, total farm area, production, farm gateFootnote1 value (FGV), trade, and innovation in the sector. It focuses on field vegetables, greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms. A separate report for potatoes is prepared annually (AAFC No. 12687E).

Overall, Canada's field vegetable production grew by 5% from 2015 to 2016, from 2,287,887 metric tonnes to 2,405,870 metric tonnes. Field tomatoes topped the production of field vegetables with 488,910  metric tonnes (22%), followed by carrots with 348,201 metric tonnes (16%) and by dry onions with 213,627 metric tonnes (10%). Ontario remained the largest producer accounting for 54% of Canada's total production, followed by Quebec with 33%.

Despite this modest growth in quantity produced, FGV increased by 8% over the same period.  In 2016, FGV for field vegetables reached $1.17 billion, $83 million more than the previous year. Ontario had the largest FGV accounting for 42%, followed by Quebec with 37% and British Columbia with 7%. With the exception of Nova Scotia, all provinces experienced increases in FGV in 2016. Carrots (including baby carrots) were the largest contributor to field vegetables generating $123 million of FGV, followed by tomatoes with $112 million, lettuce (including leaf lettuce and head lettuce) with $88 million, and dry onions with $87 million.

Mushroom sales reached $417 million in 2016, up 11% from 2015, and continued the overall upward trend experienced in the last 5 years. Ontario continued to lead the mushroom sector in 2016, representing 54% of the total production in Canada, followed by British Columbia with 37%.

FGV for the greenhouse vegetable sector totaled over $1.3 billion in 2016, an increase of 5% from 2015. In 2016, Ontario continued to lead the greenhouse vegetable sector representing 64% of total FGV, British Columbia and Quebec followed with 23% and 7%, respectively. Tomatoes were the largest contributor to greenhouse FGV, accounting for 41% ($544 million) of the total. Peppers and cucumbers hold the second and third largest FGV, accounting for 31% ($420  million) and 25% ($334 million), respectively.

Total Canadian vegetable exports, comprising field vegetables, greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms, amounted to $1.7 billion in 2016, an increase of 7% over 2015. The United States remained Canada's largest purchaser, importing 97% of Canada's total vegetable exports.  

The greenhouse sector is a significant contributor to the Canadian value of exported vegetables. In 2016, greenhouse products accounted for 51% of total vegetable exports.  Greenhouse tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers represented 20%, 19% and 12% of the total value of vegetables exports respectively.

Field vegetables (including field tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers) and mushrooms were the second and third largest contributors to total vegetable exports accounting for 36% and 13% of the total value in 2016. For field vegetables, cabbages lead in exported value accounting for 5% of the total, fresh beans and onions followed each accounting for 4% and 3% of total exported value respectively.

Due to the seasonal nature of field vegetable production in Canada, imports are an integral component of the Canadian vegetable market and often necessary to fulfill Canadian demand year-round.  In 2016, Canada imported approximately $3.7 billion in vegetables (field vegetables, greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms), with approximately $2.2 billion (59%) coming from the United States. Mexico was the second largest source of Canadian imports in 2016, with approximately $1 billion. The top vegetables (including field and greenhouse) imported were tomatoes, lettuce, peppers and cabbages. The top U.S. imports were lettuce, cabbage and broccoli/cauliflower whereas imports from Mexico consisted primarily of tomatoes, peppers and cucumber/gherkins.

The vegetable industry is continually introducing innovative varieties and products to fulfill changing consumer preferences. In 2016, approximately 285 new products were launched in Canada ranging from new varieties to new packaging.  The top claims of new products included kosher, microwaveable, ease of use, organic and ethical/ecological (such as, environmentally friendly packaging).

1. Production

1.1. Number of field vegetable farms[1],[2] by province

2006 2011 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 68 87 73
Prince Edward Island 54 37 48
Nova Scotia 125 127 170
New Brunswick 69 87 92
Quebec 857 750 981
Ontario 1,526 1,361 1,709
Manitoba 97 90 119
Saskatchewan 43 47 82
Alberta 124 128 174
British Columbia 669 785 1,061
Canada 3,632 3,499 4,509

Notes:

[1] Includes melons.

[2] Number of farms includes all farms reported to be growing field vegetables and on which field vegetable production represents 50% or more of total farm cash receipts.

Source: Statistics Canada, Census of Agriculture (CANSIM Table 004-0200)

1.2. Number of greenhouse vegetable[1],[2] farms by province

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Atlantic provinces 50 50 45 40 38
Quebec 240 235 195 242 247
Ontario 235 230 230 350 355
Prairie provinces 85 85 80 106 113
British Columbia 135 135 130 125 125
Canada 745 735 680 863 878

Notes:

[1] Includes specialized greenhouse fruits.

[2] Excludes mixed operations (vegetables, flowers and plants).

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0047)

1.3. Planted area of field vegetables by province (hectares)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 221 250 238 258 281
Prince Edward Island 906 834 697 642 704
Nova Scotia 2,315 965 1,371 1,611 1,696
New Brunswick 610 579 525 599 619
Quebec 35,455 34,459 35,307 36,256 36,187
Ontario 49,434 47,182 47,614 48,782 51,714
Manitoba 776 1,146 486 1,223 1,338
Saskatchewan 89 205 155 234 254
Alberta 3,432 4,274 4,445 3,345 3,893
British Columbia 5,431 4,996 5,393 5,646 5,405
Canada[1] 101,488 98,457 98,760 102,161 104,570

Note:

[1] Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0013)

1.4. Planted area of field vegetables by province - percent share, 2015

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Planted area of field vegetables by province - percent share

  • Ontario: 49%
  • Quebec: 35%
  • British Columbia: 5%
  • Alberta: 4%
  • Others: 7%

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0013)

1.5. Planted area of field vegetables by commodity (hectares)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Corn, sweet 21,919 20,778 20,021 19,246 18,916
Peas, green 13,705 13,327 13,263 12,811 12,377
Carrots[1] 8,610 8,184 7,622 8,242 8,608
Beans, green or wax 9,222 8,591 8,154 8,455 8,230
Tomatoes 6,834 6,524 5,087 6,183 6,821
Cabbage[2] 5,798 5,774 5,694 5,443 5,655
Dry onions 5,436 4,718 4,821 5,287 5,496
Broccoli 4,062 4,220 4,004 4,197 4,310
Lettuce[3] 3,583 3,840 4,422 4,048 4,110
Pumpkins 2,844 2,754 2,885 3,296 3,617
Squash and zucchinis 2,595 2,564 2,569 3,243 3,592
Cucumbers and gherkins 1,905 1,942 2,330 2,462 2,637
Peppers 1,979 1,902 1,936 2,231 2,388
Asparagus 1,737 1,965 1,922 1,789 1,952
Cauliflower 1,766 1,617 1,527 1,706 1,826
Beets 1,347 1,482 1,505 1,732 1,816
Rutabagas and turnips 1,863 1,736 1,734 1,633 1,719
Radishes 966 923 927 963 1,055
Celery 721 765 898 892 877
Shallots and green onions 689 763 805 754 799
Spinach 779 822 774 732 732
Watermelon 540 802 786 738 674
Other melons 579 679 715 712 671
Brussels sprouts 609 467 488 561 533
Garlic 297 317 F 463 509
Parsnips 383 384 365 379 372
Leeks 353 287 237 289 308
Rhubarb 180 133 155 199 202
Parsley 187 197 132 168 148
Other vegetables .. .. 2,982 3,307 3,620
Total 101,488 98,457 98,760 102,161 104,570

Notes:

[1] Includes baby carrots and regular carrots.

[2] Includes Chinese cabbage and regular cabbage.

[3] Includes leaf lettuce and head lettuce.

F: Too unreliable to be published.

.. Not available.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0013)

1.6. Harvested area of greenhouse vegetables by province (square meters)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 2,522 3,018 3,235 3,196 647
Prince Edward Island - 1,236 1,398 - -
Nova Scotia 51,554 63,959 67,577 72,898 -
New Brunswick - - - 3,212 121
Quebec 813,802 974,967 909,517 888,174 914,546
Ontario 8,946,414 9,536,949 9,648,343 9,973,043 10,701,586
Manitoba 6,778 6,595 835 5,245 496
Saskatchewan 4,575 15,250 12,978 14,139 2,003
Alberta 520,013 541,095 530,301 534,755 547,626
British Columbia 2,890,257 2,953,999 3,014,961 2,844,344 3,042,197
Canada[1] 13,342,785 14,159,519 14,234,970 14,381,015 15,455,598

Notes:

[1] Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

- : Not available or too unreliable to be published.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0006)

1.7. Harvested area of greenhouse vegetables by province - percent share, 2016

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Harvested area of greenhouse vegetables by province - percent share

  • Ontario: 69%
  • British Columbia: 20%
  • Quebec: 6%
  • Alberta: 3%
  • Others: 2%

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0006)

1.8. Harvested area of greenhouse vegetables by commodity (square meters)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Tomatoes 5,313,632 5,626,969 5,540,991 5,513,834 5,984,704
Peppers 4,546,257 4,887,414 4,951,039 4,940,681 5,190,564
Cucumbers 3,273,983 3,462,182 3,544,037 3,739,157 3,964,710
Lettuce 208,913 182,954 198,903 187,343 174,510
Eggplants - - - - 89,691
Chinese vegetables - - - - 51,104
Herbs - - - - 270
Green beans - - - - 45
Total[1] 13,342,785 14,159,519 14,234,970 14,381,015 15,455,598

Note:

[1] Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

- : Not available or too unreliable to be published.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0006)

1.9. Harvested area of greenhouse vegetables by commodity – percent share, 2015

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Harvested area of greenhouse vegetables by commodity – percent share

  • Tomatoes: 39%
  • Peppers: 33%
  • Cucumbers: 26%
  • Lettuce: 1%
  • Others: 1%

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0006)

1.10. Marketed production[1] of field vegetables by province (metric tonnes)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 4,140 4,653 4,107 4,648 6,608
Prince Edward Island 38,550 30,351 22,839 23,066 20,594
Nova Scotia 54,353 18,908 41,705 45,691 49,374
New Brunswick 7,524 7,428 5,710 5,809 7,175
Quebec 567,977 583,947 704,778 753,774 794,205
Ontario 1,265,827 1,056,054 1,149,730 1,249,022 1,303,867
Manitoba 4,134 12,707 4,560 16,315 20,404
Saskatchewan 754 1,295 364 3,528 3,149
Alberta 26,213 36,447 60,514 30,110 59,376
British Columbia 63,830 58,123 64,581 73,230 78,714
Canada[2] 2,090,536 1,896,805 2,126,831 2,287,887 2,405,870

Notes:

[1] Marketed Production refers to the total quantity of vegetables sold to the fresh and processing markets.

[2] Totals may not add up as some data was surpressed to meet confidentiallity requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0013)

1.11. Marketed production of field vegetables by province – percent share, 2016

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Marketed production of field vegetables by province – percent share

  • Ontario: 54%
  • Quebec: 33%
  • British Columbia: 3%
  • Alberta: 3%
  • Nova Scotia: 2%
  • Others: 5%

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0013)

1.12. Marketed production[1] of field vegetables by commodity (metric tonnes)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Tomatoes 478,151 387,841 366,704 424,913 488,910
Carrots[2] 392,412 338,292 285,070 356,945 348,201
Dry onions 194,047 169,678 220,156 211,240 213,627
Corn, sweet 212,725 202,291 216,887 215,524 196,912
Cabbage[3] 162,274 163,378 157,397 161,818 178,994
Lettuce[4] 64,219 74,821 100,879 92,501 101,016
Pumpkins 62,475 51,634 67,770 74,612 80,172
Peppers 50,544 47,317 50,534 57,270 66,693
Cucumbers and gherkins 49,115 47,441 52,628 52,594 62,367
Beans, green or wax 60,207 52,763 56,505 53,457 55,626
Peas, green 58,970 49,451 56,664 58,176 55,574
Squash and zucchinis 33,510 29,254 34,320 48,062 53,339
Rutabagas and turnips 46,023 46,151 54,337 46,135 47,855
Beets 36,354 37,594 30,597 44,024 44,262
Broccoli 34,786 37,945 39,010 41,648 42,619
Celery 27,936 34,384 38,245 37,115 38,151
Cauliflower 30,574 31,275 28,211 30,818 33,270
Watermelon 22,940 22,946 27,048 27,879 24,657
Radishes 12,262 12,328 16,333 23,052 21,479
Shallots and green onions 10,414 12,615 17,399 19,050 19,611
Other melons 16,436 17,465 19,222 17,726 17,723
Asparagus 6,235 7,479 6,394 6,938 7,910
Parsnips 7,483 6,133 9,066 7,565 7,159
Spinach 5,165 4,112 5,610 6,059 5,759
Leeks 4,432 4,408 3,716 F 5,197
Brussels sprouts 6,361 3,224 5,120 5,969 4,848
Parsley 2,088 2,297 1,794 2,410 2,366
Rhubarb 1,646 1,440 1,286 1,483 1,539
Garlic    752    848    532 1,086 1,040
Total 2,090,536 1,896,805 1,969,434 2,126,069 2,226,876

Notes:

[1] Marketed production refers to the total quantity of vegetables sold to the fresh and processing markets.

[2] Includes baby carrots and regular carrots.

[3] Includes Chinese cabbage and regular cabbage.

[4] Includes leaf lettuce and head lettuce.  

F: Too unreliable to be published.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0013)  

1.13. Farm gate value[1] of field vegetables by province (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 3,711 3,849 3,004 4,053 5,657
Prince Edward Island 8,127 7,172 5,509 6,236 7,655
Nova Scotia 17,469 22,110 8,141 19,497 12,663
New Brunswick 5,667 5,531 4,852 5,663 7,159
Quebec 274,522 302,414 350,311 398,761 428,497
Ontario 359,403 360,972 411,100 456,420 486,143
Manitoba 6,355 8,210 2,260 12,400 15,679
Saskatchewan 940 1,693 1,124 2,499 2,559
Alberta 12,522 18,978 35,302 20,493 32,138
British Columbia 57,721 54,332 61,454 76,713 81,694
Canada[2] 800,297 839,256 953,682 1,084,222 1,167,034

Notes:

[1] The “farm gate” value is the pricing point of production, excluding charges for transport or delivery.

[2] Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANISIM Table 001-0013)

1.14. Farm gate value of field vegetables by province – percent share, 2016

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Farm gate value of field vegetables by province – percent share

  • Ontario: 41%
  • Quebec: 37%
  • British Columbia: 7%
  • Alberta: 3%
  • Others: 12%

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0013)

1.15. Farm gate value of field vegetables by commodity (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Carrots[1] 87,567 94,888 94,225 118,298 122,918
Tomatoes 79,910 65,089 71,338 88,251 111,650
Lettuce[2] 51,287 61,600 81,691 81,658 88,117
Dry onions 65,452 62,137 78,515 81,914 87,153
Cabbage[3] 62,524 78,646 78,382 79,541 83,163
Corn, sweet 71,524 73,196 75,608 77,512 75,590
Broccoli 40,241 47,958 52,778 62,133 59,891
Peppers 39,170 37,945 40,091 48,593 58,880
Cucumbers and gherkins 23,851 25,742 29,171 35,674 38,483
Beans, green or wax 30,410 31,093 32,111 35,979 38,438
Squash and zucchinis 26,685 24,267 22,731 32,433 38,023
Asparagus 22,887 26,850 24,225 27,805 32,507
Cauliflower 23,846 24,667 25,527 29,525 31,349
Shallots and green onions 15,667 21,325 27,011 29,214 29,859
Rutabagas and turnips 21,495 20,894 21,357 23,929 26,977
Pumpkins 17,586 18,023 22,134 24,216 25,868
Peas, green 24,145 24,013 22,643 24,724 24,009
Celery 14,587 15,644 19,230 21,367 22,047
Beets 12,189 15,578 15,529 19,995 19,951
Radishes 10,832 11,259 11,329 14,898 15,259
Spinach 8,703 7,405 10,375 11,791 12,094
Garlic 6,593 7,267 5,003 11,467 11,143
Watermelon 6,901 7,962 8,621 9,540 10,342
Other melons 8,494 10,026 10,205 10,579 10,332
Parsnips 7,064 7,153 9,456 8,632 9,116
Leeks 7,551 7,449 6,179 8,231 8,955
Brussels sprouts 7,426 5,072 6,555 8,569 8,825
Parsley 3,430 4,055 3,459 4,700 5,338
Rhubarb 2,280 2,053 1,829 2,179 2,494
Other vegetables  ..  .. 46,374 50,875 58,263
Total 800,297 839,256 953,682 1,084,222 1,167,034

Notes:  

[1] Includes baby carrots and regular carrots.    

[2] Includes leaf lettuce and head lettuce. 

[3]   Includes Chinese cabbage and regular cabbage.   

.. Not available.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0013) 

1.16. Greenhouse vegetable[1] production by province (metric tonnes)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 9 16 25 10 7
Prince Edward Island - - 66 - -
Nova Scotia 1,943 2,763 2,668 3,089 1,250
New Brunswick - 27 24 29  1
Quebec 22,777 21,764 20,495 2,432 35,590
Ontario 385,363 408,398 420,341 415,558 416,352
Manitoba 162 178 24 152  3
Saskatchewan 86 210 162 186 26
Alberta 23,115 20,769 22,357 22,091 23,307
British Columbia 115,073 130,325 124,256 114,652 94,471
Canada[2] 551,714 585,617 590,986 578,136 605,648

Notes:

[1] Does not include lettuce between 2012 and 2015.

[2] Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

- : Not available or too unreliable to be published.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0006)

1.17. Greenhouse vegetable production by province – percent share, 2016

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Greenhouse vegetable production by province – percent share

  • Ontario: 69%
  • British Columbia: 15%
  • Quebec: 6%
  • Alberta: 4%
  • Others: 6%

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0006)

1.18. Greenhouse vegetable production by commodity (metric tonnes)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Tomatoes 272,992 282,809 280,332 261,677 276,091
Cucumbers 166,731 174,534 180,360 181,814 177,872
Peppers 111,991 128,274 130,294 134,644 135,957
Lettuce N/A N/A N/A N/A 12,171
Eggplants - - - - 2,872
Chinese vegetables - - - - 680
Herbs - - - - 4
Total[1] 551,714 585,617 590,986 578,136 605,648

Notes:

[1] Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

- : Not available or too unreliable to be published.

N/A: Data not available in metric units.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0006)

1.19. Farm gate value of greenhouse vegetables by province (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 22 83 83 71 38
Prince Edward Island - 15 211 - -
Nova Scotia 4,699 7,302 7,503 8,091 8,012
New Brunswick - 111 90 122 24
Quebec 80,913 86,011 86,678 31,653 93,190
Ontario 678,383 767,501 803,226 820,299 859,787
Manitoba 651 703 87 609 82
Saskatchewan 398 1,194 873 1,113 715
Alberta 50,545 52,275 52,114 52,897 54,689
British Columbia 231,049 299,792 290,743 299,829 311,552
Canada[1] 1,055,981 1,222,150 1,249,671 1,281,327 1,339,153

Notes:

[1] Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

- : Not available or too unreliable to be published.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0006)

1.20. Farm gate value of greenhouse vegetables by commodity (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Tomatoes 437,649 516,656 507,098 514,251 544,494
Peppers 313,357 377,329 398,699 426,170 419,737
Cucumbers 281,791 299,170 312,127 311,264 334,185
Lettuce 23,184 28,994 31,748 29,642 28,152
Eggplants - - - -   7,757
Herbs - - - -   3,350
Chinese vegetables - - - - 1,126
Green beans - - - - 353
Total 1,055,981 1,222,150 1,249,671 1,281,327 1,339,153

Note:

- : Not available or too unreliable to be published.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0006)

1.21. Area, production and sales[1] of Canadian mushrooms

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Harvested area (thousands of square feet) Maritime provinces and Quebec x x x x x
Ontario 32,294 33,865 32,789 27,613 31,556
Prairie provinces .. .. x x x
British Columbia x x 18,501 15,792 14,342
Canada[2] 56,649 57,167 55,207 47,548 50,763
Production (metric tonnes) Maritime provinces and Quebec x x x x x
Ontario 69,218 67,727 64,446 58,360 63,204
Prairie provinces .. .. x x x
British Columbia x x 46,603 39,781 46,894
Canada[2] 124,826 120,155 122,057 107,630 121,504
Sales (thousands of Canadian dollars) Maritime provinces and Quebec x x x x x
Ontario 268,625 278,069 267,284 257,466 297,203
Prairie provinces .. .. x x x
British Columbia x x 138,692 120,678 171,358
Canada[2] 443,161 450,096 454,605 422,211 519,732

Notes:

[1] Regional distribution shown as presented by Statistics Canada.

[2] Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

.. : Not available.

x : Suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0012)

2. Innovation

2.1. Number of new products launched in Canada under sub-category "Vegetable", 2012–2016

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Number of new products launched in Canada under sub-category "Vegetable"

  • 2012: 74
  • 2013: 188
  • 2014: 172
  • 2015: 159
  • 2016: 285

Source: Mintel

2.2. Number of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category "Vegetable" by launch type, 2012–2016

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Number of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category "Vegetable" by launch type

  • New Variety/Range Extension: 341 (39%)
  • New Packaging: 280 (32%)
  • New Product: 215 (24%)
  • Relaunch: 38 (4%)
  • New Formulation: 5 (1%)

Source: Mintel

2.3. Top 10 claims of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category "Vegetable", 2012 – 2016

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Total
Kosher 23 48 54 33 120 278
Microwaveable 15 41 39 46 64 205
Ease of Use 17 25 33 38 84 197
Ethical - Environmentally Friendly Package 11 20 28 22 68 149
Organic 5 18 29 27 64 143
Economy 6 49 18 11 49 133
No Additives/Preservatives 19 22 25 28 24 118
Convenient Packaging 7 8 23 29 36 103
High/Added Fiber 6 42 3 11 55 117
Premium 9 9 25 21 32 96
Source: Mintel

2.4. Top 5 claims of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category "Vegetable", 2012–2016

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Top 5 claims of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category "Vegetable"
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Total
Kosher 23 48 54 33 120 278
Microwaveable 15 41 39 46 64 205
Ease of Use 17 25 33 38 84 197
Ethical - Environmentally Friendly Package 11 20 28 22 68 149
Organic 5 18 29 27 64 143

Source: Mintel

3. Trade

3.1. Canadian vegetable[1] trade balance (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Exports 1,047,736 1,297,675 1,329,122 1,586,710 1,693,256
Imports 2,278,419 2,648,896 2,925,463 3,453,558 3,698,264
Net trade (exports less imports) −1,230,683 −1,351,221 −1,596,341 −1,866,848 −2,005,008

Note:

[1] Includes frozen and dried.

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNET, April 2017)

3.2 Exports

3.2.1. Canada's fresh vegetable exports by commodity (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Tomatoes[1] 274,321 337,072 316,733 326,231 372,525
Peppers[1] 225,659 272,850 296,403 361,681 360,168
Cucumbers and gherkins[1],[2] 126,590 177,829 180,005 204,898 240,382
Mushrooms[2],[3] 115,770 130,445 141,299 189,173 220,962
Cabbages 39,500 57,186 59,428 86,330 84,004
Beans[4] 41,648 42,542 50,887 60,207 60,504
Onions and shallots[3] 22,432 32,459 40,886 54,257 54,530
Carrots 38,896 39,165 47,398 61,715 53,170
Corn[4] 20,635 19,789 21,433 34,988 29,627
Lettuce 14,486 18,245 22,168 27,578 28,177
Peas[4] 17,233 49,002 31,047 24,204 27,873
Cauliflower and broccoli 8,869 10,846 12,149 15,990 17,398
Sweet potatoes 1,825 229 574 9,137 17,057
Spinach[4] 3,625 5,959 9,172 10,917 9,238
Asparagus 6,711 6,712 5,762 6,293 8,115
Eggplant 3,989 4,200 4,617 5,649 6,216
Celery 2,668 2,826 3,099 4,403 2,509
Leeks 1,282 1,933 2,395 2,142 2,208
Brussels sprouts 262 385 500 2,295 1,535
Leguminous vegetables[4] 4,194 17,027 3,929 934 927
Turnips 175 126 209 330 545
Garlic 377 343 285 375 483
Other vegetables[2],[3],[4] 76,589 70,507 78,745 96,983 95,104
Total 1,047,736 1,297,675 1,329,122 1,586,710 1,693,256

Notes:

[1] Includes greenhouse vegetables.

[2] Includes provisionally preserved.

[3] Includes dried.

[4] Includes frozen.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2017)

3.2.2. Canada's fresh vegetable exports by commodity (metric tonnes)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Tomatoes[1] 139,507 140,682 146,803 135,553 155,725
Peppers[1] 97,716 103,782 111,432 113,063 133,297
Cucumbers and gherkins[1],[2] 89,359 108,212 113,350 120,018 138,622
Mushrooms[2],[3] 31,465 31,945 31,298 32,898 38,027
Cabbages 62,399 78,351 76,524 86,122 90,132
Beans[4] 31,581 34,262 37,527 36,468 34,281
Onions and shallots[3] 38,936 50,667 58,402 81,642 62,239
Carrots 91,526 78,163 88,777 89,385 78,925
Corn[4] 16,698 16,089 17,452 26,949 19,770
Lettuce 14,457 16,445 18,413 19,166 18,220
Peas[4] 16,125 52,252 29,652 17,244 19,483
Cauliflower and broccoli 11,776 11,814 12,741 14,070 16,200
Sweet potatoes 2,700 552 1,347 11,664 22,860
Spinach[4] 1,459 2,149 3,309 3,412 2,546
Asparagus 1,511 1,678 1,439 1,329 1,495
Eggplant 1,274 1,330 1,560 1,582 1,874
Celery 4,930 5,842 5,457 5,155 4,121
Leeks 987 1,641 1,737 635 738
Brussels sprouts 118 157 203 857 663
Leguminous vegetables[4] 3,017 22,942 5,057 775 754
Turnips 726 408 498 386 1,265
Garlic 217 211 24 69 169
Other vegetables[2],[3],[4] 78,121 69,887 71,417 82,886 75,759
Total 736,605 829,461 834,420 881,327 917,167

Notes:

[1] Includes greenhouse vegetables.

[2] Includes provisionally preserved.

[3] Includes dried.

[4] Includes frozen.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2017)

3.2.3. Top 5 vegetable[1] export destinations by commodity (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
United States Tomatoes 273,748 335,650 315,874 324,282 368,452
Peppers 225,610 272,821 296,339 361,415 359,784
Cucumbers 126,589 177,762 179,765 204,840 240,352
Mushrooms 111,418 117,895 133,043 163,407 195,491
Cabbages 39,372 56,917 59,256 86,040 83,868
Others 252,078 287,106 316,431 404,915 391,123
Total 1,028,814 1,248,150 1,300,707 1,544,899 1,639,069
Japan Mushrooms 3,213 8,941 3,664 16,063 18,382
Tomatoes 561 1,265 642 1,539 3,478
Peas 1,450 1,851 1,640 253 523
Peppers 0 0 0 0 15
Cucumbers and gherkins 0 0 2 17 0
Others 25 51 17 0 0
Total 5,249 12,107 5,966 17,872 22,397
Netherlands Sweet potatoes 157 0 0 5,561 12,702
Mushrooms 421 885 239 1,097 1,310
Onions 35 0 80 34 0
Peas 0 70 0 0 0
Total 613 954 319 6,692 14,012
China Peas 1,241 5,241 3,813 1,494 3,871
Mushrooms 66 53 54 295 750
Beans 0 116 68 0 18
Cucumbers and gherkins 0 0 1 27 1
Spinach 0 0 81 24 0
Others 5 113 5 4 52
Total 1,312 5,522 4,021 1,845 4,693
France Mushrooms 426 1,910 1,962 3,592 1,448
Sweet potatoes 0 0 0 314 391
Beans 605 9 49 72 249
Peppers 8 23 25 20 22
Lettuce 6 14 16 11 12
Others 102 35 80 30 42
Total 1,148 1,992 2,132 4,040 2,164

Note:

[1] Includes frozen and dried.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2017)

3.2.4. Top 10 vegetable[1] export destinations (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
United States 1,028,814 1,248,150 1,300,707 1,544,899 1,638,944
Japan 5,249 12,107 5,966 17,872 22,397
Netherlands 613 954 319 6,692 14,012
China 1,312 5,522 4,021 1,845 4,693
France 1,148 1,992 2,132 4,040 2,164
Switzerland 200 484 960 2,313 1,842
Thailand 537 1,024 1,399 749 1,253
Hong Kong 23 84 580 1,690 1,166
Germany 91 4 1,105 491 880
Taiwan 100 158 344 453 796
Others 9,651 27,194 11,588 5,666 4,983
Total 1,047,736 1,297,675 1,329,122 1,586,710 1,693,131

Note:

[1] Includes frozen and dried.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2017)

3.2.5. Top vegetable export destinations by province (Canadian dollars)

2012 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador United States 0 13,814
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0 29
France 2,335 0
Total 2,335 13,843
Prince Edward Island United States 712,952 1,329,661
Trinidad and Tobago 41,407 70,514
Jamaica 0 36,157
France 0 5
Others 58,024 0
Total 812,383 1,436,337
Nova Scotia United States 14,667,642 13,870,950
France 32,847 28,433
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 555 5,540
Japan 7 0
Total 14,701,051 13,904,923
New Brunswick United States 1,626,335 899,375
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 4,396 25,738
France 84 1,095
Australia 1,464,447 0
Others 893 0
Total 3,096,155 926,208
Quebec United States 137,163,050 240,055,936
Netherlands 0 12,702,222
Israel 0 716,982
France 655,288 409,221
Hong Kong 0 363,544
Others 813,429 302,285
Total 138,631,767 254,550,190
Ontario United States 662,426,044 1,065,490,369
Japan 223,737 1,709,859
France 34,612 296,613
Russian Federation 185,767 258,571
Bermuda 233,014 187,716
Others 3,704,046 520,102
Total 666,807,220 1,068,463,230
Manitoba United States 2,160,929 2,402,996
China 38,094 410,876
Italy 0 66,335
Spain 0 28,782
South Africa 0 17,201
Others 353,549 24,255
Total 2,552,572 2,950,445
Saskatchewan China 1,042,219 2,705,593
Thailand 536,756 1,253,061
United States 183,312 514,835
Japan 1,311,700 485,319
Brazil 644,881 141,509
Others 2,271,201 608,564
Total 5,990,069 5,708,881
Alberta United States 7,752,020 3,192,608
Dominican Republic 0 11,887
Viet Nam 0 10,672
China 160,390 0
Others 276 171
Total 7,912,686 3,215,338
British Columbia United States 202,112,628 311,169,955
Japan 3,680,281 20,202,199
Switzerland 199,592 1,820,269
China 66,486 1,505,128
France 422,554 1,341,700
Others 739,337 5,915,040
Total 207,220,878 341,954,291
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2017)

3.3 Imports

3.3.1. Canada's fresh vegetable[1] imports by commodity (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Tomatoes[2] 270,694 310,746 356,847 399,312 464,135
Lettuce[2] 308,107 344,513 359,731 457,883 419,738
Peppers[2] 205,896 231,615 267,827 300,601 374,097
Cabbages[3] 155,410 223,389 277,551 361,959 372,435
Cauliflower and broccoli 156,380 196,922 210,137 273,570 278,280
Onions and shallots 140,420 172,393 177,187 193,051 222,304
Spinach   91,389 108,757 131,345 156,597 157,799
Carrots 114,684 123,028 127,238 146,251 157,511
Asparagus   88,131   89,754   95,861 102,069 106,960
Beans   60,271   68,473   78,872   92,471   94,160
Celery   55,583   75,242   66,175   88,804   89,837
Cucumbers and gherkins[2][4]   52,994   61,373   75,610   76,553   84,410
Peas   63,425   69,067   71,305   76,749   83,118
Garlic 36,071 38,741 42,459 57,067 79,592
Sweet corn 56,621 55,649 57,036 63,977 74,332
Pumpkins 42,626 49,311 61,200 67,035 67,676
Sweet potatoes 38,466 42,079 47,056 59,170 62,703
Mushrooms[4] 41,819 48,672 46,915 55,664 53,116
Eggplants 24,165 29,213 29,661 32,669 36,745
Yams 15,868 19,491 29,102 31,956 34,733
Brussels sprouts 11,135 17,083 20,693 22,577 24,702
Okra 10,106 12,145 13,912 18,418 18,596
Other vegetables[4] 238,160 261,239 281,742 319,156 341,284
Total 2,278,419 2,648,896 2,925,463 3,453,558 3,698,264

Notes:

[1] May include frozen and dried.

[2] Includes greenhouse vegetables.

[3] Includes kohlrabi, kale and similar edible brassica.

[4] Includes provisionally preserved.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2017)

3.3.2. Canada's fresh vegetable[1] imports by commodity (metric tonnes)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Tomatoes[2] 193,587 199,837 213,738 201,511 217,685
Lettuce[2] 200,952 195,819 188,932 192,614 190,830
Peppers[2] 119,374 126,949 122,079 122,807 134,033
Cabbages[3] 178,945 200,397 206,761 200,405 204,204
Cauliflower and broccoli 168,145 160,151 159,224 156,897 183,547
Onions and shallots 181,154 191,221 194,408 176,941 201,777
Spinach 37,997 41,750 45,061 43,680 44,201
Carrots 117,353 122,706 113,506 113,348 125,851
Asparagus 23,586 21,115 23,516 18,789 20,005
Beans 32,381 31,504 34,599 41,470 36,121
Celery 94,480 94,208 92,017 89,515 87,940
Cucumbers and gherkins[2],[4] 48,529 49,970 54,776 50,616 54,759
Peas 21,103 21,193 18,103 18,515 19,132
Garlic 18,569 18,312 18,787 19,984 19,969
Sweet corn 66,670 61,382 53,432 55,502 56,408
Pumpkins 42,221 46,801 51,123 49,686 54,756
Sweet potatoes 53,759 50,634 45,839 55,628 62,703
Mushrooms[4] 12,166 13,993 12,213 12,414 11,454
Eggplants 22,154 24,357 24,862 24,147 24,931
Yams 13,664 15,761 19,476 18,787 20,000
Brussels sprouts 6,451 8,000 9,174 8,499 8,159
Okra 5,211 5,333 6,362 6,257 6,585
Other vegetables[4] 147,065 152,043 151,966 152,903 155,163
Total 1,805,517 1,853,437 1,859,955 1,830,917 1,940,214

Notes:

[1] May include frozen and dried.

[2] Includes greenhouse vegetables.

[3] Includes kohlrabi, kale and and similar edible brassica.

[4] Includes provisionally preserved.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2017)

3.3.3. Top 5 import vegetable import sources by commodity (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
United States Lettuce 305,852 341,371 355,011 449,001 414,448
Cabbages 135,226 198,280 250,543 328,832 334,898
Broccoli and cauliflowers 137,080 171,410 179,145 222,855 217,223
Onions and shallots 98,298 117,954 119,502 127,917 153,825
Others 765,205 862,037 941,781 1,052,296 1,065,259
Total 1,441,661 1,691,052 1,845,983 2,180,901 2,185,653
Mexico Tomatoes 171,448 198,949 232,849 274,367 337,620
Peppers 124,296 140,744 162,358 169,376 237,056
Cucumbers and gherkins 40,452 45,555 56,536 56,499 62,529
Asparagus 38,859 38,463 40,429 47,444 56,766
Others 182,603 227,102 249,570 303,301 332,782
Total 557,657 650,814 741,742 850,987 1,026,753
China Garlic 24,574 22,739 21,402 31,387 47,736
Mushrooms 7,667 8,502 9,650 12,664 10,610
Peas 10,666 11,708 10,512 9,864 9,590
Carrots 3,275 3,356 2,839 3,882 4,696
Others 54,296 59,428 65,889 78,932 99,653
Total 100,477 105,733 110,293 136,729 172,285
Spain Peppers 7,455 7,847 11,906 29,349 31,017
Garlic 58 1,692 3,452 4,872 7,269
Cucumbers and gherkins 1,780 5,097 4,431 4,642 5,780
Olives 3,294 3,455 3,218 2,574 3,416
Others 1,649 2,379 4,929 5,835 7,917
Total 14,236 20,470 27,937 47,273 55,399
Peru Asparagus 34,567 37,341 39,611 40,751 37,667
Onions and shallots 3,468 6,006 5,305 6,728 7,346
Peas 1,694 1,897 1,925 2,144 1,249
Sweet potatoes 138 253 201 370 681
Others 504 787 954 2,763 1,976
Total 40,371 46,284 47,996 52,756 48,918

Note:

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2017)

3.3.4. Top 10 vegetable import sources (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
United States 1,441,661 1,691,052 1,845,983 2,180,901 2,185,653
Mexico 557,657 650,814 741,742 850,987 1,026,753
China 100,477 105,733 110,293 136,729 172,285
Spain 14,236 20,470 27,937 47,273 55,399
Peru 40,371 46,284 47,996 52,756 48,918
Guatemala 16,986 18,477 20,461 25,465 23,568
Honduras 6,797 10,413 9,996 16,463 19,251
Netherlands 4,950 4,902 6,502 6,163 15,140
Dominican Republic 9,527 12,127 15,715 16,486 15,112
India 8,384 8,554 8,921 11,107 13,870
Others 77,373 80,070 89,918 109,230 122,314
Total 2,278,419 2,648,896 2,925,463 3,453,558 3,698,264
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2017)

3.3.5. Top vegetable import sources by province (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador United States 0 0
Total 0 0
Prince Edward Island Barbados 0 0
Total 0 0
Nova Scotia Poland 254 426
Jamaica 1,117 153
Israel 62 150
Costa Rica 31 149
France 0 34
Total 1,650 959
New Brunswick United States 17,893 13,179
Peru 70 1,186
Mexico 1,452 254
Dominican Republic 17 77
Honduras 95 58
Total 19,824 14,960
Quebec United States 82,909 95,635
China 16,448 25,393
Spain 9,297 22,284
Peru 7,030 9,035
Netherlands 1,785 8,192
Total 155,335 219,486
Ontario United States 770,853 1,172,616
Mexico 366,715 714,434
China 44,831 72,661
Peru 24,796 28,990
Spain 3,354 21,685
Total 1,278,591 2,124,454
Manitoba United States 37,898 47,984
Mexico 7,712 13,067
Peru 2,464 1,511
China 83 357
Guatemala 112 83
Total 48,459 63,710
Saskatchewan United States 23,106 22,918
Mexico 6,701 11,999
Peru 780 1,580
Panama 0 212
Nicaragua 41 69
Total 30,784 36,916
Alberta United States 174,875 322,186
Mexico 69,709 114,724
Spain 500 5,913
Peru 3,145 2,515
China 1,163 1,697
Total 253,314 454,159
British Columbia United States 334,115 511,135
Mexico 100,835 169,946
China 37,904 72,174
Spain 1,082 5,497
Peru 2,085 4,101
Total 490,462 783,619
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2017)

4. Availability for consumption

4.1. Fresh vegetable available for consumption[1] in Canada (kilograms per person)

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Lettuce, fresh 9.79 9.40 9.38 9.55 9.60
Onions and shallots, fresh 8.78 8.76 8.17 8.51 9.07
Tomatoes, fresh 8.16 8.13 8.58 8.36 8.08
Carrots, fresh, 8.77 8.69 7.17 6.24 7.52
Peppers, fresh 3.80 4.25 4.37 4.11 4.25
Cabbage[2], fresh 4.07 4.43 4.24 4.14 3.90
Cucumbers, fresh 3.42 3.55 3.28 3.43 3.15
Celery, fresh 3.00 2.98 3.05 3.11 3.08
Corn, fresh 3.70 3.56 3.48 3.19 3.04
Pumpkins and squash, fresh 2.91 3.08 2.84 3.25 2.95
Broccoli, fresh 2.39 2.53 2.64 2.70 2.70
Cauliflower, fresh 2.80 2.80 2.64 2.33 2.23
Mushrooms, fresh 1.62 1.81 1.78 1.87 1.74
Rutabagas and turnips, fresh 1.38 1.21 1.03 1.28 1.18
Chinese cabbage, fresh 0.91 0.93 1.01 1.01 1.01
Kohlrabi, fresh 0.38 0.42 0.58 0.89 0.97
Spinach, fresh 0.75 0.82 0.89 0.96 0.94
Beets, fresh 0.64 0.72 0.68 0.71 0.92
Beans green and wax, fresh 0.96 0.94 0.91 0.86 0.90
Radishes, fresh 0.38 0.41 0.39 0.54 0.61
Asparagus, fresh 0.75 0.71 0.67 0.70 0.60
Eggplants, fresh 0.46 0.54 0.59 0.59 0.57
Garlic, fresh 0.46 0.46 0.48 0.48 0.49
Parsley, fresh 0.25 0.28 0.30 0.29 0.32
Leeks, fresh 0.27 0.25 0.24 0.23 0.32
Brussels sprouts, fresh 0.20 0.20 0.22 0.24 0.23
Parsnips, fresh 0.18 0.22 0.18 0.26 0.21
Peas, fresh 0.29 0.16 0.27 0.22 0.21
Rappini, fresh 0.15 0.15 0.20 0.21 0.18
Okra, fresh 0.11 0.13 0.13 0.16 0.15
Other edible roots, fresh 0.52 0.16 0.13 0.11 0.12
Manioc, fresh 0.09 0.11 0.11 0.10 0.10
Artichokes, fresh 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03
Olives, fresh 0.01 0.01 0.01 .. 0.01
Other leguminous vegetables, fresh F F F F F

Notes:

[1] Does not adjust for losses (such as waste and/or spoilage in stores, households, private institutions, restaurants) or losses during preparation.

[2] "Chinese cabbage fresh" is included in cabbage.

F: Too unreliable to be published.

 .. Data not available.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANISM Table 002-0011)

4.2. Fresh vegetable available for consumption adjusted for losses[1] in Canada (kilograms per person)

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Tomatoes, fresh 6.00 5.98 6.31 6.14 5.94
Lettuce, fresh 5.41 5.19 5.18 5.28 5.31
Onions and shallots, fresh 4.06 4.05 3.78 3.94 4.20
Carrots, fresh, 4.89 4.84 4.00 3.48 4.19
Cabbage[2], fresh 2.13 2.31 2.21 2.16 2.04
Peppers, fresh 1.75 1.96 2.02 1.90 1.96
Celery, fresh 1.55 1.53 1.57 1.60 1.59
Cucumbers, fresh 1.59 1.66 1.53 1.60 1.47
Broccoli, fresh 1.13 1.19 1.25 1.27 1.27
Mushrooms, fresh 1.09 1.21 1.19 1.25 1.17
Pumpkins and squash, fresh 1.04 1.10 1.01 1.16 1.06
Corn, fresh 0.90 0.87 0.85 0.78 0.74
Kohlrabi, fresh 0.27 0.29 0.41 0.63 0.69
Cauliflower, fresh 0.86 0.86 0.81 0.71 0.68
Chinese cabbage, fresh 0.48 0.49 0.53 0.53 0.53
Spinach, fresh 0.42 0.46 0.50 0.54 0.53
Beets, fresh 0.36 0.40 0.38 0.40 0.51
Beans green and wax, fresh 0.53 0.51 0.50 0.47 0.49
Rutabagas and turnips, fresh 0.35 0.31 0.26 0.33 0.30
Eggplants, fresh 0.22 0.25 0.28 0.28 0.27
Asparagus, fresh 0.30 0.28 0.26 0.27 0.24
Garlic, fresh 0.21 0.21 0.22 0.22 0.23
Radishes, fresh 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.20 0.23
Parsley, fresh 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.16
Brussels sprouts, fresh 0.13 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.15
Leeks, fresh 0.13 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.15
Peas, fresh 0.16 0.09 0.15 0.12 0.12
Parsnips, fresh 0.10 0.12 0.10 0.15 0.11
Rappini, fresh 0.08 0.08 0.11 0.12 0.10
Okra, fresh 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.08

Notes:

[1] Experimental, use with caution. The data have been adjusted for retail, household, cooking and plate loss.

[2] "Chinese cabbage fresh" is included in cabbage.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANISM Table 002-0011)

5. World production

5.1. World fresh vegetable production by commodity (metric tonnes)

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Tomatoes 151,894,515 158,231,067 161,791,707 163,719,357 170,750,767
Watermelons 101,360,340 102,485,102 105,271,484 108,128,746 111,009,149
Onions, dry 78,984,889 84,856,696 82,158,344 84,375,135 88,475,089
Cucumbers and gherkins 62,611,105 66,382,572 69,580,178 72,059,494 74,975,625
Cabbages 65,520,334 70,148,579 67,916,656 68,819,128 71,778,764
Eggplants 44,112,147 45,171,222 47,269,020 48,993,974 50,193,117
Carrots and turnips 33,689,653 36,199,349 37,010,463 37,870,745 38,835,235
Peppers, green 29,598,344 30,071,000 30,856,764 31,177,539 32,324,345
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes) 31,545,581 31,859,389 28,212,233 29,133,241 29,626,335
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 23,261,071 24,058,446 24,289,960 24,941,869 25,196,723
Lettuce and chicory 24,389,728 24,820,678 25,464,857 24,806,879 24,976,318
Garlic 22,557,355 23,088,184 23,411,764 24,188,693 24,939,965
Spinach 20,252,675 21,237,645 22,179,806 23,217,992 24,277,812
Cauliflowers and broccoli 21,068,569 21,795,024 22,436,145 23,202,980 24,175,040
Beans, green 21,747,407 22,080,578 22,875,674 23,195,448 23,532,686
Peas, green 16,360,933 16,980,578 17,069,892 17,443,099 17,426,421
Mushrooms and truffles 7,398,664 8,406,245 9,592,291 9,762,375 10,378,163
Okra 7,077,469 7,848,151 9,499,703 9,469,848 9,623,718
Maize, green 9,310,326 9,557,032 9,963,549 9,706,407 9,619,002
Asparagus 7,483,182 8,212,302 8,306,105 7,937,200 7,830,219
Onions and shallots 4,129,546 4,310,313 4,245,866 4,263,139 4,165,600
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetables 2,122,492 2,112,264 2,178,271 2,181,304 2,236,771
Vegetables, leguminous 1,747,688 1,654,633 1,602,707 1,703,747 1,659,077
Artichokes 1,460,172 1,541,071 1,626,585 1,613,383 1,573,363
Cassava leaves 85,000 85,000 89,325 81,591 77,079
Source: FAOSTAT (April 2017)

6. World trade

6.1. Top 10 importers of fresh vegetables[1] worldwide (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
United States 5,994,307 7,080,322 7,692,392 9,215,567 10,849,338
Germany 4,617,708 5,184,590 5,465,228 5,916,699 6,235,931
United Kingdom 2,961,344 3,350,401 3,673,477 4,073,820 4,172,863
Canada 2,009,627 2,367,840 2,607,246 3,075,724 3,280,157
France 2,161,991 2,464,461 2,630,308 2,845,216 3,121,824
Netherlands 1,590,874 1,662,466 1,595,511 1,702,018 1,689,021
Russia 2,066,803 2,526,801 2,590,230 1,877,353 1,522,767
Belgium 884,180 1,075,798 1,102,551 1,183,806 1,314,434
Japan 1,093,691 998,907 967,045 1,014,319 1,204,194
Malaysia 481,961 593,936 556,674 796,264 941,252
Others 9,352,641 10,946,727 11,846,772 13,496,323 14,509,775
Total 33,215,127 38,252,250 40,727,433 45,197,109 48,841,556

Note:

[1] Does not include potatoes.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (April 2017)

6.2. Top 10 exporters of fresh vegetables[1] worldwide (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Mexico 4,335,211 5,002,474 5,339,164 6,364,022 8,017,016
Spain 4,960,357 5,779,826 6,209,731 6,694,953 7,472,356
China 2,902,244 3,203,124 3,724,197 5,215,745 6,630,770
Netherlands 5,296,443 5,599,466 5,905,641 6,484,736 6,539,217
United States 2,472,310 2,843,362 3,098,115 3,499,338 3,684,202
Italy 1,327,691 1,515,914 1,593,753 1,681,666 1,860,446
Canada 983,054 1,285,904 1,329,155 1,563,885 1,755,075
France 1,232,434 1,436,396 1,420,311 1,468,598 1,583,382
Belgium 855,065 969,664 996,902 1,142,345 1,212,379
Morocco 623,123 752,054 859,842 863,583 1,014,352
Others 7,900,499 9,122,566 10,172,557 10,909,244 10,562,459
Total 32,888,432 37,510,752 40,649,368 45,888,115 50,331,654

Note:

[1] Does not include potatoes.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (April 2017)

6.3. Top 10 selected vegetable[1] imports worldwide (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Tomatoes 8,017,967 8,823,852 9,768,698 10,148,364 10,736,821
Peppers 4,558,197 5,159,364 5,559,690 5,935,290 6,781,080
Garlic 1,501,198 1,793,463 1,732,368 2,284,607 3,349,888
Onions and shallots 2,182,810 2,868,575 2,900,190 3,323,242 3,339,977
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,175,716 2,583,482 2,753,016 2,900,319 3,146,180
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale 1,294,792 1,597,570 1,784,292 2,149,916 2,276,202
Asparagus 1,231,975 1,463,866 1,533,160 1,748,222 1,960,259
Lettuce 1,287,358 1,450,636 1,521,982 1,792,552 1,781,781
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 1,157,025 1,320,811 1,343,160 1,591,639 1,657,026
Carrots and turnips 1,090,738 1,268,962 1,206,717 1,463,609 1,476,437

Notes:

[1] Only "fresh or chilled" vegetables were considered in calculations for this table.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (April 2017)

6.4. Top 10 vegetable[1] exports worldwide (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Tomatoes 8,027,367 8,865,409 10,015,191 10,396,875 10,952,622
Peppers 4,283,192 4,869,026 5,178,353 5,586,053 6,400,208
Garlic 1,959,526 2,141,073 2,271,214 3,187,355 4,769,417
Onions and shallots 2,507,566 3,406,363 3,200,884 4,072,092 4,144,406
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,115,160 2,380,319 2,561,363 2,653,146 3,027,684
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale 995,889 1,184,664 1,401,458 1,696,384 1,741,296
Asparagus 1,037,914 1,122,003 1,259,629 1,460,192 1,674,019
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 1,103,937 1,288,162 1,341,355 1,509,863 1,641,390
Carrots and turnips 1,098,315 1,235,201 1,227,627 1,573,256 1,611,816
Lettuce 1,179,166 1,296,883 1,367,040 1,594,936 1,603,301

Notes:

[1] Only "fresh or chilled" vegetables were considered in calculations for this table.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (April 2017)

7.  Key resources

  • FAOSTAT
  • Global Trade Tracker
  • Mintel
  • Statistics Canada. CANSIM Table 001-0006
  • Statistics Canada. CANSIM Table 001-0012
  • Statistics Canada. CANSIM Table 001-0013
  • Statistics Canada. CANSIM Table 001-0047
  • Statistics Canada. CANSIM Table 002-0001
  • Statistics Canada. CANSIM Table 002-0011
  • Statistics Canada. CANSIM Table 004-0020
  • Statistics Canada. CATSNET

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