Statistical Overview of the Canadian Fruit Industry – 2016

Alternative formats

Overview

Despite its northern latitude and short growing season, a wide range of fruits are grown commercially in Canada, including apples, tender fruits (peaches, nectarines, pears, plums, prunes and cherries), grapes, blueberries, cranberries, strawberries and raspberries. Southern Ontario and Southwest British Columbia, which each enjoy about 180 frost-free days every year, produce much of the fruit grown in the country, while regions of Quebec and the Maritimes also have significant fruit production, despite having only about 120 frost-free days per year. A number of these fruits are native to Canada such as cranberries, blueberries, blackberries, Saskatoon berries and the labrusca grapes. Fruits accounted for 16.8% of total cash receiptsFootnote 1 for edible horticulture in Canada in 2016.

The farm gate valueFootnote 2 of the Canadian fruit sector rose 7.1% from 2015 to reach $1.03 billion in 2016, exceeding the $1-billion milestone for the first time. With a farm gate value of $262 million, blueberries continue to lead the fruit sector, representing 25% of the total farm gate value of Canadian fruit in 2016. Apples are the second most important fruit crop in terms of value ($223 million, 22%), followed by grapes ($151 million, 15%), cranberries ($135 million, 13%), and strawberries ($99 million, 10%).

A fifth year of consecutive growth in cultivated area for fruits (up 6.4% from 2012) was driven by blueberries and cranberries. From 2012 to 2016, the blueberry cultivated area, which represents 60.5% of Canada’s cultivated area for fruits, rose 9.4%, while cranberries which represent 5.6% of the total cultivated area for fruits, saw their cultivated area increase by 14.1%. Cultivated area for apples and grapes remained relatively stable over the same period. However, some fruit commodities witnessed contractions in their cultivated area, particularly raspberries (−17.6%), peaches (−6.9%), and strawberries (−6.8%).

With respect to trade, the value of Canadian exports of fresh fruit decreased by 8.5% from 2015 to $727 million in 2016 mainly due to a decrease of the country’s exports of blueberries (−10.0%) and cherries (−9.5%). Overall, the value of fruit exports rose 19.9% over the last 5 years. Blueberries continue to be Canada’s top fruit export by volume and by value, accounting for 58.1% of export dollars and 46.3% of export tonnage. Furthermore, frozen blueberries represented 69.3% of total blueberry export dollars and 71.9% of blueberry export tonnage in 2016. The United States remains Canada’s top export destination, accounting for 70.0% of all fruit exports by value in 2016.

For the fifth year in a row, Canadian fresh fruit imports continued to increase. Canada imported $5.98 billion of fresh fruit in 2016, up 3.9% from the previous year and up 40.1% over the last 5 years. The top three fruit imports by dollar value, were grapes (10.9%), bananas (9.1%), and strawberries (8.5%). In terms of tonnage, the top three imported fruits were bananas (20.9%), apples (8.6%) and grapes (7.0%). Canada’s leading source country for fruit imports continues to be the United States, accounting for 45.2% of import value.

The Canadian fruit industry continues to be innovative, with 2016 seeing the launch of 105 new products ranging from new varieties to new packaging.

1. Production

1.1 Number of fruit farms[1] by province

2006 2011 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 36 44 26
Prince Edward Island 153 173 175
Nova Scotia 907 971 890
New Brunswick 372 379 415
Quebec 1,273 1,414 1,495
Ontario 1,892 1,548 1,362
Manitoba 124 94 75
Saskatchewan 149 112 90
Alberta 227 151 137
British Columbia 3,196 3,367 3,180
Canada 8,329 8,253 7,845

Note:

  • [1] Number of farms includes all farms reported to be growing fruits and on which fruit production represents 50% or more of total farm cash receipts.

Source: Statistics Canada (Census of Agriculture, CANSIM Table 004-0020)

1.2 Canadian fruit farm cultivated area[1] by commodity – hectares

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Blueberries[2] 72,657 73,445 73,704 77,129 79,515
Apples 17,154 17,284 17,661 17,594 17,377
Grapes[3] 12,283 12,355 12,643 12,360 12,480
Cranberries 6,489 7,121 7,143 7,316 7,402
Strawberries 4,064 3,694 3,458 3,650 3,789
Peaches 2,758 2,491 2,308 2,483 2,567
Raspberries 2,518 2,352 2,294 2,201 2,076
Cherries, sweet 1,614 1,563 1,569 1,614 1,793
Cherries, sour 1,064 1,028 1,015 996 1,027
Saskatoon berries 1,174 1,015 950 964 1,015
Pears 746 707 626 726 777
Plums and prunes 487 443 425 550 585
Nectarines 376 330 306 340 336
Apricots 100 96 91 100 113
Other fruits n/a n/a 511 472 554
Total 123,484 123,924 124,704 128,495 131,406

Notes:

  • [1] Cultivated area includes bearing and non-bearing area.
  • [2] Includes low bush blueberries and high bush blueberries.
  • [3] Includes table grapes and wine grapes.
  • n/a = Not available.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

1.3. Canadian fruit farm cultivated area by commodity – percent share, 2016

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

Description of above image

Canadian fruit farm cultivated area by commodity – percent share

  • Blueberries: 61%
  • Apples: 13%
  • Grapes: 9%
  • Cranberries: 6%
  • Strawberries: 3%
  • Others: 8%

1.4 Canadian fruit farm cultivated area[1] by province – hectares

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 48 51 37 151 32
Prince Edward Island 5,130 110 97 5,097 5,542
Nova Scotia 19,725 19,262 20,234 19,987 19,567
New Brunswick 13,697 14,132 14,083 15,993 18,039
Quebec 39,411 40,300 40,437 41,456 41,636
Ontario 19,783 19,263 19,362 19,802 19,439
Manitoba 242 223 219 210 231
Saskatchewan 453 514 626 649 666
Alberta 888 652 660 624 164
British Columbia 23,023 22,967 22,938 23,802 24,147
Canada 123,484 123,924 124,704 128,495 131,406

Notes:

  • [1] Cultivated area includes bearing and non-bearing area.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

1.5. Canadian fruit farm cultivated area by province – percent share, 2016

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

Description of above image

Canadian fruit farm cultivated area by province – percent share

  • Quebec: 32%
  • British Columbia: 18%
  • Nova Scotia: 15%
  • Ontario: 15%
  • New Brunswick: 14%
  • Others: 6%

1.6 Fruit farm gate value[1] by province – thousands of Canadian dollars

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 443 720 505 405 629
Prince Edward Island 8,889 625 12,864 9,612 10,137
Nova Scotia 58,722 47,164 63,605 72,621 61,647
New Brunswick 8,333 32,987 37,117 46,831 36,256
Quebec 217,337 166,332 235,044 221,908 239,696
Ontario 190,779 264,982 228,499 213,387 267,015
Manitoba 1,193 1,446 1,262 1,581 2,126
Saskatchewan 771 946 768 705 1,209
Alberta 1,979 1,918 1,680 2,031 1,310
British Columbia 348,295 298,649 329,581 389,769 399,829
Canada[2] 876,095 838,776 923,105 965,359 1,033,786

Notes:

  • [1] The "farm gate" value is the pricing point of production, excluding charges for transport or delivery.
  • [2] The total may not add up due to data unavailability of certain commodities in certain provinces.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

1.7. Fruit farm gate value by province – percent share, 2016

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

Description of above image

Fruit farm gate value by province – percent share

  • British Columbia: 39%
  • Ontario: 26%
  • Quebec: 23%
  • Nova Scotia: 6%
  • New Brunswick: 3%
  • Others: 3%

1.8. Fruit marketed volume by province – metric tonnes

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 74 101 501 66 109
Prince Edward Island 6,364 159 10,180 8,125 12,811
Nova Scotia 60,072 56,680 64,875 70,626 65,767
New Brunswick 9,836 19,971 30,380 45,118 49,921
Quebec 223,340 212,180 270,927 236,760 274,822
Ontario 121,241 265,190 234,368 185,269 250,702
Manitoba 367 398 347 471 515
Saskatchewan 207 272 215 208 320
Alberta 476 434 325 443 191
British Columbia 249,498 228,175 272,832 281,701 296,177
Canada 692,914 805,570 893,979 831,286 955,616
Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

1.9. Fruit marketed volume by province – percent share, 2016

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

Description of above image

Fruit marketed by province – percent share

  • British Columbia: 31%
  • Quebec: 29%
  • Ontario: 26%
  • Nova Scotia: 7%
  • New Brunswick: 5%
  • Others: 2%

1.10 Fruit farm gate value by commodity – thousands of Canadian dollars

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Blueberries[1] 242,616 187,146 265,383 281,482 261,532
Apples 186,303 197,391 211,581 182,065 222,525
Grapes[2] 144,635 154,491 116,100 121,402 151,093
Cranberries 108,672 94,227 113,719 125,041 135,346
Strawberries 70,826 69,606 71,998 92,655 99,271
Cherries, sweet 41,186 44,033 47,711 57,813 55,733
Peaches 37,426 33,986 34,735 39,494 35,852
Raspberries 23,495 24,514 30,770 32,246 35,369
Pears 5,068 7,959 7,574 8,569 9,129
Nectarines 4,301 5,344 6,597 7,722 8,545
Plums and prunes 4,727 7,061 6,221 6,510 6,727
Cherries, sour 4,586 10,328 4,069 3,792 4,759
Saskatoon berries 1,521 1,909 1,427 2,021 1,833
Apricots 733 781 1,005 1,350 1,603
Other fruits n/a n/a 4,215 3,197 4,469
Total 876,095 838,776 923,105 965,359 1,033,786

Notes:

  • [1] Includes low bush blue berries and high bush blueberries.
  • [2] Includes table grapes and wine grapes.
  • n/a = Not available.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

1.11. Fruit farm gate value by commodity – percent share, 2016

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

Description of above image

Fruit farm gate value by commodity – percent share

  • Blueberries: 25%
  • Apples: 21%
  • Grapes: 15%
  • Cranberries: 13%
  • Strawberries: 10%
  • Others: 16%

1.12 Fruit marketed volume by commodity – metric tonnes

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Apples 273,919 386,694 402,361 338,833 387,752
Blueberries[1] 121,780 109,007 165,357 174,252 218,004
Cranberries 127,987 122,538 159,697 146,391 158,817
Grapes[2] 91,224 102,712 80,334 79,806 97,263
Strawberries 19,888 18,947 18,516 22,736 24,442
Peaches 20,489 22,633 21,904 23,376 21,124
Cherries, sweet 13,775 11,475 14,515 16,008 15,692
Raspberries 10,876 9,691 12,075 10,278 11,107
Pears 6,465 8,672 7,568 7,768 7,625
Cherries, sour 1,287 5,646 4,066 3,942 4,979
Nectarines 2,224 3,022 3,149 3,289 4,009
Plums and prunes 2,033 3,553 3,354 3,233 3,335
Apricots 528 458 690 794 972
Saskatoon berries 439 522 393 580 495
Total 692,914 805,570 893,979 831,286 955,616

Notes:

  • [1] Includes low bush blueberries and high bush blueberries.
  • [2] Includes table grapes and wine grapes.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

1.13. Fruit marketed volume by commodity – percent share, 2016

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

Description of above image

Fruit marketed volume by commodity – percent share

  • Apples: 41%
  • Blueberries: 23%
  • Cranberries: 17%
  • Grapes: 10%
  • Strawberries: 3%
  • Others: 7%

2. Innovation

2.1. Number of new products launched in Canada under sub-category 'Fruit', 2012 – 2016

Description of this image follows.
Source: Mintel

Description of above image

Number of new products launched in Canada under sub-category 'fruit' 2012 – 2016

  • 2012: 41
  • 2013: 76
  • 2014: 57
  • 2015: 55
  • 2016: 105

2.2. Number of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category 'Fruit' by launch type, 2012 – 2016

Description of this image follows.
Source: Mintel

Description of above image

Number of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category 'fruit' by launch type 2012 – 2016

  • New Packaging: 121
  • New Variety/Range Extension: 117
  • New Product: 80
  • Relaunch: 11
  • New Formulation: 5

2.3. Top 10 claims of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category 'Fruit', 2012 – 2016

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Total
Convenient Packaging 12 16 17 16 32 93
Kosher 16 9 14 16 22 77
Low/No/Reduced Sugar 7 5 13 12 28 65
Premium 4 14 4 12 7 41
Economy 3 19 2 4 12 40
Ethical - Environmentally Friendly Package 2 16 6 4 9 37
Ease of Use 2 6 10 4 8 30
Organic 4 3 6 10 5 28
Microwaveable 5 7 3 3 4 22
High/Added Fibre 2 5 1 4 9 21
Source: Mintel

2.4. Top 5 claims of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category 'Fruit', 2012 – 2016

Description of this image follows.
Source: Mintel

Description of above image

Top 5 claims of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category 'fruit' 2012 – 2016

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Convenient Packaging 12 16 17 16 32
Kosher 16 9 14 16 22
Low/No/Reduced Sugar 7 5 13 12 28
Premium 4 14 4 12 7
Economy 3 19 2 4 12
Source: Mintel

3. Trade

3.1. Canadian fruit trade balance – value, thousands of Canadian dollars

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Exports
Fresh[1] 606,216 565,000 613,868 794,645 726,778
Processed 353,061 362,609 424,072 564,515 557,098
Total 959,277 927,609 1,037,939 1,359,159 1,283,876
Imports
Fresh[1] 4,268,100 4,632,019 5,096,432 5,755,537 5,979,189
Processed 3,324,610 3,521,196 3,757,414 4,144,614 4,142,708
Total 7,592,710 8,153,216 8,853,846 9,900,151 10,121,897
Trade Balance (Export - Imports)
Fresh[1] −3,661,884 −4,067,020 −4,482,565 −4,960,892 −5,252,412
Processed −2,971,549 −3,158,587 −3,333,342 −3,580,100 −3,585,610
Total −6,633,434 −7,225,607 −7,815,906 −8,540,992 −8,838,021

Note:

  • [1] Includes frozen and dried.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, February 2017)

3.2. Canadian fruit imports, 2012 – 2016

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, February 2017)

Description of above image

3.2. Canadian fruit imports, thousands of Canadian dollars

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Fresh 4,268,100 4,632,019 5,096,432 5,755,537 5,979,189
Processed 3,324,610 3,521,196 3,757,414 4,144,614 4,142,708
Total 7,592,710 8,153,216 8,853,846 9,900,151 10,121,897

3.3. Canadian fruit exports, 2012 – 2016

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, February 2017)

Description of above image

3.3. Canadian fruit exports, 2012 – 2016

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Fresh 606,216 565,000 613,868 794,645 726,778
Processed 353,061 362,609 424,072 564,515 557,098
Total 959,277 927,609 1,037,939 1,359,159 1,283,876

3.4. Exports

3.4.1. Fresh fruit export value by commodity – thousands of Canadian dollars

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Blueberries[1][4] 397,946 346,878 377,979 469,147 422,441
Cranberries 74,640 77,837 66,382 88,972 88,469
Cherries[2] 43,377 41,331 54,512 91,561 82,841
Apples[3] 31,108 28,162 41,381 51,335 51,231
Strawberries[4] 1,966 1,396 2,317 2,843 2,789
Grapes[3] 1,482 2,102 1,186 999 1,147
Raspberries[4] 9,223 12,856 14,882 13,780 12,899
Pears and quinces 41 48 109 110 465
Watermelons 182 2 58 130 440
Almonds[3] 141 55 935 1,994 439
Others 46,112 54,333 54,125 73,774 63,617
Total 606,216 565,000 613,868 794,645 726,778

Notes:

  • [1] Includes high-bush and low-bush blueberries.
  • [2] Includes sweet and sour cherries.
  • [3] Includes dried.
  • [4] Includes frozen.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, February 2017)

3.4.2. Fresh fruit export volume by commodity – metric tonnes

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Blueberries[1][4] 105,458 101,155 111,648 131,687 131,838
Cranberries 58,764 60,083 59,074 65,131 63,471
Cherries[2] 7,619 6,122 8,837 13,634 9,978
Apples[3] 27,520 21,862 42,627 37,339 36,996
Strawberries[4] 507 361 575 863 619
Grapes[3] 1,942 2,698 1,879 1,641 1,380
Raspberries[4] 5,204 5,801 4,684 3,323 3,645
Pears and quinces 53 36 99 132 247
Watermelons 504 5 242 274 1,094
Almonds[3] 19 9 102 258 53
Others 23,653 30,632 29,518 46,447 35,386
Total 231,243 228,764 259,286 300,727 284,707

Notes:

  • [1] Includes high-bush and low-bush blueberries.
  • [2] Includes sweet and sour cherries.
  • [3] Includes dried.
  • [4] Includes frozen.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, February 2017)

3.4.3. Canada’s top 10 fresh fruit export destinations – value in thousands of Canadian dollars

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
United States 388,302 392,771 423,323 566,468 508,881
Japan 39,824 28,764 31,693 34,756 37,941
Germany 36,690 28,332 29,257 32,311 30,139
China 14,398 19,815 29,329 43,772 29,490
Belgium 16,019 8,627 10,603 12,228 11,623
Australia 3,753 3,868 5,356 5,977 11,592
Taiwan 10,769 7,528 6,636 9,643 11,019
Switzerland 2,225 1,047 524 11,248 10,486
Vietnam 1,404 1,152 2,532 4,333 10,166
France 12,796 11,719 10,070 10,503 9,295
Others 80,038 61,376 64,544 63,406 56,146
Total 606,216 565,000 613,868 794,645 726,778
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, February 2017)

3.4.4. Canada's top 10 fresh fruit export destinations – volume in metric tonnes

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
United States 172,432 179,811 204,805 235,878 216,682
Japan 9,070 7,354 7,893 8,053 9,336
Germany 10,427 8,907 8,352 10,381 10,174
China 3,663 5,076 7,767 7,162 5,829
Belgium 4,212 2,342 2,474 3,377 3,629
Australia 999 1,291 1,620 1,651 3,196
Taiwan 2,028 1,494 1,455 2,002 2,237
Switzerland 642 337 132 3,235 3,230
Vietnam 954 406 695 1,308 4,319
France 3,457 2,978 2,439 2,975 2,936
Others 23,359 18,768 21,655 24,705 23,138
Total 231,243 228,764 259,286 300,727 284,707
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, February 2017)

3.4.5. Value of Canada's top 5 fresh fruit export destinations – percent share, 2016

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, February 2017)

Description of above image

Value of Canada's top 5 fresh fruit export destinations – percent share

  • United States: 70%
  • Japan: 5%
  • Germany: 4%
  • China: 4%
  • Belgium: 2%
  • Others: 15%

3.4.6. Top 5 fresh fruit export destinations, by province – value in thousands of Canadian dollars

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador Belgium 0 0 0 0 21
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0 0 0 1 1
China 0 0 0 92 0
Iceland 0 0 0 30 0
Total 0 0 0 123 22
Prince Edward Island United States 12,167 14,311 5,290 14,910 17,200
Japan 339 397 201 379 2,986
Netherlands 904 744 979 2,106 1,415
France 0 0 1,198 1,021 782
Germany 101 578 258 693 617
Others 6,787 7,154 6,044 5,063 1,303
Total 20,298 23,184 13,969 24,173 24,304
Nova Scotia United States 40,347 40,848 61,835 76,600 54,911
Germany 22,110 21,024 21,315 22,429 21,359
Japan 13,857 13,173 10,635 10,717 10,022
France 9,529 9,044 6,651 6,404 4,356
Belgium 4,764 2,303 3,426 3,467 4,322
Others 23,993 23,259 19,574 17,648 15,656
Total 114,600 109,651 123,436 137,265 110,626
New Brunswick United States 2,446 3,873 7,569 12,257 9,621
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 4 6 4 32 50
China 0 31 33 38 47
Australia 0 0 0 0 28
France 0 0 0 0 0
Others 202 118 0 0 0
Total 2,652 4,027 7,606 12,327 9,746
Quebec United States 75,795 74,554 78,813 109,043 102,507
Switzerland 1,106 1,047 500 11,032 10,486
Germany 13,943 6,575 6,467 8,971 8,046
Japan 12,990 5,939 10,625 7,849 8,041
Belgium 8,761 5,131 4,493 7,881 6,441
Others 32,963 23,615 28,427 23,146 26,517
Total 145,557 116,860 129,325 167,922 162,038
Ontario United States 16,659 13,886 21,439 28,611 21,462
Costa Rica 17 0 133 182 1,073
Cuba 0 472 978 1,306 999
United Arab Emirates 42 12 0 44 539
Trinidad and Tobago 175 132 221 541 422
Others 2,135 1,594 3,664 1,951 1,896
Total 19,027 16,096 26,434 32,634 26,392
Manitoba United States 0 0 8 0 116
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0 0 3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 26 0
Japan 0 0 141 0 0
South Korea 0 0 0 20 0
Others 0 11 2 0 0
Total 0 11 151 45 119
Saskatchewan United States 18 23 49 4 25
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1 1 0 0 0
Singapore 2 0 0 0 0
Total 20 24 49 4 25
Alberta United States 2,156 1,415 1,066 205 97
Belgium 576 218 510 0 96
Japan 0 95 0 0 94
Vietnam 0 0 0 8 54
Hong Kong 0 4 0 0 7
Others 306 263 135 0 0
Total 3,037 1,996 1,710 214 348
British Columbia United States 238,715 243,860 247,255 324,838 302,941
China 2,972 7,156 16,549 34,508 22,499
Japan 12,638 9,160 10,091 15,811 16,798
Vietnam 1,404 1,066 2,532 4,325 10,112
Australia 1,464 1,169 2,215 2,908 8,764
Others 43,831 30,738 32,460 37,549 32,025
Total 301,024 293,149 311,102 419,938 393,139
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, February 2017)

3.5. Imports

3.5.1. Fresh fruit import value by commodity – thousands of Canadian dollars

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Grapes[1],[5] 495,031 527,554 552,992 634,296 652,568
Bananas[5] 391,140 423,047 472,249 530,107 541,826
Strawberries[2] 378,647 409,686 430,890 471,201 506,005
Raspberries[2] 259,278 299,836 344,992 386,459 372,878
Apples[5] 245,102 296,099 286,255 266,062 357,736
Blueberries[2],[3] 239,755 241,772 238,921 243,115 293,561
Almonds 139,442 191,786 237,087 304,525 279,709
Mandarins and clementines 166,224 162,241 179,893 247,051 257,235
Oranges[4], [5] 172,650 187,419 216,565 228,867 240,544
Avocados 122,727 150,012 177,983 198,813 230,832
Others 1,658,105 161,380 168,019 164,840 170,803
Total 4,268,100 4,632,019 5,096,432 5,755,537 5,979,189

Notes:

  • [1] Includes table grapes and wine grapes.
  • [2] Includes frozen.
  • [3] Includes high-bush blueberries and low-bush blueberries.
  • [4] Includes temple oranges.
  • [5] Includes dried.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, February 2017)

3.5.2. Fresh fruit import volume by commodity – metric tonnes

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Grapes[1],[5] 204,801 212,479 201,202 206,789 197,340
Bananas[5] 527,029 557,569 571,294 579,474 587,951
Strawberries[2] 150,920 147,738 127,197 126,457 129,805
Raspberries[2] 45,167 47,046 50,513 49,688 45,672
Apples[5] 204,143 235,147 223,499 214,006 240,714
Blueberries[2],[3] 55,969 63,778 58,247 46,356 58,712
Almonds 24,289 25,275 25,096 24,038 30,084
Mandarins and clementines 119,120 119,146 110,905 136,056 137,817
Oranges[4], [5] 194,487 197,960 182,276 188,493 206,507
Avocados 49,027 57,488 61,087 70,020 77,843
Others 1,054,605 1,080,230 1,064,726 1,059,453 1,099,441
Total 2,629,557 2,743,856 2,676,043 2,700,830 2,811,884

Notes:

  • [1] Includes table grapes and wine grapes.
  • [2] Includes frozen.
  • [3] Includes high-bush blueberries and low-bush blueberries.
  • [4] Includes temple oranges.
  • [5] Includes dried.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, February 2017)

3.5.3. Top 10 sources of Canada's fresh fruit imports – value in thousands of Canadian dollars

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
United States 2,144,202 2,295,903 2,504,928 2,697,634 2,703,130
Mexico 435,950 514,443 586,507 694,371 787,921
Chile 348,881 400,766 358,352 391,123 407,962
Guatemala 155,115 158,993 201,584 239,790 266,866
Costa Rica 182,854 205,251 218,141 216,543 240,436
Turkey 123,919 121,496 132,626 182,047 194,185
Peru 50,563 63,054 92,309 119,907 131,976
South Africa 79,322 98,813 105,399 122,078 130,036
Morocco 65,117 61,139 58,570 115,919 125,103
Vietnam 49,254 64,490 73,554 106,823 121,190
Others 632,924 647,671 764,461 869,304 870,386
Total 4,268,100 4,632,019 5,096,432 5,755,537 5,979,189
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, February 2017)

3.5.4. Top 10 sources of Canada's fresh fruit imports – volume in metric tonnes

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
United States 1,141,337 1,158,467 1,086,481 1,065,283 1,107,598
Mexico 255,788 292,868 284,084 307,614 328,829
Chile 131,188 143,747 110,418 108,464 111,714
Guatemala 205,655 205,847 226,371 244,244 280,330
Costa Rica 231,454 255,393 250,631 218,604 249,880
Turkey 23,812 23,972 25,834 24,227 28,877
Peru 28,177 33,234 45,939 48,348 46,795
South Africa 62,677 72,184 71,174 75,450 71,070
Morocco 38,290 34,702 30,825 58,736 60,395
Vietnam 8,942 11,763 12,581 14,394 14,092
Others 502,236 511,678 531,704 535,465 512,303
Total 2,629,557 2,743,856 2,676,043 2,700,830 2,811,884
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, February 2017)

3.5.5. Value of top 5 sources of Canada's fresh fruit imports – percent share, 2016

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, February 2017)

Description of above image

Value of top 5 sources of Canada's fresh fruit imports – percent share

  • United States: 45%
  • Mexico: 13%
  • Chile: 7%
  • Costa Rica: 5%
  • Guatemala: 4%
  • Others: 26%

3.5.6. Top 5 sources of fresh fruit imports, by province – value in thousands of Canadian dollars

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador United States 177 119 195 78 226
Sweden n/a n/a 32 n/a n/a
Total 177 119 227 78 226
Prince Edward Island n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Nova Scotia Chile 1,440 2,330 2,420 2,090 2,316
Poland 922 280 325 301 1,092
Spain 27 n/a 1,577 916 924
Peru 55 105 144 139 796
New Zealand 127 216 621 649 351
Others 826 471 578 490 451
Total 3,398 3,403 5,665 4,585 5,930
New Brunswick United States 55,333 50,626 62,923 60,580 70,985
Guatemala 13,529 11,236 9,379 9,284 10,842
Mexico 1,838 2,046 4,937 6,410 5,652
Chile 6,723 7,485 5,785 3,595 4,645
Costa Rica 7,564 8,796 7,990 6,540 4,428
Others 9,181 9,676 10,247 12,326 9,824
Total 94,168 89,866 101,260 98,735 106,376
Quebec United States 129,165 131,171 128,013 138,814 137,616
Chile 79,110 95,461 94,635 107,140 106,317
Turkey 92,792 86,515 88,999 144,306 98,558
Morocco 26,751 25,743 27,179 58,046 66,177
Costa Rica 47,379 60,622 66,062 56,337 63,054
Others 221,689 225,785 301,232 359,403 378,881
Total 596,886 625,296 706,119 864,046 850,604
Ontario United States 1,202,045 1,291,385 1,372,623 1,499,375 1,495,241
Mexico 284,729 321,634 367,570 429,231 486,798
Chile 186,547 204,380 171,932 183,658 188,823
Costa Rica 89,951 99,423 102,774 110,699 124,415
Guatemala 44,572 54,891 62,300 77,061 96,401
Others 439,673 464,433 536,401 630,278 675,695
Total 2,247,516 2,436,147 2,613,600 2,930,302 3,067,373
Manitoba United States 33,348 30,464 31,805 33,643 32,980
Mexico 8,298 10,441 11,787 14,843 14,898
Guatemala 13,768 15,210 14,554 16,760 14,336
Costa Rica 3,654 7,483 8,349 7,819 5,945
Chile 6,847 9,238 7,044 7,544 5,328
Others 3,515 4,923 6,827 5,342 3,750
Total 69,429 77,760 80,366 85,952 77,237
Saskatchewan United States 23,706 25,294 18,792 17,839 16,319
Mexico 5,470 8,532 7,415 5,971 8,654
Guatemala 6,917 5,902 7,263 7,514 8,235
Chile 3,000 4,705 1,944 4,585 3,384
Costa Rica 1,883 2,791 2,460 2,052 1,888
Others 2,674 3,186 6,355 4,259 6,258
Total 43,651 50,410 44,229 42,221 44,737
Alberta United States 208,666 218,709 255,509 307,160 303,088
Mexico 47,817 59,688 65,791 79,353 110,648
Ecuador 23,999 35,911 39,472 43,752 42,469
Guatemala 19,038 14,185 14,773 15,224 22,811
Chile 18,794 20,004 19,368 19,559 20,744
Others 32,368 27,443 31,189 33,695 39,717
Total 350,683 375,941 426,101 498,743 539,477
British Columbia United States 491,761 548,134 635,068 640,144 646,676
Mexico 75,969 99,067 114,832 145,603 151,380
Chile 46,421 57,163 55,225 62,950 76,405
China 54,049 52,005 49,849 60,492 64,793
Guatemala 23,029 22,044 53,568 58,587 59,083
Others 170,964 194,665 210,323 263,099 288,894
Total 862,192 973,077 1,118,865 1,230,875 1,287,230
n/a = Not available.
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, February 2017)

4. Consumption

4.1. Fresh fruits available[1] for consumption per person in Canada – kilograms per person

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Bananas 14.75 15.43 15.61 15.68 15.70
Melons total[2] 10.21 10.41 10.15 10.61 10.88
Apples 10.74 10.92 11.46 10.96 10.16
Oranges[3] 9.02 9.01 8.31 9.04 9.43
Watermelons 6.05 6.10 6.09 6.35 6.37
Grapes 4.67 4.81 4.45 4.61 4.29
Mandarins 3.55 3.49 3.29 3.87 3.83
Strawberries 3.83 3.70 3.12 3.13 3.18
Pineapples 3.28 3.31 3.36 2.89 3.09
Melons, musk and cantaloups 2.42 2.54 2.34 2.51 2.71
Cranberries 1.98 1.78 2.75 2.22 2.57
Avocados 1.32 1.53 1.61 1.83 2.01
Pears 2.21 2.14 2.16 2.09 1.92
Other fresh melons 1.68 1.70 1.68 1.72 1.75
Lemons 1.40 1.43 1.52 1.70 1.72
Dates 1.30 1.38 1.48 1.50 1.53
Guavas and mangoes 1.46 1.60 1.52 1.44 1.44
Peaches 1.15 1.18 1.08 1.13 1.12
Blueberries 1.18 1.28 1.06 0.77 1.08
Grapefruits 1.23 1.19 1.12 1.11 1.01
Other berries 1.07 1.07 1.16 1.13 0.97
Limes 1.09 1.34 1.05 0.68 0.97
Cherries 1.15 0.79 0.92 0.68 0.72
Nectarines 0.69 0.75 0.63 0.61 0.66
Plums total 0.67 0.71 0.60 0.55 0.61
Kiwis 0.61 0.53 0.48 0.55 0.58
Papayas 0.41 0.47 0.42 0.41 0.42
Figs 0.38 0.42 0.42 0.39 0.38
Coconut 0.31 0.32 0.36 0.36 0.33
Apricots 0.14 0.14 0.12 0.10 0.12
Wintermelons 0.05 0.08 0.04 0.03 0.05

Notes:

  • [1] Does not adjust for losses, such as waste and/or spoilage in stores, households, private institutions or restaurants or losses during preparation.
  • [2] Melons total include melons, musk and cantaloupe, other fresh melons, watermelons and wintermelons.
  • [3] Oranges include mandarins, clementines, tangerines, satsumas, wilkings and similar citrus fruits.

Does not adjust for losses, such as waste and/or spoilage in stores, households, private institutions or restaurants or losses during preparation.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 002-0011)

4.2. Fresh fruits available for consumption adjusted for losses[1] in Canada - kilograms per person

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Bananas 6.95 7.27 7.35 7.38 7.39
Apples 7.07 7.18 7.54 7.21 6.69
Oranges[2] 3.72 3.72 3.43 3.74 3.90
Melons total[3] 3.26 3.32 3.25 3.39 3.47
Grapes 2.78 2.86 2.65 2.74 2.55
Watermelons 2.28 2.29 2.29 2.39 2.40
Strawberries 2.11 2.04 1.72 1.72 1.75
Pears 1.31 1.27 1.28 1.24 1.14
Mandarins 1.00 0.99 0.93 1.09 1.08
Dates 0.82 0.88 0.94 0.95 0.97
Avocados 0.60 0.70 0.74 0.84 0.92
Blueberries 0.98 1.06 0.88 0.64 0.90
Pineapples 0.90 0.91 0.92 0.79 0.85
Guavas and mangoes 0.75 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.74
Melons, musk and cantaloups 0.62 0.65 0.60 0.64 0.69
Other berries 0.73 0.73 0.79 0.77 0.66
Peaches 0.55 0.56 0.51 0.54 0.53
Lemons 0.39 0.39 0.42 0.47 0.47
Limes 0.47 0.58 0.45 0.29 0.42
Other melons 0.34 0.34 0.34 0.35 0.35
Grapefruits 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.39 0.35
Plums total 0.38 0.40 0.34 0.31 0.35
Cherries 0.49 0.34 0.39 0.29 0.31
Nectarines 0.33 0.36 0.30 0.29 0.31
Coconuts 0.26 0.27 0.31 0.31 0.28
Figs 0.26 0.29 0.29 0.27 0.26
Kiwis 0.25 0.22 0.20 0.23 0.24
Papayas 0.10 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.10
Apricots 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.07
Wintermelons 0.03 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.02
Other citrus 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02
Cranberries 1.35 1.21 1.88 1.51 0.00

Notes:

  • [1] Experimental, use with caution. The data have been adjusted for retail, household, cooking and plate loss.
  • [2] Oranges include mandarins, clementines, tangerines, satsumas, wilkings and similar citrus fruits.
  • [3] Melons include melons, musk and cantaloupe, other fresh melons, watermelons and wintermelons.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 002-0011)

5. World data

5.1. Top 10 importers of fruit worldwide – value in thousands of Canadian dollars

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
United States 11,383,642 12,834,982 15,440,306 19,666,942 22,204,529
Germany 8,679,149 10,432,593 11,229,029 12,957,314 13,696,535
Netherlands 5,861,162 6,804,054 7,545,549 8,491,640 9,185,506
United Kingdom 5,433,288 5,955,344 6,810,759 7,868,366 8,350,720
China 3,800,918 4,201,519 5,668,832 7,618,789 7,779,923
France 4,777,179 5,560,813 5,805,311 6,516,777 7,140,663
Canada 4,268,100 4,632,019 5,096,432 5,755,537 5,979,189
Hong Kong 3,474,192 3,794,720 4,323,716 4,801,676 5,705,455
Russia 6,233,040 6,622,378 6,056,450 5,090,661 5,088,038
Belgium 3,496,360 3,861,064 4,250,399 4,338,573 4,530,035
Others 35,224,533 40,905,884 45,601,773 53,189,668 53,814,575
Total 92,631,563 105,605,370 117,828,554 136,295,945 143,475,168

Notes:
All data may include processed and unprocessed fruits and nuts.

Source: Global Trade Atlas (March 2017)

5.2. Top 10 exporters of fruit worldwide – value in thousands of Canadian dollars

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
United States 13,247,971 15,002,624 16,444,397 18,487,637 18,637,462
Spain 8,063,840 9,563,252 10,243,873 11,518,820 11,987,781
Netherlands 5,201,091 6,179,886 6,840,740 7,675,030 8,255,334
China 3,763,317 4,311,919 4,797,996 6,766,568 7,341,416
Mexico 3,108,497 3,474,822 4,576,185 5,916,923 7,337,579
Chile 3,000,578 5,210,236 5,140,870 5,917,729 6,646,256
Turkey 3,808,488 4,108,670 4,820,555 5,618,332 5,154,130
Italy 3,827,561 4,215,332 4,518,386 4,885,721 4,763,926
South Africa 2,375,951 2,729,512 3,124,030 3,736,231 3,823,704
Ecuador 2,195,693 2,546,155 3,011,476 3,749,346 3,813,758
Others 40,506,547 45,082,807 44,685,035 49,028,713 51,339,466
Total 89,099,532 102,425,216 108,203,543 123,301,049 129,100,811

Notes:
All data may include processed and unprocessed fruits and nuts.

Source: Global Trade Atlas (March 2017)

5.3. World fruit production by commodity – volume in metric tonnes

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Bananas 108,674,756 109,195,060 107,796,724 110,686,900 114,130,151
Watermelons 101,360,340 102,485,102 105,271,484 108,128,746 111,009,149
Apples 70,503,417 76,033,840 77,659,273 81,854,991 84,630,275
Grapes 67,324,946 69,450,415 69,126,432 76,446,193 74,499,859
Oranges 69,516,079 71,256,326 68,881,509 70,629,568 70,856,360
Mangoes[1] 37,442,058 39,439,372 41,706,989 43,877,069 45,225,211
Plantains 31,741,180 30,308,882 29,126,179 29,517,842 30,667,662
Tangerines[2] 23,664,411 27,205,032 27,653,751 28,214,591 29,864,485
Melons, other[3] 31,545,581 31,859,389 28,212,233 29,133,241 29,626,335
Pears 22,760,399 24,044,300 24,294,554 25,103,685 25,798,644
Pineapples 21,064,689 22,922,899 24,082,015 24,526,752 25,439,366
Peaches and nectarines 20,500,034 21,184,735 21,140,534 21,529,721 22,795,854
Lemons and limes 14,853,090 15,070,980 15,013,862 15,231,292 16,254,214
Papayas 11,193,272 11,300,481 12,010,676 12,357,259 12,671,038
Plums and sloes 10,574,170 11,066,382 10,714,641 11,435,270 11,282,527
Grapefruit and pomelos 7,573,842 7,940,623 8,263,010 8,358,007 8,397,156
Strawberries 6,597,733 6,762,262 7,548,931 7,886,315 8,114,373
Dates 7,570,181 7,196,971 7,367,313 7,590,047 7,600,315
Persimmons 4,070,375 4,476,946 4,813,100 4,890,000 5,190,624
Avocados 3,946,231 4,230,120 4,490,729 4,742,432 5,028,756
Kiwi fruit 2,728,776 2,819,277 2,914,205 3,275,095 3,447,604
Apricots 3,318,356 3,762,314 3,841,386 4,034,231 3,365,738
Cherries 2,067,950 2,106,833 2,145,066 2,223,873 2,245,826
Cashewapples 1,936,449 1,943,082 1,969,577 1,919,403 1,889,934
Cherries, sour 1,164,349 1,287,886 1,177,418 1,410,354 1,362,231
Figs 1,094,825 1,076,705 1,059,707 1,124,290 1,137,730
Currants 654,665 663,306 662,851 708,166 659,026
Cranberries 453,728 522,809 633,019 629,642 652,261
Quinces 539,128 572,854 603,941 671,796 649,364
Raspberries 529,142 608,541 561,835 576,220 612,571
Blueberries 323,456 359,652 425,582 438,116 525,620
Gooseberries 159,937 167,112 164,986 168,304 170,584
Carobs 168,669 173,966 163,897 133,172 156,798
Others 44,409,019 44,360,834 47,215,589 50,568,146 51,852,005
Total 751,677,351 774,013,592 780,443,629 812,288,920 830,528,560

Notes:

  • [1] Includes mangosteens, guavas.
  • [2] Includes mandarins, clementines and satsumas.
  • [3] Includes cantaloupes.

World fruit production data for the years 2015 and 2016 were not available at the time of the preparation of this report.

Source: FAOSTAT (March 2017)

6. Key resources

  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations – FAOSTAT
  • Global Trade Atlas
  • Mintel
  • Statistics Canada CANSIM table 001-0009
  • Statistics Canada CANSIM table 002-0011
  • Statistics Canada CANSIM TABLE 004-0020
  • Statistics Canada CATSNET

Import and export data is based on the following Harmonized System Codes (H.S. Codes):

All import and export H.S. codes fall under Chapter 08 of the Custom Tariff.

  • Fresh fruit for import:
    • 0801110000 0801190000 0801210000 0801220000 0801310000 0801320000 0802110000 0802120000 0802210000 0802220000 0802310000 0802320000 0802400010 0802400020 0802500010 0802500020 0802600000 0802900011 0802900012 0802900091 0802900092 0803000010 0803000011 0803000012 0803000020 0804100010 0804100020 0804200010 0804200020 0804300010 0804300011 0804300012 0804300020 0804400000 0804500010 0804500020 0805100011 0805100012 0805100013 0805100019 0805100020 0805200011 0805200019 0805200020 0805400000 0805400010 0805400020 0805500011 0805500012 0805500020 0805500021 0805500022 0805500030 0805900010 0805900020 0806101100 0806101900 0806109100 0806109110 0806109120 0806109900 0806200000 0807110000 0807110010 0807110020 0807190010 0807190020 0807190090 0807200000 0807200010 0807200020 0808101011 0808101012 0808101013 0808101014 0808101015 0808101016 0808101017 0808101019 0808101081 0808101082 0808101083 0808101084 0808101089 0808101091 0808101092 0808101093 0808101094 0808101095 0808101096 0808101097 0808101099 0808109000 0808201000 0808202900 0808202910 0808202920 0808203000 0809101000 0809109900 0809201000 0809202900 0809203900 0809203910 0809203920 0809209000 0809301000 0809302100 0809302900 0809302910 0809302920 0809303000 0809309000 0809401000 0809402900 0809403900 0809409000 0810101000 0810109100 0810109900 0810109910 0810109920 0810201100 0810201900 0810201910 0810201920 0810209000 0810300000 0810401010 0810401011 0810401012 0810401021 0810401022 0810401023 0810401090 0810409000 0810500000 0810600000 0810900010 0810900020 0810900090 0810901000 0810909010 0810909020 0810909090 0811101000 0811109000 0811200010 0811200090 0811901010 0811901090 0811902000 0811909011 0811909012 0811909013 0811909021 0811909029 0811909030 0811909091 0811909099 0812101000 0812109010 0812109090 0812901010 0812901020 0812902000 0812909000 0813100000 0813200000 0813300000 0813400010 0813400090 0813500010 0813500020 0813500030 0814000010 0814000090
  • Fresh fruit for export:
    • 08011100 08011900 08012100 08012200 08013100 08013200 08021100 08021200 08022100 08022200 08023100 08023200 08024000 08025000 08026000 08029000 08030000 08041000 08042000 08043000 08044000 08045000 08051000 08052000 08054000 08055000 08059000 08061000 08062000 08071100 08071900 08072000 08081010 08081090 08082000 08091000 08092000 08093000 08094000 08101000 08102010 08102020 08103000 08104011 08104012 08104090 08105000 08109000 08109010 08109090 08111000 08112000 08119011 08119012 08119090 08121000 08129000 08131000 08132000 08133000 08134000 08135000 08140000
  • Processed fruit for import:
    • 2001909010 200600101 2006001019 2006001090 2007100000 2007910010 2007910020 2007910090 2007991010 2007991090 2007992010 2007992090 2007999021 2007999022 2007999029 2007999031 2007999039 2007999040 2007999050 2007999091 2007999099 2008200010 2008200090 2008300010 2008300021 2008300029 2008300091 2008300099 2008401000 2008402000 2008409010 2008409090 2008501010 2008501090 2008509000 2008601000 2008609011 2008609019 2008609090 2008701010 2008701090 2008709010 2008709090 2008800010 2008800090 2008910010 2008910090 2008921010 2008921090 2008929000 2008991000 2008992010 2008992020 2008992090 2008993010 2008993091 2008993099 2008994000 2008999010 2008999021 2008999029 2008999031 2008999032 2008999033 2008999039 2008999091 2008999092 2008999099 2009111010 2009111020 2009111030 2009119010 2009119020 2009119030 2009120010 2009120090 2009191010 2009191091 2009191099 2009199010 2009199090 2009210010 2009210090 2009290010 2009290021 2009290022 2009290029 2009290091 2009290092 2009290099 2009310011 2009310019 2009310091 2009310099 2009390011 2009390012 2009390019 2009390091 2009390092 2009390099 2009410000 2009490010 2009490020 2009490090 2009611000 2009619010 2009619090 2009691011 2009691019 2009691021 2009691029 2009699010 2009699020 2009699090 2009711000 2009719010 2009719090 2009791011 2009791012 2009791019 2009791021 2009791022 2009791029 2009799000 2009801100 2009801911 2009801912 2009801919 2009801991 2009801992 2009801993 2009801994 2009801995 2009901000 2009902010 2009902020 2009903010 2009903021 2009903029 2009903031 2009903039 2106902911 2106909110 2106909191 2106909192 2106909199 2106909200 2106909300 2106909400 2106909510 2106909590 2106909600 2106909700 2106909810 2106909890 2106909911 2106909919 2106909931 2106909939 2106909941 2106909949 2106909991 2106909992 2106909999 2202903100 2202903110 2202903190 2202903200 2202909010
  • Processed fruit for export:
    • 20060000 20071000 20079100 20079900 20081110 20081190 20081900 20082000 20083000 20084000 20085000 20086000 20087000 20088000 20089100 20089200 20089900 20091100 20091200 20091900 20092100 20092900 20093100 20093900 20094100 20094900 20096100 20096900 20097100 20097910 20097990 20098040 20099000 21069030

Alternative formats

Help with alternative formats

Statistical Overview of the Canadian Fruit Industry, 2016 (PDF version, 1,097 KB)

Date modified: