Sector Trend Analysis – Crustacean products in France

August 2018

Executive summary

This report highlights crustacean products imported into France, and attempts to identify the best opportunities for Canadian exporters.

Specifically, the data analysis focuses on the top ten French crustacean product imports, of which Canada is a supplier. Canada was the tenth-largest supplier of crustaceans to France, worth US$37.2 million in 2017.

In 2017, France was the fifth-largest importer of crustaceans in the world, worth US$1.4 billion (market share: 4.4%), followed by South Korea and the United Kingdom with 3.9% and 3.2% market share, respectively.

France imported crustaceans from ninety-five countries in 2017. The country's top suppliers in 2017 were Ecuador (with 17.3% market share), the United Kingdom (8.2%), India (7.9%), Madagascar (7.4%), and Vietnam (7.2%). Canada had a 2.7% share.

France's top imported crustacean products from the world were frozen shrimp and prawns with 59.5% share, followed by frozen rock lobster and other sea crawfish (5.0%) and prepared shrimp and prawns in airtight container (4.6%). The biggest growth was recorded for frozen lobsters with a compound annual growth rate of 12.2% from 2013 to 2017. France's total imports of crustaceans had a 0.5% compound annual growth rate from 2013 to 2017.

Canada was the second-biggest supplier of lobster to France at a value of US$36.1 million after the United Kingdom, representing 14.6% of the global market share in 2017. Canada's share grew at a 12.7% compound annual growth rate from 2013 to 2017.

Trade overview

France is a significant importer of crustacean products, as its domestic production is considerably lower than its total demand. While overall consumption is flat, seafood imports keep increasing fast.

In 2017 France was the fifth-largest importer of crustaceans in the world. It imported crustacean products from the world worth US$1.4 billion, and from Canada, US$37.2 million (based on France's imports data).

Top ten crustacean markets in the world, in US$ millions, 2013 to 2017
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
Reporting total 26,986 30,940 27,081 28,223 30,993 3.5 100
United States 8,201 9,984 8,745 8,985 10,185 5.6 32.9
Japan 3,835 3,679 3,087 3,320 3,418 −2.8 11.0
China 1,438 1,671 1,861 2,118 2,534 15.2 8.2
Spain 1,341 1,525 1,409 1,468 1,552 3.7 5.0
France 1,342 1,442 1,233 1,303 1,371 0.5 4.4
South Korea 683 914 927 983 1,195 15.0 3.9
United Kingdom 945 1,124 1,043 1,001 992 1.2 3.2
Canada 898 1,098 943 956 952 1.5 3.1
Netherlands 632 869 674 716 892 9.0 2.9
Italy 808 940 804 876 867 1.8 2.8

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Note: Data are based on crustacean imports retrieved on March 21, 2018.

France's imports from top ten suppliers of crustaceans, in US$ millions, 2013-2017
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
World total 1,342.0 1,441.9 1,233.1 1,302.8 1,370.8 0.5 100
Ecuador 235.6 265.5 235.5 239.0 236.8 0.1 17.3
United Kingdom 129.7 127.0 107.1 111.5 112.1 −3.6 8.2
India 115.8 155.8 123.3 108.5 108.7 −1.6 7.9
Madagascar 93.3 85.0 57.2 76.4 100.9 2.0 7.4
Vietnam 70.6 113.5 94.2 93.0 99.0 8.8 7.2
Netherlands 102.9 84.5 67.5 82.7 85.0 −4.7 6.2
Spain 49.6 55.0 44.8 50.5 58.1 4.0 4.2
Venezuela 39.6 34.1 21.8 38.0 52.9 7.5 3.9
Ireland 40.3 42.7 37.1 41.5 39.7 −0.4 2.9
Canada 25.3 29.5 29.0 33.8 37.2 10.1 2.7

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

France imported crustaceans from ninety-five countries in 2017. The country's top suppliers in 2017 were Ecuador (with 17.3% market share), the United Kingdom (8.2%), India (7.9%), Madagascar (7.4%), and Vietnam (7.2%). Canada had a 2.7% share and was the tenth-largest supplier in 2017.

France's imports of top ten crustacean products from the world, in US$ millions, 2013 to 2017
HS code Description 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
Total 1,342.0 1,441.9 1,233.1 1,302.8 1,370.8 0.5 100
030617 Frozen shrimp and prawn 750.4 823.2 691.3 737.4 815.5 2.1 59.5
030611 Frozen rock lobster and other sea crawfish 63.0 68.9 72.4 72.7 68.9 2.3 5.0
160529 Prepared or preserved shrimp and prawn in airtight container 59.3 67.0 55.0 54.6 62.8 1.4 4.6
030632 Live, fresh or chilled lobster 76.5 78.4 66.4 68.8 62.3 −5.0 4.5
160521 Prepared or preserved shrimp and prawn not in airtight container 58.7 63.8 56.2 57.7 56.1 −1.1 4.1
030614 Frozen crab in shell or not 35.4 37.8 31.0 35.8 38.9 2.4 2.8
030615 Frozen Norway lobster 29.1 29.5 25.2 29.0 34.3 4.2 2.5
030612 Frozen lobster 20.1 19.1 20.7 26.6 31.9 12.2 2.3
030633 Live, fresh or chilled crab 35.2 36.1 33.8 36.4 30.4 −3.6 2.2
160510 Prepared or preserved crab 41.7 41.0 36.9 29.9 29.7 −8.1 2.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

HS Code: Harmonized System code

France's top imported crustacean products from the world were frozen shrimp and prawns with 59.5% share, followed by frozen rock lobster and other sea crawfish (5.0%) and prepared shrimp and prawns in airtight container (4.6%). The biggest growth was frozen lobsters with a compound annual growth rate of 12.2% from 2013 to 2017. France's total imports of crustaceans had a 0.5% compound annual growth rate from 2013 to 2017.

France's imports of top ten crustacean products from Canada, in US$ thousands, 2013 to 2017
HS code Description 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
Total 25,344 29,487 28,953 33,773 37,219 10.1 100
030612 Frozen lobster 12,000 15,699 17,042 22,084 20,887 15.9 56.1
030632 Live, fresh or chilled lobster 8,902 8,520 6,940 8,191 13,923 11.8 37.4
160530 Prepared or preserved lobster 1,459 1,690 1,481 1,710 1,206 −4.6 3.2
160510 Prepared or preserved crab 1,677 2,141 2,349 1,150 434 −28.7 1.2
030699 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted, smoked crustacean 0 14 6 20 224 152.0 0.6
160521 Prepared or preserved shrimp and prawn not in airtight container 277 451 158 160 222 −5.4 0.6
030614 Frozen crab 333 269 138 68 204 −11.5 0.5
030615 Frozen Norway lobster 0 12 0 0 86 N/C 0.2
030616 Frozen cold-water shrimp and prawn 81 409 483 209 29 −22.6 0.1
030633 Live, fresh or chilled crab 0 0 0 0 2 N/C 0.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

HS Code: Harmonized System code

N/C: Not Calculable

From 2013 to 2017, France's top three imports of crustacean products from Canada were all lobsters:

  1. frozen lobster (US$20.9 million)
  2. live, fresh or chilled lobster (US$13.9 million)
  3. prepared or preserved lobster (US$1.2 million)

Consumer trends and domestic sales

Historical total volume sales of fresh fish and seafood in France, in '000 tonnes, 2013 to 2017
Category 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
Fish and seafood 317.6 317.4 313.8 313.4 313.2 −0.3 100
Crustaceans 17.1 17.5 18.0 17.9 17.7 0.9 5.7
Fish 187.9 184.3 179.5 178.6 177.9 −1.4 56.8
Molluscs and Cephalopods 112.6 115.5 116.2 117.0 117.6 1.1 37.5

Source: Euromonitor International, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

The total volume sales of crustaceans in France remained steady (between 17,100 tonnes and 18,000 tonnes) from 2013 to 2017. Its market share was 5.7% in the total volume sales of fish and seafood in 2017. The compound annual growth rate of the total volume sales of crustaceans was 0.9% from 2013 to 2017.

Forecast total volume sales of fresh fish and seafood in France, in '000 tonnes, 2018 to 2022
Category 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 CAGR* % 2018-22 Market share % 2022
Fish and seafood 313.0 312.7 312.5 312.3 312.1  0.1 100
Crustaceans 17.5 17.4 17.3 17.2 17.1 −0.6 5.5
Fish 177.3 176.7 176.3 175.9 175.6 −0.2 56.3
Molluscs and Cephalopods 118.2 118.6 118.9 119.2 119.4 0.3 38.3

Source: Euromonitor International, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

It is forecast that the total volume sales of crustaceans will decline from 2018 to 2022 with a negative compound annual growth rate of −0.6%. The market share is forecast to be 5.5% by 2022.

Total volume of crustacean consumption in France, by capita and household, in kilograms, 2013 to 2017
Value type 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
Per capita 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0
Per household 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0

Source: Euromonitor International, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Total volume of crustacean consumption per capita remained the same at 0.3 kilogram from 2013 to 2017. Total volume of crustacean consumption per household remained the same at 0.6 kilogram from 2013 to 2017.

Retail environment

French retail demand for crustaceans remains relatively high among European countries. However, at the retail level, Euromonitor International notes that price remained the primary factor for French customers in making purchasing decisions as crustaceans was viewed as high value price products and difficult to prepare and cook. The retail volume of crustaceans sold decreased to 13,100 tonnes in 2017, but the retail value increased to US$205.8 million in 2017. Euromonitor International notes that sales of crustaceans at the foodservice level are also declining, citing the price as a factor.

Historical retail sales of crustaceans in '000 tonnes and in US$ millions, 2013 to 2017
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
Volume 14.2 15.2 14.2 13.8 13.1 −2.0
Value 200.8 218.0 204.9 204.5 205.8 0.6

Source: Euromonitor International, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Forecast retail sales of crustaceans in '000 tonnes and in US$ millions, 2017 to 2022
2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 CAGR* % 2018-22
Volume 12.8 12.6 12.5 12.4 12.3 −1.0
Value 203.6 204.2 205.6 207.5 209.6 0.7

Source: Euromonitor International, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

It is forecast that retail sales will continue to decrease to 12,300 tonnes in 2022, but the retail sales value will increase to US$209.6 million in 2022.

Trade analysis by category

France's imports of crustacean products from the world, in US$ millions, 2013 to 2017
Category 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
Total 1,342.0 1,441.9 1,233.1 1,302.8 1,370.8 0.5 100
Shrimp and prawn 935.8 1,021.2 858.1 917.0 992.1 1.5 72.4
Lobster 259.3 267.4 247.7 256.0 247.0 −1.2 18.0
Crab 112.3 114.9 101.8 102.1 100.6 −2.7 7.3
Other crustaceans 34.6 38.4 25.6 27.7 31.1 −2.6 2.3

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

France's imports of shrimps and prawns had a 72.4% of market share, worth US$992.1 million in 2017 among all crustaceans imported from the world. Imports of lobsters accounted for 18.0% market share, worth US$247 million, while imports of crabs accounted for 7.3%, worth US$100.6 million. Shrimp and prawn had a 1.5% compound annual growth rate from 2013 to 2017. Lobster, crab and other crustaceans all had negative compound annual growth rates from 2013 to 2017.

France's imports of crustacean products from Canada, in US$, 2013 to 2017
Category 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
Total 25,343,775 29,486,619 28,953,333 33,773,319 37,219,045 10.1 100
Lobster 22,360,896 25,932,370 25,462,683 31,984,195 36,103,096 12.7 97.0
Crab 2,010,832 2,410,401 2,486,073 1,217,819 640,582 −24.9 1.7
Shrimp and prawn 762,408 1,129,655 998,918 551,030 251,253 −24.2 0.7
Other crustaceans 209,639 14,193 5,659 20,275 224,114 1.7 0.6

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Among all of France's imports of crustacean products from Canada in 2017, lobster accounted for 97.0% followed by crabs: 1.7%, shrimps and prawns: 0.7% and other crustaceans: 0.6%. France's imports of lobster saw 12.7% compound annual growth rate from 2013 to 2017.

Shrimp and prawn

Shrimp is the number one shellfish consumed in France. Frozen shrimp is imported raw in France and cooked locally; the cooked unshelled shrimp is then sold as "fresh products" on seafood counters throughout the country.

France's top ten suppliers of shrimp and prawn from the world, in US$ millions, 2013 to 2017
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
World total 935.8 1021.2 858.1 917.0 992.1 1.5 100
Ecuador 233.7 262.6 233.8 237.8 235.8 0.2 23.77
India 114.8 154.3 122.0 107.6 107.7 −1.6 10.85
Madagascar 87.0 78.2 53.3 71.6 95.0 2.2 9.58
Vietnam 58.1 98.9 82.1 82.2 89.0 11.3 8.97
Netherlands 85.8 67.1 51.9 62.9 61.3 −8.1 6.18
Venezuela 39.4 33.9 21.7 37.9 52.6 7.5 5.31
Spain 33.4 35.0 28.6 37.4 43.3 6.7 4.37
Bangladesh 53.3 43.3 33.1 28.5 36.5 −9.1 3.67
Nigeria 23.9 29.4 31.8 41.1 36.0 10.7 3.63
Belgium 22.9 23.3 23.4 25.9 26.7 4.0 2.69
Canada (47) 0.8 1.1 1.0 0.6 0.3 −24.2 0.03

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Ecuador has been the largest supplier of shrimps and prawns to France since 2013, reaching US$235.8 million in 2017, followed by India at US$107.7 million. Canada was ranked the forty-seventh supplier of shrimps and prawns to France worth US$0.3 million and had a negative compound annual growth rate of −24.2% from 2013 to 2017.

France's imports of shrimp and prawn products from the world, in US$ millions, 2013 to 2017
HS code Description 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
Total 935.8 1,021.2 858.1 917.0 992.1 1.5 100
030617 Frozen shrimp and prawn 750.4 823.2 691.3 737.4 815.5 2.1 82.2
160529 Prepared or preserved shrimp and prawn in airtight container 59.3 67.0 55.0 54.6 62.8 1.4 6.3
160521 Prepared or preserved shrimp and prawn not in airtight container 58.7 63.8 56.2 57.7 56.1 −1.1 5.7
030616 Frozen cold-water shrimp and prawn 24.2 25.8 20.0 20.9 19.3 −5.5 1.9
030627 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted shrimp and prawn 12.1 9.8 6.5 7.9 22.5 16.8 2.3
030626 Cold-water shrimp and prawn 31.1 31.8 29.0 38.3 15.9 −15.4 1.6

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

HS Code: Harmonized System code

Among France's imports of shrimps and prawns from the world, frozen shrimps and prawns accounted for 82.2% market share, worth US$815.5 million in 2017, followed by prepared or preserved shrimps and prawns in airtight container (6.3%), worth US$62.8 million.

France's imports of shrimp and prawn products from Canada, in US$, 2013 to 2017
HS code Description 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
Total 762,408 1,129,655 998,918 551,030 251,253 −24.2 100
160521 Prepared or preserved shrimp and prawn 277,396 451,181 158,350 159,524 222,008 −5.4 88.4
030616 Frozen cold-water shrimp and prawn 80,994 408,770 483,416 208,840 29,245 −22.5 11.6
160529 Prepared or preserved shrimp and prawn in airtight container 0 961 59,414 0 0 N/C N/C
030627 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted shrimp and prawn 8,535 0 0 1 0 N/C N/C
030626 Cold-water shrimp and prawn 0 0 0 46 0 N/C N/C
030617 Frozen shrimp and prawn 395,483 268,743 297,738 182,619 0 N/C N/C

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

HS Code: Harmonized System code

N/C: Not Calculable

France's total imports of shrimps and prawns from Canada in 2017 reached US$251,253, among which prepared or preserved shrimps and prawns accounted for 88.4% market share, worth US$222,008. However, both the total imports of shrimps and prawns and the imports of prepared or preserved shrimps and pawns had negative compound annual growth rates of −24.2% and −5.4% respectively.

Lobster

Canada competes with the US for live lobster, while there is no competition from the US for frozen lobster. Under the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA), Canadian lobster (live) can now enter the European Union (EU) with zero duties while the US still has 8% duties; this means that Canada could potentially take some of the American market share.

France's top ten suppliers of lobster products from the world, in US$ millions, 2013 to 2017
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
World total 259.3 267.4 247.7 256.0 247.0 −1.2 100
United Kingdom 91.9 87.9 72.8 74.9 76.3 −4.5 30.9
Canada 22.4 25.9 25.5 32.0 36.1 12.7 14.6
Bahamas 19.9 23.2 20.8 26.1 19.8 −0.1 8.0
Nicaragua 14.4 16.9 24.5 22.8 18.8 6.9 7.6
United States 35.8 32.8 29.0 26.1 18.7 −15.0 7.6
Ireland 16.7 20.1 16.1 17.3 16.2 −0.8 6.5
Spain 12.4 12.3 12.4 9.6 10.7 −3.6 4.3
Denmark 10.9 11.9 7.8 8.8 10.5 −0.9 4.2
Netherlands 4.8 5.5 5.1 8.3 7.8 12.9 3.2
Cuba 7.2 2.7 4.2 2.7 5.0 −8.7 2.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Canada was the second-biggest supplier of lobster to France at a value of US$36.1 million, representing 14.6% of the market share in 2017. The United Kingdom was the biggest supplier to France at a value of US$76.3 million, representing 30.9% market share.

France's imports of lobster products from the world, in US$ millions, 2013 to 2017
HS code Description 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
Total 259.3 267.4 247.7 256.0 247.0 −1.2 100
030611 Frozen rock lobster and other sea crawfish 63.0 68.9 72.4 72.7 68.9 2.3 27.9
030632 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted lobster 76.5 78.4 66.4 68.8 62.3 −5.0 25.2
030625 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted Norway lobster 57.4 56.6 43.9 43.6 35.1 −11.6 14.2
030615 Frozen Norway lobster 29.1 29.5 25.2 29.0 34.3 4.2 13.9
030612 Frozen lobster 20.1 19.1 20.7 26.6 31.9 12.2 12.9
030631 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted rock lobster & other sea crawfish 10.9 12.3 16.4 12.2 10.1 −1.9 4.1
160530 Prepared or preserved lobster 2.3 2.7 2.7 3.1 2.1 −2.2 0.8
030691 Smoked or in brine rock lobster 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.3 N/C 0.5
030694 Smoked or in brine Norway lobster 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 N/C 0.4

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

HS Code: Harmonized System code

N/C: Not Calculable

France's top imports of lobster products from the world were frozen rock lobster and other sea crawfish with a market share of 27.9%, worth US$68.9 million in 2017, followed by live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted lobsters with a market share of 25.2%, worth US$62.3 million. Frozen lobster (import value US$31.9) had the highest compound annual growth rate of 12.2% from 2013 to 2017. Lobster sold at the retail level is very seasonal (Christmas and Easter).

France's imports of lobster products from Canada, in US$, 2013 to 2017
HS code Description 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
Total 22,360,896 25,932,370 25,462,683 31,984,195 36,103,096 12.7 100
030612 Frozen lobster 12,000,098 15,699,426 17,042,047 22,083,896 20,887,201 14.9 57.9
030632 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted lobster 8,901,530 8,520,362 6,939,811 8,190,577 13,923,949 11.8 38.6
160530 Prepared or preserved lobster 1,459,268 1,689,836 1,480,825 1,709,722 1,205,517 −4.7 3.3
030615 Frozen Norway lobster 0 11,922 0 0 86,429 N/C 0.2
030625 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted Norway lobster 0 10,824 0 0 0 N/C N/C

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

HS Code: Harmonized System code

N/C: Not Calculable

Lobster was France's biggest crustacean import from Canada in 2017 at a value of US$36.1 million, with a compound annual growth rate of 12.7% from 2013 to 2017. Imports of frozen lobster accounted for 57.9% of the total imports and had a compound annual growth rate of 14.9% from 2013 to 2017.

Crab

France's top ten suppliers of crab products from the world, in US$ millions, 2013 to 2017
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
World total 112.3 114.9 101.8 102.1 100.6 −2.7 100
United Kingdom 28.0 30.7 27.7 28.2 29.5 1.3 29.3
Ireland 21.8 20.3 18.5 21.1 18.7 −3.8 18.6
Vietnam 12.2 14.1 11.5 10.5 9.9 −5.1 9.8
Russia 2.3 5.5 5.9 8.5 8.5 38.7 8.4
Belgium 13.3 12.2 11.2 9.8 7.7 −12.8 7.6
Chile 5.3 4.8 5.2 2.9 5.4 0.5 5.4
Norway 4.8 2.9 3.0 5.7 4.6 −1.1 4.6
Indonesia 6.4 5.5 5.1 4.1 4.5 −8.4 4.5
Madagascar 4.0 4.3 2.2 2.9 2.9 −7.7 2.9
South Korea 2.6 1.4 1.5 1.1 1.6 −11.4 1.6
Canada (16) 2.0 2.4 2.5 1.2 0.6 −26.0 0.6

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

The United Kingdom was the biggest supplier of crab to France, accounting for 29.3% of the market share in 2017. Canada was the sixteenth biggest supplier of crabs to France, accounting for 0.6% of the market share in 2017. Canada had a −26% compound annual growth rate from 2013 to 2017.

France's imports of crab products from the world, in US$ millions, 2013 to 2017
HS code Description 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
Total 112.3 114.9 101.8 102.1 100.6 −2.7 100
030614 Frozen crab in shell or not 35.4 37.8 31.0 35.8 38.9 2.4 38.7
030633 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted crab 35.2 36.1 33.8 36.4 30.4 −3.6 30.2
160510 Prepared or preserved crab 41.7 41.0 36.9 29.9 29.7 −8.1 29.6
030693 Smoked or in brine crab 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.6 N/C 1.6

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

HS Code: Harmonized System code

N/C: Not Calculable

France's imports of frozen crabs in shell or not accounted for 38.7% (worth US$38.9 million) of the total imports of crabs in 2017, followed by live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted crabs, which accounted for 30.2% of market share (US$30.4 million).

France's imports of crab products from Canada, in US$, 2013 to 2017
HS code Description 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
Total 2,010,832 2,410,401 2,486,073 1,217,819 640,582 −24.9 100
160510 Prepared or preserved crab 1,676,864 21,41,348 2,348,527 1,150,065 433,792 −28.7 67.7
030614 Frozen crab 333,366 269,053 137,546 67,754 204,369 −11.5 31.9
030633 Live, fresh or chilled crab 0 0 0 0 242.1 N/C 0.4
030624 Dried, salted, smoked crab 602 0 0 0 0 N/C N/C

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

HS Code: Harmonized System code

N/C: Not Calculable

France's imports of crab products from Canada were prepared or preserved crab, and frozen crabs. Both had negative compound annual growth rates of −28.7% and −11.5% respectively from 2013 to 2017.

Other crustaceans

France's top ten suppliers of other crustaceans from the world, in US$, 2013 to 2017
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
World total 34,618,413 38,384,653 25,554,794 27,664,989 31,113,312 −2.6 100
Netherlands 11,387,962 11,174,687 9,714,739 10,985,335 14,630,093 6.5 47.0
Spain 2,857,239 6,751,995 3,064,448 2,910,828 3,300,427 3.7 10.6
China 3,174,192 4,754,764 2,821,073 2,989,860 2,821,368 −2.9 9.1
Ireland 590,450 534,889 492,689 640,204 2,534,986 43.9 8.1
United Kingdom 3,056,424 2,957,853 2,364,907 2,580,630 1,082,064 −22.9 3.5
Belgium 3,198,010 2,424,775 1,343,170 799,986 944,250 −26.3 3.0
Denmark 1,765,648 2,622,145 1,871,310 1,092,177 867,052 −16.3 2.8
Portugal 483,861 500,439 504,053 671,860 822,207 14.2 2.6
Argentina 1,397,314 432,220 21,851 599,635 816,540 −12.6 2.6
Bulgaria 7,138 18,293 702,740 686,293 N/C 2.2
Canada (14) 209,639 14,193 5,659 20,275 224,114 1.7 0.7

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

N/C: Not calculable

The Netherlands was the biggest supplier of other crustaceans to France, reaching US$14.6 million in 2017. Canada was the fourteenth biggest supplier of other crustaceans to France, reaching US$224,114 in 2017 and with a 1.7% compound annual growth rate from 2013 to 2017.

France's imports of other crustaceans from the world, in US$ millions, 2013 to 2017
HS code Description 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
Total 34.6 38.4 25.6 27.7 31.1 −2.6 100
160540 Prepared or preserved crustaceans 13.6 15.9 10.2 12.9 14.6 1.8 53.6
030619 Frozen crustaceans 14.8 12.8 9.3 5.9 10.3 −8.7 38.1
030699 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted, smoked crustaceans 6.3 9.6 6.0 8.8 6.2 −0.4 8.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

HS Code: Harmonized System code

N/C: Not Calculable

Total imports of other crustaceans witnessed a −2.6% compound annual growth rate from 2013 to 2017. However, prepared or preserved crustaceans saw a 1.8% compound annual growth rate over the same period of time, with a market share of 53.6%, worth US$14.6 million.

France's imports of other crustaceans from Canada, in US$, 2013 to 2017
HS code Description 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17 Market share % 2017
Total 209,639 14,193 5,659 20,275 224,114 1.7 100
030699 Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted, smoked crustaceans 100 14,193 5,659 20,275 224,114 150.9 100
030619 Frozen crustaceans 209,539 0 0 0 0 N/C N/C

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2018.

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

HS Code: Harmonized System code

N/C: Not Calculable

Distribution format

Retail accounted for over 81% of fresh fish and seafood sales in France, followed by foodservice with 15.8% in 2017. The share of the three formats remained steady from 2013 to 2017.

Distribution of fresh fish and seafood sales in France – Percentage (%) breakdown based on volume sales, 2013 to 2017
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
Retail 82.7 82.7 82.2 81.7 81.0 −0.5
Foodservice 14.6 14.6 14.4 15.0 15.8 2.0
Institutional 2.7 2.7 3.4 3.3 3.2 4.3
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Source: Euromonitor International, 2018

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Distribution of fresh fish and seafood sales in France, in '000 tonnes, 2013 to 2017
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 CAGR* % 2013-17
Retail 262.7 260.9 258.1 256.2 253.6 −0.9
Foodservice 46.4 46.0 45.1 46.9 49.6 2.5
Institutional 8.6 10.5 10.6 10.3 10.0 −1.6
Total 317.6 317.4 313.8 313.4 313.2 −0.4

Source: Euromonitor International, 2018

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Conclusion

France's total imports of crustaceans from the world had a 0.5% compound annual growth rate and its domestic total volume sales of crustaceans had a 0.9% compound annual growth rate from 2013 to 2017. The retail value of crustaceans increased to US$205.8 million in 2017, despite the decline in retail volume sales in that year due to the high price.

Canada was the tenth-largest supplier of crustaceans to France, worth US$37.2 million in 2017, and was the second-biggest supplier of lobster to France, worth US$36.1 million, representing 14.6% of the global share in 2017. It is expected that the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) will greatly improve Canada's potential to be competitive in this sector.

For more information

International Trade Commissioners can provide Canadian industry with on-the-ground expertise regarding market potential, current conditions and local business contacts, and are an excellent point of contact for export advice.

For additional intelligence on this and other markets, the complete library of Global Analysis reports can be found on the International agri-food market intelligence page, arranged by region.

For additional Information on Seafood Expo Global 2018, please contact:

Ben Berry, Deputy Director
Trade Show Strategy and Delivery
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
ben.berry@canada.ca

Resources

Sector Trend Analysis: Crustacean Products in France
Global Analysis Report

Prepared by: Hongli Wang, Market Analyst

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