European Union (EU) 28 - At a Glance

Two-page summary containing agri-food and seafood trade, total merchandise trade, as well as socio-economic and political data

  • European Union (EU)
  • Canadian dollar (CDN$)
  • United States dollar (US$)
  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
  • GDP at market prices
  • Date modified: 2017-04-18
Basic information
Land area: 4,422,773 square kilometres
Population: 504.7 million (2016)*
Total GDP: US$ 16.3 trillion (2016)*
GDP/capita: US$ 32,372 (2016)*
GDP growth rate: 1.9% (2016)*
Headquarters: Brussels
President of the European Commission: Jean-Claude Juncker
Commissioner (Agriculture and Rural Development): Phil Hogan
Canadian Ambassador: Daniel J. Costello
Source: *Euromonitor
Canada-EU 28 agri-food trade (CDN$ million)
Trade 2014 2015 2016
Domestic Agri-Food Exports: 3,248.216 2,843.698 3,058.937
Agri-Food Imports: 4,867.713 5,165.735 5,414.433
Agri-Food Trade Balance: −1,619.497 −2,322.037 −2,355.496
Source: Statistics Canada
Canadian top 5 agri-food exports (CDN$ million)
Exports 2014 2015 2016
Domestic Agri-Food Exports: 3,248.216 2,843.698 3,058.937
Soybeans, other than seed for sowing 590.825 444.786 595.581
Durum wheat, other than seed for sowing 789.748 601.098 445.100
Canola seeds, low erucic acid 32.096 172.293 324.577
Non-durum wheat, other than seed for sowing 186.383 246.500 174.481
Corn 285.846 56.078 173.786
Source: Statistics Canada
Canadian top 5 agri-food imports (CDN$ million)
Imports 2014 2015 2016
Agri-Food Imports: 4,867.713 5,165.735 5,414.433
Grape wines < 2 Litres 927.030 983.219 1,016.267
Beer 393.177 406.075 412.685
Raw mink furskins, whole 355.217 306.555 237.668
Whiskies 153.747 187.612 193.392
Chocolate confectionery 178.178 175.149 180.516
Source: Statistics Canada
Canadian top 5 seafood exports (CDN$ million)
Seafood Exports 2014 2015 2016
Domestic Seafood Exports: 459.494 578.341 516.419
Frozen cold-water shrimp 130.419 167.710 124.844
Frozen lobster 58.395 90.264 113.106
Live lobster 49.242 74.525 71.024
Prepared shrimp 30.999 65.525 43.051
Scallops 52.368 54.764 34.684
Source: Statistics Canada
EU 28 agri-food and seafood imports - 2016 (CDN$ million)
Agri-Food and Seafood Imports World Canada Canada's Share
Agri-Food and Seafood 216,495 4,087 1.9%
Coffee, not roasted, not decafeinated 10,310 1 0.0%
Soybean meal 9,718 46 0.5%
Cocoa beans 7,967 0 0.0%
Soybeans, other than seed for sowing 7,889 556 7.0%
Fresh Atlantic and Danube salmon 7,842 0 0.0%
Source: Global Trade Tracker
Canada-EU 28 total merchandise trade (CDN$ million)
Merchandise Trade 2014 2015 2016
Total Merchandise Exports: 38,753.400 37,780.443 39,927.656
Total Merchandise Imports: 57,859.735 61,474.397 60,913.564
Trade Balance: −19,106.335 −23,693.954 −20,985.907
Source: Global Trade Tracker
Canadian Top 10 total merchandise exports (CDN$ million)
Merchandise Exports 2014 2015 2016
Total Merchandise Exports: 38,753.400 37,780.443 39,927.656
Precious metals, stones and pearls 11,202.992 11,463.105 13,174.250
Boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances 3,338.304 3,612.251 3,731.748
Aircraft and spacecraft 2,447.296 2,706.135 3,356.141
Ores, slag and ash 2,585.622 2,815.982 2,724.602
Mineral fuels and oils 3,757.467 1,500.299 1,699.853
Electrical machinery and equipment 1,292.522 1,403.695 1,446.380
Pharmaceutical products 1,613.349 1,533.444 1,357.535
Nickel and articles thereof 1,613.185 1,885.472 1,273.916
Optical and medical instruments 1,145.031 1,279.151 1,214.784
Oilseeds 868.087 834.328 1,086.453
Source: Global Trade Tracker
Canadian Top 10 total merchandise imports (CDN$ million)
Merchandise Imports 2014 2015 2016
Total Merchandise Imports: 57,859.735 61,474.397 60,913.564
Boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances 11,324.745 12,295.412 11,588.748
Vehicles, other than railway 6,873.132 7,715.194 8,308.583
Pharmaceutical products 6,363.373 5,830.459 6,170.947
Electrical machinery and equipment 3,797.590 3,798.619 4,054.131
Mineral fuels and oils 4,243.424 2,997.492 3,358.360
Optical and medical instruments 2,745.644 3,021.303 2,956.605
Beverages, spirits and vinegar 2,200.496 2,343.703 2,424.183
Aircraft and spacecraft 1,519.280 2,433.035 1,930.345
Organic chemicals 1,264.242 1,759.361 1,680.669
Plastics and articles thereof 945.876 1,097.721 1,232.995
Source: Global Trade Tracker
EU 28 top 10 total merchandise imports (CDN$ million)
Merchandise Imports 2014 2015 2016
Total Merchandise Imports: 2,730,809.037 2,716,751.781 2,759,436.210
Mineral fuels and oils 679,327.711 493,468.371 407,674.702
Electrical machinery and equipment 291,388.704 340,820.306 352,187.820
Boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances 294,217.487 316,523.588 323,042.915
Precious metals, stones and pearls 85,582.985 87,546.305 142,617.676
Vehicles, other than railway 93,885.779 112,121.664 128,522.461
Pharmaceutical products 96,958.500 107,901.371 113,027.662
Optical and medical instruments 89,048.148 99,253.726 104,568.024
Organic chemicals 77,624.197 86,033.722 83,672.006
Apparel, not knitted or crocheted 652,505.878 70,442.849 72,488.423
Apparel, knitted or crocheted 656,180.197 70,003.086 72,383.553
Source: Global Trade Tracker
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