Canada - At a Glance

Two-page summary containing agri-food and seafood trade, total merchandise trade, as well as socio-economic and political data

  • Canadian dollar (CDN$)
  • United States dollar (US$)
  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
  • GDP at market prices
    Date modified: 2017-06-21
Basic information
Land area: 9,922,385 square kilometres
Population: 36.3 million (2016)*
Total GDP: CDN$ 2.0 trillion (2016)*
GPD/capita: CDN$ 55,926 (2016)*
GDP growth rate: 1.4% (2016)*
Capital city: Ottawa
Prime Minister: Justin Trudeau
Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food: Lawrence MacAuley
*Source: Euromonitor
Canadian agri-food trade (CDN$ million)
Trade 2014 2015 2016
Domestic Agri-Food Exports: 51,604.069 55,636.356 55,977.755
Agri-Food Imports: 39,461.804 43,515.143 44,522.798
Agri-Food Trade Balance: 12,142.264 12,121.213 11,454.957
Source: Statistics Canada
Canadian top 5 agri-food exports (CDN$ million)
Exports 2014 2015 2016
Domestic Agri-Food Exports: 51,604.069 55,636.356 55,977.755
Canola seeds 5,149.683 4,954.913 5,631.925
Non-durum wheat, other than seed for sowing 5,771.165 5,882.929 4,454.070
Soybeans, other than seed for sowing 1,904.695 2,237.747 2,460.999
Lentils, dried, shelled 1,462.030 2,493.276 2,125.066
Bakery products 1,205.051 1,619.250 1,912.870
Source: Statistics Canada
Canadian top 5 agri-food imports (CDN$ million)
Imports 2014 2015 2016
Agri-Food Imports: 39,461.804 43,515.143 44,522.798
Grape wines < 2 Litres 1,895.897 2,017.323 2,047.665
Food preparations 1,377.131 1,560.708 1,706.380
Bakery products 1,228.922 1,403.040 1,444.608
Dog and cat food, for retail sale 727.745 805.851 827.072
Coffee, not roasted, not decaffeinated 713.805 798.305 825.024
Source: Statistics Canada
Canadian top 5 seafood exports (CDN$ million)
Seafood exports 2014 2015 2016
Domestic Seafood Exports: 4,921.285 5,979.426 6,565.934
Frozen crab 758.957 818.055 925.725
Frozen lobster 668.045 820.610 867.725
Lobster, not frozen 600.099 861.831 839.354
Frozen Atlantic and Danube salmon 364.460 603.857 838.940
Prepared lobster 250.969 350.788 441.022
Source: Statistics Canada
Canadian total merchandise trade (CDN$ million)
Merchandise trade 2014 2015 2016
Total Merchandise Exports: 526,772.881 524,048.892 517,007.062
Total Merchandise Imports: 512,199.972 536,296.449 533,342.246
Trade Balance: 14,572.909 -12,247.557 -16,335.184
Source: Global Trade Atlas
Canadian top 10 total merchandise exports (CDN$ million)
Merchandise exports 2014 2015 2016
Total Merchandise Exports: 526,772.881 524,048.892 517,007.062
Vehicles, other than railway 66,344.422 77,054.559 85,161.004
Mineral fuels and oils 142,455.123 99,157.217 82,545.614
Boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances 36,100.146 39,776.864 39,721.104
Precious metals, stones or pearls 24,115.467 24,463.607 25,111.602
Wood and articles of wood 13,968.648 14,930.241 17,461.603
Electrical machinery and equipment 15,086.897 16,880.259 16,729.747
Plastics and articles thereof 14,567.858 15,944.071 16,062.109
Aircraft and spacecraft 13,756.885 15,782.932 13,614.234
Pharmaceutical products 7,816.991 9,864.642 11,122.107
Aluminum and articles thereof 9,788.146 10,504.236 10,702.434
Source: Global Trade Atlas
Canadian top 10 total merchandise imports (CDN$ million)
Merchandise Imports 2014 2015 2016
Total Merchandise Imports: 512,199.972 536,296.449 533,342.246
Vehicles, other than railway 77,997.124 85,377.193 89,324.891
Boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances 74,711.284 81,220.710 81,905.529
Electrical machinery and equipment 48,760.525 52,793.187 52,493.358
Mineral fuels and oils 52,870.733 37,865.756 33,480.706
Plastics and articles thereof 17,774.300 19,093.092 19,523.820
Optical and medical instruments 14,177.668 15,669.769 15,828.758
Pharmaceutical products 13,800.187 14,560.049 15,132.186
Precious metals, stones or pearls 14,137.139 13,958.408 13,946.756
Furniture 10,190.739 11,166.437 11,622.872
Articles of iron or steel 12,956.244 12,496.274 11,168.905
Source: Global Trade Atlas
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