Canada's hatching eggs industry
... at a glance
- In 2018, there were approximately 243 broiler hatching egg producers, 93.4% of which were members of the Canadian Hatching Egg Producers (CHEP), and 46.1% of which were from either Quebec or Ontario. CHEP's current members consist of British-Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec. In Canada, there were 38 broiler hatcheries, 11 turkey hatcheries and 17 laying egg hatcheries. Approximately 10 of which produced both broiler and layer chick.
- In 2018, Canadian hatcheries set a total of 930.9 million eggs for broiler stock while domestic hatching egg production reached 801.7 million eggs.
- In 2018, 91.2% of the broiler hatching egg production came from the six provincial members of CHEP. Ontario and Quebec production totaled 57.7% of the Canada total.
- In 2018, the total farm cash receipts earned by Canada's broiler hatching egg producers increased to $349.6 million, up 10.2% from 2017. The average annual price paid to hatching egg producers increased by 2.8%, from 54.00¢ per saleable chick in 2017 to 55.52¢ per saleable chick in 2018. The price increased by 5.1% over 2016.
- In 2018, Canada exported over 38.9 million hatching eggs of different species, worth 65.0 million dollars, to 25 countries. The United States was the largest market with 53.9% of our exports, worth $35.0 million, heading south of the border, while other primary countries included Russia, Turkey, and Chile.
- On the import side, in 2018, Canada imported 127.8 million hatching eggs for broiler, worth $45.5 million dollars. The entirety of these imports came from the United States.
- Canada also imported 2.2 million hatching eggs of other species, worth over $3.4 million dollars. These imports only came from the United States.
- The allocation of hatching eggs, under the supply management system, relies on both domestic production and a predictable level of imports under a tariff rate quota (TRQ). In 2018, the TRQ import level allowed for an access amount of 138.2 million egg equivalent into the Canadian market. One broiler chick import is equivalent to 1.27 eggs.
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