Statistical Overview of the Canadian Vegetable Industry 2017

Alternative Formats

Overview

This report provides a statistical overview of the vegetable industry including the number of farms, total farm area, production, farm gateFootnote1 value (FGV), trade, and innovation in the sector. It focuses on field vegetables, greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms. A separate report for potatoes is prepared annually (AAFC No. 12856E).

Overall, Canada’s field vegetable production decreased  by 2.7% from 2016 to 2,178,560 metric tonnes in 2017. Field tomatoes topped the production of field vegetables with 478,960  metric tonnes (22%), followed by carrots with 360,952 metric tonnes (17%), and dry onions with 230,314 metric tonnes (11%). Ontario remained the largest producing province accounting for 44% of Canada’s total production of field vegetables, followed by Quebec with 38%.

Despite the decline in production volume, the value of vegetables rose 2.0% to $1.2 billion in 2017 largely due to an increase in the farm gate value of broccoli, shallots and green onions, peppers, and dry onions. Carrots, tomatoes, dry onions, lettuce, sweet corn, cabbages, and broccoli accounted for over half of the total value of field-grown vegetables in Canada. The value of carrots were the largest of all field vegetables totalling $129.3 million in 2017, followed by tomatoes ($110.1 million), dry onions ($91.4 million), lettuce ($78.4 million), sweet corn ($75.9 million), cabbages ($72.5 million), and broccoli ($72 million). Broccoli experienced the largest price increase, rising 20.4% in 2017 to $1,697 per metric tonne.

Canadian mushroom growers produced 120,253  metric tonnes of mushrooms in 2017, up 1.3% from 2016. Most of the production (94.1%) was sold to the fresh market. Ontario accounted for the largest share of production (52%), followed by British Columbia (39%).

The total value of Canadian mushrooms rose 4.1% from 2016 to $527.6 million, mainly attributable to higher prices. The price of mushrooms rose 2.8% in 2017 to $ 4,387 per metric tonne.

Farm gate value for the greenhouse vegetable sector totalled over $1.4 billion in 2017, an increase of 7.1% from 2016, largely due to an increase in the value of cucumbers and tomatoes. In 2017, Ontario continued to lead the greenhouse vegetable sector representing 65% of total farm gate value, British Columbia and Quebec followed with 20% and 9%, respectively. Tomatoes were the largest contributor to greenhouse farm gate value, accounting for 39% ($557 million) of the total; peppers and cucumbers followed at 30% ($422 million) and 27% ($383 million) respectively.

Total Canadian vegetable exports, comprising field vegetables, greenhouse vegetables, and mushrooms, grew by 5.8% to $1.8 billion in 2017. The United States remained Canada’s largest purchaser, importing 98% of Canada’s total vegetable exports.

The greenhouse sector is a significant contributor to the Canadian value of exported vegetables. In 2017, greenhouse products accounted for 53% of total vegetable exports. 

Due to the seasonal nature of field vegetable production in Canada, imports are an integral component of the Canadian vegetable market and often necessary to fulfill Canadian demand year-round.  In 2017, Canada imported approximately $3.7 billion in vegetables (field vegetables, greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms), with approximately $2.2 billion (60%) coming from the United States; Mexico was the second largest source of Canadian imports, with approximately $1 billion import value. The top vegetables (including field and greenhouse) imported were tomatoes, lettuce, peppers, and cabbages. The top U.S. imports were lettuce, cabbage, and broccoli/cauliflower whereas imports from Mexico consisted primarily of tomatoes, peppers, and cucumber/gherkins.

The vegetable industry is continually introducing innovative varieties and products to fulfill changing consumer preferences. In 2017, approximately 229 new products were launched in Canada ranging from new varieties to new packaging.  The top claims of new products included kosher, microwaveable, ease of use, organic, and ethical/ecological (i.e. environmentally friendly packaging).

1. Production

1.1. Number of field vegetable farms[1][2] by province

2006 2011 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 68 112 78
Prince Edward Island 54 299 250
Nova Scotia 125 140 177
New Brunswick 69 280 236
Quebec 857 974 1,172
Ontario 1,526 1,531 1,856
Manitoba 97 189 196
Saskatchewan 43 108 115
Alberta 124 277 299
British Columbia 669 912 1,135
Canada 3,632 4,822 5,514

Notes:

  • 1. Includes melons.
  • 2. Number of farms includes all farms reported to be growing field vegetables and on which field vegetable production represents 50% or more of total farm cash receipts.

Source: Statistics Canada.  Table 32-10-0403-01   Farms classified by farm type

1.2. Number of greenhouse vegetable[1][2] farms by province

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Atlantic provinces 55 52 54 52 52
Quebec 235 240 242 247 250
Ontario 305 310 315 323 330
Prairie provinces 90 95 100 107 101
British Columbia 135 140 150 160 154
Canada 820 837 861 894 887

Notes:

  • 1. Includes specialized greenhouse fruits.
  • 2. Excludes mixed operations (vegetables, flowers and plants).

Source: Statistics Canada.  Table 32-10-0019-01 Estimates of specialized greenhouse operations, greenhouse area, and months of operation

1.3. Planted area of field vegetables by province (hectares)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Newfoundland and Labrador 296 306 302 306 280
Prince Edward Island 859 722 719 726 812
Nova Scotia 1,215 1,715 1,722 1,797 2,152
New Brunswick 708 710 697 678 647
Quebec 37,106 37,957 37,802 37,749 37,288
Ontario 50,857 54,379 53,619 54,165 50,087
Manitoba 1,214 634 1,251 1,280 1,393
Saskatchewan 241 292 313 320 266
Alberta 3,823 4,219 3,468 3,949 3,228
British Columbia 5,698 6,396 6,150 5,922 5,858
Canada[1] 105,806 110,036 109,835 109,520 103,669

Note:

  • 1. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada.  Table 32-10-0365-01   Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.4. Planted area of field vegetables by province - percent share, 2017

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  • Ontario: 48%
  • Quebec: 36%
  • British Columbia: 6%
  • Alberta: 3%
  • Others: 7%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.5. Planted area of field vegetables by commodity (hectares)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Corn, sweet 21,603 20,819 20,033 19,248 17,968
Peas, green 13,372 13,169 12,770 12,782 11,176
Carrots[1] 9,319 9,139 9,032 8,940 8,630
Beans, green or wax 8,073 7,916 8,445 8,313 8,179
Tomatoes 7,122 7,106 7,080 6,938 6,395
Dry onions 5,850 5,812 5,773 5,734 5,776
Cabbage[2] 6,128 6,329 5,914 5,578 5,458
Broccoli 4,151 4,150 4,149 4,276 4,421
Lettuce[3] 3,861 3,941 4,007 4,140 3,978
Pumpkins 3,594 3,644 3,490 3,708 3,427
Squash and zucchinis 3,257 3,344 3,473 3,680 3,300
Peppers 2,558 2,660 2,701 2,771 2,556
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,529 2,624 2,719 2,814 2,532
Asparagus 2,052 2,147 2,248 2,351 2,381
Beets 1,686 1,751 1,817 1,882 1,928
Cauliflower 1,814 1,805 1,718 1,844 1,860
Rutabagas and turnips 1,773 1,755 1,736 1,736 1,678
Radishes 924 985 950 963 935
Celery 866 879 891 904 870
Shallots and green onions 805 787 771 756 793
Spinach 810 842 764 748 716
Garlic 502 F 633 697 658
Watermelon 802 786 738 674 612
Brussels sprouts 627 604 585 563 600
Other melons 687 723 712 673 572
Parsnips 384 379 379 364 391
Leeks 287 237 289 314 321
Rhubarb 173 194 204 204 260
Parsley 197 132 168 149 159
Other vegetables .. 5,377 5,646 5,776 5,139
Total 105,806 110,036 109,835 109,520 103,669

Notes:

  • 1. Includes baby carrots and regular carrots.
  • 2. Includes Chinese cabbage and regular cabbage.
  • 3. Includes leaf lettuce and head lettuce.
  • F: Too unreliable to be published.
  • .. Not available.

Source: Statistics Canada.  Table  32-10-0365-01   Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.6. Harvested area of greenhouse vegetables by province (square meters)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Newfoundland and Labrador 3,390 3,235 5,132 647 5,900
Prince Edward Island 1,236 1,398 - - 13,531
Nova Scotia 63,959 67,577 77,992 - 83,556
New Brunswick - - 5,042 121 4,086
Quebec 974,967 890,937 951,534 915,475 1,145,549
Ontario 9,536,954 9,648,346 10,061,143 10,972,697 11,668,355
Manitoba 6,595 835 5,245 496 6,955
Saskatchewan 15,250 12,978 14,139 2,003 15,954
Alberta 541,095 530,301 544,222 547,626 640,512
British Columbia 2,954,000 3,014,962 2,881,096 3,088,435 3,258,893
Canada[1] 14,159,525 14,216,767 14,592,933 15,928,094 16,882,095

Notes:

  • 1. Totals may not add up as some data was surpressed to meet confidentiallity requirements of the Statistics Act.
  • - : Not available or too unreliable to be published.

Source: Statistics Canada.  Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.7. Harvested area of greenhouse vegetables by province - percent share, 2017

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  • Ontario: 69%
  • British Columbia: 19%
  • Quebec: 7%
  • Alberta: 4%
  • Others: 1%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.8. Harvested area of greenhouse vegetables by commodity (square meters)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Tomatoes 5,626,971 5,540,993 5,513,837 5,990,278 6,325,725
Peppers 4,887,045 4,951,041 4,940,683 5,385,939 5,625,383
Cucumbers 3,462,183 3,544,039 3,739,159 4,005,746 4,358,064
Lettuce 183,326 180,694 187,343 174,696 209,183
Eggplants  ..  ..  .. 90,123 109,631
Herbs  ..  ..  .. 26,922 88,571
Other fruits or vegetables  ..  .. 211,911 194,393 85,214
Chinese vegetables  ..  ..  .. 55,471 48,740
Microgreens and shoots .. .. .. .. 16,773
Sprouts .. .. .. .. 8,181
Beans (green and wax)  ..  ..  .. 4,526 6,630
Total[1] 14,159,525 14,216,767 14,592,933 15,928,094 16,882,095

Note:

  • 1. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.
  • .. : Not available or too unreliable to be published.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table  32-10-0456-01  Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.9. Harvested area of greenhouse vegetables by commodity – percent share, 2017

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  • Tomatoes: 38%
  • Peppers: 33%
  • Cucumbers: 26%
  • Lettuce: 1%
  • Others: 2%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.10. Marketed production[1] of field vegetables by province (metric tonnes)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Newfoundland and Labrador 5,099 3,865 4,091 5,751 3,984
Prince Edward Island 29,408 22,022 22,626 20,725 22,067
Nova Scotia 20,172 46,921 45,847 50,118 65,371
New Brunswick 8,629 6,508 5,428 6,721 6,304
Quebec 622,825 638,972 675,811 700,388 686,495
Ontario 1,226,215 1,167,658 1,226,103 1,257,735 1,193,074
Manitoba 13,708 5,294 17,138 19,941 23,340
Saskatchewan 1,455 664 2,248 1,908 813
Alberta 29,873 44,311 28,427 48,836 27,633
British Columbia 66,364 67,172 68,338 71,163 64,619
Canada[2] 2,112,968 2,075,273 2,170,503 2,238,263 2,178,558

Notes:

  • 1. Marketed Production refers to the total quantity of vegetables sold to the fresh and processing markets.
  • 2. Totals may not add up as some data was sprpressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.11. Marketed production of field vegetables by province – percent share, 2017

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  • Ontario: 55%
  • Quebec: 31%
  • Nova Scotia: 3%
  • British Columbia: 3%
  • Others: 8%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.12. Marketed production[1] of field vegetables by commodity (metric tonnes)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Tomatoes 491,855 358,494 429,165 501,329 478,960
Carrots[2] 366,568 326,543 376,063 358,852 360,952
Dry onions 189,906 244,829 218,715 215,669 230,314
Corn, sweet 209,575 218,757 219,050 196,993 191,447
Cabbage[3] 169,394 170,704 170,035 179,777 159,441
Lettuce[4] 77,898 82,059 84,670 91,463 86,549
Pumpkins 62,823 81,990 76,981 82,257 82,619
Peppers 57,363 62,289 65,314 68,068 68,075
Cucumbers and gherkins 57,199 66,312 54,158 63,589 61,064
Beans, green or wax 49,722 55,167 53,464 54,672 51,914
Squash and zucchinis 33,997 43,498 49,769 54,690 49,407
Rutabagas and turnips 46,780 54,099 48,646 47,853 46,621
Peas, green 52,776 56,880 58,659 57,275 46,001
Broccoli 36,311 39,579 40,875 42,106 42,432
Beets 42,749 35,014 44,531 39,704 38,637
Celery 36,335 36,425 36,058 37,968 34,967
Cauliflower 34,289 29,965 30,597 32,685 32,416
Watermelon 22,946 27,089 27,879 24,657 26,199
Shallots and green onions 12,481 16,072 17,989 17,467 18,861
Radishes 12,241 13,262 16,411 15,726 16,380
Other melons 17,493 19,444 17,729 17,723 14,323
Asparagus 7,832 7,142 8,642 9,364 8,865
Parsnips 6,133 9,304 7,565 6,781 8,207
Brussels sprouts 4,332 6,153 5,990 5,120 6,233
Spinach 4,169 6,097 6,234 5,825 5,442
Leeks 4,408 3,716  F 5,245 5,413
Parsley 2,297 1,794 2,410 2,373 2,936
Rhubarb 1,924 1,533 1,485 1,623 2,522
Garlic 1,172 1,063 1,419 1,409 1,361
Total 2,112,968 2,075,273 2,170,503 2,238,263 2,178,558

Notes:

  • 1. Marketed production refers to the total quantity of vegetables sold to the fresh and processing markets.
  • 2. Includes baby carrots and regular carrots.
  • 3. Includes Chinese cabbage and regular cabbage.
  • 4. Includes leaf lettuce and head lettuce.
  • F: Too unreliable to be published.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.13. Farm gate value[1] of field vegetables by province (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Newfoundland and Labrador 4,161 3,526 4,512 5,953 5,548
Prince Edward Island 7,096 6,307 6,853 8,736 11,147
Nova Scotia 23,425 11,577 22,306 13,775 35,646
New Brunswick 6,493 6,912 6,739 7,975 7,700
Quebec 318,991 356,878 401,771 435,255 431,504
Ontario 386,837 461,812 482,556 494,734 501,829
Manitoba 8,992 2,813 13,426 15,633 21,744
Saskatchewan 2,870 2,264 2,839 2,828 1,770
Alberta 16,191 31,767 22,467 30,043 16,847
British Columbia 67,182 77,537 84,724 84,885 97,402
Canada[2] 899,804 1,042,644 1,133,788 1,189,268 1,213,118

Notes:

  • 1.The "farm gate" value is the pricing point of production, excluding charges for transport or delivery.
  • 2. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.14. Farm gate value of field vegetables by province – percent share, 2017

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  • Ontario: 44%
  • Quebec: 38%
  • British Columbia: 9%
  • Alberta: 3%
  • Others: 6%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.15. Farm gate value of field vegetables by commodity (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Carrots[1] 104,911 110,612 125,955 128,650 129,297
Tomatoes 65,002 80,642 93,025 111,768 110,109
Dry onions 69,173 86,599 83,827 86,463 91,363
Lettuce[2] 64,787 69,100 76,063 84,336 78,406
Corn, sweet 76,184 78,064 80,454 75,997 75,869
Cabbage[3] 80,375 82,575 83,019 80,678 72,549
Broccoli 46,716 54,539 60,980 59,370 72,011
Peppers 45,758 49,559 55,471 61,770 67,581
Squash and zucchinis 28,273 28,998 34,242 39,670 41,977
Asparagus 28,313 27,018 34,615 38,544 40,453
Beans, green or wax 29,184 31,193 35,685 36,303 36,127
Cucumbers and gherkins 32,098 34,490 32,591 40,082 35,853
Shallots and green onions 20,866 24,650 28,248 26,933 32,992
Cauliflower 26,653 26,730 29,634 30,816 29,236
Pumpkins 21,815 26,451 24,886 26,653 28,747
Rutabagas and turnips 21,391 21,770 25,498 27,153 26,982
Peas, green 25,998 23,213 25,085 25,178 24,570
Beets 18,639 18,957 21,557 20,155 21,072
Celery 16,981 18,638 21,086 22,102 19,197
Garlic 11,260 11,119 15,169 15,682 15,171
Radishes 11,295 12,544 13,763 13,783 14,865
Brussels sprouts 7,187 8,282 8,930 9,389 12,279
Spinach 7,623 11,566 12,408 12,462 11,700
Parsnips 7,153 9,937 8,632 8,447 9,699
Leeks 7,449 6,179 8,231 8,955 9,463
Other melons 10,100 10,332 10,586 10,344 9,092
Watermelon 7,962 8,621 9,540 10,342 8,401
Parsley 4,055 3,459 4,700 5,215 6,543
Rhubarb 2,603 2,124 2,182 2,581 3,731
Other vegetables .. 64,683 67,726 69,447 77,783
Total 899,804 1,042,644 1,133,788 1,189,268 1,213,118

Notes: 

  • 1. Includes baby carrots and regular carrots.
  • 2. Includes leaf lettuce and head lettuce. 
  • 3.  Includes Chinese cabbage and regular cabbage.
  • .. Not available.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.16. Greenhouse vegetable1 production by province (metric tonnes)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Newfoundland and Labrador 31 25 10 3 8
Prince Edward Island 1 48 - - 2
Nova Scotia 2,764 2,670 3,090 1,248 2,914
New Brunswick 27 24 29 1 -
Quebec 25,007 24,030 6,110 27,938 38,772
Ontario 408,398 420,341 420,081 424,451 438,674
Manitoba 178 24 152 3 187
Saskatchewan 214 164 189 22 224
Alberta 20,829 22,433 22,195 23,150 31,446
British Columbia 130,325 124,256 114,652 90,881 120,384
Canada[2] 590,576 596,251 587,825 604,990 634,513

Notes:

  • 1. Does not include lettuce between 2012 and 2015.
  • 2. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.
  • - : Not available or too unreliable to be published.

Source:  Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.17. Greenhouse vegetable production by province – percent share, 2017

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  • Ontario: 69%
  • British Columbia: 19%
  • Quebec: 6%
  • Alberta: 5%
  • Others: 1%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.18. Greenhouse vegetable production by commodity (metric tonnes)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Tomatoes 282,809 280,332 261,677 271,006 277,945
Cucumbers 174,534 180,342 186,306 189,704 206,228
Peppers 128,274 130,294 134,644 135,657 139,060
Lettuce 4,959 5,283 5,198 4,876 6,256
Eggplants  .. .. .. 2,904 3,281
Sprouts  .. .. .. .. 776
Chinese vegetables ..  .. .. 587 495
Herbs .. .. .. 219 269
Microgreens and shoots .. .. .. .. 164
Beans (green and wax) .. .. .. 36 40
Total[1] 590,576 596,251 587,825 604,990 634,513

Notes:

  • 1. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.
  • .. : Not available for a specific reference period.

Source:  Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.19. Farm gate value of greenhouse vegetables by province (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Newfoundland and Labrador 125 83 145 42 134
Prince Edward Island 15 155 - - 8
Nova Scotia 7,302 7,503 8,433 8,012 7,516
New Brunswick 111 90 244 29 115
Quebec 82,012 82,678 36,568 98,861 125,539
Ontario 767,501 796,226 831,591 859,787 921,097
Manitoba 703 87 609 82 982
Saskatchewan 1,194 873 1,386 715  708
Alberta 52,275 52,114 53,584 54,689 56,478
British Columbia 299,792 290,743 296,577 294,435 290,980
Canada[1] 1,218,193 1,238,667 1,295,856 1,331,163 1,425,900

Notes:

  • 1. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.
  • - : Not available or too unreliable to be published.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.20. Farm gate value of greenhouse vegetables by commodity (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Tomatoes 516,656 507,098 514,251 537,032 556,556
Peppers 377,330 389,700 420,539 409,980 421,873
Cucumbers 299,170 314,069 316,495 336,050 383,465
Lettuce 25,037 27,800 28,769 27,366 32,067
Eggplants .. .. .. 7,757 10,560
Herbs .. .. .. 3,559 9,249
Other fruits or vegetables .. .. 15,802 7,839 6,066
Microgreens and shoots .. .. .. .. 3,585
Chinese vegetables .. .. .. 1,226 1,180
Sprouts .. .. .. .. 993
Beans (green and wax) .. .. .. 353 305
Total 1,218,193 1,238,667 1,295,856 1,331,163 1,425,900

Note:

.. : Not available for a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.21. Area, production and sales[1] of Canadian mushrooms

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Harvested area (thousands of square feet) Maritime provinces and Quebec x x x x x
Ontario 33,865 32,789 27,613 28,907 29,199
Prairie provinces .. x x x x
British Columbia x 18,501 18,500 16,989 16,989
Canada[2] 57,388 55,290 50,322 50,655 50,764
Production (metric tonnes) Maritime provinces and Quebec x x x x x
Ontario 67,727 64,446 58,360 61,083 63,103
Prairie provinces .. x x x x
British Columbia x 46,603 46,833 46,894 47,325
Canada[2] 120,155 122,057 114,683 118,712 120,253
Sales (thousands of Canadian dollars) Maritime provinces and Quebec x x x x x
Ontario 278,069 267,284 257,466 287,959 311,346
Prairie provinces .. x x x x
British Columbia x 138,692 142,071 171,358 173,785
Canada[2] 450,096 454,605 443,604 506,650 527,570

Notes:

  • 1. Regional distribution shown as presented by Statistics Canada.
  • 2. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.
  • .. : Not available.
  • x : Suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source:  Statistics Canada.  Table  32-10-0356-01  Area, production and sales of mushrooms

2. Innovation

2.1. Number of new products launched in Canada under sub-category "Vegetable", 2013–2017

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  • 2013: 187
  • 2014: 170
  • 2015: 158
  • 2016: 284
  • 2017: 229

Source: Mintel

2.2. Number of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category "Vegetable" by launch type, 2013–2017

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  • New Variety/Range Extension: 398 (39%)
  • New Packaging: 344 (33%)
  • New Product: 237 (23%)
  • Relaunch: 43 (4%)
  • New Formulation: 6 (1%)

Source: Mintel

2.3. Top 10 claims of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category "Vegetable", 2013 – 2017

Claim 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Total
Kosher 47 52 32 119 88 338
Microwaveable 41 39 46 64 70 260
Ease of Use 25 33 38 85 37 218
Organic 18 29 27 63 53 190
Ethical - Environmentally Friendly Package 19 27 21 68 38 173
No Additives/Preservatives 22 25 28 24 33 132
High/Added Fiber 42 3 11 55 34 145
Economy 49 17 10 49 13 138
Premium 9 25 21 32 42 129
Convenient Packaging 8 23 29 36 22 118
Source: Mintel

2.4. Top 5 claims of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category "Vegetable", 2013–2017

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Source: Mintel

3. Trade

3.1. Canadian vegetable[1] trade balance (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Exports 1,314,630 1,344,862 1,614,851 1,724,194 1,823,447
Imports 2,650,074 2,927,073 3,455,310 3,699,880 3,714,796
Net trade (exports less imports) −1,335,444 −1,582,211 −1,840,458 −1,975,687 −1,891,350

Note:

  • 1. Includes frozen and dried.

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNET, July 2018)

3.2. Exports

3.2.1. Canada's fresh vegetable exports by commodity (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Tomatoes[1] 337,072 316,733 326,231 372,351 416,576
Peppers[1] 272,850 296,403 361,681 360,058 365,667
Cucumbers and gherkins[1],[2] 177,332 179,585 204,399 239,450 268,739
Mushrooms[2],[3] 130,445 141,299 189,173 220,915 218,419
Cabbages 57,186 59,428 86,330 83,994 78,440
Beans[4] 42,542 50,887 60,207 60,504 66,656
Onions and shallots[3] 32,319 40,707 54,208 54,505 54,033
Carrots 39,165 47,165 61,715 53,170 64,836
Corn[4] 19,789 21,433 34,988 29,627 30,593
Lettuce 18,245 22,168 27,578 28,145 26,879
Peas[4] 49,002 31,047 24,204 27,873 20,493
Cauliflower and broccoli 10,846 12,149 15,990 17,398 19,888
Sweet potatoes 229 574 9,137 17,057 21,917
Spinach[4] 5,959 9,172 10,917 9,238 7,286
Asparagus 6,712 5,762 6,293 8,115 7,922
Eggplant 4,200 4,617 5,649 6,216 5,926
Celery 2,826 3,099 4,403 2,514 2,948
Leeks 1,933 2,395 2,142 2,208 1,988
Brussels sprouts 385 500 2,295 1,533 4,794
Leguminous vegetables[4] 17,027 3,929 934 927 3,374
Turnips 126 209 330 545 1,282
Garlic 343 285 375 483 742
Other vegetables[2],[3],[4] 88,098 95,317 125,673 127,365 134,048
Total 1,314,630 1,344,862 1,614,851 1,724,194 1,823,447

Notes:

  • 1. Includes greenhouse vegetables.
  • 2. Includes provisionally preserved.
  • 3. Includes dried.
  • 4. Includes frozen.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, July 2018)

3.2.2. Canada's fresh vegetable exports by commodity (metric tonnes)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Tomatoes[1] 140,682 146,803 135,553 155,637 167,213
Peppers[1] 103,782 111,432 113,063 133,265 124,830
Cucumbers and gherkins[1],[2] 107,584 112,815 119,622 137,958 141,252
Mushrooms[2],[3] 31,945 31,298 32,898 38,018 39,499
Cabbages 78,351 76,524 86,122 90,121 85,433
Beans[4] 34,262 37,527 36,468 34,281 39,761
Onions and shallots[3] 50,559 58,276 81,618 62,221 65,029
Carrots 78,163 88,777 89,385 78,925 96,754
Corn[4] 16,089 17,452 26,949 19,770 21,476
Lettuce 16,445 18,413 19,166 18,182 18,038
Peas[4] 52,252 29,652 17,244 19,483 12,274
Cauliflower and broccoli 11,814 12,741 14,070 16,200 19,786
Sweet potatoes 552 1,347 11,664 22,860 30,286
Spinach[4] 2,149 3,309 3,412 2,546 1,768
Asparagus 1,678 1,439 1,329 1,495 1,421
Eggplant 1,330 1,560 1,582 1,874 1,675
Celery 5,842 5,457 5,155 4,126 4,571
Leeks 1,641 1,737 635 738 706
Brussels sprouts 157 203 857 663 1,850
Leguminous vegetables[4] 22,942 5,057 775 754 2,790
Turnips 408 498 386 1,265 1,643
Garlic 1,000 211 24 69 169
Other vegetables[2],[3],[4] 86,477 87,206 110,329 110,484 112,259
Total 846,103 849,735 908,306 950,935 990,482

Notes:

  • 1. Includes greenhouse vegetables.
  • 2. Includes provisionally preserved.
  • 3.Includes dried.
  • 4. Includes frozen.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, July 2018)

3.2.3. Top 5 vegetable[1] export destinations by commodity (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
United States Tomatoes 335,650 315,874 324,282 368,278 410,927
Peppers 272,821 296,339 361,415 359,674 364,667
Cucumbers 177,265 179,344 204,342 239,421 268,724
Mushrooms 113,982 128,007 154,584 186,947 195,861
Cabbages 56,917 59,256 86,040 83,858 78,215
Others 304,088 333,628 430,281 419,941 449,800
Total 1,264,614 1,315,827 1,572,418 1,669,422 1,782,488
Netherlands Sweet potatoes 0 0 5,561 12,702 17,486
Mushrooms 885 239 1,097 1,310 1,401
Onions 0 54 34 0 0
Peas 70 0 0 0 0
Others 0 26 0 0 0
Total 954 319 6,692 14,012 18,887
Japan Tomatoes 1,265 642 1,539 3,478 4,625
Mushrooms 8,941 3,664 16,063 18,382 3,707
Peppers 0 0 0 15 532
Peas 1,851 1,640 253 523 361
Beans 51 1 0 0 105
Others 1,902 1,659 270 538 999
Total 12,107 5,966 17,872 22,397 9,330
France Mushrooms 1,910 1,962 3,592 1,448 1,531
Sweet potatoes 0 0 314 391 497
Beans 9 49 72 249 73
Tomatoes 6 2 1 7 22
Peppers 23 25 20 22 18
Others 45 114 43 51 51
Total 1,994 2,152 4,042 2,168 2,193
Israel Sweet potatoes 0 0 351 717 1,307
Others 0 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 351 717 1,307

Note:

  • 1. Includes frozen and dried.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, July 2018)

3.2.4. Top 10 vegetable[1] export destinations (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
United States 1,264,614 1,315,827 1,572,418 1,669,422 1,782,488
Netherlands 954 319 6,692 14,012 18,887
Japan 12,107 5,966 17,872 22,397 9,330
France 1,994 2,152 4,042 2,168 2,193
Israel 0 0 351 717 1,307
China 5,522 4,021 1,845 4,693 1,302
Taiwan 158 344 453 796 1,207
Swaziland 0 0 142 5 1,034
Hong Kong 86 580 1,698 1,166 996
Switzerland 484 960 2,313 1,842 652
Others 28,710 14,692 7,026 6,975 4,050
Total 1,314,630 1,344,862 1,614,851 1,724,194 1,823,447

Note:

  • 1. Includes frozen and dried.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, July 2018)

3.2.5. Top vegetable export destinations by province (Canadian dollars)

2013 2017
Newfoundland and Labrador Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0 1,891
France 1,039 1,682
Total 1,039 3,573
Prince Edward Island United States 1,250,297 957,305
Netherlands 0 53,330
Trinidad and Tobago 121,029 38,340
Uruguay 0 18,360
Others 20,212 5,895
Total 1,391,538 1,073,230
Nova Scotia United States 14,671,564 14,557,403
Trinidad and Tobago 0 51,484
France 38,220 29,044
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1,828 4,938
Total 14,711,612 14,642,869
New Brunswick United States 670,179 764,377
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 5,538 19,434
France 2,503 1,756
Others 604 0
Total 678,824 785,567
Quebec United States 176,889,882 258,880,220
Netherlands 0 17,432,559
Israel 0 1,307,371
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 440,739 593,210
France 19,317 556,092
Others 1,063,885 425,022
Total 178,413,823 279,194,474
Ontario United States 830,565,211 1,184,455,095
Japan 475,337 2,061,906
Russian Federation 24,639 230,729
Bermuda 192,598 189,055
Barbados 169,718 174,908
Others 1,544,206 478,611
Total 832,971,709 1,187,590,304
Manitoba United States 2,179,146 2,537,999
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 46,350
South Africa 0 16,884
Netherlands 0 13,381
Colombia 0 8,240
Others 4,417 1,556
Total 2,183,563 2,624,410
Saskatchewan China 1,115,639 916,475
United States 13,314,520 567,465
Angola 130,217 485,016
Japan 1,850,583 361,369
Taiwan 21,431 122,400
Others 3,576,340 463,426
Total 20,008,730 2,916,151
Alberta United States 10,932,657 7,006,040
Egypt 0 145,234
Cayman Islands 0 28,438
Australia 0 26,445
Japan 0 15,791
Others 240,790 12,692
Total 11,173,447 7,234,640
British Columbia United States 214,140,411 312,762,403
Japan 9,781,221 6,891,419
France 1,892,943 1,509,917
Netherlands 884,668 1,387,452
Taiwan 10,916 1,084,525
Others 26,385,651 3,712,600
Total 253,095,810 327,348,316
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, July 2018)

3.3 Imports

3.3.1. Canada's fresh vegetable[1] imports by commodity (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Tomatoes[2] 310,746 356,847 399,311 463,971 431,814
Lettuce[2] 344,513 359,731 457,880 419,747 447,940
Peppers[2] 231,615 267,827 300,601 374,099 323,090
Cabbages[3] 220,325 281,599 373,824 384,074 374,867
Cauliflower and broccoli 117,902 123,775 156,971 175,714 192,432
Onions and shallots 172,393 177,187 193,051 222,311 199,835
Spinach 108,757 131,345 156,597 157,799 161,380
Carrots 123,028 127,238 146,251 157,587 145,372
Asparagus 86,582 92,135 99,817 104,213 111,078
Beans 68,473 78,872 92,467 94,222 94,307
Celery 75,242 66,175 88,799 89,860 91,784
Cucumbers and gherkins[2],[4] 61,671 76,069 77,106 84,826 89,108
Peas 69,067 71,305 76,749 83,110 85,696
Garlic 38,741 42,459 57,070 79,589 63,905
Sweet corn 55,649 57,036 63,992 74,322 83,175
Pumpkins 49,311 61,200 67,030 67,683 74,872
Sweet potatoes 42,079 47,056 59,170 62,728 60,342
Mushrooms[4] 47,650 45,606 53,794 51,339 55,024
Eggplants 29,213 29,661 32,669 36,757 37,371
Yams 19,491 29,102 31,956 34,714 35,391
Brussels sprouts 17,083 20,693 22,577 24,705 28,923
Okra 12,145 13,912 18,418 18,637 21,568
Other vegetables[4] 348,398 370,244 429,208 437,873 505,522
Total 2,650,074 2,927,073 3,455,310 3,699,880 3,714,796

Notes:

  • 1. May include frozen and dried.
  • 2. Includes greenhouse vegetables.
  • 3. Includes kohlrabi, kale and similar edible brassica.
  • 4. Includes provisionally preserved.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, July 2018)

3.3.2. Canada's fresh vegetable[1] imports by commodity (metric tonnes)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Tomatoes[2] 199,837 213,738 201,511 217,651 213,146
Lettuce[2] 195,819 188,932 192,614 191,186 191,914
Peppers[2] 126,949 122,079 122,807 134,036 133,449
Cabbages[3] 165,201 179,979 176,936 182,595 169,525
Cauliflower and broccoli 95,376 91,348 90,777 117,196 107,333
Onions and shallots 191,221 194,408 176,915 201,769 195,203
Spinach 41,750 45,061 43,680 44,193 46,594
Carrots 122,706 113,506 113,348 125,918 119,712
Asparagus 20,217 22,482 18,183 19,224 20,114
Beans 31,504 34,599 41,468 36,270 38,449
Celery 94,208 92,017 89,506 87,974 86,860
Cucumbers and gherkins[2],[4] 49,939 54,775 50,609 54,653 54,474
Peas 21,193 18,103 18,515 19,122 19,414
Garlic 18,312 18,787 19,973 19,929 18,776
Sweet corn 61,382 53,432 55,521 56,400 64,466
Pumpkins 46,801 51,123 49,683 54,723 56,589
Sweet potatoes 50,634 45,839 55,628 62,715 66,226
Mushrooms[4] 13,848 12,061 12,244 11,186 12,790
Eggplants 24,357 24,862 24,147 24,950 25,104
Yams 15,761 19,476 18,744 19,986 20,288
Brussels sprouts 8,000 9,174 8,499 8,160 10,189
Okra 5,333 6,362 6,257 6,599 6,782
Other vegetables[4] 253,647 248,575 243,350 244,366 271,949
Total 1,853,995 1,860,719 1,830,915 1,940,800 1,949,347

Notes:

  • 1. May include frozen and dried.
  • 2. Includes greenhouse vegetables.
  • 3. Includes kohlrabi, kale and similar edible brassica.
  • 4. Includes provisionally preserved.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, July 2018)

3.3.3. Top 5 import vegetable import sources by commodity Canadian dollars)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
United States Lettuce 426,692 441,741 557,854 509,799 544,751
Cabbages 187,403 245,842 320,469 323,161 314,195
Broccoli and cauliflowers 101,541 102,025 128,385 139,211 162,323
Spinach 101,090 119,820 143,459 143,988 144,735
Others 875,320 937,981 1,032,248 1,071,309 1,049,215
Total 1,692,047 1,847,410 2,182,415 2,187,467 2,215,220
Mexico Tomatoes 198,949 232,849 274,367 337,534 308,263
Peppers 140,744 162,358 169,376 237,054 209,854
Cucumbers and gherkins 45,555 56,536 56,499 62,518 70,390
Asparagus 38,463 40,429 47,444 56,766 65,948
Others 227,102 249,570 303,330 332,375 361,246
Total 650,814 741,742 851,015 1,026,248 1,015,700
China Garlic 21,692 20,151 28,758 44,093 40,436
Peas 11,708 10,512 9,864 9,590 11,029
Mushrooms 7,314 8,160 10,497 8,743 8,121
Carrots 3,316 2,841 3,825 4,579 4,362
Others 61,792 68,690 83,863 105,299 121,896
Total 105,822 110,353 136,807 172,303 185,844
France Spinach 1,145 1,544 1,280 2,017 1,936
Leeks 1,863 2,197 1,822 2,180 1,537
Mushrooms 1,016 802 1,710 1,474 1,471
Onions and Shallots 304 510 389 1,032 901
Others 2,083 2,870 4,479 3,142 2,717
Total 6,411 7,924 9,680 9,845 8,563
Italy Mushrooms 927 1,107 1,012 994 1,168
Lettuce 158 81 38 220 342
Olives 294 271 65 29 269
Tomatoes 363 316 297 491 265
Others 1,649 2,379 4,929 5,835 7,917
Total 833 725 593 486 730

Remarque:

Source: Statistics Canada. CATSNET, July 2018)

3.3.4. Top 10 vegetable import sources (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
United States 1,692,047 1,847,410 2,182,415 2,187,467 2,215,220
Mexico 650,814 741,742 851,015 1,026,248 1,015,700
China 105,822 110,353 136,807 172,303 185,844
Peru 46,296 48,014 52,764 48,946 47,001
Spain 20,470 27,937 47,273 55,380 36,847
Guatemala 18,477 20,461 25,465 23,568 30,763
Honduras 10,413 9,996 16,463 19,295 19,991
India 8,582 8,959 11,165 13,996 17,474
Dominican Republic 12,127 15,715 16,486 15,120 16,882
Netherlands 4,903 6,504 6,163 15,137 10,665
Others 80,124 89,982 109,292 122,422 118,409
Total 2,650,074 2,927,073 3,455,310 3,699,880 3,714,796
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, July 2018)

3.3.5. Top vegetable import sources by province (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2013 2017
Newfoundland and Labrador United States 0 0
Total 0 0
Prince Edward Island Barbados 0 0
Total 0 0
Nova Scotia Poland 247 663
Spain 0 571
Israel 119 96
Peru 0 34
Nigeria 0 23
Total 5,149 1,435
New Brunswick United States 15,956 12,605
Peru 307 1,192
Mexico 1,287 467
Honduras 65 35
Argentina 0 15
Total 17,857 14,465
Quebec United States 95,028 97,867
China 18,105 29,899
Spain 11,385 18,231
Peru 7,595 11,124
Netherlands 2,303 5,067
Total 170,593 215,614
Ontario United States 888,390 1,192,184
Mexico 428,735 696,546
China 47,616 82,401
Peru 27,845 27,790
Guatemala 13,956 24,802
Total 1,478,506 2,136,513
Manitoba United States 45,038 43,302
Mexico 10,011 11,657
Peru 1,914 353
China 154 295
Guatemala 98 87
Total 57,490 56,394
Saskatchewan United States 26,270 21,531
Mexico 10,012 10,439
Peru 1,141 91
Nicaragua 33 50
Honduras 0 28
Total 37,647 32,243
Alberta United States 213,203 329,570
Mexico 79,845 117,912
Spain 543 2,582
Peru 3,619 2,550
India 479 2,296
Total 301,729 342,260
British Columbia United States 408,162 518,162
Mexico 117,642 176,348
China 39,324 71,817
South Korea 2,563 4,965
Peru 3,876 3,862
Total 584,104 796,306
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, July 2018)

4. Availability for consumption

4.1. Fresh vegetable available for consumption[1] in Canada (kilograms per person)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Onions and shallots, fresh 8.76 9.22 9.40 8.73 9.27
Lettuce, fresh 9.13 8.71 8.56 8.62 8.44
Tomatoes, fresh 8.46 8.57 8.11 8.11 7.79
Carrots, fresh, 7.87 6.77 8.69 7.72 7.16
Peppers, fresh 4.50 4.28 4.49 4.07 4.34
Cabbage[2], fresh 4.37 4.41 4.35 4.29 3.98
Pumpkins and squash, fresh 3.21 3.75 3.31 3.34 3.42
Cucumbers, fresh 3.36 3.51 3.36 2.99 3.17
Corn, fresh 3.57 3.28 3.31 3.11 3.00
Cauliflower, fresh 2.71 2.36 2.28 2.86 2.87
Celery, fresh 3.11 3.08 3.06 3.06 2.79
Broccoli, fresh 2.59 2.71 2.69 2.69 2.30
Mushrooms, fresh 2.36 2.39 1.92 2.21 2.08
Beets, fresh 0.79 0.80 1.04 0.91 0.98
Rutabagas and turnips, fresh 1.05 1.27 1.32 1.07 0.97
Spinach, fresh 0.89 0.98 0.95 0.93 0.97
Chinese cabbage, fresh 1.01 1.01 1.01 0.96 0.94
Kohlrabi, fresh 0.58 0.89 0.97 0.90 0.87
Beans green and wax, fresh 0.89 0.85 0.90 0.91 0.85
Asparagus, fresh 0.68 0.72 0.65 0.67 0.68
Eggplants, fresh 0.59 0.59 0.57 0.57 0.57
Garlic, fresh 0.49 0.49 0.52 0.51 0.51
Radishes, fresh 0.38 0.45 0.44 0.43 0.44
Parsley, fresh 0.30 0.29 0.31 0.29 0.32
Brussels sprouts, fresh 0.24 0.25 0.24 0.29 0.32
Peas, fresh 0.27 0.22 0.22 0.19 0.31
Leeks, fresh 0.24 0.23 0.27 0.28 0.26
Parsnips, fresh 0.18 0.27 0.22 0.20 0.23
Rapini, fresh 0.20 0.21 0.18 0.18 0.21
Okra, fresh 0.13 0.16 0.15 0.16 0.16
Other edible roots, fresh 0.14 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.06
Manioc, fresh 0.09 0.11 0.11 0.10 0.10
Artichokes, fresh 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03
Olives, fresh 0.01 .. 0.01 .. 0.01
Other leguminous vegetables, fresh F F F F F

Notes:

  • 1. Does not adjust for losses (such as waste and/or spoilage in stores, households, private institutions, restaurants) or losses during preparation.
  • F: Too unreliable to be published.
  •  .. Data not available.

Source: Statistics Canada.  Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada

4.2. Fresh vegetable available for consumption adjusted for losses[1] in Canada (kilograms per person)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Tomatoes, fresh 6.22 6.29 5.95 5.96 5.72
Lettuce, fresh 5.05 4.82 4.73 4.76 4.67
Onions and shallots, fresh 4.05 4.27 4.35 4.04 4.29
Carrots, fresh, 4.39 3.77 4.84 4.30 3.99
Cabbage[2], fresh 2.28 2.30 2.27 2.24 2.08
Peppers, fresh 2.08 1.97 2.07 1.88 2.00
Celery, fresh 1.60 1.59 1.57 1.57 1.44
Cucumbers, fresh 1.57 1.63 1.57 1.39 1.48
Broccoli, fresh 1.22 1.28 1.27 1.27 1.09
Mushrooms, fresh 1.58 1.60 1.29 1.48 1.39
Pumpkins and squash, fresh 1.15 1.34 1.18 1.19 1.22
Corn, fresh 0.87 0.80 0.81 0.76 0.73
Kohlrabi, fresh 0.41 0.63 0.69 0.64 0.62
Cauliflower, fresh 0.83 0.72 0.70 0.87 0.88
Chinese cabbage, fresh 0.53 0.53 0.53 0.50 0.49
Spinach, fresh 0.50 0.55 0.53 0.52 0.54
Beets, fresh 0.44 0.45 0.58 0.51 0.55
Beans green and wax, fresh 0.49 0.46 0.49 0.50 0.46
Rutabagas and turnips, fresh 0.27 0.33 0.34 0.27 0.25
Eggplants, fresh 0.28 0.28 0.27 0.27 0.27
Asparagus, fresh 0.27 0.28 0.25 0.27 0.27
Garlic, fresh 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.23 0.23
Radishes, fresh 0.14 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.17
Parsley, fresh 0.15 0.15 0.16 0.14 0.16
Brussels sprouts, fresh 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.19 0.20
Leeks, fresh 0.11 0.11 0.13 0.13 0.12
Peas, fresh 0.15 0.12 0.12 0.10 0.17
Parsnips, fresh 0.10 0.15 0.12 0.11 0.13
Rapini, fresh 0.11 0.12 0.10 0.10 0.12
Okra, fresh 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08

Notes:

  • 1. Experimental, use with caution. The data have been adjusted for retail, household, cooking and plate loss.
  • 2. "Chinese cabbage fresh" is included in cabbage.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01  Food available in Canada

5. World production

5.1. World fresh vegetable production by commodity (metric tonnes)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Tomatoes 163,355,685 164,972,148 172,499,120 174,122,499 177,042,359
Onions, dry 82,492,053 84,577,917 89,216,889 91,170,161 93,168,548
Cucumbers and gherkins 70,694,189 73,195,785 76,220,322 78,903,368 80,616,692
Cabbages 67,745,599 68,733,211 70,997,938 70,459,086 71,259,199
Eggplants 46,951,760 48,880,838 49,976,051 50,577,940 51,288,169
Carrots and turnips 37,291,861 38,033,338 38,699,332 41,173,211 42,711,830
Chilies and peppers, green 30,902,842 31,257,079 32,124,664 33,279,809 34,497,462
Lettuce and chicory 25,734,696 24,634,317 25,100,084 26,088,462 26,779,564
Spinach 22,141,613 23,274,869 24,307,535 25,764,880 26,684,493
Garlic 23,408,086 24,249,960 25,017,597 26,783,467 26,573,001
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 23,917,255 24,522,500 25,107,419 25,256,633 26,486,616
Cauliflowers and broccoli 22,637,449 23,344,795 24,378,193 24,438,294 25,233,723
Beans, green 20,878,968 21,362,776 21,706,858 23,115,149 23,595,714
Peas, green 17,065,688 17,429,432 17,457,136 19,435,526 19,877,344
Maize, green 10,878,503 10,990,360 11,925,389 12,027,859 18,098,707
Mushrooms and truffles 9,646,813 9,813,898 10,408,485 10,911,329 10,790,859
Okra 9,694,402 9,627,429 9,787,749 9,091,920 8,900,434
Asparagus 8,281,961 7,934,250 7,875,979 8,551,670 8,726,726
Onions, shallots, green 5,501,006 5,653,709 5,336,413 5,418,704 5,725,132
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetables 2,189,701 2,193,200 2,215,409 2,094,634 2,096,067
String beans 1,924,242 1,848,353 1,861,907 1,855,197 1,903,185
Vegetables, leguminous 1,577,221 1,675,152 1,616,280 1,588,165 1,493,577
Artichokes 1,616,180 1,608,858 1,575,700 1,453,696 1,452,577
Cassava leaves 89,269 81,463 76,703 72,613 71,033
Source: FAOSTAT (September 2018)

6. World trade

6.1. Top 10 importers of fresh vegetables[1] worldwide (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
United States 7,080,322 7,692,335 9,215,099 10,847,298 10,507,895
Germany 5,184,590 5,465,228 5,916,699 6,323,700 6,588,585
United Kingdom 3,350,401 3,673,477 4,073,820 4,183,710 4,030,214
Canada 2,367,840 2,607,246 3,075,877 3,279,944 3,278,333
France 2,464,343 2,632,894 2,857,276 3,143,868 3,221,950
Netherlands 1,662,466 1,595,511 1,700,753 1,786,454 2,500,034
Russia 2,526,801 2,590,230 1,877,353 1,522,767 1,846,241
Belgium 1,075,799 1,099,397 1,181,372 1,345,654 1,323,653
Japan 998,907 967,045 1,014,319 1,204,194 1,079,482
Italy 814,594 823,078 965,139 921,491 1,037,841
Others 12,601,993 13,835,380 16,441,726 17,623,788 16,416,990
Total 40,128,057 42,981,821 48,319,433 52,182,868 51,831,218

Note:

  • 1. Does not include potatoes.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (September 2018)

6.2. Top 10 exporters of fresh vegetables[1] worldwide (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Netherlands 5,599,467 5,905,641 6,484,540 6,812,870 7,963,618
Mexico 5,002,474 5,339,164 6,364,022 8,017,016 7,744,417
Spain 5,779,826 6,209,731 6,694,953 7,472,356 7,519,188
China 3,203,124 3,724,197 5,215,745 6,630,770 6,268,402
United States 2,843,362 3,098,115 3,499,498 3,693,469 3,639,859
Italy 1,515,914 1,593,753 1,681,666 1,880,405 1,868,223
Canada 1,285,904 1,329,155 1,563,885 1,754,376 1,837,289
France 1,436,396 1,420,329 1,469,506 1,585,352 1,578,232
Morocco 752,054 859,842 863,583 1,103,398 1,397,424
Belgium 969,664 998,088 1,143,225 1,211,272 1,222,401
Others 10,055,571 11,139,156 11,545,576 12,181,675 11,430,940
Total 38,443,757 41,617,171 46,526,199 52,342,960 52,469,994

Note:

  • 1. Does not include potatoes.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (September 2018)

6.3. Top 10 selected vegetable1 imports worldwide (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Tomatoes 9,179,414 10,270,677 10,617,268 11,349,338 11,517,490
Peppers 5,259,487 5,692,422 6,083,069 6,975,322 6,824,230
Onions and shallots 3,359,788 3,371,880 4,212,759 3,926,971 3,681,565
Garlic 2,011,908 1,961,335 2,709,396 3,877,814 3,418,443
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,610,193 2,789,602 2,939,448 3,220,398 3,272,453
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale 1,652,228 1,846,640 2,222,704 2,353,477 2,353,690
Asparagus 1,475,414 1,546,005 1,764,629 1,983,882 2,008,570
Lettuce 1,493,582 1,582,043 1,858,763 1,864,635 1,986,539
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 1,331,048 1,360,084 1,622,874 1,709,026 1,779,492
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 1,081,140 1,144,998 1,274,720 1,378,504 1,472,496

Notes:

  • 1. Only "fresh or chilled" vegetables were considered in calculations for this table.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (September 2018)

6.4. Top 10 vegetable[1] exports worldwide (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Tomatoes 8,990,702 10,169,297 10,590,255 11,385,861 11,582,157
Peppers 4,938,327 5,298,567 5,713,737 6,607,471 6,574,221
Onions and shallots 3,509,749 3,307,417 4,201,813 4,273,817 4,110,040
Garlic 2,104,186 2,292,711 3,214,862 4,802,602 4,084,255
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,416,936 2,629,928 2,746,053 3,445,779 3,730,802
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale 1,213,992 1,435,795 1,743,108 3,161,134 3,171,063
Asparagus 1,123,055 1,260,302 1,461,541 1,832,775 1,877,629
Lettuce 1,309,426 1,394,241 1,601,964 1,690,070 1,838,902
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 1,289,687 1,348,545 1,518,606 1,625,893 1,799,986
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 1,191,813 1,200,161 1,486,259 1,653,182 1,771,417

Notes:

  • 1. Only "fresh or chilled" vegetables were considered in calculations for this table.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (September 2018)

7.  Key resources

  • FAOSTAT
  • Global Trade Tracker
  • Mintel
  • Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0403-01 Farms classified by farm type
  • Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0019-01 Estimates of specialized greenhouse operations
  • Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables
  • Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables
  • Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0356-01 Area, production and sales of mushrooms
  • Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada
  • Statistics Canada. CATSNET

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