Statistical Overview of the Canadian Maple Industry 2017

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Overview

The Canadian maple syrup industry accounts for approximately 71% of the world’s maple syrup and is the leading global producer of maple products. Despite a production increase of 145% over the last decade, Canada’s world share has fallen by 9% due to rising competition from the United States.

For the second year in a row, Canadian maple syrup production continued to increase. In 2017, Canada recorded the highest numbers in maple syrup production and value since the data started being collected in 1924. After falling for two consecutive years (2014 and 2015), maple syrup production reached 12.5 million gallons in 2017 (Table 1.3.), up 41% from 2015 and 3% from 2016. In 2017, the value of maple syrup amounted to $494 million (Table 1.5.), a 38% and 2% increase from 2015 and 2016, respectively.

The province of Quebec alone accounts for 90% of the country’s maple syrup production. The Federation of Quebec Maple Syrup Producers allocated five million new taps in 2016, with plans for them to be fully functioning in 2018. All of these new taps mean that Quebec, and in turn Canada, will continue to increase production; the new taps alone expected to produce an extra 1.3 million gallons of maple syrup.

Canada is the world’s largest exporter of maple products, with exports valued at $382 million in 2017, nearly the same value as in 2016 and up 35% over the last five years. Quebec accounted for nearly 97% of Canadian maple product exports and New Brunswick for 3%, with the remaining maple-producing provinces (Table 2.1.1.) accounting for less than 1% of total exports. In 2017, 62% of Canadian exports went to the United States, 11% to Germany and 6% to Japan, with the other export destinations (Table 2.1.4.) accounting for 21% of total exports.

1. Production

1.1. Number of maple farms by province

Number of maple farms[1] by province
2011 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 1 0
Prince Edward Island 11 17
Nova Scotia 152 187
New Brunswick 191 212
Quebec 7,639 7,863
Ontario 2,673 3,003
Manitoba 67 81
Saskatchewan 24 29
Alberta 7 0
British Columbia 82 76
Canada 10,847 11,468

Note:

[1] Number of farms includes all farms reported maple taps, and not exclusively farms in which maple syrup production represents 50% or more of total farm cash receipts.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 004-0220)

1.2. Number of maple taps by province

Number of maple taps by province
2011 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador x 0
Prince Edward Island 9,693 9,760
Nova Scotia 372,452 446,300
New Brunswick 1,896,773 2,285,785
Quebec 40,632,512 42,529,033
Ontario 1,508,651 1,713,022
Manitoba 8,251 5,961
Saskatchewan 5,917 1,490
Alberta x 0
British Columbia 3,609 4,009
Canada 44,440,024 46,995,360

Note:

X: Suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 004-0220)

1.3. Maple syrup production by province (thousands of gallons)

Maple syrup production[1] by province (thousands of gallons[2])
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Nova Scotia 37 29 19 48 57
New Brunswick 484 502 430 528 551
Quebec 9,083 8,584 8,090 11,185 11,493
Ontario 449 368 369 398 425
Canada 10,053 9,484 8,908 12,160 12,526

Note:

[1] Maple products such as taffy, sugar and maple butter have been converted to syrup equivalent.

[2] Conversion factors: 1 gallon of syrup equals 10.0 pounds of maple sugar. One gallon of syrup weighs 13.24760 pounds. One gallon of syrup equals 10.4 pounds of taffy. The conversion of maple taffy to syrup varies with the density of syrup that year.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0008)

1.4. Maple syrup production by province - percent share, 2017

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Maple syrup production by province – percent share

  • Quebec: 92%
  • New Brunswick: 4%
  • Ontario: 3%
  • Nova Scotia: 1%

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0008)

1.5. Gross value of maple products by province (thousands of Canadian dollars)

Gross value[1] of maple products by province (thousands of Canadian dollars)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Nova Scotia 2,225 1,779 1,176 3,200 3,712
New Brunswick 28,892 30,580 24,415 22,023 22,003
Quebec 347,700 323,000 306,500 435,600 443,047
Ontario 30,845 25,863 26,151 23,286 24,947
Canada 409,661 381,222 358,242 484,109 493,709

Note:

[1] The gross value of maple products includes maple sugar, maple syrup, maple taffy and maple butter.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0008)

1.6. Gross value of maple products by province - percent share, 2017

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Gross value of maple products by province – percent share

  • Quebec: 90%
  • Ontario: 5%
  • New Brunswick: 4%
  • Nova Scotia: 1%

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0008)

2. Trade

2.1 Exports

2.1.1 Maple products exports by province - value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

Maple products[1] exports by province - value (thousands of Canadian dollars)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 1 0
Prince Edward Island 101 219 0 0 23
Nova Scotia 341 239 515 558 520
New Brunswick 9,471 12,174 17,648 17,168 10,808
Quebec 266,173 295,014 338,976 362,324 369,774
Ontario 1,344 1,909 2,155 773 171
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 47 0 0
Alberta 0 1 1 194 118
British Columbia 512 239 200 391 702
Canada[2] 277,942 309,794 359,542 381,408 382,115

Notes:

[1] Maple Products include both maple sugar and maple syrup.

[2] Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, February 2018)

 

2.1.2. Maple products exports by province - percent share, 2017

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Maple products exports by province – percent share

  • Quebec: 96.8%
  • New Brunswick: 2.8%
  • Others: 0.4%

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATNet, February 2018)

2.1.3. Maple products exports by province - volume (kilograms)

Maple products[1] exports by province - volume (kilograms)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 55 22
Prince Edward Island 18,745 40,582 0 0 2,111
Nova Scotia 51,105 27,459 55,554 62,237 49,940
New Brunswick 1,377,674 1,552,131 2,004,193 1,940,942 1,304,800
Quebec 34,689,106 36,407,804 39,803,755 42,917,697 44,499,693
Ontario 230,113 323,894 301,011 110,150 23,329
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 7,316 0 0
Alberta 2 53 77 24,001 20,471
British Columbia 53,803 22,633 17,791 37,176 70,997
Canada[2] 36,420,551 38,374,556 42,189,697 45,092,258 45,971,363

Notes:

1. Maple Products include both maple sugar and maple syrup.

2. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, February 2018)

2.1.4. Top 10 maple products export destinations - value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

Top 10 maple products export destinations - value (thousands of Canadian dollars)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
United States 178,419 195,680 229,168 236,279 236,103
Germany 21,751 25,890 31,035 40,043 40,721
Japan 24,711 29,624 26,324 25,756 22,945
United Kingdom 11,868 12,267 16,177 16,584 17,733
Australia 8,573 10,025 12,088 15,650 17,627
France 9,690 9,974 12,212 13,049 12,743
Denmark 4,470 4,983 5,302 6,137 5,127
South Korea 3,841 3,434 4,504 4,152 3,903
Netherlands 2,306 2,905 3,636 3,647 3,659
Belgium 1,329 2,034 2,276 3,126 3,647
Others 10,983 12,978 16,821 16,985 17,907
Total 277,942 309,794 359,542 381,408 382,115

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, February 2018)

 

2.1.5. Top maple products export destinations - percent share, 2017

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Top maple products exports destinations – percent share

  • United States: 62%
  • Germany: 11%
  • Japan: 6%
  • United Kingdom: 5%
  • Australia: 4%
  • France: 3%
  • Others: 9%

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNet, February 2018)

2.1.6. Top 10 maple products export destinations - volume (kilograms)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
United States 24,045,809 24,518,587 26,838,226 27,886,052 28,588,821
Germany 2,599,750 3,177,017 3,549,035 4,540,965 4,622,930
Japan 2,718,810 3,256,293 2,664,895 2,679,569 2,489,628
United Kingdom 1,599,696 1,680,317 2,285,402 2,442,606 2,430,610
Australia 1,388,029 1,462,429 1,615,260 1,958,243 2,179,867
France 1,270,064 1,262,005 1,488,270 1,594,766 1,579,595
Denmark 728,345 710,424 760,544 868,629 730,988
South Korea 436,331 400,586 494,818 471,750 484,602
Netherlands 281,799 323,322 404,083 390,935 388,048
Belgium 129,781 208,253 229,536 319,853 377,755
Others 1,222,137 1,375,323 1,859,628 1,938,890 2,098,519
Total 36,420,551 38,374,556 42,189,697 45,092,258 45,971,363
Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, February 2018)

3. Availability for consumption

3.1. Maple products available for consumption (kilograms per person)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Maple Sugar 0.60 0.54 0.56 0.58 0.63

Note:

Does not adjust for losses, such as waste and/or spoilage in stores, households, private institutions or restaurants, or losses during preparation.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 002-0011)

4. World data

4.1. Top 10 importers of maple sugar and maple syrup (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
United States 178,447 195,649 228,988 236,394 236,178
Japan 31,936 34,568 33,936 29,962 29,449
Germany 21,159 22,900 25,358 29,688 27,667
United Kingdom 16,854 18,233 22,784 25,500 25,610
Australia 11,208 13,880 17,632 17,533 20,882
Canada[1] 12,053 12,494 13,622 21,980 17,078
Netherlands 3,053 7,114 13,084 15,880 16,852
France 11,701 12,278 13,623 13,784 16,117
Denmark 5,292 5,692 6,900 6,810 7,157
South Korea 4,527 3,995 6,006 5,142 4,945
Others 33,501 44,490 51,106 60,502 58,157
Total 329,731 371,294 433,039 463,174 460,091

Note:

[1] 100% of Canadian imports of maple products are sourced from the United States.

Source: Global Trade Tracker (February 2018)

5. Key Resources

  • Global Trade Tracker
  • Statistics Canada.  (CANSIM TABLE 001-0008)
  • Statistics Canada.  (CANSIM TABLE 002-0011)
  • Statistics Canada.  (CANSIM TABLE 004-0020)
  • Statistics Canada. CATSNET
  • Import and export data is based on the following Harmonized System Codes (H.S. Codes):
    • Maple for import: 1702200010, 1702200020
    • Maple for export: 17022010, 17022020

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