World Trade Organization Negotiations on Agriculture

Learn about the World Trade Organization (WTO) round of multilateral trade negotiations known as the Doha Development Agenda. The Doha Round incorporated the agriculture negotiations. Learn also about Canada's negotiating objectives related to agriculture.

Article 20 of the WTO Agreement on Agriculture mandated that agriculture negotiations began in 2000 to continue the process of reform started in the Uruguay Round. These talks have now been incorporated into the broader negotiating agenda set at the Fourth WTO Ministerial Conference in Doha, Qatar in November 2001. On agriculture, the Doha Ministerial Declaration set clear and ambitious objectives on market access, domestic support and export subsidies for concluding the negotiations.

Canada's negotiating objectives

Canada has a fundamental interest in further strengthening the international rules governing agricultural trade.

Whether Canadian farmers and processors produce mainly for export or the domestic market, their production and investment decisions are heavily influenced by the international environment within which the Canadian agricultural economy operates. Further growth in the agriculture sector is dependent on new markets, and both Canadian farmers and processors benefit significantly from increases in exports.

Canada is seeking to create new opportunities for Canadian farmers and processors and to level the international playing field. At the WTO agriculture negotiations, we have been seeking the elimination of all forms of export subsidies, the substantial reduction of trade-distorting domestic support, and real and significant market access improvements. Agreement to eliminate export subsidies was reached at the Tenth WTO Ministerial Conference in Nairobi, Kenya; however, negotiations on domestic support, market access and other forms of export competition are ongoing.

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