Statistical Overview of the Canadian Fruit Industry 2018

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Overview

Despite its northern latitude and short growing season, a wide range of fruits are grown commercially in Canada, including apples, tender fruits (peaches, nectarines, pears, plums, prunes and cherries), grapes, blueberries, cranberries, strawberries and raspberries. Southern Ontario and southwest British Columbia, which each enjoy about 180 frost-free days every year, produce much of the fruit grown in the country, while Quebec and the Maritimes also have significant fruit production, despite having only about 120 frost-free days per year. A number of these fruits are native to Canada, such as cranberries, blueberries, Saskatoon berries and labrusca grapes. Fruits accounted for 20.0% of total cash receiptsFootnote 1 for edible horticulture in Canada in 2018.

The farm gate valueFootnote 2 of the Canadian fruit sector rose 6.1% from 2017 to $1.15 billion in 2018, largely due to an increase in cranberry production and higher prices of blueberries. Cranberry value increased by 25.0% to $143.6 million, reflecting a production increase of 41.1% in 2018. Despite a drop of 5.4% in production, blueberry value increased by 13.6% to $243.8 million, driven by a 20.1% increase in prices. In 2018, blueberries became again the most important fruit crop in terms of value and accounted for 21.2% of total fruit value, ahead of apples ($233.6 million, 20.4%), which were the leading fruit crop in 2017. Grapes were the third most important fruit crop in terms of value ($187.9 million, 16.4%), followed by cranberries ($143.6 million, 12.5%) and strawberries ($123.4 million, 10.8%).

With a total marketed production of 385,290 tonnes, apples continued to lead the fruit sector, representing 41.3% of the total marketed production of Canadian fruit in 2018. Cranberries were the second most important fruit crop in terms of marketed production (177,079 tonnes, 19.0%), surpassing for the first time blueberries (148,964 tonnes, 16.0%). Grapes were the third most important fruit crop in terms of marketed production (109,128 tonnes, 11.7%), followed by strawberries (27,042 tonnes, 2.9%).

After three consecutive years of decrease, Canada’s total fresh fruitFootnote 3 exports rose in value by 18.1% to reach $820 million in 2018. Blueberries continue to be Canada’s top fruit export by volume and by value, accounting for 57.9% of export dollars and 45.3% of export tonnage. Furthermore, frozen blueberries represented 67.5% of total blueberry export dollars and 77.9% of blueberry export tonnage in 2018. The United States remains Canada’s top export destination, accounting for 64.1% of all fruit exports by value in 2018.

Canadian fresh fruit imports have continuously increased over the last two decades. Canada imported $6.20 billion of fresh fruit in 2018, up 2.4% from the previous year and up 213.1% over the last 20 years. In 2018, the top three fruit imports by dollar value were grapes (10.1%), bananas (8.8%) and strawberries (8.3%). In terms of tonnage, the top three imported fruits were bananas (20.7%), apples (7.7%) and grapes (7.3%). Canada’s leading source country for fruit imports continues to be the United States, accounting for 41.7% of import value, followed by Mexico with 15.3%, Chile with 6.1% and Guatemala with 4.8%.

The Canadian fruit industry continues to be innovative, with 2018 seeing the launch of 92 new products, ranging from new varieties to new packaging.

1. Production

1.1 Number of fruit farms[1] by province

2006 2011 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 36 44 26
Prince Edward Island 153 173 175
Nova Scotia 907 971 890
New Brunswick 372 379 415
Quebec 1,273 1,414 1,495
Ontario 1,892 1,548 1,362
Manitoba 124 94 75
Saskatchewan 149 112 90
Alberta 227 151 137
British Columbia 3,196 3,367 3,180
Canada 8,329 8,253 7,845

Note:

  • [1] Number of farms includes all farms reported to be growing fruits and on which fruit production represents 50% or more of total farm cash receipts.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0403-01 Farms classified by farm type

1.2 Total fruit area[1] by commodity – hectares

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Blueberries[2] 75,943 77,651 79,329 77,619 76,656
Apples 17,975 17,843 17,676 17,395 17,451
Grapes[3] 12,736 12,582 12,627 12,476 12,504
Cranberries 7,144 7,277 7,517 7,582 7,315
Strawberries 4,214 4,185 4,110 3,939 3,904
Peaches 2,860 2,762 2,664 2,562 2,503
Cherries, sweet 2,081 2,128 2,176 2,097 2,104
Raspberries 2,571 2,429 2,314 2,140 2,093
Cherries, sour 1,097 1,080 1,063 1,007 1,008
Saskatoon berries 1,158 1,136 1,122 1,066 934
Pears 912 902 894 839 843
Haskaps n/a n/a n/a n/a 618
Plums and prunes 659 656 645 626 616
Nectarines 306 340 336 323 317
Apricots 142 144 146 133 132
Blackberries n/a n/a n/a n/a 120
Currants n/a n/a n/a n/a 106
Other fruits 1,465 1,545 1,571 1,445 814
Total 131,262 132,662 134,202 131,247 130,038

Notes:

  • [1] Total area includes bearing and non-bearing area.
  • [2] Includes low bush blueberries and high bush blueberries.
  • [3] Includes table grapes and wine grapes.
  • n/a = Not available.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

1.3. Total fruit area by commodity – percent share, 2018

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Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

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Total fruit area by commodity – percent share

  • Blueberries: 59%
  • Apples: 13%
  • Grapes: 10%
  • Cranberries: 6%
  • Strawberries: 3%
  • Others: 9%

1.4 Total fruit area[1] by province – hectares

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Newfoundland and Labrador 440 395 348 328 283
Prince Edward Island 5,572 5,697 5,818 5,624 5,719
Nova Scotia 20,341 20,101 19,801 18,599 18,212
New Brunswick 15,880 17,141 18,401 16,725 16,291
Quebec 41,336 41,791 42,327 42,914 43,013
Ontario 20,757 20,670 20,494 19,969 19,771
Manitoba 295 286 277 261 281
Saskatchewan 778 782 785 786 706
Alberta 936 901 872 812 814
British Columbia 24,927 24,899 25,078 25,230 24,948
Canada 131,262 132,662 134,202 131,247 130,038

Notes:

  • [1] Total fruit area includes bearing and non-bearing area.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

1.5. Total fruit area by province – percent share, 2018

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Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

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Total fruit area by province – percent share

  • Quebec: 33%
  • British Columbia: 19%
  • Ontario: 15%
  • Nova Scotia: 14%
  • New Brunswick: 13%
  • Others: 6%

1.6 Fruit farm gate value[1] by province – thousands of Canadian dollars

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Newfoundland and Labrador 825 1,027 1,377 920 944
Prince Edward Island 14,716 11,126 10,312 6,754 9,517
Nova Scotia 68,988 73,189 63,699 61,802 49,429
New Brunswick 40,177 47,805 36,989 24,625 34,886
Quebec 250,223 235,932 277,450 235,573 264,710
Ontario 230,580 224,016 285,769 311,002 304,701
Manitoba 1,558 2,003 2,296 2,794 2,135
Saskatchewan 1,369 2,052 2,274 2,518 2,529
Alberta 2,810 3,217 2,783 3,425 3,341
British Columbia 342,745 404,815 406,964 431,928 475,340
Canada 953,991 1,005,182 1,089,913 1,081,341 1,147,533

Notes:

  • [1] The "farm gate" value is the pricing point of production, excluding charges for transport or delivery.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

1.7. Fruit farm gate value by province – percent share, 2018

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Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

Description of above image

Fruit farm gate value by province – percent share

  • British Columbia: 41%
  • Ontario: 27%
  • Quebec: 23%
  • Nova Scotia: 4%
  • New Brunswick: 3%
  • Others: 2%

1.8. Fruit marketed volume by province – metric tonnes

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Newfoundland and Labrador 530 668 736 445 391
Prince Edward Island 11,880 9,581 13,217 11,564 9,665
Nova Scotia 69,295 68,097 68,037 63,566 42,297
New Brunswick 35,797 45,495 49,956 35,426 34,773
Quebec 273,753 249,625 307,522 234,426 276,640
Ontario 236,557 181,991 270,185 251,287 265,725
Manitoba 392 522 533 579 434
Saskatchewan 305 461 506 498 494
Alberta 524 668 464 668 645
British Columbia 279,174 289,470 294,788 277,147 302,785
Canada[1] 908,207 846,577 1,005,946 875,605 933,849

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

1.9. Fruit marketed volume by province – percent share, 2018

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Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

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Fruit marketed volume by province – percent share

  • British Columbia: 32%
  • Quebec: 30%
  • Ontario: 28%
  • Nova Scotia: 5%
  • New Brunswick: 4%
  • Others: 1%

1.10 Fruit farm gate value by commodity – thousands of Canadian dollars

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Blueberries[1] 268,739 282,637 254,513 214,627 243,848
Apples 212,886 200,598 233,147 228,955 233,618
Grapes[2] 116,428 122,800 161,917 192,089 187,950
Cranberries 114,800 123,801 157,933 114,858 143,561
Strawberries 86,939 100,998 108,534 123,970 123,379
Cherries, sweet 51,775 63,378 60,330 88,173 92,371
Peaches 30,622 34,647 32,802 40,583 43,056
Raspberries 33,759 34,947 37,952 34,942 35,454
Pears 7,587 9,184 9,081 9,536 10,708
Nectarines 5,426 6,127 7,646 8,510 7,237
Plums and prunes 5,958 6,038 5,374 8,055 5,597
Cherries, sour 3,713 3,986 4,575 4,527 5,350
Blackberries n/a n/a n/a n/a 5,119
Saskatoon berries 1,812 2,400 1,981 2,368 2,381
Apricots 1,458 2,087 2,217 1,800 2,047
Haskaps n/a n/a n/a n/a 770
Currants n/a n/a n/a n/a 687
Other fruits 12,089 11,554 11,911 8,349 4,400
Total 953,991 1,005,182 1,089,913 1,081,341 1,147,533

Notes:

  • [1] Includes low bush blue berries and high bush blueberries.
  • [2] Includes table grapes and wine grapes.
  • n/a = Not available.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

1.11. Fruit farm gate value by commodity – percent share, 2018

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

Description of above image

Fruit farm gate value by commodity – percent share

  • Blueberries: 21%
  • Apples: 20%
  • Grapes: 16%
  • Cranberries: 13%
  • Strawberries: 11%
  • Others: 19%

1.12 Fruit marketed volume by commodity – metric tonnes

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Apples 404,870 345,535 408,405 364,763 385,290
Cranberries 160,046 145,141 180,282 125,568 177,079
Blueberries[1] 166,603 175,530 211,191 157,524 148,964
Grapes[2] 80,121 80,529 105,802 118,943 109,128
Strawberries 22,246 24,676 26,548 28,372 27,042
Cherries, sweet 15,733 17,555 16,688 24,310 25,284
Peaches 23,943 25,066 22,031 23,298 24,431
Raspberries 12,701 10,782 11,670 9,745 10,192
Pears 9,154 8,954 8,285 8,622 8,982
Cherries, sour 4,204 4,056 6,143 4,623 5,473
Nectarines 3,169 3,387 4,097 4,282 3,628
Plums and prunes 3,990 3,583 3,092 3,959 2,959
Apricots 931 1,096 1,173 942 1,066
Blackberries n/a n/a n/a n/a 956
Saskatoon berries 493 686 541 654 619
Currants n/a n/a n/a n/a 181
Haskaps n/a n/a n/a n/a 140
Other fruits n/a n/a n/a n/a 2,435
Total 908,207 846,577 1,005,946 875,605 933,849

Notes:

  • [1] Includes low bush blueberries and high bush blueberries.
  • [2] Includes table grapes and wine grapes.
  • n/a = Not available.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

1.13. Fruit marketed volume by commodity – percent share, 2018

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

Description of above image

Fruit marketed volume by commodity – percent share

  • Apples: 41%
  • Cranberries: 19%
  • Blueberries: 16%
  • Grapes: 12%
  • Strawberries: 3%
  • Others: 9%

2. Innovation

2.1. Number of new products launched in Canada under sub-category 'Fruit', 2014 – 2018

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Source: Mintel

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Number of new products launched in Canada under sub-category 'Fruit', 2014 – 2018

  • 2014: 57
  • 2015: 55
  • 2016: 104
  • 2017: 135
  • 2018: 92

2.2. Number of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category 'Fruit' by launch type, 2014 – 2018

Description of this image follows.
Source: Mintel

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Number of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category 'Fruit' by launch type, 2014 – 2018

  • New Variety/Range Extension: 176
  • New Packaging: 164
  • New Product: 94
  • Relaunch: 9

2.3. Top 10 claims of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category 'Fruit', 2014– 2018

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Total
Convenient Packaging 17 16 32 36 34 135
Kosher 14 16 21 36 36 123
No Added Sugar 14 12 28 32 25 111
Social Media 0 7 12 10 30 59
Ease of Use 10 4 7 13 12 46
Premium 4 12 7 13 10 46
Organic 6 10 5 7 15 43
Economy 2 4 12 3 22 43
GMO Free 1 7 2 11 13 34
High/Added Fiber 1 4 9 11 9 34
Source: Mintel

2.4. Top 5 claims of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category ‘Fruit’ 2014 – 2018

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Source: Mintel

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Top 5 claims of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category ‘Fruit’ 2014 – 2018

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Convenient Packaging 17 16 32 36 34
Kosher 14 16 21 36 36
No Added Sugar 14 12 28 32 25
Social Media 0 7 12 10 30
Ease of Use 10 4 7 13 12
Source: Mintel

3. Trade

3.1. Canadian fruit trade balance – value, thousands of Canadian dollars

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Exports
Fresh[1] 613,868 794,645 726,313 694,390 820,378
Processed 664,796 838,708 874,408 919,945 951,871
Total 1,278,663 1,633,353 1,600,721 1,614,335 1,772,249
Imports
Fresh[1] 5,096,432 5,750,807 5,964,167 6,056,850 6,201,737
Processed 3,975,510 4,432,412 4,428,491 4,532,886 4,731,495
Total 9,071,942 10,183,219 10,392,658 10,589,736 10,933,231
Trade Balance (Export - Imports)
Fresh[1] −4,482,565 −4,956,162 −5,237,855 −5,362,460 −5,381,358
Processed −3,310,714 −3,593,704 −3,554,083 −3,612,941 −3,779,624
Total −7,793,279 −8,549,866 −8,791,937 −8,975,401 −9,160,982

Note:

  • [1] Includes frozen and dried.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, May 2019)

3.2. Canadian fruit imports, 2014 – 2018

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, May 2019)

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Canadian fruit imports, thousands of Canadian dollars

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Fresh 5,096,432 5,750,807 5,964,167 6,056,850 6,201,737
Processed 3,975,510 4,432,412 4,428,491 4,532,886 4,731,495
Total 9,071,942 10,183,219 10,392,658 10,589,736 10,933,231

3.3. Canadian fruit exports, 2014 – 2018

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, May 2019)

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Fresh Canadian fruit exports, thousands of Canadian dollars

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Fresh 613,868 794,645 726,313 694,390 820,378
Processed 664,796 838,708 874,408 919,945 951,871
Total 1,278,663 1,633,353 1,600,721 1,614,335 1,772,249

3.4. Exports

3.4.1. Fruit[1] export value by commodity – thousands of Canadian dollars

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Blueberries[2][3] 377,979 469,147 422,398 409,372 474,842
Cherries, sweet 51,742 80,380 77,574 71,762 91,018
Cranberries 66,382 88,972 88,469 59,516 82,586
Apples[4] 41,381 51,335 51,234 51,696 45,222
Cherries, sour 2,770 11,181 5,268 9,156 16,437
Strawberries[3] 2,317 2,843 2,789 5,994 10,169
Raspberries[4] 14,882 13,780 12,899 10,561 9,216
Grapes[4] 1,186 999 1,147 1,894 882
Guavas, mangoes and mangosteens 207 90 452 639 705
Brazil nuts 13 31 43 4 666
Others 55,007 75,887 64,041 73,797 88,636
Total 613,868 794,645 726,313 694,390 820,378

Notes:

  • [1] Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.
  • [2] Includes high-bush and low-bush blueberries.
  • [3] Includes frozen.
  • [4] Includes dried.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, May 2019)

3.4.2. Fruit[1] export volume by commodity – metric tonnes

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Blueberries[2][3] 111,648 131,687 131,838 130,393 143,227
Cranberries 59,074 65,131 63,471 50,423 73,553
Apples[4] 42,627 37,339 36,826 35,230 27,480
Cherries, sweet 8,542 12,400 9,403 10,071 10,896
Raspberries[3] 4,684 3,323 3,645 3,045 2,968
Cherries, sour 295 1,234 575 1,220 2,158
Strawberries[3] 575 863 607 1,207 1,857
Grapes[4] 1,879 1,641 1,380 3,432 1,577
Guavas, mangoes and mangosteens 19 41 50 50 355
Brazil nuts 4 16 16 2 293
Others 29,938 47,053 36,700 44,948 51,758
Total 259,286 300,727 284,510 280,021 316,122

Notes:

  • [1] Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.
  • [2] Includes high-bush and low-bush blueberries.
  • [3] Includes frozen.
  • [4] Includes dried.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, May 2019)

3.4.3. Canada’s top 10 fruit export destinations – value in thousands of Canadian dollars

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
United States 423,323 566,468 508,377 460,548 526,189
China 29,329 43,772 29,490 37,226 55,798
Japan 31,693 34,756 37,941 35,435 39,719
Germany 29,257 32,311 30,139 33,673 39,212
Poland 1,358 2,944 4,856 11,415 21,237
Netherlands 18,003 9,699 7,517 13,346 19,360
Belgium 10,603 12,228 11,623 13,046 14,877
Viet Nam 2,532 4,333 10,166 7,504 14,048
Hong Kong 9,946 7,686 7,905 11,304 10,561
United Kingdom 10,743 10,587 7,353 5,557 9,972
Others 47,080 69,861 70,945 65,336 69,406
Total 613,868 794,645 726,313 694,390 820,378
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, May 2019)

3.4.4. Canada's top 10 fresh fruit export destinations – volume in metric tonnes

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
United States 204,805 235,878 216,476 192,355 217,839
Germany 8,352 10,381 10,174 16,026 16,499
China 7,767 7,162 5,829 8,662 11,544
Japan 7,893 8,053 9,336 10,584 11,495
Poland 680 1,285 2,001 6,142 9,066
Netherlands 5,773 4,002 3,138 6,041 8,911
Viet Nam 695 1,308 4,319 2,591 5,536
Belgium 2,474 3,377 3,629 5,196 5,145
United Kingdom 3,003 3,345 2,716 3,042 4,256
Hong Kong 1,693 954 1,422 1,925 1,617
Others 16,152 24,983 25,468 27,456 24,214
Total 259,286 300,727 284,510 280,021 316,122
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, May 2019)

3.4.5. Relative Importance of Canada’s Top 5 Fruit Export Destinations – percent share of total export value

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, May 2019)

Description of above image

Relative Importance of Canada’s Top 5 Fruit Export Destinations – percent share of total export value

  • United States: 64%
  • China: 7%
  • Japan: 5%
  • Germany: 5%
  • Poland: 2%
  • Others: 17%

3.4.6. Top 5 fruit export destinations, by province – value in thousands of Canadian dollars

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Newfoundland and Labrador Netherlands 0 0 0 0 347
Switzerland 0 0 0 0 72
Others 0 123 22 25 1
Total 0 123 22 25 420
Prince Edward Island United States 5,290 14,910 17,200 8,358 16,600
Japan 201 379 2,986 3,057 4,629
Netherlands 979 2,106 1,415 1,094 219
Israel 0 924 363 242 214
Brazil 107 0 68 63 172
Others 7,392 5,853 2,270 2,531 730
Total 13,969 24,173 24,304 15,344 22,564
Nova Scotia United States 61,835 76,600 54,911 38,486 33,005
Germany 21,315 22,429 21,359 18,754 25,094
Poland 547 1,796 2,859 6,679 13,151
China 5,036 3,494 3,183 6,872 8,903
Japan 10,635 10,717 10,022 9,023 8,218
Others 24,068 22,229 18,292 19,367 32,606
Total 123,436 137,265 110,626 99,181 120,977
New Brunswick United States 7,569 12,257 9,621 5,224 5,500
Poland 0 0 0 0 193
Latvia 0 0 0 0 59
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 4 32 50 16 19
Others 33 38 75 0 25
Total 7,606 12,327 9,746 5,239 5,796
Quebec United States 78,813 109,043 102,375 89,790 89,679
Germany 6,467 8,971 8,046 13,749 13,078
Netherlands 10,622 3,330 3,599 5,562 9,635
Switzerland 500 11,032 10,486 6,703 8,306
Japan 10,625 7,849 8,041 6,609 7,968
Others 22,298 27,697 29,359 36,021 43,127
Total 129,325 167,922 161,906 158,435 171,793
Ontario United States 21,439 28,611 21,422 20,274 24,986
Cuba 978 1,306 1,018 2,179 1,465
Australia 177 118 346 656 267
Viet Nam 0 0 0 31 197
Trinidad and Tobago 221 541 422 197 187
Others 3,620 2,059 3,162 2,535 793
Total 26,434 32,634 26,369 25,871 27,895
Manitoba Japan 141 0 0 0 68
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 26 0 2 9
United States 8 0 116 4 0
Others 2 20 4 0 0
Total 151 45 119 6 77
Saskatchewan Australia 0 0 0 0 45
United States 49 4 25 103 21
Others 0 0 0 66 25
Total 49 4 25 169 91
Alberta United States 1,066 205 97 198 3,127
China 0 0 0 4 59
Hong Kong 0 0 7 7 8
New Zealand 0 0 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 8 54 0 0
Others 645 0 190 156 0
Total 1,710 214 348 365 3,194
British Columbia United States 247,255 324,838 302,609 298,087 353,272
China 16,549 34,508 22,499 26,338 41,573
Japan 10,091 15,811 16,798 16,680 18,826
Viet Nam 2,532 4,325 10,112 7,429 13,416
Hong Kong 9,883 7,615 7,795 11,198 10,384
Others 24,792 32,842 33,033 30,023 30,100
Total 311,102 419,938 392,847 389,754 467,571
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, May 2019)

3.5. Imports

3.5.1. Fruit[1] import value by commodity – thousands of Canadian dollars

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Grapes[2],[3] 552,992 634,313 652,554 625,982 627,835
Bananas[3],[4] 472,249 530,030 541,834 548,102 548,761
Strawberries[5] 430,890 471,072 506,169 519,840 512,845
Raspberries[5],[6] 344,992 386,436 372,827 397,968 423,123
Blueberries[3],[4],[7] 242,213 248,798 296,980 282,717 322,424
Apples[3] 286,255 266,062 357,835 303,792 290,725
Avocados 177,983 198,813 230,820 290,565 289,275
Mandarins, tangerines and clementines 200,618 266,844 273,878 278,002 287,801
Oranges[3],[8] 216,565 228,867 240,646 253,369 277,013
Almonds 237,087 300,185 266,984 245,849 263,217
Others 1,934,588 2,219,388 2,223,641 2,310,664 2,358,718
Total 5,096,432 5,750,807 5,964,167 6,056,850 6,201,737

Notes:

  • [1] Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.
  • [2] Includes table grapes and wine grapes.
  • [3] Includes dried.
  • [4] Includes plantains.
  • [5] Includes frozen.
  • [6] Includes loganberries.
  • [7] Includes high-bush blueberries and low-bush blueberries.
  • [8] Includes temple oranges.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, May 2019)

3.5.2. Fruit[1] import volume by commodity – metric tonnes

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Bananas[2],[3] 571,294 579,440 587,979 598,147 592,863
Apples[2] 223,499 214,006 240,802 219,163 221,291
Grapes[2],[4] 201,202 206,793 197,341 204,316 210,581
Oranges[2],[5] 182,276 188,493 206,587 182,823 190,751
Mandarins, tangerines and clementines 123,240 145,966 145,821 152,864 149,581
Strawberries[6] 127,197 126,388 129,619 135,226 145,094
Avocados 61,087 70,020 77,872 79,871 94,205
Blueberries[2],[6],[7] 58,947 47,392 59,401 60,396 57,636
Raspberries[6],[8] 50,513 49,685 45,487 47,094 52,423
Almonds 25,096 23,702 28,399 29,596 30,223
Others 1,051,691 1,046,705 1,087,748 1,087,827 1,123,225
Total 2,676,043 2,698,591 2,807,055 2,797,322 2,867,872

Notes:

  • [1] Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.
  • [2] Includes dried.
  • [3] Includes plantains.
  • [4] Includes table grapes and wine grapes.
  • [5] Includes temple oranges.
  • [6] Includes frozen.
  • [7] Includes high-bush blueberries and low-bush blueberries.
  • [8] Includes loganberries.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, May 2019)

3.5.3. Top 10 sources of Canada’s fruit imports – value in thousands of Canadian dollars

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
United States 2,504,928 2,693,051 2,689,103 2,619,534 2,584,369
Mexico 586,507 694,352 787,957 940,078 950,810
Chile 358,352 391,123 407,884 347,339 378,527
Guatemala 201,584 239,770 266,912 311,355 300,531
Costa Rica 218,141 216,535 240,358 238,733 246,921
South Africa 105,399 122,078 130,036 158,228 189,781
Peru 92,309 119,925 132,084 149,612 175,832
Turkey 132,626 182,051 194,046 148,145 154,033
Viet Nam 73,554 106,823 121,185 137,286 150,369
Spain 77,890 77,760 72,637 86,556 124,910
Others 745,141 907,339 921,966 919,984 945,640
Total 5,096,432 5,750,807 5,964,167 6,056,850 6,201,723
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, May 2019)

3.5.4. Top 10 sources of Canada’s fruit imports – volume in metric tonnes

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
United States 1,086,481 1,064,497 1,104,851 1,017,299 1,013,159
Mexico 284,084 307,501 328,941 347,231 363,918
Guatemala 226,371 244,229 280,399 332,330 310,583
Costa Rica 250,631 218,594 249,817 258,893 272,931
Chile 110,418 108,444 111,551 109,135 117,449
South Africa 71,174 75,313 70,935 80,008 94,463
Spain 54,699 47,523 36,796 49,980 70,571
Peru 45,939 48,079 46,766 52,676 58,583
Turkey 25,834 24,229 28,808 28,135 33,856
Viet Nam 12,581 14,443 13,979 13,761 16,146
Others 507,831 545,741 534,210 507,874 516,125
Total 2,676,043 2,698,591 2,807,055 2,797,322 2,867,784
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, May 2019)

3.5.5. Top 5 sources of Canada’s fruit imports – percent share by value, 2018

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, May 2019)

Description of above image

Value of top 5 sources of Canada’s fresh fruit imports – percent share

  • United States: 42%
  • Mexico: 15%
  • Chile: 6%
  • Guatemala: 5%
  • Costa Rica: 4%
  • Others: 28%

3.5.6. Top 5 sources of fruit imports, by province – value in thousands of Canadian dollars

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Newfoundland and Labrador United States 195 78 226 77 n/a
Russia n/a n/a n/a 16 n/a
Sweden 32 n/a n/a 3 n/a
Total 227 78 226 96 -
Prince Edward Island n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Nova Scotia Chile 2,420 2,090 2,316 1,214 1,781
Spain 1,577 916 924 1,708 1,605
New Zealand 621 649 351 821 786
Poland 325 301 1,092 213 676
Peru 144 139 796 268 478
Others 578 490 451 1,794 943
Total 5,665 4,585 5,930 6,018 6,269
New Brunswick United States 62,923 60,563 70,453 40,017 24,518
Guatemala 9,379 9,284 10,842 14,313 15,799
Chile 5,785 3,595 4,645 3,075 4,035
Costa Rica 7,990 6,540 4,427 3,151 3,726
Honduras 3,331 3,733 2,546 4,694 2,575
Others 11,853 14,992 12,927 16,503 20,369
Total 101,260 98,707 105,840 81,754 71,021
Quebec United States 128,013 136,329 129,667 128,349 119,505
Chile 94,635 107,140 106,316 95,992 99,260
Morocco 27,179 58,046 66,156 88,294 75,290
Spain 48,859 47,128 39,591 50,609 66,563
Costa Rica 66,062 56,337 62,984 65,094 66,196
Others 341,372 456,566 437,629 370,099 421,355
Total 706,119 861,546 842,343 798,437 848,170
Ontario United States 1,372,623 1,497,576 1,490,458 1,458,010 1,425,823
Mexico 367,570 429,231 487,016 563,557 561,854
Chile 171,932 183,658 188,846 167,311 184,997
Costa Rica 102,774 110,699 124,386 124,477 130,597
South Africa 67,615 78,335 90,989 108,364 120,902
Others 531,087 629,019 681,267 751,702 794,667
Total 2,613,600 2,928,518 3,062,962 3,173,420 3,218,840
Manitoba Mexico 11,787 14,843 14,825 30,081 41,224
United States 31,805 33,589 32,957 31,357 33,000
Guatemala 14,554 16,760 14,331 13,832 15,419
Costa Rica 8,349 7,819 5,946 4,609 5,008
Chile 7,044 7,544 5,316 1,150 1,827
Others 6,827 5,320 3,745 2,916 4,039
Total 80,366 85,876 77,119 83,946 100,517
Saskatchewan United States 18,792 17,833 16,321 15,395 10,858
Mexico 7,415 5,966 8,656 12,125 8,922
Guatemala 7,263 7,514 8,235 7,894 6,240
Chile 1,944 4,585 3,384 1,827 1,957
Costa Rica 2,460 2,052 1,888 1,774 1,386
Others 6,355 4,259 6,258 5,604 4,230
Total 44,229 42,209 44,742 44,618 33,593
Alberta United States 255,509 306,943 302,766 324,307 294,737
Mexico 65,791 79,340 110,589 154,511 142,787
Ecuador 39,472 43,720 42,456 28,134 23,019
Guatemala 14,773 15,218 22,808 28,529 21,817
Chile 19,368 19,559 20,744 11,863 15,319
Others 31,189 33,647 39,695 34,522 40,227
Total 426,101 498,428 539,058 581,866 537,905
British Columbia United States 635,068 640,140 646,256 622,022 675,929
Mexico 114,832 145,603 151,347 171,266 180,545
Guatemala 53,568 58,573 59,071 78,477 90,021
Chile 55,225 62,950 76,317 64,907 69,350
China 49,849 60,492 63,947 60,647 63,798
Others 210,323 263,103 289,009 289,377 305,764
Total 1,118,865 1,230,860 1,285,947 1,286,695 1,385,407
n/a = Not available.
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, May 2019)

4. Consumption

4.1. Fresh fruits available[1] for consumption per person in Canada – kg per person

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Bananas 15.66 15.74 15.78 15.84 15.42
Melons total[2] 10.19 10.64 10.91 10.46 10.56
Apples 11.54 11.08 10.66 10.95 9.95
Oranges[3] 8.34 9.08 9.46 8.81 8.78
Watermelons 6.11 6.36 6.38 6.14 6.27
Grapes 4.46 4.62 4.31 4.39 4.58
Mandarins 3.30 3.88 3.83 3.88 3.71
Strawberries 3.23 3.19 3.25 3.43 3.45
Pineapples 3.37 2.91 3.11 3.31 3.23
Cranberries 2.77 2.19 3.15 2.04 2.77
Melons, musk and cantaloups 2.35 2.52 2.73 2.65 2.64
Avocados 1.62 1.84 2.02 2.05 2.36
Pears 2.21 2.13 1.94 1.81 1.85
Lemons 1.53 1.70 1.72 1.81 1.85
Dates 1.48 1.50 1.54 1.77 1.72
Guavas and mangoes 1.52 1.45 1.45 1.62 1.67
Other fresh melons 1.69 1.73 1.76 1.62 1.59
Blueberries 1.07 0.78 1.01 1.09 1.21
Other berries 1.17 1.14 0.98 1.00 1.10
Peaches 1.13 1.18 1.15 0.99 1.10
Cherries 0.95 0.72 0.76 1.13 0.97
Grapefruits 1.12 1.12 1.01 0.99 0.94
Limes 1.05 0.68 0.98 0.72 0.89
Nectarines 0.63 0.62 0.66 0.57 0.54
Plums total 0.62 0.56 0.61 0.55 0.49
Figs 0.43 0.39 0.38 0.42 0.45
Kiwis 0.49 0.55 0.58 0.51 0.43
Papayas 0.42 0.41 0.42 0.45 0.42
Coconuts 0.36 0.36 0.32 0.40 0.40
Apricots 0.13 0.10 0.13 0.10 0.09
Winter melons 0.04 0.03 0.05 0.06 0.05
Other citrus 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04

Notes:

  • [1] Does not adjust for losses, such as waste and/or spoilage in stores, households, private institutions or restaurants or losses during preparation.
  • [2] Melons total include melons, musk and cantaloupe, other fresh melons, watermelons and wintermelons.
  • [3] Oranges include mandarins, clementines, tangerines, satsumas, wilkings and similar citrus fruits.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada

4.2. Fresh fruits available for consumption adjusted for losses[1] in Canada - kg per person

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Bananas 7.38 7.41 7.43 7.46 7.27
Apples 7.59 7.29 7.01 7.21 6.55
Oranges[2] 3.44 3.75 3.91 3.64 3.63
Melons total[3] 3.26 3.40 3.47 3.34 3.38
Grapes 2.65 2.75 2.56 2.61 2.72
Watermelons 2.30 2.39 2.40 2.31 2.36
Strawberries 1.78 1.76 1.79 1.89 1.90
Cranberries 1.89 1.50 2.15 1.39 1.89
Pears 1.31 1.26 1.15 1.08 1.10
Dates 0.94 0.95 0.98 1.12 1.09
Avocados 0.74 0.84 0.92 0.94 1.08
Mandarins 0.93 1.10 1.08 1.10 1.05
Blueberries 0.89 0.64 0.84 0.90 1.00
Pineapples 0.93 0.80 0.85 0.91 0.89
Guavas and mangoes 0.78 0.74 0.75 0.83 0.86
Other berries 0.80 0.78 0.67 0.68 0.75
Melons, musk and cantaloups 0.60 0.64 0.70 0.68 0.67
Peaches 0.54 0.56 0.55 0.47 0.52
Lemons 0.42 0.47 0.47 0.50 0.51
Cherries 0.41 0.31 0.33 0.49 0.41
Limes 0.45 0.29 0.42 0.31 0.38
Coconuts 0.31 0.31 0.27 0.34 0.34
Grapefruits 0.39 0.39 0.35 0.35 0.33
Other melons 0.34 0.35 0.36 0.33 0.32
Figs 0.29 0.27 0.26 0.29 0.30
Plums total 0.35 0.32 0.35 0.31 0.28
Nectarines 0.30 0.29 0.32 0.27 0.25
Kiwis 0.20 0.23 0.24 0.21 0.18
Papayas 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.10
Apricots 0.07 0.06 0.07 0.05 0.05
Winter melons 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.02
Other citrus 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02

Notes:

  • [1] Experimental, use with caution. The data have been adjusted for retail, household, cooking and plate loss.
  • [2] Oranges include mandarins, clementines, tangerines, satsumas, wilkings and similar citrus fruits.
  • [3] Melons include melons, musk and cantaloupe, other fresh melons, watermelons and wintermelons.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada

5. World data

5.1. Top 10 importers of fruit worldwide – value in thousands of Canadian dollars

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
United States 11,593,661 14,239,358 15,523,370 16,528,381 17,440,354
Germany 11,249,818 12,835,560 13,342,586 14,164,483 14,829,463
China 3,806,290 4,979,237 6,262,317 6,827,402 8,819,836
Netherlands 5,862,218 6,571,916 7,220,114 7,730,254 8,368,675
France 5,380,261 6,134,903 6,700,133 6,963,260 7,097,756
United Kingdom 5,802,412 6,526,966 6,778,751 6,771,389 7,062,587
Canada 5,043,616 5,666,168 5,853,569 6,044,474 6,043,122
Viet-Nam 3,070,255 3,858,487 5,595,980 6,310,956 5,088,406
Russia 4,745,196 4,033,118 3,825,431 4,569,261 4,849,456
Italy 3,767,457 4,286,338 4,357,991 4,421,391 4,366,135
Others 2,111,612 2,415,494 2,929,301 2,874,444 2,910,304
Total 109,301,630 125,799,992 134,576,874 141,096,557 145,795,027

Notes:
Includes fresh, frozen and dried fruits and nuts.

Source: Global Trade Tracker (May 2019)

5.2. Top 10 exporters of fruit worldwide – value in thousands of Canadian dollars

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
United States 14,449,207 16,893,839 16,982,287 17,144,253 17,417,227
Spain 10,704,187 11,618,573 12,489,745 12,871,314 13,507,988
Chile 7,796,612 9,154,327 10,772,684 10,097,612 12,064,268
Mexico 6,509,613 8,547,201 10,228,342 11,636,388 11,729,447
South Africa 4,115,553 5,007,229 5,039,106 5,591,831 6,065,829
Turkey 4,815,994 5,956,371 5,416,562 5,373,712 5,680,167
Ecuador 4,633,933 5,246,993 5,482,409 5,451,752 5,665,089
Viet-Nam 2,772,793 3,939,463 4,146,427 4,972,155 5,325,370
Peru 2,451,193 3,218,436 3,752,832 4,313,569 5,259,056
Italy 4,610,123 5,028,625 5,384,520 5,455,646 5,034,901
Others 55,968,996 63,742,582 67,921,155 71,928,928 75,719,194
Total 118,828,203 138,353,640 147,616,069 154,837,160 163,468,535

Notes:
Includes fresh, frozen and dried fruits and nuts.

Source: Global Trade Tracker (May 2019)

5.3. World fruit production by commodity – volume in metric tonnes

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Watermelons 108,076,626 111,233,934 113,836,277 117,502,514 118,413,465
Bananas 112,235,271 112,799,699 115,110,163 112,599,836 113,918,763
Apples 82,844,442 85,477,191 82,445,405 85,204,410 83,139,326
Grapes 77,002,214 74,776,074 76,326,721 74,992,047 74,276,583
Oranges 73,184,765 72,424,657 72,535,548 73,429,554 73,313,089
Mangoes[1] 45,786,428 47,700,764 48,226,367 48,440,365 50,649,147
Plantains 36,410,657 38,945,453 39,604,470 38,564,117 39,241,376
Tangerines[2] 28,950,317 31,018,804 33,325,847 32,582,626 33,414,126
Melons, other[3] 29,718,533 30,137,325 29,945,086 31,314,834 31,948,349
Pineapples 24,893,556 25,640,122 26,065,101 26,195,845 27,402,956
Peaches and nectarines 21,862,266 22,510,967 23,890,024 24,515,613 24,665,205
Pears 25,323,814 26,016,189 24,621,710 23,676,110 24,168,309
Lemons and limes 15,434,925 15,886,304 16,966,139 16,940,591 17,218,173
Papayas 12,410,826 12,752,680 12,191,026 13,097,219 13,016,281
Plums and sloes 11,300,044 11,409,513 11,643,015 11,875,874 11,758,135
Strawberries 7,879,108 8,154,169 8,765,242 9,059,557 9,223,815
Grapefruit and pomelos 8,491,714 8,324,062 8,874,138 8,969,054 9,063,143
Dates 7,517,072 7,496,851 7,911,122 8,062,479 8,166,014
Avocados 4,632,934 5,037,461 5,293,399 5,614,649 5,924,398
Persimmons 4,907,241 5,217,694 5,280,422 5,388,643 5,750,368
Apricots 4,097,246 3,343,441 3,963,404 3,766,079 4,257,241
Kiwi fruit 3,460,218 3,652,526 4,101,274 4,323,338 4,038,872
Cherries, sweet 2,276,485 2,154,802 2,230,879 2,359,451 2,443,407
Cashew apples 1,963,758 1,922,557 1,747,732 1,589,212 1,404,002
Cherries, sour 1,385,809 1,332,169 1,339,916 1,402,890 1,199,939
Figs 1,131,412 1,146,321 1,171,340 1,081,405 1,152,799
Raspberries 588,114 628,163 676,447 841,899 812,735
Quinces 646,939 629,853 670,825 635,008 692,262
Cranberries 628,184 638,833 638,989 737,081 625,181
Blueberries 434,520 525,648 539,216 621,717 596,813
Currants 683,892 633,652 627,174 661,765 578,349
Gooseberries 170,629 175,124 167,883 178,202 169,369
Carobs 114,823 165,619 132,267 134,054 136,540
Others 70,599,295 70,577,687 71,336,055 72,958,603 72,811,531
Total 827,044,077 840,486,308 852,200,623 859,316,641 865,590,061

Notes:

  • [1] Includes mangosteens, guavas.
  • [2] Includes mandarins, clementines and satsumas.
  • [3] Includes cantaloupes.

Source: FAOSTAT (May 2019)

5.4. World fruit production by commodity – area in hectares

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Grapes 7,094,458 7,020,630 7,092,238 6,990,219 6,931,353
Mangoes[1] 5,665,851 5,822,273 5,450,403 5,571,981 5,681,310
Bananas 5,330,860 5,347,627 5,452,831 5,376,140 5,637,508
Plantains 5,322,713 5,612,353 5,673,236 5,434,639 5,522,745
Apples 5,163,156 5,140,317 5,096,879 5,164,522 4,933,841
Oranges 4,110,176 4,162,629 4,005,472 3,955,019 3,862,449
Watermelons 3,360,811 3,420,698 3,440,010 3,523,990 3,477,285
Plums and sloes 2,669,648 2,548,570 2,566,433 2,631,005 2,619,471
Tangerines[2] 2,386,387 2,366,081 2,530,284 2,509,572 2,565,119
Peaches and nectarines 1,561,919 1,525,083 1,571,628 1,583,660 1,528,026
Pears 1,588,092 1,572,360 1,574,522 1,457,361 1,385,629
Dates 1,156,801 1,158,040 1,202,014 1,285,443 1,329,973
Melons, other[3] 1,168,769 1,179,685 1,170,591 1,241,576 1,220,996
Pineapples 1,008,628 1,018,114 1,019,413 1,050,984 1,098,705
Lemons and limes 1,001,886 1,020,666 1,066,289 1,054,114 1,084,505
Persimmons 980,672 1,017,044 1,019,401 1,036,900 1,074,793
Avocados 496,208 519,190 544,022 571,879 587,278
Cashew apples 751,243 690,312 651,814 623,350 549,047
Apricots 557,467 553,804 519,069 525,335 536,072
Papayas 422,794 424,312 412,155 441,099 440,629
Cherries, sweet 416,761 406,550 394,248 418,913 416,445
Strawberries 369,569 373,889 390,035 400,889 395,844
Grapefruit and pomelos 320,906 319,311 354,836 361,032 348,212
Figs 315,303 312,323 313,464 311,337 315,530
Kiwi fruit 239,680 224,113 262,977 279,104 247,793
Cherries, sour 205,819 208,194 189,595 198,041 188,888
Raspberries 92,598 93,087 100,879 115,852 118,219
Currants 116,080 116,729 114,466 120,728 115,548
Blueberries 87,567 92,936 108,692 116,375 109,541
Quinces 78,256 80,302 85,470 88,787 91,116
Carobs 42,217 41,370 41,682 41,423 41,996
Cranberries 40,260 38,406 39,554 41,594 41,085
Gooseberries 29,019 30,272 29,004 31,278 29,436
Others 64,294,939 64,523,740 64,818,068 65,217,068 65,220,334
Total 64,294,939 64,523,740 64,818,068 65,217,068 65,220,334

Notes:

  • [1] Includes mangosteens, guavas.
  • [2] Includes mandarins, clementines and satsumas.
  • [3] Includes cantaloupes.

Source: FAOSTAT (May 2019)

6. Key resources

Import and export data is based on the following Harmonized System Codes (H.S. Codes):

All import and export H.S. codes fall under Chapter 08 of the Custom Tariff.

Date modified: