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Physicochemical properties and in vitro digestibility of potato starch after inclusion with vanillic acid

Dupuis, J.H., Tsao, R., Yada, R.Y., Liu, Q. (2017). Physicochemical properties and in vitro digestibility of potato starch after inclusion with vanillic acid, 85 218-224. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2017.07.010

Abstract

© 2017 While research regarding phytochemicals has been topical due to their many positive health effects, modification of starch with phytochemical fractions has been limited. In the current study, 50 or 100 mg/g of vanillic acid (VA), which possesses antioxidant activity and positive health effects, was added to potato starch on a dry weight basis at various pH levels (3, 5, 7, 9, & 11). Both total phenolic content and antioxidant activity generally increased over the control. X-ray diffraction detected no V-amylose peaks indicating a lack of amylose-VA inclusion complexes. In addition, a decrease in the ratio of 1045/1015 cm−1 was measured by FTIR denoting a loss of crystalline order. Enthalpy of gelatinization was unaffected in most samples, however, Tc–To was significantly (p < 0.05) reduced in all modified starches. Trough viscosity, final viscosity, and pasting time all significantly increased with increasing pH (p < 0.05), and peak viscosity reached a maximum of 11360 mPa·s. The resistant starch (RS) content of modified starches ranged from 51.71 to 77.16 g/100 g; in cooked samples, RS was not significantly different from the control, and ranged from 11.66 to 15.10 g/100 g.

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