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MacoNPV baculovirus midgut-specific gene expression during infection of the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata

Donly, B.C., Kaplanoglu , E., Theilmann, D.A., Baldwin, D., Sieminska , E., Hegedus, D.D., Erlandson, M.A. (2016) MacoNPV baculovirus midgut-specific gene expression during infection of the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata Virology. 499:1-8.

Abstract

Baculoviruses have two forms, occlusion derived virus (ODV) which is responsible for primary infection in host midgut tissue and budded virus (BV), which infects all other host tissues during secondary infection. This study examined the primary infection by ODV of midgut cells of bertha armyworm Mamestra configurata fourth instar larvae and measured the expression of viral genes over a time course of infection. Both digital PCR and RNA sequencing methods showed the profile of transcription to be different from those produced by AcMNPV BV infection of in vitro cell cultures. This included having unique collections of genes expressed early, as well as much greater late gene expression of p6.9 and much reduced expression of polh and p10. These differences likely reflect characteristics unique to the critical step of in vivo midgut cell infection, and provide insights into the processes that regulate viral gene expression in different host tissues.

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