Genome sequence analysis of five Canadian isolates of Strawberry mottle virus reveals extensive intra-species diversity and a longer RNA2 with increased coding capacity compared to a previously characterized European isolate.

Bhagwat, B., Dickison, V., Ding, X., Walker, M.C., Bernardy, M.G., Bouthillier, M.J., Creelman, A., DeYoung, R.M., Li, Y., Nie, X., Wang, A.M., Xiang, Y., and Sanfaçon, H. (2016). "Genome sequence analysis of five Canadian isolates of Strawberry mottle virus reveals extensive intra-species diversity and a longer RNA2 with increased coding capacity compared to a previously characterized European isolate.", Archives of Virology. doi : 10.1007/s00705-016-2799-6  Access to full text

Abstract

In this study, we report the genome sequence of five isolates of strawberry mottle virus (family Secoviridae, order Picornavirales) from strawberry field samples with decline symptoms collected in Eastern Canada. The Canadian isolates differed from the previously characterized European isolate 1134 in that they had a longer RNA2, resulting in a 239-amino-acid extension of the C-terminal region of the polyprotein. Sequence analysis suggests that reassortment and recombination occurred among the isolates. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the Canadian isolates are diverse, grouping in two separate branches along with isolates from Europe and the Americas.

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