La gestion des biosolides de papetières au Québec : quelle serait la meilleure option pour réduire les émissions de gaz à effet de serre? Pulp and paper mill sludge management in Quebec: what should be the best option to reduce greenhouse gas emissions?

Faubert, P., Lemay-Bélisle, C., Bertrand, N., Bouchard, S., Chantigny, M.H., Durocher, S., Rochette, P., Tremblay, P., Ziadi, N., and Villeneuve, C. (2015). "La gestion des biosolides de papetières au Québec : quelle serait la meilleure option pour réduire les émissions de gaz à effet de serre? Pulp and paper mill sludge management in Quebec: what should be the best option to reduce greenhouse gas emissions?", Vecteur Environnement, 48(5), pp. 50-58.

Abstract

Pulp and paper mill sludge (PPMS) is an organic residual generated from the paper mill wastewater treatments. The Quebec’s government policies aim to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) by 20% below the level of 1990 and to ban disposal (landfilling and incineration without energy recovery) of organic material by 2020, which will likely affect PPMS management. This study aims at quantifying GHG emissions from the three main practices currently used to manage PPMS: landfilling, land application in agriculture and combustion for energy recovery. GHG emissions from landfilling were measured at the pilot-scale and those from land were measured following PPMS application at rates based on local agronomic recommendations. GHG emissions from combustion were measured at the chimney of biomass boilers using 10 to 40% PPMS in the fuel. Landfilling had the highest GHG emissions (0.90 t CO2 e t-1 dry PPMS) whereas those from land application (0.12 t CO2 e t-1 dry PPMS) and combustion (0.00057-0.13 t CO2 e t-1 dry PPMS) were lower. Application of PPMS to agricultural land and combustion would therefore be good alternatives to landfilling to abate GHG emissions. However, more measurements would be required to increase the accuracy on the emission quantifications and start building a new offset credit protocol to be used in the Quebec cap-and-trade system for GHG emission allowances applied bylaw.

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