Downregulation of cystathionine β-synthase and cystathionine γ-lyase expression stimulates inflammation in kidney ischemia-reperfusion injury.
Wang, P., Isaak, C.K., Siow, Y.L., and Karmin, O.K. (2014). "Downregulation of cystathionine β-synthase and cystathionine γ-lyase expression stimulates inflammation in kidney ischemia-reperfusion injury.", Physiological Reports, 2(12: e12251), pp. 1-11. doi : 10.14814/phy2.12251 Access to full text
Inflammation plays a critical role in kidney ischemia–reperfusion injury but mechanisms of increased proinflammatory cytokine expression are not completely understood. Kidney has a high expression of cystathionine‐β‐synthase (CBS) and cystathionine‐γ‐lyase (CSE) that can synthesize hydrogen sulfide. CBE and CSE are also responsible for the synthesis of cysteine, an essential precursor for glutathione, an antioxidant. Reduced hydrogen sulfide and glutathione production is associated with multiple organ injury. Although pro‐ and anti‐inflammatory effects of hydrogen sulfide have been reported, its role in ischemia–reperfusion‐induced inflammation in the kidney has not been well addressed. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of CBS and CSE‐mediated hydrogen sulfide and glutathione production on kidney inflammatory response and the mechanism involved. The left kidney of Sprague‐Dawley rat was subjected to 45‐min ischemia followed by reperfusion for 24 h. Ischemia–reperfusion caused a significant decrease in CBS and CSE mRNA and protein levels with a concomitant reduction of glutathione and hydrogen sulfide production in the kidney while the expression of proinflammatory cytokine expression (MCP‐1, IL‐6) was elevated. Hypoxia–reoxygenation of proximal tubular cells led to a decrease in CBS and CSE expression and an increase in proinflammatory cytokine expression. Supplementation of glutathione or hydrogen sulfide donor (NaHS) effectively attenuated cytokine expression in tubular cells. These results suggested that ischemia–reperfusion impaired CBS and CSE‐mediated glutathione and hydrogen sulfide production in the kidney, which augmented the expression of proinflammatory cytokines. Regulation of CBS and CSE expression may be therapeutically relevant in alleviating ischemia–reperfusion‐induced inflammation and improving kidney function.
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