Stem rust resistance: two approaches.
Hiebert, C.W., Spielmeyer, W., McCartney, C., Kassa, M.T., Fetch Jr., T.G., You, F.M., Menzies, J.G., Humphreys, D.G., and McCallum, B.D. (2015). "Stem rust resistance: two approaches.", in Ogihara, Y. et al. (eds.) - Proceedings of the 12th International Wheat Genetics Symposium, Springer, Chapter 20, pp. 183-192.
Stem rust, caused by Puccinia graminis f.sp. tritici (Pgt), is a destructive disease of wheat that has historically caused significant yield losses in much of the global wheat production area. Over the past 50 years, stem rust has been effectively controlled by deploying cultivars carrying stem rust resistance (Sr) genes. With the emergence of new Pgt races, namely Ug99 and its variants, there has been a reinvestment in stem rust research. This includes discovery, characterization, genetic mapping, and cloning of Sr genes. Here we investigated two such examples of genetic characterization and mapping of stem rust resistance. In the first example, a region on chromosome 6DS harbouring resistance to Ug99 was examined in several populations and from several sources. In the second example, a less typical genetic model of resistance was studied in which seedling resistance was activated by an independent locus exhibiting an apparent “nonsuppressing” effect. The knowledge gained by these and other lines of research will contribute to the goal of durable resistance to stem rust.
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