Increased sensitivity of Potato virus Y detection by RT-PCR using the RNA isolated with a process of differential centrifugation.

Zhang, J.H., Nie, X., Boquel, S., Al-Daoud, F., and Pelletier, Y. (2015). "Increased sensitivity of Potato virus Y detection by RT-PCR using the RNA isolated with a process of differential centrifugation.", Journal of Virological Methods. doi : 10.1016/j.jviromet.2015.07.008  Access to full text

Abstract

The sensitivity of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for virus detection is influenced by many factors such as specificity of primers and quality of templates. These factors become extremely important for successful detection when virus concentration is low. Total RNA isolated from Potato virus Y (PVY)-infected potato plants using the sodium sulfite RNA isolation method or RNeasy plant mini kit contains a high proportion of host RNA and may also contain trace amount of phenolic and polysaccharide residues, which may inhibit RT-PCR. The goal of this study was to enhance the sensitivity of PVY detection by reducing host RNA in the extract by differential centrifugation followed by extraction using an RNeasy mini kit (DCR method). One-step RT-PCR had relatively low amplification efficiency for PVY RNA when a high proportion of plant RNA was present. SYBR Green-based real time RT-PCR showed that the RNA isolated by the DCR method had a higher cycle threshold value (Ct) for the elongation factor 1-α mRNA (Ef1α) of potato than the Ct value of the RNA extracted using the RNeasy plant mini kit, indicating that the DCR method significantly reduced the proportion of potato RNA in the extract. The detectable amount of RNA extracted using the DCR method was <0.001 ng when plant sap from 10 PVY-infected and PVY-free potato leaflets in a 1.5:100 fresh weight ratio was extracted, compared with 0.01 and 0.02 ng of RNA using the RNeasy plant mini kit and sodium sulfite RNA isolation methods, respectively.

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