The complete genome sequence of the rumen methanogen Methanosarcina barkeri CM1.
Lambie, S.C., Kelly, W., Leahy, S.C., Li, D., Reilly, K., McAllister, T.A., Valle, E.R., Attwood, G.T., and Altermann, E. (2015). "The complete genome sequence of the rumen methanogen Methanosarcina barkeri CM1.", Standards in Genomic Sciences, 10(AUGUST: Article Number 57), pp. 1-8. doi : 10.1186/s40793-015-0038-5 Access to full text
Methanosarcina species are the most metabolically versatile of the methanogenic Archaea and can obtain energy for growth by producing methane via the hydrogenotrophic, acetoclastic or methylotrophic pathways. Methanosarcina barkeri CM1 was isolated from the rumen of a New Zealand Friesian cow grazing a ryegrass/clover pasture, and its genome has been sequenced to provide information on the phylogenetic diversity of rumen methanogens with a view to developing technologies for methane mitigation. The 4.5 Mb chromosome has an average G + C content of 39 %, and encodes 3523 protein-coding genes, but has no plasmid or prophage sequences. The gene content is very similar to that of M. barkeri Fusaro which was isolated from freshwater sediment. CM1 has a full complement of genes for all three methanogenesis pathways, but its genome shows many differences from those of other sequenced rumen methanogens. Consequently strategies to mitigate ruminant methane need to include information on the different methanogens that occur in the rumen.
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