Two-stage rumen cannulation technique in dairy cows.
Martineau, R., Proulx, J.G., Côrtes, C., Brito, A.F., and Duffield, T.F. (2015). "Two-stage rumen cannulation technique in dairy cows.", Veterinary Surgery, 44(5), pp. 551-556. doi : 10.1111/vsu.12318 Access to full text
Objective: To describe a 2-stage rumen cannulation technique for dairy cows. Study Design: Case series. Animals: 172 dairy cows from 2 research institutions. Methods: The 2-stage rumen cannulation technique first exteriorized a rumen segment within a wooden clamp, fixing the clamp to the skin with 6 mattress sutures. After 1 week, the necrotic rumen segment was removed, leaving a rumen fistula in which a 7.5 cm cannula was inserted. This was replaced by a 10 cm cannula a further 1 week later. The surgery took an average of 30 minutes. At least 1 assistant is required for the technique. Results: The overall complication frequency was 7/172 (4%). One cow and 1 heifer aborted less than 10 days after surgery. Two late-pregnant heifers died from peritonitis after insertion of the 7.5 cm cannula because of incomplete adhesion of the rumen to the abdominal wall. The exteriorized rumen segment slipped back in the abdomen in 3 cows but was successfully re-clamped prior to insertion of the 7.5 cm cannula. Conclusion: A high success rate was achieved with this 2-stage cannulation technique. Postoperative complications were attributed to delayed adhesion of the rumen, perhaps because of stress-related factors (e.g., transport, mixing with other animals, transition period).
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